Connectionist Models in Cognitive Psychology

Author: George Houghton,PhD Senior Lecturer in Cognitive Psychology George Houghton

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135431159

Category: Psychology

Page: 488

View: 9396

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Connectionist Models in Cognitive Psychology is a state-of-the-art review of neural network modelling in core areas of cognitive psychology including: memory and learning, language (written and spoken), cognitive development, cognitive control, attention and action. The chapters discuss neural network models in a clear and accessible style, with an emphasis on the relationship between the models and relevant experimental data drawn from experimental psychology, neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience. These lucid high-level contributions will serve as introductory articles for postgraduates and researchers whilst being of great use to undergraduates with an interest in the area of connectionist modelling.
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Exploring Cognition: Damaged Brains and Neural Networks

Readings in Cognitive Neuropsychology and Connectionist Modelling

Author: Gillian Cohen,Robert A. Johnstone,Kim Plunkett

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317710126

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

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Exploring Cognition: Damaged Brains and Neural Networks analyses the contribution made by cognitive neuropsychology and connectionist modelling to theoretical explanations of cognitive processes. Bringing together evidence from both damaged brains and neural networks, this exciting and innovative approach leads to re-evaluation of traditional theories: connectionist models lesioned to mimic the residual function of the damaged brain and rehabilitated to simulate the process of recovery suggest underlying mechanisms and challenge previous interpretations. In this reader key articles by leading international researchers are combined with linking commentaries that provide a context, highlight the conceptual themes and evaluate the evidence. Carefully selected to include hotly debated topics, the papers cover, among others, the controversies surrounding explanations for category specificity in object recognition and for covert recognition of faces and words; the mechanisms underlying the use of regular and irregular past tenses; and the reading of regularly and irregularly spelled words. The challenges posed by connectionist models to assumptions about the nature of dissociations, the need for symbolic rule-based operations in language processing and the modularity and localisation of processes are assessed. Exploring Cognition: Damaged Brains and Neural Networks will be of interest to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in cognitive neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience.
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Cognitive Psychology

A Student's Handbook

Author: Michael W. Eysenck,Mark T. Keane

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780863775512

Category: Psychology

Page: 631

View: 5281

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This text introduces contemporary topics such as cognitive neuropsychology, connectionism and cognition and emotion. This edition includes a new chapter on judgement and decision-making.
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Connectionist Models of Cognition and Perception

Proceedings of the Seventh Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop, Brighton, England, 17-19 September 2001

Author: John Andrew Bullinaria,Will Lowe

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812777256

Category: Computers

Page: 316

View: 5720

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Connectionist Models of Cognition and Perception collects together refereed versions of twenty-three papers presented at the Seventh Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop (NCPW7). This workshop series is a well-established and unique forum that brings together researchers from such diverse disciplines as artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science, neurobiology, philosophy and psychology to discuss their latest work on connectionist modelling in psychology.The articles have the main theme of connectionist modelling of cognition and perception, and are organised into six sections, on: cell assemblies, representation, memory, perception, vision and language. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers interested in neural models of psychological phenomena.
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Advances in Personality Psychology

Author: Sarah E. Hampson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317797744

Category: Psychology

Page: 242

View: 1842

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In the first volume of this new series, Sarah E. Hampson brings together a unique collection of critical reviews of key areas of personality psychology and integrative accounts of important work by internationally recognised experts in the field. Advances in Personality Psychology includes chapters on cross-cultural evidence for the Big-Five framework for personality description, type and trait approaches to understanding childhood personality, developments in psychometrics, the relationship between hostility and cardiovascular disease, and the connections between personality and emotions. In further chapters the view that personality cannot change in adulthood is challenged and the importance of environmental factors is revealed by an observational study of twins. This state-of-the-art volume will provide students, teachers and researchers of contemporary personality psychology with a highly valuable resource on recent developments in this area.
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The role of body and environment in cognition

Author: N.A

Publisher: Frontiers E-books

ISBN: 2889192628

Category:

Page: N.A

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Recent evidence has shown many ways in which our bodies and the environment influence cognition. In this Research Topic we aim to develop our understanding of cognition by considering the diverse and dynamic relationship between the language we use, our bodily perceptions, and our actions and interactions in the broader environment. There are already many empirical effects illustrating the continuity of mind- body-environment: manipulating body posture influences diverse areas such as mood, hormonal responses, and perception of risk; directing attention to a particular sensory modality can affect language processing, signal detection, and memory performance; placing implicit cues in the environment can impact upon social behaviours, moral judgements, and economic decision making. This Research Topic includes papers that explore the question of how our bodies and the environment influence cognition, such as how we mentally represent the world around us, understand language, reason about abstract concepts, make judgements and decisions, and interact with objects and other people. Contributions focus on empirical, theoretical, methodological or modelling issues as well as opinion pieces or contrasting perspectives. Topic areas include, perception and action, social cognition, emotion, language processing, modality-specific representations, spatial representations, gesture, atypical embodiment, perceptual simulation, cognitive modelling and perspectives on the future of embodiment.
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Connectionism and Psychology

A Psychological Perspective on New Connectionist Research

Author: Philip T. Quinlan

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226699608

Category: Psychology

Page: 293

View: 7695

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The rapid growth of neural network research has led to a major reappraisal of many fundamental assumptions in cognitive and perceptual psychology. This text—aimed at the advanced undergraduate and beginning postgraduate student—is an in-depth guide to those aspects of neural network research that are of direct relevance to human information processing. Examples of new connectionist models of learning, vision, language and thought are described in detail. Both neurological and psychological considerations are used in assessing its theoretical contributions. The status of the basic predicates like exclusive-OR is examined, the limitations of perceptrons are explained and properties of multi-layer networks are described in terms of many examples of psychological processes. The history of neural networks is discussed from a psychological perspective which examines why certain issues have become important. The book ends with a general critique of the new connectionist approach. It is clear that new connectionism work provides a distinctive framework for thinking about central questions in cognition and perception. This new textbook provides a clear and useful introduction to its theories and applications.
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Connectionist Models in Cognitive Neuroscience

The 5th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop, Birmingham, 8–10 September 1998

Author: Dietmar Heinke,Glyn W. Humphreys,Andrew Olson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447108132

Category: Computers

Page: 299

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1. Introdudion This volume collects together the refereed versions of 25 papers presented at the 5th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop (NCPW5), held at the University of Birmingham from the 8th until the lOth of September 1998. The NCPW is a well-established, lively forum, which brings together researchers from a range of disciplines (artificial intelligence, mathematics, cognitive science, computer science, neurobiology, philosophy and psychology), all of whom are interested in the application of neurally-inspired (connectionist) models to topics in psychology. The theme of the 5th workshop in the series was Connectionist models in cognitive neuroscience', and the workshop aimed to bring together papers focused on the inter-relations between functional (psychological) accounts of cognition and neural accounts of underlying brain processes, linked by connectionist models. From the very beginnings of modern psychology, with the work of William James and his contemporaries, researchers have believed it important to relate behavioural analyses to neurological underpinnings. However, with the advent of connectionist modelling, where models are at least inspired by neuronal processes, this enterprise has received a new boost. With this volume, we hope that this volume adds one further mosaic stone to this ambitious objective, of unifying functional and neuronal accounts of performance.
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Cognition in Action

Author: Mary M. Smyth,Peter E. Morris

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780863773471

Category: Psychology

Page: 455

View: 8160

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Designed for undergraduate courses in cognitive psychology, this textbook approaches cognitive psychology by asking what it says about how people carry out everyday activities.
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Localist Connectionist Approaches To Human Cognition

Author: Jonathan Grainger,Arthur M. Jacobs,Arthur Jacobs

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134804024

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 8616

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This volume provides an overview of a relatively neglected branch of connectionism known as localist connectionism. The singling out of localist connectionism is motivated by the fact that some critical modeling strategies have been more readily applied in the development and testing of localist as opposed to distributed connectionist models (models using distributed hidden-unit representations and trained with a particular learning algorithm, typically back-propagation). One major theme emerging from this book is that localist connectionism currently provides an interesting means of evolving from verbal-boxological models of human cognition to computer-implemented algorithmic models. The other central messages conveyed are that the highly delicate issue of model testing, evaluation, and selection must be taken seriously, and that model-builders of the localist connectionist family have already shown exemplary steps in this direction.
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