Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth Century France

Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth Century France

These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions.

Author: C. Stewart Gillmor

Publisher: Princeton Legacy Library

ISBN: 0691654301

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 346

View: 383

In a period of active scientific innovation and technological change, Charles Augustin Coulomb (1736-1806) made major contributions to the development of physics in the areas of torsion and electricity and magnetism; as one of the great engineering theorists, he produced fundamental studies in strength of materials, soil mechanics, structural design, and friction. Stewart Gillmor gives a full account of Coulomb's life and an assessment of his work in the first biography of this notable scientist. Originally published in 1972. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth Century France

Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth Century France

Biot said that one owes to Borda and to Coulomb the renaissance of exact physics in France. ... or disciplines and thus Chapters III and IV, particularly, treat of seventeenth- and earlier eighteenth-century events in some detail.

Author: C. Stewart Gillmor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400886234

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 346

View: 861

In a period of active scientific innovation and technological change, Charles Augustin Coulomb (1736-1806) made major contributions to the development of physics in the areas of torsion and electricity and magnetism; as one of the great engineering theorists, he produced fundamental studies in strength of materials, soil mechanics, structural design, and friction. Stewart Gillmor gives a full account of Coulomb's life and an assessment of his work in the first biography of this notable scientist. Originally published in 1972. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Coulomb s Memoir on Statics

Coulomb s Memoir on Statics

GILLMOR, c. s. Charles Augustin Coulomb: Physics and engineering in eighteenth century France, Dissertation for degree of Ph.D., Princeton University (1968); University Microfilm No. 69-2741. GILLMOR, c. s., Coulomb and the evolution of ...

Author: Jacques Heyman

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781783262571

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 514

Coulomb read his Essai on ‘some statical problems’ to the French Academy in 1773. It is a document of great importance in the history of engineering since it laid the foundations of the modern science of soil mechanics and also discussed three other major problems of eighteenth-century civil engineering: the bending of beams, the fracture of columns and the calculation of abutment thrusts developed by masonry arches. Professor Heyman's book makes the Essai accessible to a wide range of engineers and historians of technology. It is here reproduced in full with an annotated English translation, a chapter elucidating Coulomb's references and with full discussion of the technical problems it treats. It concludes with some brief historical notes on Coulomb's life and technical education in eighteenth-century France. Contents:The ESSAICoulomb's ReferencesThe Strength and Stiffness of BeamsCoulomb's EquationThe Thrust of SoilThe Thrust of ArchesSome Historical Notes Readership: Engineers and researchers in the history of science and engineering. Keywords:History of Science;Structural Theory;Geotechnical Engineering;Plasticity Theory;Masonry;Buckling;Arches
Categories: Science

Popular Science and Public Opinion in Eighteenth Century France

Popular Science and Public Opinion in Eighteenth Century France

For Coulomb see C. Stewart Gillmor , Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth - Century France ( Princeton : Princeton University Press , 1971 ) , 16. Angélique Diderot , the niece of Denis Diderot ...

Author: Michael R. Lynn

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719073731

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 663

In this book, Michael R. Lynn analyzes the popularization of science in Enlightenment France. He examines the content of popular science, the methods of dissemination, the status of the popularizers and the audience, and the settings for dissemination and appropriation. Lynn introduces individuals like Jean-Antoine Nollet, who made a career out of applying electric shocks to people, and Perrin, who used his talented dog to lure customers to his physics show. He also examines scientifically oriented clubs like Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier's Musée de Monsieur which provided locations for people interested in science.
Categories: History

Physics in the Nineteenth Century

Physics in the Nineteenth Century

See E. Whittaker , A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity , 2 vols . ... On Coulomb , see C. S. Gilbert , Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth Century France ( Princeton , N.J .

Author: Robert D. Purrington

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813524423

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 932

Places the work of Faraday, Kelvin, and other nineteenth-century physicists into historical context, and describes how discoveries in electromagnetism, thermodynamics, energy, atomic structure, the kinetic theory, and other topics relate to the Industrial Revolution and European nationalism
Categories: Science

Eighteenth Century Europe 1700 1789

Eighteenth Century Europe  1700 1789

R. M. Isherwood , Farce and Fantasy : Popular Entertainment in EighteenthCentury Paris ( 1986 ) . ... C. S. Gillmor , Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth - Century France ( 1971 ) .

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781349277681

Category: History

Page: 458

View: 821

This new edition of this highly successful and influential work includes two entirely new chapters - on Europe and the wider world and on the Revolutionary crisis - and is extensively revised throughout. It offers a wide-ranging thematic account of the century, that explores social, cultural and economic topics, as well as giving a clear analysis of the political events. Filled with fascinating detail and unusual examples, this absorbing history of eighteenth-century Europe will bring the period alive to students and teachers alike.
Categories: History

The History of the Theory of Structures

The History of the Theory of Structures

Coulomb and the evolution of physics and engineering in eighteenthcentury France. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Gillmor, C. S., 1971/2. Coulomb, Charles Augustin. In: Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. III.

Author: Karl-Eugen Kurrer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783433609132

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1242

View: 202

Ten years after the publication of the first English edition of The History of the Theory of Structures, Dr. Kurrer now gives us a much enlarged second edition with a new subtitle: Searching for Equilibrium. The author invites the reader to take part in a journey through time to explore the equilibrium of structures. That journey starts with the emergence of the statics and strength of materials of Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo, and reaches its first climax with Coulomb's structural theories for beams, earth pressure and arches in the late 18th century. Over the next 100 years, Navier, Culmann, Maxwell, Rankine, Mohr, Castigliano and Müller-Breslau moulded theory of structures into a fundamental engineering science discipline that - in the form of modern structural mechanics - played a key role in creating the design languages of the steel, reinforced concrete, aircraft, automotive and shipbuilding industries in the 20th century. In his portrayal, the author places the emphasis on the formation and development of modern numerical engineering methods such as FEM and describes their integration into the discipline of computational mechanics. Brief insights into customary methods of calculation backed up by historical facts help the reader to understand the history of structural mechanics and earth pressure theory from the point of view of modern engineering practice. This approach also makes a vital contribution to the teaching of engineers. Dr. Kurrer manages to give us a real feel for the different approaches of the players involved through their engineering science profiles and personalities, thus creating awareness for the social context. The 260 brief biographies convey the subjective aspect of theory of structures and structural mechanics from the early years of the modern era to the present day. Civil and structural engineers and architects are well represented, but there are also biographies of mathematicians, physicists, mechanical engineers and aircraft and ship designers. The main works of these protagonists of theory of structures are reviewed and listed at the end of each biography. Besides the acknowledged figures in theory of structures such as Coulomb, Culmann, Maxwell, Mohr, Müller-Breslau, Navier, Rankine, Saint-Venant, Timoshenko and Westergaard, the reader is also introduced to G. Green, A. N. Krylov, G. Li, A. J. S. Pippard, W. Prager, H. A. Schade, A. W. Skempton, C. A. Truesdell, J. A. L. Waddell and H. Wagner. The pioneers of the modern movement in theory of structures, J. H. Argyris, R. W. Clough, T. v. Kármán, M. J. Turner and O. C. Zienkiewicz, are also given extensive biographical treatment. A huge bibliography of about 4,500 works rounds off the book. New content in the second edition deals with earth pressure theory, ultimate load method, an analysis of historical textbooks, steel bridges, lightweight construction, theory of plates and shells, Green's function, computational statics, FEM, computer-assisted graphical analysis and historical engineering science. The number of pages now exceeds 1,200 - an increase of 50% over the first English edition. This book is the first all-embracing historical account of theory of structures from the 16th century to the present day.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Engineering the Revolution

Engineering the Revolution

Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth- Century France. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1971. Glas, Eduard. "On the Dynamics of Mathematical Change in the Case of the Monge and the French Revolution.

Author: Ken Alder

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226012650

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 431

Engineering the Revolution documents the forging of a new relationship between technology and politics in Revolutionary France, and the inauguration of a distinctively modern form of the “technological life.” Here, Ken Alder rewrites the history of the eighteenth century as the total history of one particular artifact—the gun—by offering a novel and historical account of how material artifacts emerge as the outcome of political struggle. By expanding the “political” to include conflict over material objects, this volume rethinks the nature of engineering rationality, the origins of mass production, the rise of meritocracy, and our interpretation of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

A to Z of Physicists Updated Edition

A to Z of Physicists  Updated Edition

At different times, Coulomb found himself in charge of the education in public schools, hospital reform, care of the royal fountains, and administration of the water ... Evolution Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth Century France.

Author: Darryl Leiter

Publisher: Infobase Holdings, Inc

ISBN: 9781438183312

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 296

A to Z of Physicists, Updated Edition focuses not only on the lives and personalities of those profiled, but also on their research and contributions to the field. A fascinating and important element of this work is the attention paid to the obstacles that minority physicists had to overcome to reach their personal and professional goals. Through incidents, quotations, and photographs, the entries portray something of the human face, which is often lost in books on science and scientists. A to Z of Physicists, Updated Edition features more than 150 entries and 51 black-and-white photographs. Culturally inclusive and spanning the whole range of physicists from ancient times to the present day, this is an ideal resource for students and general readers interested in the history of physics or the significant aspects of the personal and professional lives of important physicists. People covered include: Archimedes (ca. 285–212 BCE) Homi Jehangir Bhabha (1909–1966) Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov (1904–1990) Marie Curie (1867–1934) George Gamow (1904–1968) Tsung Dao Lee (1926–present) Lise Meitner (1878–1968) Yuval Ne'eman (1925–2006) Johannes Stark (1874–1957) Nikola Tesla (1856–1943) Alessandro Volta (1745–1827) Hideki Yukawa (1907–1981)
Categories: Science

The Story of Electrical and Magnetic Measurements

The Story of Electrical and Magnetic Measurements

Coulomb's proof of the electric force laws had now been established by both static and dynamic approaches . ... C. Stewart Gillmor : Coulomb , and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth Century France , Princeton ...

Author: Joseph F. Keithley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0780311930

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 855

"Joseph F. Keithley, a modern pioneer of instrumentation, brings you a fascinating history of electrical measurement from the ancient Greeks to the inventors of the early twentieth century. Written in a direct and fluent style, the book illuminates the lives of the most significant inventors in the field, including George Simon Ohm, Andre Marie Ampere, and Jean Baptiste Fourier. Chapter by chapter, meet the inventors in their youth and discover the origins of their lifelong pursuits of electrical measurement. Not only will you find highlights of important technological contributions, you will also learn about the tribulations and excitement that accompany the discoveries of these early masters. Included are nearly 100 rare photographs from museums around the world. THE STORY OF ELECTRICAL AND MAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS is a ""must read"" for students and practitioners of physics, electrical engineering, and instrumentation and metrology who want to understand the history behind modern day instruments." Sponsored by: IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society
Categories: Science