Computer Organization and Design

The Hardware/Software Interface

Author: David A. Patterson,John L. Hennessy

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123747503

Category: Computers

Page: 703

View: 8418

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"Presents the fundamentals of hardware technologies, assembly language, computer arithmetic, pipelining, memory hierarchies and I/O"--
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Computer Architecture

A Quantitative Approach

Author: John L. Hennessy,David A. Patterson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080475028

Category: Computers

Page: 704

View: 822

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The era of seemingly unlimited growth in processor performance is over: single chip architectures can no longer overcome the performance limitations imposed by the power they consume and the heat they generate. Today, Intel and other semiconductor firms are abandoning the single fast processor model in favor of multi-core microprocessors--chips that combine two or more processors in a single package. In the fourth edition of Computer Architecture, the authors focus on this historic shift, increasing their coverage of multiprocessors and exploring the most effective ways of achieving parallelism as the key to unlocking the power of multiple processor architectures. Additionally, the new edition has expanded and updated coverage of design topics beyond processor performance, including power, reliability, availability, and dependability. CD System Requirements PDF Viewer The CD material includes PDF documents that you can read with a PDF viewer such as Adobe, Acrobat or Adobe Reader. Recent versions of Adobe Reader for some platforms are included on the CD. HTML Browser The navigation framework on this CD is delivered in HTML and JavaScript. It is recommended that you install the latest version of your favorite HTML browser to view this CD. The content has been verified under Windows XP with the following browsers: Internet Explorer 6.0, Firefox 1.5; under Mac OS X (Panther) with the following browsers: Internet Explorer 5.2, Firefox 1.0.6, Safari 1.3; and under Mandriva Linux 2006 with the following browsers: Firefox 1.0.6, Konqueror 3.4.2, Mozilla 1.7.11. The content is designed to be viewed in a browser window that is at least 720 pixels wide. You may find the content does not display well if your display is not set to at least 1024x768 pixel resolution. Operating System This CD can be used under any operating system that includes an HTML browser and a PDF viewer. This includes Windows, Mac OS, and most Linux and Unix systems. Increased coverage on achieving parallelism with multiprocessors. Case studies of latest technology from industry including the Sun Niagara Multiprocessor, AMD Opteron, and Pentium 4. Three review appendices, included in the printed volume, review the basic and intermediate principles the main text relies upon. Eight reference appendices, collected on the CD, cover a range of topics including specific architectures, embedded systems, application specific processors--some guest authored by subject experts.
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Advances in Computers

High Performance Computing

Author: Marvin Zelkowitz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080880304

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 7100

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This is volume 72 of Advances in Computers, a series that began back in 1960 and is the oldest continuing series chronicling the ever-changing landscape of information technology. Each year three volumes are produced, which present approximately 20 chapters that describe the latest technology in the use of computers today. In this volume 72, we present the current status in the development of a new generation of high-performance computers. The computer today has become ubiquitous with millions of machines being sold (and discarded) annually. Powerful machines are produced for only a few hundred U.S. dollars, and one of the problems faced by vendors of these machines is that, due to the continuing adherence to Moore’s law, where the speed of such machines doubles about every 18 months, we typically have more than enough computer power for our needs for word processing, surfing the web, or playing video games. However, the same cannot be said for applications that require large powerful machines. Applications such as weather and climate prediction, fluid flow for designing new airplanes or automobiles, or nuclear plasma flow require as much computer power as we can provide, and even that is not enough. Today’s machines operate at the teraflop level (trillions of floating point operations per second) and this book describes research into the petaflop region (1,015 FLOPS). The six chapters provide an overview of current activities that will provide for the introduction of these machines in the years 2011 through 2015.
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Software Performance and Scalability

A Quantitative Approach

Author: Henry H. Liu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118211316

Category: Computers

Page: 375

View: 8145

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Praise from the Reviewers: "The practicality of the subject in a real-world situation distinguishes this book from others available on the market." —Professor Behrouz Far, University of Calgary "This book could replace the computer organization texts now in use that every CS and CpE student must take. . . . It is much needed, well written, and thoughtful." —Professor Larry Bernstein, Stevens Institute of Technology A distinctive, educational text onsoftware performance and scalability This is the first book to take a quantitative approach to the subject of software performance and scalability. It brings together three unique perspectives to demonstrate how your products can be optimized and tuned for the best possible performance and scalability: The Basics—introduces the computer hardware and software architectures that predetermine the performance and scalability of a software product as well as the principles of measuring the performance and scalability of a software product Queuing Theory—helps you learn the performance laws and queuing models for interpreting the underlying physics behind software performance and scalability, supplemented with ready-to-apply techniques for improving the performance and scalability of a software system API Profiling—shows you how to design more efficient algorithms and achieve optimized performance and scalability, aided by adopting an API profiling framework (perfBasic) built on the concept of a performance map for drilling down performance root causes at the API level Software Performance and Scalability gives you a specialized skill set that will enable you to design and build performance into your products with immediate, measurable improvements. Complemented with real-world case studies, it is an indispensable resource for software developers, quality and performance assurance engineers, architects, and managers. It is anideal text for university courses related to computer and software performance evaluation and can also be used to supplement a course in computer organization or in queuing theory for upper-division and graduate computer science students.
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Computer Architecture Techniques for Power-efficiency

Author: Stefanos Kaxiras,Margaret Martonosi

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598292080

Category: Computers

Page: 207

View: 5191

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"In the last few years, power dissipation has become an important design constraint, on par with performance, in the design of new computer systems. Whereas in the past, the primary job of the computer architect was to translate improvements in operating frequency and transistor count into performance, now power efficiency must be taken into account at every step of the design process." "This book aims to document some of the most important architectural techniques that were invented, proposed, and applied to reduce both dynamic power and static power dissipation in processors and memory hierarchies. A significant number of techniques have been proposed for a wide range of situations and this book synthesizes those techniques by focusing on their common characteristics."--BOOK JACKET.
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Introduction to Programming Languages

Author: Arvind Kumar Bansal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466565152

Category: Computers

Page: 624

View: 6662

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In programming courses, using the different syntax of multiple languages, such as C++, Java, PHP, and Python, for the same abstraction often confuses students new to computer science. Introduction to Programming Languages separates programming language concepts from the restraints of multiple language syntax by discussing the concepts at an abstract level. Designed for a one-semester undergraduate course, this classroom-tested book teaches the principles of programming language design and implementation. It presents: Common features of programming languages at an abstract level rather than a comparative level The implementation model and behavior of programming paradigms at abstract levels so that students understand the power and limitations of programming paradigms Language constructs at a paradigm level A holistic view of programming language design and behavior To make the book self-contained, the author introduces the necessary concepts of data structures and discrete structures from the perspective of programming language theory. The text covers classical topics, such as syntax and semantics, imperative programming, program structures, information exchange between subprograms, object-oriented programming, logic programming, and functional programming. It also explores newer topics, including dependency analysis, communicating sequential processes, concurrent programming constructs, web and multimedia programming, event-based programming, agent-based programming, synchronous languages, high-productivity programming on massive parallel computers, models for mobile computing, and much more. Along with problems and further reading in each chapter, the book includes in-depth examples and case studies using various languages that help students understand syntax in practical contexts.
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Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis

Tools for the Practitioner

Author: Phillip A. Laplante,Seppo J. Ovaska

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118136594

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 2169

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The leading text in the field explains step by step how to writesoftware that responds in real time From power plants to medicine to avionics, the worldincreasingly depends on computer systems that can compute andrespond to various excitations in real time. The Fourth Editionof Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis gives softwaredesigners the knowledge and the tools needed to create real-timesoftware using a holistic, systems-based approach. The text coverscomputer architecture and organization, operating systems, softwareengineering, programming languages, and compiler theory, all fromthe perspective of real-time systems design. The Fourth Edition of this renowned text brings itthoroughly up to date with the latest technological advances andapplications. This fully updated edition includes coverage of thefollowing concepts: Multidisciplinary design challenges Time-triggered architectures Architectural advancements Automatic code generation Peripheral interfacing Life-cycle processes The final chapter of the text offers an expert perspective onthe future of real-time systems and their applications. The text is self-contained, enabling instructors and readers tofocus on the material that is most important to their needs andinterests. Suggestions for additional readings guide readers tomore in-depth discussions on each individual topic. In addition,each chapter features exercises ranging from simple to challengingto help readers progressively build and fine-tune their ability todesign their own real-time software programs. Now fully up to date with the latest technological advances andapplications in the field, Real-Time Systems Design andAnalysis remains the top choice for students and softwareengineers who want to design better and faster real-time systems atminimum cost.
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Electronic Engineering and Information Science

Author: Jing Hua Yin,Bo Su,Dong Xing Wang

Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ISBN: 3038265292

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1006

View: 9143

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Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference of Electronic Engineering and Information Science (ICEEIS 2014), June 21-22, 2014, Harbin, China. The 209 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Electronic Engineering, Chapter 2: Information Science and Information Technologies, Chapter 3: Computational Mathematics and Data Mining, Chapter 4: Image Processing and Computer Vision, Chapter 5: Communication and Signal Processing, Chapter 6: Mechatronics, Control and Automation, Chapter 7: Methods, Devices and Systems for Measurement and Monitoring, Chapter 8: Power Engineering and Power Supply, Chapter 9: Engineering of Weapons Systems, Chapter 10: Mechanical Engineering, Chapter 11: Material Science and Technologies of Processing, Chapter 12: Engineering Management and Logistics
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Program demultiplexing

data-flow based speculative paralellization of methods in sequential programs

Author: Saisanthosh Balakrishnan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 163

View: 2928

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