Contemporary Cultures, Global Connections

Anthropology for the 21st Century

Author: Victoria Bernal

Publisher: Cognella Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9781609273279

Category: Ethnology

Page: 536

View: 906


The anthology "Contemporary Cultures, Global Connections: Anthropology for the 21st Century," brings together work by cultural anthropologists who study contemporary life. While many readers in the discipline draw on what is considered classic material about exotic peoples living in isolation in far-off locations, this book presents excellent examples of what anthropologists are researching and writing about right now. The selections reflect the reality that most anthropologists today focus on cities, technology, media, government policies, corporations, migration, and other institutions and processes that shape life in the modern world. "Contemporary Cultures, Global Connections" will be useful to scholars and students not only in anthropology but in other disciplines because of the growing interest in ethnography as a tool for understanding social values, institutions, and behavior. The chapters trace relationships and processes that cross regional and cultural boundaries to produce both similarities and differences. The authors address issues of knowledge production, representation, racialization, and constructions of gender. Combining theoretical depth and empirical scope, the 27 chapters in the anthology challenge readers to critically reflect on common assumptions about society and human nature. "Contemporary Cultures, Global Connections: Anthropology for the 21st Century" is a path-breaking collection for use in teaching cultural anthropology and interdisciplinary fields such as global studies, international studies, and gender studies. Victoria Bernal is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Irvine. She has carried out ethnographic research in Sudan, Tanzania, Eritrea, and cyberspace. She is the author of "Cultivating Workers: Peasants and Capitalism in a Sudanese Village." Her numerous articles explore issues of gender, migration, Islamic revival, cyberspace, nationalism, diaspora, violence, and civil society.

Theorizing NGOs

States, Feminisms, and Neoliberalism

Author: Victoria Bernal,Inderpal Grewal

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822377195

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 4211


Theorizing NGOs examines how the rise of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) has transformed the conditions of women's lives and of feminist organizing. Victoria Bernal and Inderpal Grewal suggest that we can understand the proliferation of NGOs through a focus on the NGO as a unified form despite the enormous variation and diversity contained within that form. Theorizing NGOs brings together cutting-edge feminist research on NGOs from various perspectives and disciplines. Contributors locate NGOs within local and transnational configurations of power, interrogate the relationships of nongovernmental organizations to states and to privatization, and map the complex, ambiguous, and ultimately unstable synergies between feminisms and NGOs. While some of the contributors draw on personal experience with NGOs, others employ regional or national perspectives. Spanning a broad range of issues with which NGOs are engaged, from microcredit and domestic violence to democratization, this groundbreaking collection shows that NGOs are, themselves, fields of gendered struggles over power, resources, and status. Contributors. Sonia E. Alvarez, Victoria Bernal, LeeRay M. Costa, Inderpal Grewal, Laura Grünberg, Elissa Helms, Julie Hemment, Saida Hodžic, Lamia Karim, Sabine Lang, Lauren Leve, Kathleen O'Reilly, Aradhana Sharma

Nation as Network

Diaspora, Cyberspace, and Citizenship

Author: Victoria Bernal

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022614495X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 3277


How is the internet transforming the relationships between citizens and states? What happens to politics when international migration is coupled with digital media, making it easy for people to be politically active in a nation from outside its borders? In Nation as Network, Victoria Bernal creatively combines media studies, ethnography, and African studies to explore this new political paradigm through a striking analysis of how Eritreans in diaspora have used the internet to shape the course of Eritrean history. Bernal argues that Benedict Anderson’s famous concept of nations as “imagined communities” must now be rethought because diasporas and information technologies have transformed the ways nations are sustained and challenged. She traces the development of Eritrean diaspora websites over two turbulent decades that saw the Eritrean state grow ever more tyrannical. Through Eritreans’ own words in posts and debates, she reveals how new subjectivities are formed and political action is galvanized online. She suggests that “infopolitics”—struggles over the management of information—make politics in the 21st century distinct, and she analyzes the innovative ways Eritreans deploy the internet to support and subvert state power. Nation as Network is a unique and compelling work that advances our understanding of the political significance of digital media.

The Anthropological Field on the Margins of Europe, 1945-1991

Author: Aleksandar Boskovic,Chris Hann

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643905076

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 7767


The social lives of the peoples of the Balkans have long stimulated the imaginations of their northern European neighbors. These peoples and places have anthropological traditions of their own, shaped initially by nationalist movements and, later, by socialism and other political constraints. From an anthropological perspective, this book explores the region between Greece and Slovenia, when political pressures were strongest in the era of the Cold War. Yet, the environments were by no means uniformly repressive. The study provides indispensable insights for new generations pursuing innovative research agendas in this region in the new century. It raises deeper issues about the boundaries and substance of the anthropological endeavor. (Series: Halle Studies in the Anthropology of Eurasia - Vol. 29)

Creative Intelligence in the 21st Century

Grappling with Enormous Problems and Huge Opportunities

Author: Don Ambrose,Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9463005064

Category: Education

Page: 276

View: 2313


How can creative individuals and societies adapt to complex 21st-century conditions? Will civilizations thrive or collapse in the decades to come if they are not creative enough, or if they are too creative? Interest in these questions is growing; however, until now there has been inadequate understanding of the socioeconomic and cultural trends and issues that influence creativity. This book provides that understanding while yielding insights from many of the world’s leading creativity researchers and educational experts. The book begins with a big-picture, interdisciplinary overview of the socioeconomic, cultural, and technological pressures emerging from 21st-century globalization and describes some ways in which those pressures simultaneously suppress, distort, and invigorate creativity in general, and creative education in particular. After that, prominent scholars of creativity and education use their impressive knowledge bases to clarify how we can adjust our thoughts and actions in order to give ourselves the best possible chances for success in this complex world. “The world’s problems are complex, messy, and seemingly intractable, but history tells us that human creativity finds solutions to even the most daunting problems. This book collects perspectives on creative development from many of the most respected scholars and educators working in creativity and innovation today, helping chart a path forward for creativity in the 21st century.” – Jonathan Plucker, Julian C. Stanley Endowed Professor of Talent Development, Johns Hopkins University “A volume taking on macro-opportunities and macroproblems by editors Ambrose and Sternberg is a treat for readers who want to think ‘big’ and think ‘forward.’ Kick back for an imaginative journey that reaches back to early global insights but propels us solidly into the 21st century and beyond.” – Ann Robinson, Past President, National Association for Gifted Children

21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook

Author: H. James Birx

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452266301

Category: Social Science

Page: 1144

View: 6935


Request a free 30-day online trial at Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density. Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.

Handbook on the Geographies of Globalization

Author: Robert C. Kloosterman,Virginie Mamadouh,Pieter Terhorst

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785363840


Page: 512

View: 4142


Processes of globalization have changed the world in many, often fundamental, ways. Increasingly these processes are being debated and contested. This Handbook offers a timely, rich as well as critical panorama of these multifaceted processes with up-to-date chapters by renowned specialists from many countries. It comprises chapters on the historical background of globalization, different geographical perspectives (including world systems analysis and geopolitics), the geographies of flows (of people, goods and services, and capital), and the geographies of places (including global cities, clusters, port cities and the impact of climate change).