Computational Number Theory

Author: Abhijit Das

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482205823

Category: Computers

Page: 614

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Developed from the author’s popular graduate-level course, Computational Number Theory presents a complete treatment of number-theoretic algorithms. Avoiding advanced algebra, this self-contained text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in engineering. It is also suitable for researchers new to the field and practitioners of cryptography in industry. Requiring no prior experience with number theory or sophisticated algebraic tools, the book covers many computational aspects of number theory and highlights important and interesting engineering applications. It first builds the foundation of computational number theory by covering the arithmetic of integers and polynomials at a very basic level. It then discusses elliptic curves, primality testing, algorithms for integer factorization, computing discrete logarithms, and methods for sparse linear systems. The text also shows how number-theoretic tools are used in cryptography and cryptanalysis. A dedicated chapter on the application of number theory in public-key cryptography incorporates recent developments in pairing-based cryptography. With an emphasis on implementation issues, the book uses the freely available number-theory calculator GP/PARI to demonstrate complex arithmetic computations. The text includes numerous examples and exercises throughout and omits lengthy proofs, making the material accessible to students and practitioners.
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Fundamental Number Theory with Applications

Author: Richard A. Mollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849339875

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 6318

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Beginning with the arithmetic of the rational integers and proceeding to an introduction of algebraic number theory via quadratic orders, Fundamental Number Theory with Applications reveals intriguing new applications of number theory. This text details aspects of computer science related to cryptography factoring primality testing complexity analysis computer arithmetic computational number theory Fundamental Number Theory with Applications also covers: Carmichael numbers Dirichlet products Jacobsthal sums Mersenne primes perfect numbers powerful numbers self-contained numbers Numerous exercises are included, testing the reader's knowledge of the concepts covered, introducing new and interesting topics, and providing a venue to learn background material. Written by a professor and author who is an accomplished scholar in this field, this book provides the material essential for an introduction to the fundamentals of number theory.
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Handbook of Computational Group Theory

Author: Derek F. Holt,Bettina Eick,Eamonn A. O'Brien

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420035215

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 8892

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The origins of computation group theory (CGT) date back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Since then, the field has flourished, particularly during the past 30 to 40 years, and today it remains a lively and active branch of mathematics. The Handbook of Computational Group Theory offers the first complete treatment of all the fundamental methods and algorithms in CGT presented at a level accessible even to advanced undergraduate students. It develops the theory of algorithms in full detail and highlights the connections between the different aspects of CGT and other areas of computer algebra. While acknowledging the importance of the complexity analysis of CGT algorithms, the authors' primary focus is on algorithms that perform well in practice rather than on those with the best theoretical complexity. Throughout the book, applications of all the key topics and algorithms to areas both within and outside of mathematics demonstrate how CGT fits into the wider world of mathematics and science. The authors include detailed pseudocode for all of the fundamental algorithms, and provide detailed worked examples that bring the theorems and algorithms to life.
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Group Theory in Solid State Physics and Photonics

Problem Solving with Mathematica

Author: Wolfram Hergert,R. Matthias Geilhufe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527413006

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 7259

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While group theory and its application to solid state physics is well established, this textbook raises two completely new aspects. First, it provides a better understanding by focusing on problem solving and making extensive use of Mathematica tools to visualize the concepts. Second, it offers a new tool for the photonics community by transferring the concepts of group theory and its application to photonic crystals. Clearly divided into three parts, the first provides the basics of group theory. Even at this stage, the authors go beyond the widely used standard examples to show the broad field of applications. Part II is devoted to applications in condensed matter physics, i.e. the electronic structure of materials. Combining the application of the computer algebra system Mathematica with pen and paper derivations leads to a better and faster understanding. The exhaustive discussion shows that the basics of group theory can also be applied to a totally different field, as seen in Part III. Here, photonic applications are discussed in parallel to the electronic case, with the focus on photonic crystals in two and three dimensions, as well as being partially expanded to other problems in the field of photonics. The authors have developed Mathematica package GTPack which is available for download from the book's homepage. Analytic considerations, numerical calculations and visualization are carried out using the same software. While the use of the Mathematica tools are demonstrated on elementary examples, they can equally be applied to more complicated tasks resulting from the reader's own research.
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Cryptology and Computational Number Theory

Author: Carl Pomerance,Shafi Goldwasser

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821801550

Category: Computers

Page: 171

View: 3221

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In the past dozen or so years, cryptology and computational number theory have become increasingly intertwined. Because the primary cryptologic application of number theory is the apparent intractability of certain computations, these two fields could part in the future and again go their separate ways. But for now, their union is continuing to bring ferment and rapid change in both subjects. This book contains the proceedings of an AMS Short Course in Cryptology and Computational Number Theory, held in August 1989 during the Joint Mathematics Meetings in Boulder, Colorado. These eight papers by six of the top experts in the field will provide readers with a thorough introduction to some of the principal advances in cryptology and computational number theory over the past fifteen years. In addition to an extensive introductory article, the book contains articles on primality testing, discrete logarithms, integer factoring, knapsack cryptosystems, pseudorandom number generators, the theoretical underpinnings of cryptology, and other number theory-based cryptosystems. Requiring only background in elementary number theory, this book is aimed at nonexperts, including graduate students and advanced undergraduates in mathematics and computer science.
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A Course in Computational Algebraic Number Theory

Author: Henri Cohen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540556404

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 8052

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A description of 148 algorithms fundamental to number-theoretic computations, in particular for computations related to algebraic number theory, elliptic curves, primality testing and factoring. The first seven chapters guide readers to the heart of current research in computational algebraic number theory, including recent algorithms for computing class groups and units, as well as elliptic curve computations, while the last three chapters survey factoring and primality testing methods, including a detailed description of the number field sieve algorithm. The whole is rounded off with a description of available computer packages and some useful tables, backed by numerous exercises. Written by an authority in the field, and one with great practical and teaching experience, this is certain to become the standard and indispensable reference on the subject.
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Quantum Computational Number Theory

Author: Song Y. Yan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319258230

Category: Computers

Page: 252

View: 1582

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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to advanced topics in the computational and algorithmic aspects of number theory, focusing on applications in cryptography. Readers will learn to develop fast algorithms, including quantum algorithms, to solve various classic and modern number theoretic problems. Key problems include prime number generation, primality testing, integer factorization, discrete logarithms, elliptic curve arithmetic, conjecture and numerical verification. The author discusses quantum algorithms for solving the Integer Factorization Problem (IFP), the Discrete Logarithm Problem (DLP), and the Elliptic Curve Discrete Logarithm Problem (ECDLP) and for attacking IFP, DLP and ECDLP based cryptographic systems. Chapters also cover various other quantum algorithms for Pell's equation, principal ideal, unit group, class group, Gauss sums, prime counting function, Riemann's hypothesis and the BSD conjecture. Quantum Computational Number Theory is self-contained and intended to be used either as a graduate text in computing, communications and mathematics, or as a basic reference in the related fields. Number theorists, cryptographers and professionals working in quantum computing, cryptography and network security will find this book a valuable asset.
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Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography

Author: Song Y. Yan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118188616

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 6836

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The only book to provide a unified view of the interplay betweencomputational number theory and cryptography Computational number theory and modern cryptography are two ofthe most important and fundamental research fields in informationsecurity. In this book, Song Y. Yang combines knowledge of thesetwo critical fields, providing a unified view of the relationshipsbetween computational number theory and cryptography. The authortakes an innovative approach, presenting mathematical ideas first,thereupon treating cryptography as an immediate application of themathematical concepts. The book also presents topics from numbertheory, which are relevant for applications in public-keycryptography, as well as modern topics, such as coding and latticebased cryptography for post-quantum cryptography. The authorfurther covers the current research and applications for commoncryptographic algorithms, describing the mathematical problemsbehind these applications in a manner accessible to computerscientists and engineers. Makes mathematical problems accessible to computer scientistsand engineers by showing their immediate application Presents topics from number theory relevant for public-keycryptography applications Covers modern topics such as coding and lattice basedcryptography for post-quantum cryptography Starts with the basics, then goes into applications and areasof active research Geared at a global audience; classroom tested in North America,Europe, and Asia Incudes exercises in every chapter Instructor resources available on the book’s CompanionWebsite Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography isideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students incomputer science, communications engineering, cryptography andmathematics. Computer scientists, practicing cryptographers, andother professionals involved in various security schemes will alsofind this book to be a helpful reference.
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Discrete Mathematics with Applications

Author: Thomas Koshy

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080477343

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1042

View: 3093

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This approachable text studies discrete objects and the relationsips that bind them. It helps students understand and apply the power of discrete math to digital computer systems and other modern applications. It provides excellent preparation for courses in linear algebra, number theory, and modern/abstract algebra and for computer science courses in data structures, algorithms, programming languages, compilers, databases, and computation. * Covers all recommended topics in a self-contained, comprehensive, and understandable format for students and new professionals * Emphasizes problem-solving techniques, pattern recognition, conjecturing, induction, applications of varying nature, proof techniques, algorithm development and correctness, and numeric computations * Weaves numerous applications into the text * Helps students learn by doing with a wealth of examples and exercises: - 560 examples worked out in detail - More than 3,700 exercises - More than 150 computer assignments - More than 600 writing projects * Includes chapter summaries of important vocabulary, formulas, and properties, plus the chapter review exercises * Features interesting anecdotes and biographies of 60 mathematicians and computer scientists * Instructor's Manual available for adopters * Student Solutions Manual available separately for purchase (ISBN: 0124211828)
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Discrete Mathematics

Proofs, Structures and Applications, Third Edition

Author: Rowan Garnier,John Taylor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439812802

Category: Mathematics

Page: 843

View: 7623

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Taking an approach to the subject that is suitable for a broad readership, Discrete Mathematics: Proofs, Structures, and Applications, Third Edition provides a rigorous yet accessible exposition of discrete mathematics, including the core mathematical foundation of computer science. The approach is comprehensive yet maintains an easy-to-follow progression from the basic mathematical ideas to the more sophisticated concepts examined later in the book. This edition preserves the philosophy of its predecessors while updating and revising some of the content. New to the Third Edition In the expanded first chapter, the text includes a new section on the formal proof of the validity of arguments in propositional logic before moving on to predicate logic. This edition also contains a new chapter on elementary number theory and congruences. This chapter explores groups that arise in modular arithmetic and RSA encryption, a widely used public key encryption scheme that enables practical and secure means of encrypting data. This third edition also offers a detailed solutions manual for qualifying instructors. Exploring the relationship between mathematics and computer science, this text continues to provide a secure grounding in the theory of discrete mathematics and to augment the theoretical foundation with salient applications. It is designed to help readers develop the rigorous logical thinking required to adapt to the demands of the ever-evolving discipline of computer science.
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