Although the common law of torts continues to protect teachers from liability for the reasonable use of ... See John Guthrow, Correlation Between High Rates of Corporal Punishment in Public Schools and Social Pathologies (2002).
Author: Michael J. Kaufman
Publisher: Aspen Publishing
Education Law, Policy, and Practice: Cases and Materials, Fifth Edition
Corporal punishment in public schools: The legal and political battle continues. ... The importance of student sexual harassment policies in the public schools, West's Education Law Reporter 113:1. ... Planning for ADA compliance.
Author: Nadine Schwab
Legal Issues in School Health Services offers a legal resource never before available for education and health professionals, and their legal advisors. All professionals involved in the development, implementation, and evaluation of school health services will find this an exceptional tool. This book addresses the spirit and letter of the laws, the related standards, the conflict between them, and how they affect the delivery of school health services in regular and special education. Special attention is given to pertinent issues for school administrators, school attorneys, and school nurses, in order to foster school practices that are safe and effective. Designed as a guide and reference work, this book is written by 15 highly-credentialed nurses, attorneys, and educators and offers detailed discussions of the legal challenges that exist in the 21st century. KEY FEATURES School nursing practice, standards, and performance issues Risk management strategies for school administrators, school boards, and attorneys Multi-disciplinary approaches in ethico-legal problem solving Collaborative approaches in promoting student learning and success Financial, special education, record confidentiality, and future genetic challenges In-depth legal references, citations, and research, plus a comprehensive glossary and table of federal statutes and regulations
example, teachers in an elementary school have authority over their pupils. This authority is not absolute and may be carefully delineated by school policy and laws (e.g., corporal punishment in public schools is effectively banned ...
Author: Kevin R Murphy
How Groups Encourage Misbehavior explores the psychological and social processes by which groups develop a tolerance for and even encourage misbehavior. Drawing from decades of research on social, cognitive and organizational psychology, as well as a deep well of historical research, this book shows how commitment to groups, organizations and movements can turn moral individuals into amoral agents. Pulling together what have been traditionally distinct areas of study, How Groups Encourage Misbehavior provides a detailed and unified account of how good organizations go bad and how groups of all types can push otherwise honest and upright individuals to behave in ways that violate laws and social norms. This text describes how social norms, rationalization, the characteristics of formal and informal groups, attachment to groups and organizations, and the structure of organizational life can all contribute to misbehavior. Each chapter includes one or more sidebar discussions of relevant and interesting examples to illustrate the ways groups and organizations encourage and support misbehavior. The final two chapters discuss how many of these same attributes and processes can be used to encourage positive behaviors and foster recovery from dysfunctional and corrupt cultures and modes of behavior. A valuable text for a broad range of psychology courses, How Groups Encourage Misbehavior will especially appeal to practitioners, scholars, and students interested in ethics in organizations and the intersection between social psychology and organizational behavior.
A challenge for the Australian Government is that while it is responsible as the State Party for compliance with the CRC, it has limited jurisdiction over law, policy, and practice in the relevant areas.
Author: Joan E. Durrant
This book describes the unfolding of a global phenomenon: the legal prohibition of physical punishment of children. Until thirty years ago, this near-universal practice was considered appropriate, necessary and a parental right. But a paradigm shift in conceptions of childhood has led to a global movement to redefine it as violence and as a violation of children’s rights. Today, many countries have prohibited it in all settings, including the home. This remarkable shift reflects profound cultural changes in thinking about children and their development, parent-child relationships, and the role of the state in family life. It has involved actors in many sectors, including academia, government, non-governmental organizations and children themselves. Documenting the stories of countries that have either prohibited corporal punishment of children or who are moving in that direction, this volume will serve as a sourcebook for scholars and advocates around the world who are interested in the many dimensions of physical punishment and its elimination.
Proceedings : Conference on corporal punishment in the schools ( pp . 1-18 ) . ... The behaviour of revenue services as a variable in tax administration and taxpayer compliance . ... Law and Policy , 29 ( 1 ) , 84-101 .
Author: Erich Kirchler
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Tax evasion is a complex phenomenon which is influenced not just by economic motives but by psychological factors as well. Economic-psychological research focuses on individual and social representations of taxation as well as decision-making. In this 2007 book, Erich Kirchler assembles research on tax compliance, with a focus on tax evasion, and integrates the findings into a model based on the interaction climate between tax authorities and taxpayers. The interaction climate is defined by citizens' trust in authorities and the power of authorities to control taxpayers effectively; depending on trust and power, either voluntary compliance, enforced compliance or no compliance are likely outcomes. Featuring chapters on the social representations of taxation, decision-making and self-employed income tax behaviour, this book will appeal to researchers in economic psychology, behavioural economics and public administration.
Wright that school corporal punishment was constitutional, leaving the implementation decision up to individual states. ... With this expanded interpretation of the law, school district policies were created that focused on exclusionary ...
Author: Jennifer D. Walker
Publisher: Plural Publishing
Children and teens are simultaneously complex and predictable. Behavior theory and research can provide ways of predicting behaviors and designing classroom structures that benefit all students. Behavior Management: Systems, Classrooms, and Individuals is a highly readable, student-friendly textbook that meets the needs of both undergraduate and graduate teaching programs. By covering theory, systems, classrooms, and individuals, the authors have created a pragmatic resource that can be used by a range of individuals seeking reliable, evidence-based techniques integrating behavior management into effective classrooms, including both upcoming and established educators. This text uses a funnel approach to guide readers from the “big picture” down to the individual student. Part I begins by introducing the foundations of classroom management with a discussion of prominent theorists, legislation, common disabilities, and the basics of behavior. Part II provides discussion on classroom management communities, including systems of support and structure in schools and classrooms. Part III focuses on the individual to give both current and future teachers tools for building and nurturing relationships with students and understanding and responding to student behavior. The final chapter offers tools for self-reflection and managing stress and burnout. Key Features: * Real-world cases and classroom examples to integrate content with practice * Chapters begin with learning objectives and key terms and end with summaries for comprehension * Bolded terms along with a comprehensive glossary to improve retention of material * “Make a Connection” boxes to synthesize content across chapters * Content connections to high-leverage practices in call-out boxes * Examples, figures, and templates to clarify and expand on key concepts
... with recent Pacific school policies and laws that ban corporal punishment and discourage punitive management strategies. ... Building on the principle of compliance, other Pacific cultures historically and contemporarily note the ...
Author: Michael A. Peters
Publisher: Springer Nature
This encyclopaedia is a dynamic and living reference that student teachers, teacher educators, researchers and professionals in the field of education with an accent on all aspects of teacher education, including: teaching practice; initial teacher education; teacher induction; teacher development; professional learning; teacher education policies; quality assurance; professional knowledge, standards and organisations; teacher ethics; and research on teacher education, among other issues. The Encyclopedia is an authoritative work by a collective of leading world scholars representing different cultures and traditions, the global policy convergence and counter-practices relating to the teacher education profession. The accent will be equally on teaching practice and practitioner knowledge, skills and understanding as well as current research, models and approaches to teacher education.
SCHOOLS RECORDS II . ... In general ; request and compliance . ... under policy of city Board of Education and student code of conduct , to inflict corporal punishment upon student for his single use of word " ass ” removed teacher's ...
The case against corporal punishment of children. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 13, 231–272. Gerstein, C., & Prescott, J. J. (2015). Process costs and police discretion. Harvard Law Review Forum, 128, 268–288. Gibbs, J. P. (1968).
Author: Tom R. Tyler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
Legal socialization is the process by which children and adolescents acquire their law related values, attitudes, and reasoning capacities. Such values and attitudes, in particular legitimacy, underlie the ability and willingness to consent to laws and defer to legal authorities that make legitimacy based legal systems possible. By age eighteen a person's orientation toward law is largely established, yet legal scholarship has largely ignored this process in favor of studying adults and their relationship to the law. Why Children Follow Rules focuses upon legal socialization outlining what is known about the process across three related, but distinct, contexts: the family, the school, and the juvenile justice system. Throughout, Tom Tyler and Rick Trinkner emphasize the degree to which individuals develop their orientations toward law and legal authority upon values connected to responsibility and obligation as opposed to fear of punishment. They argue that authorities can act in ways that internalize legal values and promote supportive attitudes. In particular, consensual legal authority is linked to three issues: how authorities make decisions, how they treat people, and whether they recognize the boundaries of their authority. When individuals experience authority that is fair, respectful, and aware of the limits of power, they are more likely to consent and follow directives. Despite clear evidence showing the benefits of consensual authority, strong pressures and popular support for the exercise of authority based on dominance and force persist in America's families, schools, and within the juvenile justice system. As the currently low levels of public trust and confidence in the police, the courts, and the law undermine the effectiveness of our legal system, Tom Tyler and Rick Trinkner point to alternative way to foster the popular legitimacy of the law in an era of mistrust.