Introducing Computing

Introducing Computing

... Chapter 1) and has been met by the introduction of a new Computing curriculum. ... The idea is not, however, that schools will train experts in computer ...

Author: Lawrence Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317625667

Category: Education

Page: 144

View: 572

This timely new text provides an accessible introduction to teaching Computing, and computer programming. Specifically designed for non-specialists who need to develop new skills in Computing in order to meet the new curriculum requirements, it offers a useful guide to the subject, alongside worked examples of good practice. Packed full of practical advice, the book examines different approaches to introducing children from age 5 to Computing, and describes a wide range of tried and tested projects that have been proven to work in schools. Including case studies and a glossary of key terms, it covers: The key concepts in Computing and computational thinking Using personal learning networks, social media and the 'wiki curriculum' to develop higher thinking skills and desirable learner characteristics Links to the curriculum at Key Stages 1, 2 and 3 Practical ways to develop children’s Computing skills alongside creative writing, art and music Gaming and computer science Featuring a companion website www.literacyfromscratch.org.uk with extensive support materials, examples of pupils’ work, links to software and downloadable lesson plans, this is an essential text for all teachers and trainees who are responsible for the new Computing curriculum.
Categories: Education

Systems Experts and Computers

Systems  Experts  and Computers

Her reports for various agencies , the Patent Office among them , revealed that the introduction of computers usually required changes in management ...

Author: Agatha C. Hughes

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262263009

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 106

This groundbreaking book charts the origins and spread of the systems movement. After World War II, a systems approach to solving complex problems and managing complex systems came into vogue among engineers, scientists, and managers, fostered in part by the diffusion of digital computing power. Enthusiasm for the approach peaked during the Johnson administration, when it was applied to everything from military command and control systems to poverty in American cities. Although its failure in the social sphere, coupled with increasing skepticism about the role of technology and "experts" in American society, led to a retrenchment, systems methods are still part of modern managerial practice. This groundbreaking book charts the origins and spread of the systems movement. It describes the major players including RAND, MITRE, Ramo-Wooldrige (later TRW), and the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis—and examines applications in a wide variety of military, government, civil, and engineering settings. The book is international in scope, describing the spread of systems thinking in France and Sweden. The story it tells helps to explain engineering thought and managerial practice during the last sixty years.
Categories: Science

Introduction to Expert Systems

Introduction to Expert Systems

This third edition of Peter Jackson's best-selling book updates the technological base of expert systems research and embeds those developments in a wide variety of application areas.

Author: Peter Jackson

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: UOM:39015046503515

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 802

In May 1997, IBM's Deeper Blue defeated the world chess champion Gary Kasparov, showing that an artificial intelligence system can outplay even the most skilled of human experts. Since the first expert systems appeared in the late sixties, we have seen three decades of research and development engineer human knowledge to more practical ends, in a pioneering effort that has integrated diverse areas of cognitive and computer science. Today, expert systems exist in many forms, from medical diagnosis to investment analysis and from counseling to production control. This third edition of Peter Jackson's best-selling book updates the technological base of expert systems research and embeds those developments in a wide variety of application areas. The earlier chapters have been refocused to take a more practical approach to the basic topics, while the later chapters introduce new topic areas such as case-based reasoning, connectionist systems and hybrid systems. Results in related areas, such as machine learning and reasoning with uncertainty, are also accorded a thorough treatment. The new edition contains many new examples and exercises, most of which are in CLIPS, a language that combines production rules with object-oriented programming. LISP, PROLOG and C++ are also featured where appropriate. Interesting problems are posed throughout, and are solved in exercises involving the analysis, design and implementation of CLIPS programs. This book will prove useful to a wide readership including general readers, students and teachers, software engineers and researchers. Its modular structure enables readers to follow a pathway most suited to their needs, providing them with an up-to-date account of expert systems technology. Peter Jackson is Director of Research at West Group, a division of The Thomson Corporation and the leading provider of information to the US legal market. Peter drives the application of natural language and information retrieval technologies to the information needs of law and business. Previous appointments include Principal Scientist at the McDonnell Douglas Research Laboratories in Saint Louis, Missouri, and Lecturer in the Department of Artificial Intelligence at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Categories: Computers

Computers in Medical Activity

Computers in Medical Activity

Expert Systems in the Medical Insurance Industry Liliana ... 1 Introduction Expert systems are a developing branch of artificial intelligence [1,2].

Author: Edward Kacki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364204462X

Category: Computers

Page: 274

View: 226

Papers selected to the present monograph are only a small piece of subjects being investigated in Poland in the range of medical computer science. Their summaries and preliminary results were presented during the international conference „Computers in Medical Activity" organized by the College of Computer Science in Lodz with the collaboration of the Polish Society of Medical Computer Science in Poland in 2007. The subject matter of the monograph is mainly steered on employing the computer systems in the diagnostics then the equipment of the medical activity and the general problems connected with the organization the medical care.
Categories: Computers

Handbook of Human Computer Interaction

Handbook of Human Computer Interaction

793 33.1 Introduction What does an expert computer user know that a novice does not know? This is the question addressed in this chapter.

Author: M.G. Helander

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080532888

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1582

View: 679

This completely revised edition, of the Handbook of Human-Computer Interaction, of which 80% of the content is new, reflects the developments in the field since the publication of the first edition in 1988. The handbook is concerned with principles for design of the Human-Computer Interface, and has both academic and practical purposes. It is intended to summarize the research and provide recommendations for how the information can be used by designers of computer systems. The volume may also be used as a reference for teaching and research. Professionals who are involved in design of HCI will find this volume indispensable, including: computer scientists, cognitive scientists, experimental psychologists, human factors professionals, interface designers, systems engineers, managers and executives working with systems development. Much of the information in the handbook may also be generalized to apply to areas outside the traditional field of HCI.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Computer Science

Introduction to Computer Science

With the onset of the computer , experts and educators are faced with the challenging task of developing courses to teach emerging computer science concepts ...

Author: I. T. L. Education Solutions Limited

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 813170436X

Category:

Page: 508

View: 801

Categories:

Introduction to Computers and Computer Science

Introduction to Computers and Computer Science

[ 14 ] The forecast was prepared by the use of the Delphi procedure to obtain a consensus among computer scientists and users . In a Delphi forecast , a group of experts use a two - step questionnaire to come to a consensus about when ...

Author: Richard C. Dorf

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89037550282

Category: Computer science

Page: 628

View: 537

Categories: Computer science

An Introduction to Information Processing

An Introduction to Information Processing

IBM Personal Computer. First introduced in 1981, it rapidly became the world's most popular personal computer. Icon. A picture or graphic that describes an ...

Author: Harvey M. Dietel

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9781483214016

Category: Computers

Page: 478

View: 265

An Introduction to Information Processing provides an informal introduction to the computer field. This book introduces computer hardware, which is the actual computing equipment. Organized into three parts encompassing 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the evolution of personal computing and includes detailed case studies on two of the most essential personal computers for the 1980s, namely, the IBM Personal Computer and Apple's Macintosh. This text then traces the evolution of modern computing systems from the earliest mechanical calculating devices to microchips. Other chapters consider the components and operation of typical data communications systems. This book discusses as well the various types of communications networks and communications via space satellites. The final chapter deals with software or computer programs, the sets of instructions that programmers write to inform the computer how to solve particular problems. This book is a valuable resource for computer specialists, mathematicians, and computer programmers.
Categories: Computers

Expert Systems and Intelligent Computer aided Instruction

Expert Systems and Intelligent Computer aided Instruction

program developed by Grabinger and Pollock ( 1987 ) used an expert system in ... Presentation at the Association for the Development of Computer - Based ...

Author: Educational Technology Magazine Staff

Publisher: Educational Technology

ISBN: 0877782245

Category: Education

Page: 206

View: 295

Categories: Education

History of Computing in Education

History of Computing in Education

... at the universities with success and are now among the leading computer experts. The first computer course was introduced at the University in 1973; ...

Author: J.A.N. Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781402081361

Category: Education

Page: 178

View: 919

This work derives from a conference discussing the history of computing in education. This conference is the first of hopefully a series of conferences that will take place within the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) and hence, we describe it as the First Conference on the History of Computing in Education (HCE1). These proceedings represent a collection of works presented at the HCE1 Conference held in association with the IFIP 2004 World Computer Congress held in Toulouse, France. Contributions to this volume range from a wide variety of educational perspectives and represent activities from four continents. The HCE1 conference represents a joint effort of the IFIP Working Group 9.7 on the History of Computing and the IFIP Technical Committee 3 on Education. The HCE1 Conference brings to light a broad spectrum of issues and spans fourcontinents. It illustrates topics in computing education as they occurred in the “early days” of computing whose ramifications or overtones remain with us today. Indeed, many of the early challenges remain part of our educational tapestry; most likely, many will evolve into future challenges. Therefore, this work provides additional value to the reader as it will reflect in part the future development of computing in education to stimulate new ideas and models in educational development.
Categories: Education

Knowledge Based Expert Systems in Transportation

Knowledge Based Expert Systems in Transportation

THE CONCEPT OF KNOWLEDGE BASED EXPERT SYSTEMS cated such features could be extremely ... The introduction of computers has had more impact on the ability of ...

Author: Louis Franklin Cohn

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 0309053072

Category: Expert systems (Computer science)

Page: 52

View: 915

This synthesis will be of interest to engineering managers, design engineers, traffic engineers, computer personnel, and others interested in advanced computer applications for highway design and operations. Information is provided on the history of knowledge based expert systems (KBES), current applications of these systems in transportation departments, potential applications, and hardware and software requirements. Additionally, some detailed programming information from two operational expert systems is included. There is growing use of computers in transportation departments, and KBES represent an area in which several highway agencies are gaining experience and obtaining promising results. This report of the Transportation Research Board describes the current state of the practice with respect to KBES, as well as the historical development of expert systems and the more general field of artificial intelligence. Experience with expert systems in transportation in summarized, including discussions of expert systems in operation and in development, based on a review of the literature and a survey of the states and experts in this field.
Categories: Expert systems (Computer science)

The Man Behind the Microchip

The Man Behind the Microchip

The general public received its introduction to the computer in 1952, ... introduction generated enormous interest among computer experts and others.

Author: Leslie Berlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195311990

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 402

View: 121

The triumphs and setbacks of inventor and entrepreneur Robert Noyce are illuminated in a biography that describes his colorful life in context of the evolution of the high-tech industry and the complex interrelationships among technology, business, big money, politics, and culture in Silicon Valley.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

The Investigation of Computer Crime

The Investigation of Computer Crime

Access to the computer became a greater advantage as the students were able ... that this introduction to computers made the prosecutors instant experts .

Author: Jay Becker

Publisher:

ISBN: PURD:32754077567000

Category: Computer crimes

Page: 73

View: 340

Categories: Computer crimes

Understanding Computers Today and Tomorrow Introductory

Understanding Computers  Today and Tomorrow  Introductory

EXPERT. Rob Bredow, CTO, Sony Pictures Imageworks What position might a college student graduating with a computer degree qualify for at Sony Pictures ...

Author: Deborah Morley

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305437319

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 122

Understanding Computers: Today and Tomorrow gives your students a classic introduction to computer concepts with a modern twist! Known for its emphasis on industry insight and societal issues, this text makes concepts relevant to today's career-focused students and has increased emphasis on mobile computing and related issues such as mobile commerce and mobile security. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Categories: Computers

Soft Computing

Soft Computing

MYCIN - An Expert System 57 ( a ) There should be criteria for success , otherwise we will never know whether or not the answer returned by a system is ...

Author:

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 817764632X

Category: Soft computing

Page: 610

View: 563

Categories: Soft computing

C

C

- Larry Herman, UNITEC Institute of Technology This book has a very large number of exercises, with a large variety of types. It is one the things that attracted me to the text.

Author: Joel Adams

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: UCSD:31822032027872

Category: Computers

Page: 996

View: 276

Object-oriented programming is quickly becoming a standard industry practice, and this book exposes the beginner programmer to object-oriented programming early and consistently. Using a “spiral” approach—Central topics are introduced early and are revisited in increasing detail throughout the book. This “use it, then build it” approach exposes users to concepts underlying basic constructs, reducing the learning curve when the time comes to actually build their own. Provides a gradual introduction to classes and object-oriented programming, especially suited for those with previous programming experience. A CD-ROM with every copy of the book includes all the source code for programs in the book. The authors introduce key ideas behind computing with C++ and object-oriented programming in an intuitive and non-intimidating way. This book not only covers text-based programming, but also graphical/internet programming. A new final chapter on Data Structures has been added which provides an introduction to vectors, linked-lists, stacks, queues, and trees, and how they are used in the Standard Template Library (STL). Object-Centered Design, Introductory Example, Spiral Approach, and Standard Template Library (STL) sections have been retained. Good documentation techniques and habits are modeled in examples. “Part of the Picture” sections in each chapter—several contributed by field experts— introduce readers to discipline of Computer Science-e.g., ethics, history, AI, and architecture. Ex. Ch. 1, Ethics and Computing, and Ch. 6, Artificial Intelligence. Appropriate for beginner to intermediate programmers using C++ (CS1 with C++).
Categories: Computers

Computer Literacy in Human Services Education

Computer Literacy in Human Services Education

The early introduction of the computer process appears to minimize the math ... the computer experts for such issues as program or software design and to ...

Author: Richard Reinoehl

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0866569804

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 200

This volume provides a unique and notable contribution to the investigation and exemplification of computer literacy in human services education. A significant contribution to the development of the contemporary human services curriculum, this helpful guide introduces the computer literate curriculum, explores the nature of computer literacy and its ramifications for teaching in the human services, and discusses the computer's effect on scholarly thinking. Computer Literacy in Human Services Education is divided into two major sections, the first dealing with teaching about computers and the second addressing the use of computers in teaching. In the first section, the authors introduce the topic of computer literacy in human services education and look at some general issues which have broad implications for the educator. They also explore program-wide curriculum development and the development of individual courses. In the second section, the authors discuss computers as devices which can facilitate both learning and thinking in human services, and suggest that some theories explaining human behavior may also apply to human/computer interaction. Other topics covered in the section are the use of computers in teaching about human services, including Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI), simulations, and interactive video. The volume concludes with an examination of the ways computers can affect the thinking of scholars in teaching and in model and theory building in the human services.
Categories: Social Science

Introduction to Nursing Informatics

Introduction to Nursing Informatics

Some health computer experts feel that it is unrealistic to expect the current generation of nurses, who have not become acquainted with computers as a ...

Author: Kathryn J. Hannah

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475722468

Category: Medical

Page: 311

View: 849

This series is intended for the rapidly increasing number of health care professionals who have rudimentary knowledge and experience in health care computing and are seeking opportunities to expand their horizons. It does not attempt to compete with the primers already on the market. Eminent international experts will edit, author, or contribute to each volume in order to provide comprehensive and current accounts of in novations and future trends in this quickly evolving field. Each book will be practical, easy to use, and weIl referenced. Our aim is for the series to encompass all of the health professions by focusing on specific professions, such as nursing, in individual volumes. However, integrated computing systems are only one tool for improving communication among members of the health care team. Therefore, it is our hope that the series will stimulate professionals to explore additional me ans of fostering interdisciplinary exchange. This se ries springs from a professional collaboration that has grown over the years into a highly valued personal friendship. Our joint values put people first. If the Computers in Health Care series lets us share those values by helping health care professionals to communicate their ideas for the benefit of patients, then our efforts will have succeeded.
Categories: Medical

Expert Systems in Chemistry Research

Expert Systems in Chemistry Research

1 Introduction . IntroductIon Allen.Newell.—.a.researcher.in.computer.science.and.cognitive.psychology.in.the. School.of.Computer.Science.at.Carnegie.

Author: Markus C. Hemmer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420053248

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 156

Expert systems allow scientists to access, manage, and apply data and specialized knowledge from various disciplines to their own research. Expert Systems in Chemistry Research explains the general scientific basis and computational principles behind expert systems and demonstrates how they can improve the efficiency of scientific workflows and support decision-making processes. Focused initially on clarifying the fundamental concepts, limits, and drawbacks of using computer software to approach human decision making, the author also underscores the importance of putting theory into practice. The book highlights current capabilities for planning and monitoring experiments, scientific data management and interpretation, chemical characterization, problem solving, and methods for encoding chemical data. It also examines the challenges as well as requirements, strategies, and considerations for implementing expert systems effectively in an existing laboratory software environment. Expert Systems in Chemistry Research covers various artificial intelligence technologies used to support expert systems, including nonlinear statistics, wavelet transforms, artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms, and fuzzy logic. This definitive text provides researchers, scientists, and engineers with a cornerstone resource for developing new applications in chemoinformatics, systems design, and other emerging fields.
Categories: Science

Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices Part 2 ICND2

Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices  Part 2  ICND2

Since the introduction of the personal computer in the early 1970s, ... and a new generation of computing experts is being asked to keep this distributed ...

Author: Stephen McQuerry

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780132796750

Category: Computers

Page: 408

View: 475

Authorized Self-Study Guide Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices, Part 2 (ICND2) Third Edition Foundation learning for CCNA ICND2 Exam 640-816 Steve McQuerry, CCIE® No. 6108 Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices, Part 2 (ICND2), is a Cisco®-authorized, self-paced learning tool for CCNA® foundation learning. This book provides you with the knowledge needed to install, operate, and troubleshoot a small to medium-size branch office enterprise network, including configuring several switches and routers, connecting to a WAN, and implementing network security. In Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices, Part 2 (ICND2), you will study actual router and switch output to aid your understanding of how to configure these devices. Many notes, tips, and cautions are also spread throughout the book. Specific topics include constructing medium-size routed and switched networks, OSPF and EIGRP implementation, access control lists (ACL), address space management, and LAN extensions into a WAN. Chapter-ending review questions illustrate and help solidify the concepts presented in the book. Whether you are preparing for CCNA certification or simply want to gain a better understanding of how to build medium-size Cisco networks, you will benefit from the foundation information presented in this book. Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices, Part 2 (ICND2), is part of a recommended learning path from Cisco that includes simulation and hands-on training from authorized Cisco Learning Partners and self-study products from Cisco Press. To find out more about instructor-led training, e-learning, and hands-on instruction offered by authorized Cisco Learning Partners worldwide, please visit www.cisco.com/go/authorizedtraining. Steve McQuerry, CCIE® No. 6108, is a consulting systems engineer with Cisco focused on data center architecture. Steve works with enterprise customers in the Midwestern United States to help them plan their data center architectures. He has been an active member of the internetworking community since 1991 and has held multiple certifications from Novell, Microsoft, and Cisco. Before joining Cisco Steve worked as an independent contractor with Global Knowledge, where he taught and developed coursework around Cisco technologies and certifications. Review the Cisco IOS® Software command structure for routers and switches Build LANs and understand how to overcome problems associated with Layer 2 switching Evaluate the differences between link-state and distance vector routing protocols Configure and troubleshoot OSPF in a single area Configure and troubleshoot EIGRP Identify and filter traffic with ACLs Use Network Address Translation (NAT) and Port Address Translation (PAT) to conserve IPv4 address space and implement IPv6 Connect different sites over WANs or the Internet using IPsec VPN, SSL VPN, leased line, and Frame Relay connections This volume is in the Certification Self-Study Series offered by Cisco Press®. Books in this series provide officially developed self-study solutions to help networking professionals understand technology implementations and prepare for the Cisco Career Certifications examinations. Category: Cisco Press—Cisco Certification Covers: ICND2 Exam 640-816
Categories: Computers