The Blitz and Its Legacy

Wartime Destruction to Post-war Reconstruction

Author: Mark Clapson,Peter J. Larkham

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409436980

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

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The Blitz and Its Legacy is a fascinating volume which includes war experiences of destruction, architecture, urban design, the political process of planning and reconstruction, and also popular perceptions of rebuilding. Its findings provide very timely lessons which highlight the value of learning from historical precedent. Drawing together leading scholars and new researchers from across the fields of planning, history, architecture and geography, this volume presents an historical and cultural commentary on the immediate and longer-term impacts of wartime destruction.
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Conceptions of Space and Place in Strategic Spatial Planning

Author: Simin Davoudi,Ian Strange

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134084803

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 9323

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Bringing together authors from academia and practice, this book examines spatial planning at different places throughout the British Isles. Six illustrative case studies of practice examine which conceptions of space and place have been articulated, presented and visualized through the production of spatial strategies. Ranging from a large conurbation (London) to regional (Yorkshire and Humber) and national levels, the case studies give a rounded and grounded view of the physical results and the theory behind them. While there is widespread support for re-orienting planning towards space and place, there has been little common understanding about what constitutes ‘spatial planning’, and what conceptions of space and place underpin it. This book addresses these questions and stimulates debate and critical thinking about space and place among academic and professional planners.
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Architecture and the Welfare State

Author: Mark Swenarton,Tom Avermaete,Dirk van den Heuvel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317661907

Category: Architecture

Page: 354

View: 9110

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In the decades following World War Two, and in part in response to the Cold War, governments across Western Europe set out ambitious programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to improve the everyday lives of their citizens. Many of these welfare state programmes - housing, schools, new towns, cultural and leisure centres – involved not just construction but a new approach to architectural design, in which the welfare objectives of these state-funded programmes were delineated and debated. The impact on architects and architectural design was profound and far-reaching, with welfare state projects moving centre-stage in architectural discourse not just in Europe but worldwide. This is the first book to explore the architecture of the welfare state in Western Europe from an international perspective. With chapters covering Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the UK, the book explores the complex role played by architecture in the formation and development of the welfare state in both theory and practice. Themes include: the role of the built environment in the welfare state as a political project the colonial dimension of European welfare state architecture and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia the role of welfare state projects in promoting consumer culture and economic growth the picture of the collective produced by welfare state architecture the role of architectural innovation in the welfare state the role of the architect, as opposed to construction companies and others, in determining what was built the relationship between architectural and social theory the role of internal institutional critique and the counterculture. Contributors include: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian Urban and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Remaking London

Decline and Regeneration in Urban Culture

Author: Ben Campkin

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857734164

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 2606

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Contemporary urban regeneration seeks to encourage diverse, creative new neighbourhoods that are rich in economic potential. Yet the end result frequently displaces precisely those qualities, activities and communities it claims to engender. Are people best served by a preoccupation with regeneration as economic growth? In The Regeneration Game Ben Campkin provides a lucid and wide-ranging critique of contemporary regeneration. Focusing on present-day regeneration areas in London that are key to the capital’s modern identity, including the site of the 2012 Olympics, the result is both a compelling account of contested sites within the capital’s recent history and a powerful critique of modern methods of urban regeneration.
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Living with History, 1914 - 1964: la Reconstruction en Europe Après la Première Et la Seconde Guerre Mondiale Et Le Rôle de la Conservation Des Monuments Historiques

Author: Nicholas Bullock,Luc Verpoest

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9058678415

Category: Architecture

Page: 390

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Living with History focuses on a particular aspect of heritage preservation in the twentieth century: destruction and postwar reconstruction in Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, and The Netherlands. This book establishes a status quaestionis for the historiography of wartime and postwar preservation, and sets these particular developments in preservation history in the context of the general evolution of architecture and urbanism. The authors investigate the specific role of conservationists and heritage institutions and administrations in the overall reconstruction and examine the part played by architects and planners in heritage preservation.
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Planning and Urban Change

Author: Stephen Ward

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446240118

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8927

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Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
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Strategic Planning in London

The Rise and Fall of the Primary Road Network

Author: Douglas A. Hart

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148315548X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 5577

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Strategic Planning in London: The Rise and Fall of the Primary Road Network examines the relationship between order and change in the urban planning process. Focusing on the planning of Greater London during 1943 to 1973, the book describes how strategic road planning and urban order has changed over this period. The text analyzes why the large-scale planning of high-speed major roads in Greater London has failed. Chapter 1 examines traditional master planning and disjointed incrementalism and outlines a conceptual model based on an iterative approach to urban planning. Chapter 2 considers the way in which traffic congestion in Greater London was defined in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Chapter 3 and 4 describes Abercombrie-Buchanan approach to highway and urban and planning. Chapter 5 points out the ways in which the concept of traffic congestion was broadened in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Finally, Chapter 6 focuses on the control mechanisms used in the planning period from 1943 to 1973. This book will be of interest to engineers who are seeking a comprehensive analysis of strategic planning.
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Touching the City

Thoughts on Urban Scale

Author: Timothy Makower

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118737695

Category: Architecture

Page: 216

View: 8189

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Scale in cities is relative and absolute. It has the ability tomake us feel at home in the world or alien from it; connected ordisconnected. Both large and small scale in cities can bebeautiful; both are right, neither is wrong. Whilst accepting thatprescription is no answer, 'getting the scale right' – at anintuitive and sensual level – is a fundamental part of themagic of architecture and urban design. Touching the City exploreshow scale is manifested in cities, exploring scale in buildings, inthe space between them and in their details. It asks how scalemakes a difference. Travelling from Detroit to Chandigarh, via New York, London,Paris, Rome and Doha, Tim Makower explores cities with theanalytical eye of a designer and with the experiential eye of theurban dweller. Looking at historic cities, he asks what is goodabout them: what can we learn from the old to inform the new? Thebook zooms in from the macro scale of surfing Google Earth to micromoments such as finding fossils in a weathered wall. It examinesthe dynamics and movement patterns of cities, the making of streetsand skylines, the formation of thresholds and facades, and it alsotouches on the process of design and the importance of drawing. Asthe book's title, Touching the City, suggests, it alsoemphasises the tactile – that the city is indeed somethingphysical, something we can touch and be touched by, alive and everchanging.
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