Computation and its Limits

Author: Paul Cockshott,Lewis M. Mackenzie,Gregory Michaelson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191627496

Category: Science

Page: 248

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Computation and its Limits is an innovative cross-disciplinary investigation of the relationship between computing and physical reality. It begins by exploring the mystery of why mathematics is so effective in science and seeks to explain this in terms of the modelling of one part of physical reality by another. Going from the origins of counting to the most blue-skies proposals for novel methods of computation, the authors investigate the extent to which the laws of nature and of logic constrain what we can compute. In the process they examine formal computability, the thermodynamics of computation, and the promise of quantum computing.
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Exam Prep for: Computation and its Limits

Author: David Mason

Publisher: Rico Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 800

View: 9354

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5,600 Exam Prep questions and answers. Ebooks, Textbooks, Courses, Books Simplified as questions and answers by Rico Publications. Very effective study tools especially when you only have a limited amount of time. They work with your textbook or without a textbook and can help you to review and learn essential terms, people, places, events, and key concepts.
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Nanotechnology: Science and Computation

Author: Junghuei Chen,Natasha Jonoska,Grzegorz Rozenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540302964

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 393

View: 6198

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Nanoscale science and computing is becoming a major research area as today's scientists try to understand the processes of natural and biomolecular computing. The field is concerned with the architectures and design of molecular self-assembly, nanostructures and molecular devices, and with understanding and exploiting the computational processes of biomolecules in nature. This book offers a unique and authoritative perspective on current research in nanoscale science, engineering and computing. Leading researchers cover the topics of DNA self-assembly in two-dimensional arrays and three-dimensional structures, molecular motors, DNA word design, molecular electronics, gene assembly, surface layer protein assembly, and membrane computing. The book is suitable for academic and industrial scientists and engineers working in nanoscale science, in particular researchers engaged with the idea of computing at a molecular level.
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3D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation

Author: D. Crawley,K. Nikolic,M. Forshaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420034783

Category: Science

Page: 950

View: 1390

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It is becoming increasingly clear that the two-dimensional layout of devices on computer chips hinders the development of high-performance computer systems. Three-dimensional structures will be needed to provide the performance required to implement computationally intensive tasks. 3-D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation reviews the state of the art in nanoelectronic device design and fabrication and discusses the architectural aspects of 3-D designs, including the possible use of molecular wiring and carbon nanotube interconnections. This is a valuable reference for those involved in the design and development of nanoelectronic devices and technology.
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Hypercomputation

Computing Beyond the Church-Turing Barrier

Author: Apostolos Syropoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387499703

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 9826

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This book provides a thorough description of hypercomputation. It covers all attempts at devising conceptual hypermachines and all new promising computational paradigms that may eventually lead to the construction of a hypermachine. Readers will gain a deeper understanding of what computability is, and why the Church-Turing thesis poses an arbitrary limit to what can be actually computed. Hypercomputing is a relatively novel idea. However, the book’s most important features are its description of the various attempts of hypercomputation, from trial-and-error machines to the exploration of the human mind, if we treat it as a computing device.
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Interactive Computation

The New Paradigm

Author: Dina Goldin,Scott A. Smolka,Peter Wegner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540348743

Category: Computers

Page: 487

View: 4927

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The interaction paradigm is a new conceptualization of computational phenomena that emphasizes interaction over algorithms, reflecting the shift in technology from main-frame number-crunching to distributed intelligent networks with graphical user interfaces. The book is arranged in four sections: "Introduction", comprising three chapters that explore and summarize the fundamentals of interactive computation; "Theory" with six chapters, each discussing a specific aspect of interaction; "Applications," five chapters showing how this principle is applied in subdisciplines of computer science; and "New Directions," presenting four multidisciplinary applications. The book challenges traditional Turing machine-based answers to fundamental questions of problem solving and the scope of computation.
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HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks

Toward a Multidisciplinary Science

Author: John M. Carroll

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080491417

Category: Computers

Page: 576

View: 9637

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HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks provides a thorough pedagological survey of the science of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). HCI spans many disciplines and professions, including anthropology, cognitive psychology, computer graphics, graphical design, human factors engineering, interaction design, sociology, and software engineering. While many books and courses now address HCI technology and application areas, none has addressed HCI’s multidisciplinary foundations with much scope or depth. This text fills a huge void in the university education and training of HCI students as well as in the lifelong learning and professional development of HCI practitioners. Contributors are leading researchers in the field of HCI. If you teach a second course in HCI, you should consider this book. This book provides a comprehensive understanding of the HCI concepts and methods in use today, presenting enough comparative detail to make primary sources more accessible. Chapters are formatted to facilitate comparisons among the various HCI models. Each chapter focuses on a different level of scientific analysis or approach, but all in an identical format, facilitating comparison and contrast of the various HCI models. Each approach is described in terms of its roots, motivation, and type of HCI problems it typically addresses. The approach is then compared with its nearest neighbors, illustrated in a paradigmatic application, and analyzed in terms of its future. This book is essential reading for professionals, educators, and students in HCI who want to gain a better understanding of the theoretical bases of HCI, and who will make use of a good background, refresher, reference to the field and/or index to the literature. Contributors are leading researchers in the field of Human-Comptuter Interaction Fills a major gap in current literature about the rich scientific foundations of HCI Provides a thorough pedogological survey of the science of HCI
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The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information

Author: Luciano Floridi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470756764

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 4585

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This Guide provides an ambitious state-of-the-art survey of the fundamental themes, problems, arguments and theories constituting the philosophy of computing. A complete guide to the philosophy of computing and information. Comprises 26 newly-written chapters by leading international experts. Provides a complete, critical introduction to the field. Each chapter combines careful scholarship with an engaging writing style. Includes an exhaustive glossary of technical terms. Ideal as a course text, but also of interest to researchers and general readers.
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Decoherence and Its Implications in Quantum Computation and Information Transfer

Author: Tony Gonis,Antonios Gonis,Patrice E. A. Turchi

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586032111

Category: Computers

Page: 366

View: 4710

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Decoherence is the physical process by which the classical world - the world of common sense - emerges from its quantum underpinnings. This physical process refers to the loss of phase coherence between the parts of a quantum system, because of the interaction of the system with the environment.
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Frontiers of Engineering

Reports on Leading Edge Engineering from the 1996 NAE Symposium on Frontiers of Engineering

Author: National Academy of Engineering,Second Annual Symposium on Frontiers of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309174855

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 136

View: 3552

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Space may have been called the "final frontier," but there are new frontiers to discover every day and engineers are the ones exploring them. Through groundbreaking research and cutting-edge technologies, engineers are now able to go beyond traditional boundaries, doing things that would have been all but impossible just a few short years ago. A sample of these exciting frontiers is revealed in this new publication from the National Academy of Engineering, which looks at new and emerging technologies to explain how they were developed and what new benefits they will bring. The book also highlights the kinds of pioneering research and technological work being done by some of the country's emerging leaders in engineering. Topics covered include microelectromechanical systems, design research, computer-generated visualization for design and display, and innovations in materials and processes.
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