Computation and its Limits

Author: Paul Cockshott,Lewis M. Mackenzie,Gregory Michaelson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191627496

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 9754


Computation and its Limits is an innovative cross-disciplinary investigation of the relationship between computing and physical reality. It begins by exploring the mystery of why mathematics is so effective in science and seeks to explain this in terms of the modelling of one part of physical reality by another. Going from the origins of counting to the most blue-skies proposals for novel methods of computation, the authors investigate the extent to which the laws of nature and of logic constrain what we can compute. In the process they examine formal computability, the thermodynamics of computation, and the promise of quantum computing.

Exam Prep for: Computation and its Limits

Author: David Mason

Publisher: Rico Publications


Category: Education

Page: 800

View: 9318


5,600 Exam Prep questions and answers. Ebooks, Textbooks, Courses, Books Simplified as questions and answers by Rico Publications. Very effective study tools especially when you only have a limited amount of time. They work with your textbook or without a textbook and can help you to review and learn essential terms, people, places, events, and key concepts.

Nanotechnology: Science and Computation

Author: Junghuei Chen,Natasha Jonoska,Grzegorz Rozenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540302964

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 393

View: 5120


Nanoscale science and computing is becoming a major research area as today's scientists try to understand the processes of natural and biomolecular computing. The field is concerned with the architectures and design of molecular self-assembly, nanostructures and molecular devices, and with understanding and exploiting the computational processes of biomolecules in nature. This book offers a unique and authoritative perspective on current research in nanoscale science, engineering and computing. Leading researchers cover the topics of DNA self-assembly in two-dimensional arrays and three-dimensional structures, molecular motors, DNA word design, molecular electronics, gene assembly, surface layer protein assembly, and membrane computing. The book is suitable for academic and industrial scientists and engineers working in nanoscale science, in particular researchers engaged with the idea of computing at a molecular level.

In Pursuit of the Traveling Salesman

Mathematics at the Limits of Computation

Author: William Cook

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691152705

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

View: 9407


Covers the history, applications, theory, and computation of the traveling salesman problem right up to state-of-the-art solution machinery.

Limits of Computation

From a Programming Perspective

Author: Bernhard Reus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319278894

Category: Computers

Page: 348

View: 2415


This textbook discusses the most fundamental and puzzling questions about the foundations of computing. In 23 lecture-sized chapters it provides an exciting tour through the most important results in the field of computability and time complexity, including the Halting Problem, Rice's Theorem, Kleene's Recursion Theorem, the Church-Turing Thesis, Hierarchy Theorems, and Cook-Levin's Theorem. Each chapter contains classroom-tested material, including examples and exercises. Links between adjacent chapters provide a coherent narrative. Fundamental results are explained lucidly by means of programs written in a simple, high-level imperative programming language, which only requires basic mathematical knowledge. Throughout the book, the impact of the presented results on the entire field of computer science is emphasised. Examples range from program analysis to networking, from database programming to popular games and puzzles. Numerous biographical footnotes about the famous scientists who developed the subject are also included. "Limits of Computation" offers a thorough, yet accessible, introduction to computability and complexity for the computer science student of the 21st century.

3D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation

Author: D. Crawley,K. Nikolic,M. Forshaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420034783

Category: Science

Page: 950

View: 6285


It is becoming increasingly clear that the two-dimensional layout of devices on computer chips hinders the development of high-performance computer systems. Three-dimensional structures will be needed to provide the performance required to implement computationally intensive tasks. 3-D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation reviews the state of the art in nanoelectronic device design and fabrication and discusses the architectural aspects of 3-D designs, including the possible use of molecular wiring and carbon nanotube interconnections. This is a valuable reference for those involved in the design and development of nanoelectronic devices and technology.

Interactive Computation

The New Paradigm

Author: Dina Goldin,Scott A. Smolka,Peter Wegner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540348743

Category: Computers

Page: 487

View: 9661


The interaction paradigm is a new conceptualization of computational phenomena that emphasizes interaction over algorithms, reflecting the shift in technology from main-frame number-crunching to distributed intelligent networks with graphical user interfaces. The book is arranged in four sections: "Introduction", comprising three chapters that explore and summarize the fundamentals of interactive computation; "Theory" with six chapters, each discussing a specific aspect of interaction; "Applications," five chapters showing how this principle is applied in subdisciplines of computer science; and "New Directions," presenting four multidisciplinary applications. The book challenges traditional Turing machine-based answers to fundamental questions of problem solving and the scope of computation.

HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks

Toward a Multidisciplinary Science

Author: John M. Carroll

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080491417

Category: Computers

Page: 576

View: 3168


HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks provides a thorough pedagological survey of the science of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). HCI spans many disciplines and professions, including anthropology, cognitive psychology, computer graphics, graphical design, human factors engineering, interaction design, sociology, and software engineering. While many books and courses now address HCI technology and application areas, none has addressed HCI’s multidisciplinary foundations with much scope or depth. This text fills a huge void in the university education and training of HCI students as well as in the lifelong learning and professional development of HCI practitioners. Contributors are leading researchers in the field of HCI. If you teach a second course in HCI, you should consider this book. This book provides a comprehensive understanding of the HCI concepts and methods in use today, presenting enough comparative detail to make primary sources more accessible. Chapters are formatted to facilitate comparisons among the various HCI models. Each chapter focuses on a different level of scientific analysis or approach, but all in an identical format, facilitating comparison and contrast of the various HCI models. Each approach is described in terms of its roots, motivation, and type of HCI problems it typically addresses. The approach is then compared with its nearest neighbors, illustrated in a paradigmatic application, and analyzed in terms of its future. This book is essential reading for professionals, educators, and students in HCI who want to gain a better understanding of the theoretical bases of HCI, and who will make use of a good background, refresher, reference to the field and/or index to the literature. Contributors are leading researchers in the field of Human-Comptuter Interaction Fills a major gap in current literature about the rich scientific foundations of HCI Provides a thorough pedogological survey of the science of HCI


Computing Beyond the Church-Turing Barrier

Author: Apostolos Syropoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387499703

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 8025


This book provides a thorough description of hypercomputation. It covers all attempts at devising conceptual hypermachines and all new promising computational paradigms that may eventually lead to the construction of a hypermachine. Readers will gain a deeper understanding of what computability is, and why the Church-Turing thesis poses an arbitrary limit to what can be actually computed. Hypercomputing is a relatively novel idea. However, the book’s most important features are its description of the various attempts of hypercomputation, from trial-and-error machines to the exploration of the human mind, if we treat it as a computing device.

Decoherence and Its Implications in Quantum Computation and Information Transfer

Author: Tony Gonis,Antonios Gonis,Patrice E. A. Turchi

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586032111

Category: Computers

Page: 366

View: 634


Decoherence is the physical process by which the classical world - the world of common sense - emerges from its quantum underpinnings. This physical process refers to the loss of phase coherence between the parts of a quantum system, because of the interaction of the system with the environment.