Sensitively translated by John Baines and with a new preface by the author, this edition has been amplified and updated with an English-language audience in mind. -- "Choice"
Author: Erik Hornung
Osiris, Horus, Isis, Thoth, Anubis - the many strange and compelling figures of the Egyptian gods and goddesses seem to possess endless fascination. The renowned Egyptologist Erik Hornung here studies the ancient Egyptians' conceptions of god, basing his account on a thorough reappraisal of the primary sources. His book, now available in English for the first time, is the most extensive exploration yet undertaken of the nature of Egyptian religion. Hornung examines the characteristics, spheres of action, and significance of Egyptian gods and goddesses, analyzing the complex and changing iconography used to represent them, and disentangling the many seemingly contradictory aspects of the religion of which they are a part. He seeks to answer two basic questions: How did the Egyptians themselves see their gods? Did they believe there was an impersonal, anonymous force behind the multiplicity of their deities? Throughout, he attempts to evoke the complexity and richness of the religion of the ancient Egyptians and of their worldview, which differs so greatly from our own. A work of extraordinary distinction, Hornung's book will appeal to anyone interested in ancient Egypt, in ancient religion, and in the history of religion, as well as students and scholars of ancient history, anthropology, and archaeology. Sensitively translated by John Baines and with a new preface by the author, this edition has been amplified and updated with an English-language audience in mind. -- "Choice"
Author: Chairman of the Department of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies David P SilvermanPublish On: 1991
The formative stages of ancient Egypt's religion have received less investigation,
probably because of the ambiguity of ... Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1973);
Erik Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many trans.
Author: Chairman of the Department of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies David P Silverman
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Lectures given at a symposium held in 1987, sponsored by Fordham University.
There are small fragments of a Middle Kingdom version, Parkinson, Voices from ancient Egypt, 120-1. ... in Egyptian divine names, as does E. Hornung, Conceptions of god in ancient Egypt: the one and the many, London, 1983,
Author: Barry J. Kemp
Publisher: Psychology Press
"Ancient written documents often provide the essential information and these are used where necessary. However, the book highlights the contribution that archaeology makes, seeking an integration of sources. It uses numerous case studies, illustrating them with artwork expressly prepared for the book from specialist sources." "This revised edition adds new chapters on who, in ethnic terms, the ancient Egyptians were, and on the final ten centuries of ancient Egyptian civilization. Barry Kemp's book is an indispensable text for all students of ancient Egypt and for the general reader."--BOOK JACKET.
See E. Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many (
trans. J. Baines: Ithaca, NY: Cornell, 1982); idem, Idea into Image: Essays on Ancient Egyptian Thought (trans. E. Bredeck; New York: Timken, 1992); the
essays in ...
Author: Mark S. Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
One of the leading scholars of ancient West Semitic religion discusses polytheism vs. monotheism by covering the fluidity of those categories in the ancient Near East. He argues that Israel's social history is key to the development of monotheism.
Egypt“ show that monotheism is still the preferred model of interpretation against
which other concepts are evaluated“ In the attempt to ... viewed as “mutually
exclusive concepts" – that God in Assyria “can be at the same time both one and many" and that, consequently, ... E. HoRNUNG, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt.
Author: Matthias Köckert
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
English summary: These essays interpret Old Testament prophetic writings and their social criticism in the cultural context of ancient near Eastern prophecy. German description: Die radikale Gesellschaftskritik der alttestamentlichen Propheten in Israel und Juda wird haufig in scharfem Gegensatz zu prophetischen Texten auaerhalb der Bibel gesetzt, besonders zu den herrschaftskonformen Aussagen aus Mari und Assur. Die Beitrager dieses Bandes stellen diese Alternative in Frage: Martti Nissinen, Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Reinhard G. Kratz, Jorg Jeremias, Herbert B. Huffmon und Elisabeth Pongratz-Leisten.
21–3. See Ikram, Divine Creatures, pp. 28–29. M. Taussig, Mimesis and Alterity:
A Particular History of the Senses (London and New York: Routledge, 1993). E.
Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many (Ithaca, ...
Author: Christina Riggs
Publisher: A&C Black
Category: Social Science
First runner-up for the British-Kuwait Friendship Society Book Prize in Middle Eastern Studies 2015. In ancient Egypt, wrapping sacred objects, including mummified bodies, in layers of cloth was a ritual that lay at the core of Egyptian society. Yet in the modern world, attention has focused instead on unwrapping all the careful arrangements of linen textiles the Egyptians had put in place. This book breaks new ground by looking at the significance of textile wrappings in ancient Egypt, and at how their unwrapping has shaped the way we think about the Egyptian past. Wrapping mummified bodies and divine statues in linen reflected the cultural values attached to this textile, with implications for understanding gender, materiality and hierarchy in Egyptian society. Unwrapping mummies and statues similarly reflects the values attached to Egyptian antiquities in the West, where the colonial legacies of archaeology, Egyptology and racial science still influence how Egypt appears in museums and the press. From the tomb of Tutankhamun to the Arab Spring, Unwrapping Ancient Egypt raises critical questions about the deep-seated fascination with this culture – and what that fascination says about our own.
9–78. E. Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many,
tr. J. Baines (Ithaca, 1982). D. Meeks and C. Favard-Meeks, Daily Life of the
Egyptian Gods, tr. G. M. Goshgarian (London and Ithaca, 1996). R. H. Wilkinson,
Author: Geraldine Pinch
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Social Science
The complex world of Egyptian myth is clearly illuminated in this fascinating new approach to ancient Egypt. Geraldine Pinch explores the cultural and historical background behind a wide variety of sources and objects, from Cleopatra's Needle and Tutankhamun's golden statue, to a story on papyrus of the gods misbehaving. What did they mean, and how have they been interpreted? The reader is taken on an exciting journey through the distant past, and shown how myths of deities such as Isis and Osiris influenced contemporary culture and have become part of our cultural heritage. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
CONCLUSION In Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, until the end of the fourth century
CE, religious life seems indeed to have been ... See E. Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many (Ithaca, 1982), pp.91– 99.
Author: Françoise Dunand
Publisher: Cornell University Press
In their wide-ranging interpretation of the religion of ancient Egypt, Françoise Dunand and Christiane Zivie-Coche explore how, over a period of roughly 3500 years, the Egyptians conceptualized their relations with the gods. Drawing on the insights of anthropology, the authors discuss such topics as the identities, images, and functions of the gods; rituals and liturgies; personal forms of piety expressing humanity's need to establish a direct relation with the divine; and the afterlife, a central feature of Egyptian religion. That religion, the authors assert, was characterized by the remarkable continuity of its ritual practices and the ideas of which they were an expression.Throughout, Dunand and Zivie-Coche take advantage of the most recent archaeological discoveries and scholarship. Gods and Men in Egypt is unique in its coverage of Egyptian religious expression in the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. Written with nonspecialist readers in mind, it is largely concerned with the continuation of Egypt's traditional religion in these periods, but it also includes fascinating accounts of Judaism in Egypt and the appearance and spread of Christianity there.
23–46 Chapter 8: Religion Erik Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt:
The One and The Many, tr. J. Baines (London, 1982), pp. 255–6 Bruce Trigger,
Early Civilizations: Ancient Egypt in Context (Cairo, 1993), pp. 87, 93 Barry Kemp
Author: Ian Shaw
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The ancient Egyptians are an enduring source of fascination - mummies and pyramids, curses and rituals have captured the imagination of generations. We all have a mental picture of ancient Egypt, but is it the right one? How much do we really know about this great civilization? In this absorbing introduction, Ian Shaw describes how our current ideas about Egypt are based not only on the thrilling discoveries made by early Egyptologists but also on fascinating new kinds of evidence produced by modern scientific and linguistic analyses. He also explores the changing influences on our responses to these finds, through such media as literature, cinema and contemporary art. Each chapter deals with a different aspect of ancient Egypt, from despotic pharaohs to dismembered bodies, and from hieroglyphs to animal-headed gods. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many. Cornell University
Press, New York. Ives, P. 2004. Gramsci's Politics of Language: Engaging the
Bakhtin Circle and the Frankfurt School. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Author: Stephen Quirke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Literary Criticism
Exploring Religion in Ancient Egypt offers a stimulatingoverview of the study of ancient Egyptian religion by examiningresearch drawn from beyond the customary boundaries of Egyptologyand shedding new light on entrenched assumptions. Discusses the evolution of religion in ancient Egypt – abelief system that endured for 3,000 years Dispels several modern preconceptions about ancient Egyptianreligious practices Reveals how people in ancient Egypt struggled to securewell-being in the present life and the afterlife
ity, even cosmic reality, at the start of Creation, the Egyptians believed, and Ma'at
is their embodiment and enforcer. ... of Ma'at (a goddess with a single head
feather called the Shu feather, representing her concept of order) in the temples.2
... Richard H. Wilkinson, The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt (
New York: Thames and Hudson, 2003): 150-2. ... The One and the Many,
Translated by John Baines (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1982): 213-14.
straight, both ...
Author: Richard Leviton
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
We now live in the time of the Gaian hierophant. This is the one who reveals and shows us how to relate to the sacred aspects of Gaia, our planet. Who is this hierophant? Each of us, when we join the campaign with Gaia against the desecration of our natural environment. But first we have to discover what the Earth really is. The Earth's thousands of sacred sites hold a secret: they are functional parts of the planet's geomantic body, consciousness nodes in the Earth's subtle body. Each veils a Light temple, each once known widely and remembered in myth, and Welcome to Your Designer Planet! documents 165 different kinds. The Earth is not an accident of the cosmos, but was designed specifically for humans as an extended Mystery temple primed to support and enhance our greater awareness. And the designers intended that humans help maintain it. Want to help the ecosystem and modulate global warming and climate change? Plug yourself into the Earth's Light grid through your nearest sacred site and start helping. Earth Mysteries researcher Richard Leviton presents a working model of the Earth's geomantic reality based on 24 years of research. The world's myths are the doorway into this fantastic domain of the Earth's visionary geography, showing us where to go and what to do and even what kinds of spiritual beings to expect to see. The future of the Earth is in our hands. Here are some pages from its design manual showing us how to fine-tune our wonderful host planet.
Hornung, Erik (1982) Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. (1990) The Valley of the Kings:
Horizon of Eternity. New York: Timken Press. (1992) Idea into Image: Essays on
Author: Douglas J. Brewer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to over three thousand years of ancient Egyptian civilization.
See Frankfort 1948 for the relationship of the king and the gods; he is particularly
good on the identification of the king and the bull. Also E. Hornung, Conceptions
of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many, trans. John Baines (London ...
Author: Michael Rice
Category: Social Science
Everyone has heard of the Minotaur in the labyrinth on Crete and many know that the Greek gods would adopt the guise of a bull to seduce mortal women. But what lies behind these legends? The Power of the Bull discusses mankind's enduring obsession with bulls. The bull is an almost universal symbol throughout Indo-European cultures. Bull cults proliferated in the Middle East and in many parts of North Africa, and one cult, Mithraism, was the greatest rival to Christianity in the Roman Empire. The Cults are divergent yet have certain core elements in common. Michael Rice argues that the ancient bulls were the supreme sacrificial animal. An examination of evidence from earliest prehistory onwards reveals the bull to be a symbol of political authority, sexual potency, economic wealth and vast subterranean powers. In some areas representations of the bull have varied little from earliest times, in others it has changed vastly over centuries. This volume provides a well-illustrated and accessible analysis of the exceptionally rich artistic inheritance associated with the bull.
42 H. R. H. Hall, “Egypt and the External World in the Time of Akhenaten,”
Journal of Egyptian Archeology 7 (1921): 53. ... 45 Erik Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University
Author: Richard Landes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Millennialists through the ages have looked forward to the apocalyptic moment that will radically transform society into heaven on earth. They have delivered withering critiques of their own civilizations and promised both the impending annihilation of the forces of evil and the advent of a perfect society. And all their promises have invariably failed. We tend, therefore, to dismiss these prophets of doom and salvation as crackpots and madmen, and not surprisingly historians of our secular era have tended to underestimate their impact on our modern world. Now, Richard Landes offers a lucid and ground-breaking analysis of this widely misunderstood phenomenon. This long-awaited study shows that many events typically regarded as secular--including the French Revolution, Marxism, Bolshevism, Nazism--not only contain key millennialist elements, but follow the apocalyptic curve of enthusiastic launch, disappointment and (often catastrophic) re-entry into "normal time." Indeed, as Landes examines the explicit millennialism behind such recent events as the emergence of Global Jihad since 1979, he challenges the common notion that modern history is largely driven by secular interests. By focusing on ten widely different case studies, none of which come from Judaism or Christianity, he shows that millennialism is not only a cultural universal, but also an extremely adaptive social phenomenon that persists across the modern and post-modern divides. At the same time, he also offers valuable insight into the social and psychological factors that drive such beliefs. Ranging from ancient Egypt to modern-day UFO cults and global Jihad, Heaven on Earth both delivers an eye-opening revisionist argument for the significance of millennialism throughout history and alerts the reader to the alarming spread of these ideologies in our world today.
Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: the One and the Many. Ithaca: Cornell
University Press, 1982. — Texte zumAmduat 3. Aegyptiaca Helvetica 15. Geneva
: Agyptologisches Seminar der Universitat Basel and the Centre d'etudes
Author: Mark Smith
Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press
On the Primaeval Ocean provides an edited text of a series of ancient Egyptian fragments written in Demotic script in the first half of the 2nd century AD, on the subject of the origins and nature of the cosmos.
Egyptian theology as a stagnant pool: there is change and movement, though
often difficult to perceive because of the strongly conservative nature of the ... One development many researchers agree upon is the increasing transcendency
ascribed to the gods. ... It was the rule in the ancient Near East. ... Another factor
that favoured the pluralist conception of deity was the phenomenon of the city gods.
Author: Karel van der Toorn
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible (DDD) is the single major reference work on the gods, angels, demons, spirits, and semidivine heroes whose names occur in the biblical books. Book jacket.
This work is divided into two parts in which Budge tried to deal with the main facts of the religious beliefs of the Egyptians from the time when the Egyptian savage filled earth, air, sea and sky with hostile evil spirits and lived in ...
Author: E. A. Wallis Budge
This work is divided into two parts in which Budge tried to deal with the main facts of the religious beliefs of the Egyptians from the time when the Egyptian savage filled earth, air, sea and sky with hostile evil spirits and lived in terror of the Evil Eye, and relied upon every branch of magic for help and deliverance from them, to the moment when the Egyptian nation hailed as their One God, or God One, Amen-Ra of Thebes, lord of the thrones of the world. Part I contains principal facts about the religious beliefs and thoughts of the Egyptians, and their conception of God and the gods, their enneads and triads, the religious and systems of the great cities. Magic, the cult of animals, the cult of Osiris and the Tuat, or Other World, are treated at some length. Part II is devoted to a series of revised English translations of a considerable number of fine hymns; myths, both ritual and aetiological; legends of the gods, and a few miscellaneous texts. Illustrated.
Author: Sir William Matthew Flinders PetriePublish On: 1912
Before dealing with the special varieties of the Egyptians' belief in gods, it is best to try to avoid a misunderstanding of their whole conception of the supernatural.
Author: Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
Before dealing with the special varieties of the Egyptians' belief in gods, it is best to try to avoid a misunderstanding of their whole conception of the supernatural. The term god has come to tacitly imply to our minds such a highly specialised group of attributes, that we can hardly throw our ideas back into the more remote conceptions to which we also attach the same name. It is unfortunate that every other word for supernatural intelligences has become debased, so that we cannot well speak of demons, devils, ghosts, or fairies without implying a noxious or a trifling meaning, quite unsuited to the ancient deities that were so beneficent and powerful. If then we use the word god for such conceptions, it must always be with the reservation that the word has now a very different meaning from what it had to ancient minds. To the Egyptian the gods might be mortal; even Ra, the sun-god, is said to have grown old and feeble, Osiris was slain, and Orion, the great hunter of the heavens, killed and ate the gods. The mortality of gods has been dwelt on by Dr. Frazer (Golden Bough), and the many instances of tombs of gods, and of the slaying of the deified man who was worshipped, all show that immortality was not a divine attribute. Nor was there any doubt that they might suffer while alive; one myth tells how Ra, as he walked on earth, was bitten by a magic serpent and suffered torments. The gods were also supposed to share in a life like that of man, not only in Egypt but in most ancient lands. Offerings of food and drink were constantly supplied to them, in Egypt laid upon the altars, in other lands burnt for a sweet savour. At Thebes the divine wife of the god, or high priestess, was the head of the harem of concubines of the god; and similarly in Babylonia the chamber of the god with the golden couch could only be visited by the priestess who slept there for oracular responses. The Egyptian gods could not be cognisant of what passed on earth without being informed, nor could they reveal their will at a distant place except by sending a messenger; they were as limited as the Greek gods who required the aid of Iris to communicate one with another or with mankind. The gods, therefore, have no divine superiority to man in conditions or limitations; they can only be described as pre-existent, acting intelligences, with scarcely greater powers than man might hope to gain by magic or witchcraft of his own. This conception explains how easily the divine merged into the human in Greek theology, and how frequently divine ancestors occurred in family histories.
In a response to Mr. Clarke below, you will see that the ancient Egyptians
believed that their God “created all there is.” The proof that Amen was ... We
should learn how our conception of God has advanced from its beginnings in ancient Egypt. We should not deny the ... the Hebrews learned many of their
beliefs about one God and an ample code of morality and ethics from the
Egyptians. The trouble with ...
Author: Nicholas P. Ginex
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
This book supplements the historical novel titled Future of God Amen; it reveals how man first conceived one- universal God. Within this novel the author provides his personal thoughts about the Egyptian God Amen and his influence on the development of the Judaic, Christian and Islamic religions.
And even in the cases of transregional gods like Amun, Horus, or Isis, we find not
the integrated worship of a single deity but, as Redfield declared for India, "those many regional shrines which house the images of those deities that are
intermediate between great and little traditions, being local forms of the ... 4 On
the term "local god [ntr niwti]," see Erik Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt, tr.
Author: David Frankfurter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
This exploration of cultural resilience examines the complex fate of classical Egyptian religion during the centuries from the period when Christianity first made its appearance in Egypt to when it became the region's dominant religion (roughly 100 to 600 C.E. Taking into account the full range of witnesses to continuing native piety--from papyri and saints' lives to archaeology and terracotta figurines--and drawing on anthropological studies of folk religion, David Frankfurter argues that the religion of Pharonic Egypt did not die out as early as has been supposed but was instead relegated from political centers to village and home, where it continued a vigorous existence for centuries. In analyzing the fate of the Egyptian oracle and of the priesthoods, the function of magical texts, and the dynamics of domestic cults, Frankfurter describes how an ancient culture maintained itself while also being transformed through influences such as Hellenism, Roman government, and Christian dominance. Recognizing the special characteristics of Egypt, which differentiated it from the other Mediterranean cultures that were undergoing simultaneous social and political changes, he departs from the traditional "decline of paganism/triumph of Christianity" model most often used to describe the Roman period. By revealing late Egyptian religion in its Egyptian historical context, he moves us away from scenarios of Christian triumph and shows us how long and how energetically pagan worship survived.