Contested Technologies

Contested Technologies

Xenotransplantation and stem cell technologies are contested technologies. The
development of such contested technologies is not only driven by what is
scientifically and technically possible, but also by a wide variety of social entities
and ...

Author: Anders Persson

Publisher: Nordic Academic Press

ISBN: 9789185509058

Category: Medical

Page: 210

View: 361

Addressing the important perspectives on xenotransplantation and human embryonic stem cell research, this book explores both the enthusiastic proponents and vehement resistance to these new biomedical technologies. Investigating the political, social, and ethical forces behind this kind of research and development, as well as the commercial actors and strong financial incentives that are necessary, these stories of hope, fear, and hype are matched by stories of success, failure, and fraud, showing how these technologies have become truly polarizing.
Categories: Medical

Technology and the Contested Meanings of Sustainability

Technology and the Contested Meanings of Sustainability

I consider questions about sustainability to be essentially normative and any
answers they prompt essentially contested. The engineer's search for the design
specifications of Sustainable Technology — a technology promised to produce ...

Author: Aidan Davison

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791449807

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 281

View: 968

This discussion responds to the work of Langdon Winner, Albert Borgmann, Charles Taylor, Martin Heidegger, David Abram, and others."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Contested Knowledges

Contested Knowledges

In this line, STS and SCOT scholars have largely shown how water technologies
are the result of complex social processes (cf. [29,30,43,44]). Further research
needs to be done to scrutinize how the most contested technological endeavors,
 ...

Author: Esha Shah

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038978107

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 388

Water acquisition, storage, allocation and distribution are intensely contested in our society, whether, for instance, such issues pertain to a conflict between upstream and downstream farmers located on a small stream or to a large dam located on the border of two nations. Water conflicts are mostly studied as disputes around access to water resources or the formulation of water laws and governance rules. However, explicitly or not, water conflicts nearly always also involve disputes among different philosophical views. The contributions to this edited volume have looked at the politics of contested knowledge as manifested in the conceptualisation, design, development, implementation and governance of large dams and mega-hydraulic infrastructure projects in various parts of the world. The special issue has explored the following core questions: Which philosophies and claims on mega-hydraulic projects are encountered, and how are they shaped, validated, negotiated and contested in concrete contexts? Whose knowledge counts and whose knowledge is downplayed in water development conflict situations, and how have different epistemic communities and cultural-political identities shaped practices of design, planning and construction of dams and mega-hydraulic projects? The contributions have also scrutinised how these epistemic communities interactively shape norms, rules, beliefs and values about water problems and solutions, including notions of justice, citizenship and progress that are subsequently to become embedded in material artefacts.
Categories: Social Science

Contested Reproduction

Contested Reproduction

CHAPTER TWO The History of Abortion, Reproductive Genetic Technologies,
and the Contemporary Public's Views. In. this chapter I delve deeply into the
history of reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs) and more briefly into the
history of ...

Author: John H. Evans

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226222707

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 813

Scientific breakthroughs have led us to a point where soon we will be able to make specific choices about the genetic makeup of our offspring. In fact, this reality has arrived—and it is only a matter of time before the technology becomes widespread. Much like past arguments about stem-cell research, the coming debate over these reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs) will be both political and, for many people, religious. In order to understand how the debate will play out in the United States, John H. Evans conducted the first in-depth study of the claims made about RGTs by religious people from across the political spectrum, and Contested Reproduction is the stimulating result. Some of the opinions Evans documents are familiar, but others—such as the idea that certain genetic conditions produce a “meaningful suffering” that is, ultimately, desirable—provide a fascinating glimpse of religious reactions to cutting-edge science. Not surprisingly, Evans discovers that for many people opinion on the issue closely relates to their feelings about abortion, but he also finds a shared moral language that offers a way around the unproductive polarization of the abortion debate and other culture-war concerns. Admirably evenhanded, Contested Reproduction is a prescient, profound look into the future of a hot-button issue.
Categories: Social Science

Contested Bodies

Contested Bodies

Exploring the intersection of the body with technology offers us a clear
understanding of the contested nature of bodily ... From the structuring (and
resisting) of ascribed gender identities through to the seemingly mundane
technologies of ...

Author: John Hassard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134644179

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 340

The body occupies a prime position in contemporary theoretical work, yet still there is no consensus on exactly what it is and what constitutes it. Contested Bodies brings together a number of different accounts and perspectives on the body, drawing out some of the key connections and disjunctures from this most contested of topics. This volume features fresh and fascinating contributions from some of the leading thinkers and upcoming theorists in the field. Themes that run through the work include: * the place of the body in theory * the notion of labour in the production of bodies * the transformative potential of bodies on spaces. Grounded in real life experience and examples, this key text will be a valuable reference for undergraduates of sociology and gender studies.
Categories: Social Science

Contested Technology

Contested Technology

They deplore the fact that new technologies and new methods of controlling
human beings are developed and broadly used without there having been a
previous reflection about the impact of those new technologies and methods on
our ...

Author: René von Schomberg

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105017787628

Category: Biotechnology

Page: 265

View: 899

Categories: Biotechnology

Contested Culture

Contested Culture

In the “record” mode, these technologies suck sound from its source and
molecularly break it down. In the “playback” mode, the reconstituted sound
becomes an audible check, a verification. In the record mode, sound
technologies produce the ...

Author: Jane M. Gaines

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807861646

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 360

View: 755

Jane M. Gaines examines the phenomenon of images as property, focusing on the legal staus of mechanically produced visual and audio images from popular culture. Bridging the fields of critical legal studies and cultural studies, she analyzes copyright, trademark, and intellectual property law, asking how the law constructs works of authorship and who owns the country's cultural heritage.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Contested Learning in Welfare Work

Contested Learning in Welfare Work

was a technological system experienced as a prototypical surveillant
assemhlage.13 It was a technology that supported, and was supported by, the
new legislation, rules, conventions, purposes, managerial practices, division of
labour, and ...

Author: Peter H. Sawchuk

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107034679

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 356

Drawing on the field of cultural historical psychology and the sociologies of skill and labour process, Contested Learning in Welfare Work offers a detailed account of the learning lives of state welfare workers in Canada as they cope, accommodate, resist and flounder in times of heightened austerity. Documented through in-depth qualitative and quantitative analysis, Peter Sawchuk shows how the labour process changes workers, and how workers change the labour process, under the pressures of intensified economic conditions, new technologies, changing relations of space and time, and a high-tech version of Taylorism. Sawchuk traces these experiences over a seven-year period that includes major work reorganisation and the recent economic downturn. His analysis examines the dynamics between notions of de-skilling, re-skilling and up-skilling, as workers negotiate occupational learning and changing identities.
Categories: Business & Economics

Contested Paternity

Contested Paternity

In the past, although paternity was contested, maternity was not. Genetics and
reproductive technologies can now redefine motherhood as well as fatherhood.
The Maryland court of appeals ruled that if a gestational carrier using donated
eggs ...

Author: Rachel G. Fuchs

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801898167

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 738

This groundbreaking study examines complex notions of paternity and fatherhood in modern France through the lens of contested paternity. Drawing from archival judicial records on paternity suits, paternity denials, deprivation of paternity, and adoption, from the end of the eighteenth century through the twentieth, Rachel G. Fuchs reveals how paternity was defined and how it functioned in the culture and experiences of individual men and women. She addresses the competing definitions of paternity and of families, how public policy toward paternity and the family shifted, and what individuals did to facilitate their personal and familial ideals and goals. Issues of paternity and the family have broad implications for an understanding of how private acts were governed by laws of the state. Focusing on paternity as a category of family history, Contested Paternity emphasizes the importance of fatherhood, the family, and the law within the greater context of changing attitudes toward parental responsibility.
Categories: History

Contested Classrooms

Contested Classrooms

Economic and educational initiatives focus on investments in new technology ,
the quality of human resources , and attracting ... of a new kind of worker — the “
perpetual learner " — able both to produce and consume the latest technologies .

Author: Parkland Institute

Publisher: University of Alberta

ISBN: 0888643152

Category: Education

Page: 191

View: 783

Education has become a battlefield, the classroom the arena where the contest is fought. The 1997 Ontario teachers' strike, the federal government's Millennium Scholarship, and a wave of protests across the country are among the signals that the war is heating up. Alberta stands as a Canadian model of radical education reform, propelled by economic necessity. But is all reform necessarily right or good?-and who decides? A range of commentators-teachers, scholars, parents, and others-discuss the conflict in Alberta's schools.
Categories: Education

The Contested Politics of Mobility

The Contested Politics of Mobility

... states, The Contested Politics of Mobility specifically focuses on the exercise
and control of movements between states. ... It also shows that while these
controls may take the form of more 'sophisticated' technologies of surveillance
such as ...

Author: Vicki Squire

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136887338

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 122

The Contested Politics of Mobility is the first collection to explore how the politics of mobility turns on the condition of irregularity. Timely and incisive, it brings together leading scholars from across the sub-disciplines of citizenship, migration and security studies, who show irregularity to be a produced and highly contested socio-political condition.
Categories: Political Science

The Political Theories of Risk Analysis

The Political Theories of Risk Analysis

... in this book is: "Can a liberal democracy, in theory and practice, adequately
respond to the specific ecological challenges of risk associated with new,
emerging, and contested agricultural technologies in modern food production?

Author: Nicholas P. Guehlstorf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402028814

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 408

The purpose of this study is to question whether liberal political theories ought to inform the way policymakers and administrators analyze risk in proposed courses of environmental practice. In order to explore the relationship of liberal theory to rational practice in environmental policy, this project examines the risk analysis used to approve the genetically engineered bovine growth hormone in American agricultural policy. The Political Theories of Risk Analysis suggests that American environmental public policy is attempting to assess danger with an incomplete notion of utility, to eliminate the hazards of society with an inadequate contractual justification of political authority, and to publicly debate accepted levels of risk with an unfulfilled critical social theory. Because environmental risk analyses are incorrectly perceived as technically rational and socially apolitical, they result in practices that are muddled and misdirected. Making theoretical foundations explicit, however, could lead to improved practice. Public policy and administrative decisions regarding agricultural biotechnologies should and can function with more concern for democratic values. The Political Theories of Risk Analysis is for environmental scientists, philosophers, public policy planners, applied ethicists, political scientists and environmentalists.
Categories: Philosophy

Contested Futures

Contested Futures

In the case of technology , there is no such clearly recognisable social group ,
and the identity of the technologist ' has emerged together with the rise of the
generic promise of technology . The boundaries and the nature of a mandate are
 ...

Author: Nik Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: STANFORD:36105025209433

Category: Social Science

Page: 277

View: 707

Examining the relationship between social action and the future, this book interrogates the metaphors and practices through which the future is mobilized as an object of present day action and agency. It shifts the analytical gaze from 'looking into' the
Categories: Social Science

Transboundary Risk Governance

Transboundary Risk Governance

When national bodies deal with struggles over contested technologies, they often
do so in terms of risk, although struggles in local communities maybe much more
multifaceted (cf. Borraz, 2007). In the case of building a new mobile phone ...

Author: Rolf Lidskog

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 9781849774642

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 177

View: 286

Governing environmental risk, particularly large-scale transboundary risks associated with climate change and pollution, is one of the most pressing problems facing society.
Categories: Business & Economics

Contested Categories

Contested Categories

... from Chesterin North West England challenged WestMercia police'sfailure
toinvestigate the termination ofa pregnancy in2001 involvinga 28weekold foetus
whichhadbeen diagnosedwitha cleftlip andpalate using ultrasound technology.

Author: Ayo Wahlberg

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409492030

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 149

Drawing on social science perspectives, Contested Categories presents a series of empirical studies that engage with the often shifting and day-to-day realities of life sciences categories. In doing so, it shows how such categories remain contested and dynamic, and that the boundaries they create are subject to negotiation as well as re-configuration and re-stabilization processes. Organized around the themes of biological substances and objects, personhood and the genomic body and the creation and dispersion of knowledge, each of the volume’s chapters reveals the elusive nature of fixity with regard to life science categories. With contributions from an international team of scholars, this book will be essential reading for anyone interested in the social, legal, policy and ethical implications of science and technology and the life sciences.
Categories: Social Science

Toxic Capitalism

Toxic Capitalism

It drives us toward new and contested technologies. “Fracking” refers to a special
drilling technology, hydraulic fracturing, developed in North America. Wikipedia
gives a good introduction on shale gas, natural gas that mostly also contains ...

Author: Gilbert Van Kerckhove

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781477219072

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 361

View: 118

The West is causing depletion of natural resources and environmental destruction with the help of questionable companies, financial institutions and governments. Today, all eyes are on China and its hazardous environment. Toxic Capitalism, a succinct volume jam-packed with informative but scary data, shows how to fight overconsumption and wastage. Yes, there is a solution. Only complaining will not guarantee the well-being of future generations. What you will discover and learn in the book: The reality of Global Warming How financial institutions and companies fail in their job How governments fail in their duty, vested interests at work How income inequality affects society The role of corruption How inadequate job markets impede better consumption Details on water pollution & scarcity, focus on China What China is doing to combat pollution, to improve the energy mix and promote renewables How China roams the world to buy up and import the much needed resources, including food How much and why we waste (including food and medicine) Air pollution, soil pollution, impact on health Everyday examples of waste, focus on China How we can enforce quality and durability How we can do our part to safeguard the future for our children
Categories: Business & Economics

Resource Management and Contested Territories in East Asia

Resource Management and Contested Territories in East Asia

Duringthe 1970s,Chinese crude oil was exported toJapan in exchange for
advanced technologies. Chinese oil helped Japan diversifyits energy sources,
while in return the Chinese economy benefited. Cooperation flourished during
thisperiod ...

Author: R. Emmers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137310149

Category: Political Science

Page: 96

View: 542

Ralf Emmers discusses the significance of natural resources as a source of inter-state cooperation and competition in East Asia, assessing whether the joint exploration and development of resources can act as a means to reduce tensions in contested territories. Does the joint management of natural resources in the absence of a negotiated maritime delimitation constitute a feasible strategy to de-escalate maritime sovereignty disputes in East Asia? Can cooperative resource exploitation be separated from nationalist considerations and power politics calculations? Alternatively, should the prospect for joint exploration in disputed waters be expected to raise rather than defuse territorial conflicts, especially if abundant resources are eventually discovered? If this were true, should exploration schemes be postponed until sovereignty disputes have been resolved? Emmers addresses these questions by examining the overlapping sovereignty claims in the Sea of Japan and the East and South China Seas.
Categories: Political Science

The Concise Encyclopedia of the Ethics of New Technologies

The Concise Encyclopedia of the Ethics of New Technologies

Best-Interests Standard The standard that, all other things being equal, directs us
to select from among options what most informed, rational people of good would
regard as maximizing net benefits and minimizing net harms. contested cases ...

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 008054519X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 404

View: 843

The ethical assessment of new technologies raises two principal concerns: the need to develop effective policies and legislation, and the reconsideration of the ethical frameworks in which these policies and laws are developed. The importance of rapid, accurate examinations of tensions between Philosophy and Law and the relationship between philosophical principles and empirical data has never been greater. The Concise Encyclopedia of Ethics of New Technologies includes 23 articles previously published in the highly-acclaimed Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, nine updated articles, and five new articles, commissioned especially for this volume. Over half of the previously published articles include updated facts and bibliographic citations. Authors of genetics articles have updated their works to include the most recent developments and publications. New articles include: "Cloning," "Geneticization," "Health Technology Assessment," "Intrinsic and Instrumental Value," and "Novel Foods." Articles fall into these subject categories: Medical Ethics; Scientific Ethics; Theories of Ethics; Environmental Ethics; Legal Ethics; Ethical Concepts
Categories: Philosophy

An Integrated Innovation Policy Model for Energy Technology digital original edition

An Integrated Innovation Policy Model for Energy Technology  digital original edition

A BIT of Structuring an Energy Technology Revolution Charles Weiss, William B.
Bonvillian ... Secondary technologiescontested launch These aresecondary (
component) innovations thathave inherent cost disadvantages, and/or thatcan ...

Author: Charles Weiss

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262317603

Category: Political Science

Page: 41

View: 498

America is addicted to fossil fuels, and the environmental and geopolitical costs are mounting. A federal program—on the scale of the Manhattan Project or the Apollo Program—to stimulate innovation in energy policy seems essential. In this BIT, Charles Weiss and William Bonvillian describe a new framework for stimulating innovation through policy and legislation and offer a roadmap for the implementation of new technologies.
Categories: Political Science

The Contested Governance of GM Foods

The Contested Governance of GM Foods

I . Explaining the Slow Spread of GM Crops The international GM crop revolution
has so far been led by private sector seed companies , developing and marketing
their transgenic varieties of farm crops as proprietary technologies . By contrast ...

Author: Robert L. Paarlberg

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105113964394

Category: European Union countries

Page: 45

View: 281

SCOTT (copy 1): From the John Holmes Library collection.
Categories: European Union countries