Author: Majia Holmer NadesanPublish On: 2013-09-05
This book examines the historical and social events that enabled autism to be identified as a distinct disorder in the early twentieth century.
Author: Majia Holmer Nadesan
Category: Social Science
Autism is now considered to be one of the most common developmental disorders today, yet 100 years ago the term did not exist. This book examines the historical and social events that enabled autism to be identified as a distinct disorder in the early twentieth century. The author, herself the mother of an autistic child, argues that although there is without doubt a biogenetic component to the condition, it is the social factors involved in its identification, interpretation and remediation that determine what it means to be autistic. Constructing Autism explores the social practices and institutions that reflect and shape the way we think about autism and what effects this has on autistic people and their families. Unravelling what appears to be the ‘truth’ about autism, this informative book steps behind the history of its emergence as a modern disorder to see how it has become a crisis of twenty-first century child development.
Baron-Cohen constructs his case for the essential male brain, and plots a certain
course through the autistic spectrum, ... And in the ideas of 'constructing
masculinity' and 'constructing autism', we can see how ideas of autism and the
Author: Stuart Murray
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
From concerns of an 'autism epidemic' to the MMR vaccine crisis, autism is a source of peculiar fascination in the contemporary media. Discussion of the condition has been largely framed within medicine, psychiatry and education but there has been no exploration of its power within representative narrative forms. Representing Autism is the first book to tackle this approach, using contemporary fiction and memoir writing, film, photography, drama and documentary together with older texts to set the contemporary fascination with autism in context. Representing Autism analyses and evaluates the place of autism within contemporary culture and at the same time examines the ideas of individual and community produced by people with autism themselves to establish the ideas of autistic presence that emerge from within a space of cognitive exceptionality. Central to the book is a sense of the legitimacy of autistic presence as a way by which we might more fully articulate what it means to be human.
In other words, the new genetics discourse constructs individuals as particular
kinds of subjects at risk due to their genetic ... to locate the “truth” of autism
because I suggest that there is no singular, fixed, universal Constructing Autism
Author: Mark Osteen
Category: Literary Criticism
Autism, a neuro-developmental disability, has received wide but often sensationalistic treatment in the popular media. A great deal of clinical and medical research has been devoted to autism, but the traditional humanities disciplines and the new field of Disability Studies have yet to explore it. This volume, the first scholarly book on autism in the humanities, brings scholars from several disciplines together with adults on the autism spectrum to investigate the diverse ways that autism has been represented in novels, poems, autobiographies, films, and clinical discourses, and to explore the connections and demarcations between autistic and "neurotypical" creativity. Using an empathetic scholarship that unites professional rigor with experiential knowledge derived from the contributors’ lives with or as autistic people, the essays address such questions as: In what novel forms does autistic creativity appear, and what unusual strengths does it possess? How do autistic representations--whether by or about autistic people--revise conventional ideas of cognition, creativity, language, (dis)ability and sociability? This timely and important collection breaks new ground in literary and film criticism, aesthetics, psychology, and Disability Studies.
"How people use occupation to make meaning in their lives has been a question of great interest to occupational scientists.
Author: Nancy Bagatell
"How people use occupation to make meaning in their lives has been a question of great interest to occupational scientists. This ethnographic study concerns how adults with high functioning autism, through their efforts at constructing identities, create meaningful lives. Utilizing data collected from extensive interviews and participant observation, this dissertation is about the lives of four adults and their process of "doing, belonging, and becoming." Each participant's story is presented as a separate chapter for, though they share a diagnosis, each participant had a unique way of crafting their identities that was influenced by the historical epoch, the socio-cultural environment in which they lived and their personal characteristics."
What could have been more obvious than an investigation into meaning constructs of autism in our culture? It had a lot in its favour. Existing factual writing
on autism at the time occasionally ventured on cultural and historical excursions,
Author: Ruud Hendriks
Social interactions of autistic and non-autistic persons are intriguing. In all sorts of situations people with autism are part of the daily life of those around them. Such interactions exist despite the lack of familiar ways of attuning to one another. In Autistic Company, the anthropologist and philosopher Ruud Hendriks—himself trained as a care worker for young people with autism—investigates what alternative means are sometimes found by autistic and non-autistic people to establish a shared existence. Unprecedented in scholarly work on autism, the book also reflects on how to talk about these unusual ways of getting on together. Drawing on methods from both the arts and the social sciences, this study covers very diverse sources, ranging from literary works to factual writing on autism in science and advisory literature, and from autobiographical accounts to ethnographic observations in a home for autistic people. “Putting familiar concepts to a test, Autistic Company wrenches and fiddles with the very distinctions that constitute our sense of self. By doing so, Hendriks succeeds in getting closer both to autistic and non-autistic extremes, showing how thin the division between us and them really is.” -L.W. Nauta in Krisis
The autistic child: Language development through behaviur modification. ...
Autism: An integrated view from neurocognitive, clinical and intervention
research. Oxford ... Constructing autism: Unravelling the “truth” and
understanding the social.
Author: Adam Feinstein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This unique book is the first to fully explore the history of autism - from the first descriptions of autistic-type behaviour to the present day. Features in-depth discussions with leading professionals and pioneers to provide an unprecedented insight into the historical changes in the perception of autism and approaches to it Presents carefully chosen case studies and the latest findings in the field Includes evidence from many previously unpublished documents and illustrations Interviews with parents of autistic children acknowledge the important contribution they have made to a more profound understanding of this enigmatic condition
Constructing Autism: Unravelingthe'Truth' and Constructing theSocial.Abingdon:
Routledge. National AutisticSociety(1998).TheAutistic Spectrum–A
Handbook1999. London: National Autistic Society. National Autistic Society (
2008).What is ...
Author: D. Goodley
Category: Social Science
This comprehensive, interdisciplinary collection, examines disability from a theoretical perspective, challenging views of disability that dominate mainstream thinking. Throughout, social theories of disability intersect with ideas associated with sex/gender, race/ethnicity, class and nation.
Chapter 7 CONSTRUCTING AUTISM : THE PARENTS ' EXPLANATIONS
Although the terms disease and illness may be used interchangeably Hlin
everyday conversation , sociologists have distinguished them . Disease is usually
defined as ...
Psyche, Self and Spirit in People on the Autism Spectrum Olga Bogdashina ...
phenomena with brain states and structures), cognitive scientists (constructing
models of mind), social scientists (focusing on personality features and roles
Author: Olga Bogdashina
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Olga Bogdashina argues persuasively that, contrary to popular belief, spirituality plays a vital role in the lives of many people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Drawing on interdisciplinary research from fields as diverse as psychology, philosophy, anthropology, linguistics, neuroscience and religion, as well as first-hand experiences of people on the spectrum, she shows how people with ASD experience their inner worlds and sense of self, and how this shapes the spiritual dimension of their lives and vice versa. She presents a coherent framework for understanding the routes of spiritual development and 'spiritual giftedness' within this group, offering insights that will inform understanding of how to support and nurture spiritual wellbeing in people with ASDs. This book gives a voice to both verbal and non-verbal individuals on the autism spectrum whose spiritual experiences, though often unconventional, are meaningful and profound. It is essential reading for all those interested in the spiritual wellbeing of this group, including pastoral carers and counsellors, ministers of religion, spiritual leaders, parents and carers and individuals on the autism spectrum.
This book opens with a discussion of neurodiversity and an elaboration of the diagnosis of autism. It then examines factors correlating with autism, including sex bias, month of birth, migration and impact of infant feeding.
Author: Michael Fitzgerald
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
This book opens with a discussion of neurodiversity and an elaboration of the diagnosis of autism. It then examines factors correlating with autism, including sex bias, month of birth, migration and impact of infant feeding. The next section is on the impact of autism. The neurobiology and genetic section deals with epigenetics and intracellular pathways associated with etiology. The development and behaviour section deals with proprioceptive profiles and joint attention in autism. The final section focuses on interventions including mindfulness, animal assisted activity, social/cultural perspective on autism intervention and physical activity. The book is relevant to all professionals and researchers working with persons with autism, including psychiatrists/psychologists, speech and language therapists, occupational therapists, teachers, nurses and care workers.
This is a helpful way of understanding the reasons for some of the difficult
behaviours found when working with adults with autism and for constructing
consistent intervention strategies . It has been argued that we should help to
enable people ...
Author: Stephen H. Morgan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A very practical and novel view of autism from the adult perspective. An essential guide for effective provision of services in community care.
All the information collected is reviewed by the group leader prior to the start of
the group and forms the basis for constructing areas of interest for each child.
Areas of interest are defined as issues of concern designated by both parents
Author: Albert Cotugno
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Given the significant core deficits in social interaction and communication that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) demonstrate, it is critical to understand and develop interventions which directly address these needs. This book considers the theoretical and practical implications of developing and implementing peer-based, group-focused therapeutic approaches with children on the autism spectrum. Albert Cotugno describes the theoretical underpinnings of an intervention model based on cognitive developmental principles, and explains why a group approach is best suited to address and remediate an ASD child's social deficiencies. Group Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders shows how to implement skill-based instructional approaches and presents strategies to assess the short- and long-term effectiveness of this type of therapy, both within the group and in external settings. The book is intended for school, clinic, and general practitioners involved in group work with special needs children, professionals working with ASD children, and anyone interested in using group interventions as a means to treat social competency and social skills deficits.
The second section of the article deals more specifically with the social
construction of autism as a policy issue , including the policy implications of constructing autism as a mental health issue and the implications for autism
policy of the ...
( Buzan , 2002 , p.6 ) Constructing a ' Mind Map® ' 1. Write the title of ... Students
with autism have difficulty connecting ideas and working with an adult or another
student will help them to clarify their ideas and develop their understanding . 8.
Author: Penny Kershaw
Publisher: National Autistic Society
Category: Autistic children
Packed with useful strategies and photocopiable work materials, this book will be useful for SENCOs and the mainstream staff. The ideas and methods suggested by authors will benefit a whole range of the students in the school, not only children with an ASD.
The model describes how people with autism frequently show intact or even
superior skills in understanding or constructing systems – for example, grasping
how a machine works, collecting similar objects, learning a huge range of facts
Author: Samantha Todd
Publisher: Crown House Publishing
This book will allow anyone who lives or works with children with Autism to see the world as they do, and develop strategies for managing and understanding it effectively. It peers through the "Autism lens", allowing us to effect change in terms of the way we deal with autism as a society and in education. It delivers evidence-based support and strategies that enable us to develop young people's abilities to interact with the social world, removing much of the anxiety that often accompanies it.
See also Professionals involved in assessment Language problems , 50–52 .
See also Communication Language therapy , 189–190 Learning disabilities , autistic - specific constructing a learning profile and , 127–138 in general , 125–
Author: Bryna Siegel
Publisher: Guilford Press
As the parent of a child with an autism spectrum disorder, you need an informed, caring advocate who can deftly guide you through the complex maze of treatment options. In this empowering resource, bestselling author Bryna Siegel--one of the world’s leading authorities on the disorder--helps you zero in on proven strategies and tailor them to fit your child’s unique needs. Like no other book, Getting the Best for Your Child with Autism shows how to get an accurate assessment of your child’s strengths and weaknesses so you can develop a plan of action suited to his or her individual learning style, interests, verbal abilities, and social skills. You’ll learn what services you’re entitled to, how to determine what’s right for your family, and ways to work effectively with doctors and school professionals. With Dr. Siegel as your ally, you can help your child learn and grow.
Dedicated to the memory and work of Lisa Capps, this volume is a forum for scholars and practitioners interested in the typical and atypical development of persons with autism.
Author: Jacob A. Burack
Publisher: Psychology Press
Dedicated to the memory and work of Lisa Capps, this volume is a forum for scholars and practitioners interested in the typical and atypical development of persons with autism. Each chapter is focused on theoretical considerations and the empirical evidence regarding a specific aspect of functioning, but common themes of development are considered throughout. Within this framework, the contributors provide a detailed and comprehensive account of the development of persons with autism. The book is divided into four sections: (1) Developmental, Neurobiological, Genetic, and Family Considerations; (2) Attention and Perception; (3) Cognition, Theory of Mind, and Executive Functioning; and (4) Social and Adaptive Behaviors. With the consideration of this broad range of topics, this volume is both a state-of-the-art resource about autism and a unique contribution to the study of development. It will be of interest to researchers and care providers from several domains, including psychology, psychiatry, social work, developmental psychology, and education. This volume can be used as a text in graduate and advanced undergraduate courses, and as a resource in applied settings.
Ensure the contextual validity of training content A variety of approaches to
identifying the interpersonal skills content of training was introduced in Chapter 7
and further considered , in the last chapter , in relation to constructing a ...
Author: David Dickson
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
High standards of interpersonal communication are fundamental to effective health care delivery. Communication Skills Training for Health Professionals succeeds in providing the sound theoretical basis and practical approach needed to implement a higher standard of care through better communication. This is an essential part of the relatinship between the health care provider and both the client and carer, and of course, between providers themselves. By giving an explanation of the underlying rationale for CST, together with the principles of training programme design, implementation, transfer and evaluation, the book becomes essential as a resource, applicable in any health care setting.
Do individuals with autism process words in context? Evidence from language-
mediated eye-movements. Cognition 2008; 108:896–904. Tomasello M. Constructing a language. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press; 2003.
Dettmer S ...
Author: Matthew Siegel
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
The “spectrum in this disorder is Autistic Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder. This issue specifically addresses acute management of the extreme behaviors that accompany this disorder spectrum: extreme behaviors, complete lack of communication, inability to learn or express language, etc, and covers in-hospital or residential therapies as well as in-home family involvement. Medical treatment for this disorder is the main focus of discussion in topics such as: Emotional Regulation: Concepts and Practice in ASD; Specialized Inpatient Treatment of ASD; Residential Treatment of Severe Behavioral Disturbance in ASD; Treatment of ASD in General Child Psychiatry Units; Behavioral Approaches to Acute Problems; Communication Strategies for Behavioral Challenges in ASD, along with topics covering Psychiatric Assessment of Acute Presentations in ASD; Sensory Regulation and its Relationship to Acute Problems in ASD; Family Dysfunction, Assessment and Treatment in the context of Severe Behavioral Disturbance in ASD; and Self Injurious Behavior in ASD.