Computational Neuroscience in Epilepsy

Author: Ivan Soltesz,Kevin Staley

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080559537

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 6359

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Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects millions of patients worldwide and arises from the concurrent action of multiple pathophysiological processes. The power of mathematical analysis and computational modeling is increasingly utilized in basic and clinical epilepsy research to better understand the relative importance of the multi-faceted, seizure-related changes taking place in the brain during an epileptic seizure. This groundbreaking book is designed to synthesize the current ideas and future directions of the emerging discipline of computational epilepsy research. Chapters address relevant basic questions (e.g., neuronal gain control) as well as long-standing, critically important clinical challenges (e.g., seizure prediction). Computational Neuroscience in Epilepsy should be of high interest to a wide range of readers, including undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and faculty working in the fields of basic or clinical neuroscience, epilepsy research, computational modeling and bioengineering. Covers a wide range of topics from molecular to seizure predictions and brain implants to control seizures Contributors are top experts at the forefront of computational epilepsy research Chapter contents are highly relevant to both basic and clinical epilepsy researchers
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Computational Neuroscience

Trends in Research, 1997

Author: James M. Bower

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475798008

Category: Medical

Page: 961

View: 6988

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This volume includes papers presented at the Fifth Annual Computational Neurosci ence meeting (CNS*96) held in Boston, Massachusetts, July 14 - 17, 1996. This collection includes 148 of the 234 papers presented at the meeting. Acceptance for mceting presenta tion was based on the peer review of preliminary papers originally submitted in May of 1996. The papers in this volume represent final versions of this work submitted in January of 1997. As represented by this volume, computational neuroscience continues to expand in quality, size and breadth of focus as increasing numbers of neuroscientists are taking a computational approach to understanding nervous system function. Defining computa tional neuroscience as the exploration of how brains compute, it is clear that there is al most no subject or area of modern neuroscience research that is not appropriate for computational studies. The CNS meetings as well as this volume reflect this scope and di versity.
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Computational Neuroscience

Author: Eric L. Schwartz

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262691642

Category: Computers

Page: 441

View: 8098

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The thirty original contributions in this book provide a working definition of"computational neuroscience" as the area in which problems lie simultaneously within computerscience and neuroscience. They review this emerging field in historical and philosophical overviewsand in stimulating summaries of recent results. Leading researchers address the structure of thebrain and the computational problems associated with describing and understanding this structure atthe synaptic, neural, map, and system levels.The overview chapters discuss the early days of thefield, provide a philosophical analysis of the problems associated with confusion between brainmetaphor and brain theory, and take up the scope and structure of computationalneuroscience.Synaptic-level structure is addressed in chapters that relate the properties ofdendritic branches, spines, and synapses to the biophysics of computation and provide a connectionbetween real neuron architectures and neural network simulations.The network-level chapters take upthe preattentive perception of 3-D forms, oscillation in neural networks, the neurobiologicalsignificance of new learning models, and the analysis of neural assemblies and local learningrides.Map-level structure is explored in chapters on the bat echolocation system, cat orientationmaps, primate stereo vision cortical cognitive maps, dynamic remapping in primate visual cortex, andcomputer-aided reconstruction of topographic and columnar maps in primates.The system-level chaptersfocus on the oculomotor system VLSI models of early vision, schemas for high-level vision,goal-directed movements, modular learning, effects of applied electric current fields on corticalneural activity neuropsychological studies of brain and mind, and an information-theoretic view ofanalog representation in striate cortex.Eric L. Schwartz is Professor of Brain Research and ResearchProfessor of Computer Science, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York UniversityMedical Center. Computational Neuroscience is included in the System Development FoundationBenchmark Series.
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Computational Neuroscience

A Comprehensive Approach

Author: Jianfeng Feng

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203494466

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 5968

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How does the brain work? After a century of research, we still lack a coherent view of how neurons process signals and control our activities. But as the field of computational neuroscience continues to evolve, we find that it provides a theoretical foundation and a set of technological approaches that can significantly enhance our understanding. Computational Neuroscience: A Comprehensive Approach provides a unified treatment of the mathematical theory of the nervous system and presents concrete examples demonstrating how computational techniques can illuminate difficult neuroscience problems. In chapters contributed by top researchers, the book introduces the basic mathematical concepts, then examines modeling at all levels, from single-channel and single neuron modeling to neuronal networks and system-level modeling. The emphasis is on models with close ties to experimental observations and data, and the authors review application of the models to systems such as olfactory bulbs, fly vision, and sensorymotor systems. Understanding the nature and limits of the strategies neural systems employ to process and transmit sensory information stands among the most exciting and difficult challenges faced by modern science. This book clearly shows how computational neuroscience has and will continue to help meet that challenge.
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Computational Neuroscience

Trends in Research 2003

Author: Erik De Schutter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444513830

Category: Computers

Page: 997

View: 1482

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This volume includes papers originally presented at the 11th annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting (CNS 02) held in July 2002 at the Congress Plaza Hotel & Convention Center in Chicago, Illinois, USA. The CNS meetings bring together computational neuroscientists representing many different fields and backgrounds as well as many different experimental preparations and theoretical approaches. The papers published here range from pure experimental neurobiology, to neuro-ethology, mathematics, physics, and engineering. In all cases the research described is focused on understanding how nervous systems compute. The actual subjects of the research include a highly diverse number of preparations, modeling approaches and analysis techniques. Accordingly, this volume reflects the breadth and depth of current research in computational neuroscience taking place throughout the world.
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Computational Neuroscience

A First Course

Author: Hanspeter A Mallot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319008617

Category: Computers

Page: 135

View: 3412

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Computational Neuroscience - A First Course provides an essential introduction to computational neuroscience and equips readers with a fundamental understanding of modeling the nervous system at the membrane, cellular, and network level. The book, which grew out of a lecture series held regularly for more than ten years to graduate students in neuroscience with backgrounds in biology, psychology and medicine, takes its readers on a journey through three fundamental domains of computational neuroscience: membrane biophysics, systems theory and artificial neural networks. The required mathematical concepts are kept as intuitive and simple as possible throughout the book, making it fully accessible to readers who are less familiar with mathematics. Overall, Computational Neuroscience - A First Course represents an essential reference guide for all neuroscientists who use computational methods in their daily work, as well as for any theoretical scientist approaching the field of computational neuroscience.
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Fundamentals of Computational Neuroscience

Author: Thomas Trappenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199568413

Category: Mathematics

Page: 390

View: 5288

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The new edition of Fundamentals of Computational Neuroscience build on the success and strengths of the first edition. It introduces the theoretical foundations of neuroscience with a focus on the nature of information processing in the brain. The book covers the introduction and motivation of simplified models of neurons that are suitable for exploring information processing in large brain-like networks. Additionally, it introduces several fundamental networkarchitectures and discusses their relevance for information processing in the brain, giving some examples of models of higher-order cognitive functions to demonstrate the advanced insight that can begained with such studies.
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Computational Neuroscience

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123979080

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 4108

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Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science provides a forum for discussion of new discoveries, approaches, and ideas in molecular biology. It contains contributions from leaders in their fields and abundant references. This volume brings together different aspects of, and approaches to, molecular and multi-scale modeling, with applications to a diverse range of neurological diseases. Mathematical and computational modeling offers a powerful approach for examining the interaction between molecular pathways and ionic channels in producing neuron electrical activity. It is well accepted that non-linear interactions among diverse ionic channels can produce unexpected neuron behavior and hinder a deep understanding of how ion channel mutations bring about abnormal behavior and disease. Interactions with the diverse signaling pathways activated by G protein coupled receptors or calcium influx adds an additional level of complexity. Modeling is an approach to integrate myriad data sources into a cohesive and quantitative model in order to evaluate hypotheses about neuron function. In particular, a validated model developed using in vitro data allows simulations of the response to in vivo like spatio-temporal patterns of synaptic input. Incorporating molecular signaling pathways into an electrical model, allows a greater range of models to be developed, ones that can predict the response to pharmaceuticals, many of which target neuromodulator pathways. Contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field
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Computational Neuroscience

Simulated Demyelinating Neuropathies and Neuronopathies

Author: Diana Ivanova Stephanova,Bozhidar Dimitrov Kolev

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146657836X

Category: Medical

Page: 148

View: 567

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This book covers the computer simulation of demyelinating neuropathies and neuronopathies and compares models with clinical findings. Through the approximation of nerve excitation and conduction, the authors show how the versatile structure of nerve fibers relates to different modes of focal prospects, inward and outward currents, conduction velocity, and errant transmission. They also explain how mathematical models elucidate emerging fine distinctions between hereditary and acquired neuronal diseases, including Charcot-Marie-Tooth, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multifocal motor neuropathy, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
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Computational Neuroscience

Author: Wanpracha Chaovalitwongse,Panos M. Pardalos,Petros Xanthopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387886305

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 1438

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This volume includes contributions from diverse disciplines including electrical engineering, biomedical engineering, industrial engineering, and medicine, bridging a vital gap between the mathematical sciences and neuroscience research. Covering a wide range of research topics, this volume demonstrates how various methods from data mining, signal processing, optimization and cutting-edge medical techniques can be used to tackle the most challenging problems in modern neuroscience.
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