Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education

Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education

Explains the contributions of complexity theory to philosophy of education, curriculum, and educational research Brings together new research by an international team of contributors Debates issues ranging from the culture of curriculum, to ...

Author: Mark Mason

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444307368

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 225

A collection of scholarly essays, Complexity Theory and thePhilosophy of Education provides an accessible theoreticalintroduction to the topic of complexity theory while consideringits broader implications for educational change. Explains the contributions of complexity theory to philosophyof education, curriculum, and educational research Brings together new research by an international team ofcontributors Debates issues ranging from the culture of curriculum, to theimplications of work of key philosophers such as Foucault and JohnDewey for educational change Demonstrates how social scientists and social and educationpolicy makers are drawing on complexity theory to answer questionssuch as: why is it that education decision-makers are so resistantto change; how does change in education happen; and what does ittake to make these changes sustainable? Considers changes in use of complexity theory; developedprincipally in the fields of physics, biology, chemistry, andeconomics, and now being applied more broadly to the socialsciences and to the study of education
Categories: Education

Complexity Theory and the Politics of Education

Complexity Theory and the Politics of Education

MICHEL ALHADEFF-JONES is a psychosociologist specialized in adult training and a philosopher of education. He is currently working as an independent ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789460912405

Category: Education

Page:

View: 160

Complexity theory has become a major influence in discussions about the theory and practice of education. This book focuses on a question which so far has received relatively little attention in such discussions, which is the question of the politics of complexity.
Categories: Education

Complexity Thinking in Physical Education

Complexity Thinking in Physical Education

Educational Researcher, 8(4), 18–19. Davis, B. (2008). Complexity and education: Vital simultaneities. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 40(1), 46–61.

Author: Alan Ovens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136456138

Category: Education

Page: 222

View: 420

In the past two decades, complexity thinking has emerged as an important theoretical response to the limitations of orthodox ways of understanding educational phenomena. Complexity provides ways of understanding that embrace uncertainty, non-linearity and the inevitable ‘messiness’ that is inherent in educational settings, paying attention to the ways in which the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. This is the first book to focus on complexity thinking in the context of physical education, enabling fresh ways of thinking about research, teaching, curriculum and learning. Written by a team of leading international physical education scholars, the book highlights how the considerable theoretical promise of complexity can be reflected in the actual policies, pedagogies and practices of physical education (PE). It encourages teachers, educators and researchers to embrace notions of learning that are more organic and emergent, to allow the inherent complexity of pedagogical work in PE to be examined more broadly and inclusively. In doing so, Complexity Thinking in Physical Education makes a major contribution to our understanding of pedagogy, curriculum design and development, human movement and educational practice.
Categories: Education

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

There are two strandsinthe useof complexitytheory in relationto education. ... of the Philosophy of Education as a subdiscipline intersecting education as a ...

Author: David Byrne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134084982

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 125

For the past two decades, ‘complexity’ has informed a range of work across the social sciences. There are diverse schools of complexity thinking, and authors have used these ideas in a multiplicity of ways, from health inequalities to the organization of large scale firms. Some understand complexity as emergence from the rule-based interactions of simple agents and explore it through agent-based modelling. Others argue against such ‘restricted complexity’ and for the development of case-based narratives deploying a much wider set of approaches and techniques. Major social theorists have been reinterpreted through a complexity lens and the whole methodological programme of the social sciences has been recast in complexity terms. In four parts, this book seeks to establish ‘the state of the art’ of complexity-informed social science as it stands now, examining: the key issues in complexity theory the implications of complexity theory for social theory the methodology and methods of complexity theory complexity within disciplines and fields. It also points ways forward towards a complexity-informed social science for the twenty-first century, investigating the argument for a post-disciplinary, ‘open’ social science. Byrne and Callaghan consider how this might be developed as a programme of teaching and research within social science. This book will be particularly relevant for, and interesting to, students and scholars of social research methods, social theory, business and organization studies, health, education, urban studies and development studies.
Categories: Social Science

Applied Chaos and Complexity Theory in Education

Applied Chaos and Complexity Theory in Education

Complexity theory and the philosophy of education. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 40(1), 4–18. doi:10.1111/j.1469-5812.2007.00412.x Mayer, J.D., ...

Author: Erçetin, ?efika ?ule

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522504610

Category: Education

Page: 299

View: 302

As a field of mathematical study, chaos and complexity theory analyzes the state of dynamical systems by evaluating how they interact, evolve, and adapt. Though this theory impacts a variety of disciplines, it also has significant influence on educational systems and settings. Applied Chaos and Complexity Theory in Education examines the application of the theories of chaos and complexity in relation to educational systems and institutions. Featuring emergent research and perspectives on mathematical patterns in educational settings and instructional practices, this book is a comprehensive reference source for researchers, scholars, mathematicians, and graduate students.
Categories: Education

Shakespeare and Complexity Theory

Shakespeare and Complexity Theory

For example, see Davis and Sumara, Complexity and Education; Mark Mason, ed. Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education, ...

Author: Claire Hansen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781315265520

Category: Drama

Page: 222

View: 633

In this new monograph, Claire Hansen demonstrates how Shakespeare can be understood as a complex system, and how complexity theory can provide compelling and original readings of Shakespeare’s plays. The book utilises complexity theory to illuminate early modern theatrical practice, Shakespeare pedagogy, and the phenomenon of the Shakespeare ‘myth’. The monograph re-evaluates Shakespeare, his plays, early modern theatre, and modern classrooms as complex systems, illustrating how the lens of complexity offers an enlightening new perspective on diverse areas of Shakespeare scholarship. The book’s interdisciplinary approach enriches our understanding of Shakespeare and lays the foundation for complexity theory in Shakespeare studies and the humanities more broadly.
Categories: Drama

Research Methods for Complexity Theory in Applied Linguistics

Research Methods for Complexity Theory in Applied Linguistics

(2008) Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education. Chichester: WileyBlackwell. Maturana, H.R. and Varela, F.J. (eds) (1980) Autopoiesis and ...

Author: Phil Hiver

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781788925761

Category: Reference

Page:

View: 479

This book provides practical guidance on research methods and designs that can be applied to Complex Dynamic Systems Theory (CDST) research. It discusses the contribution of CDST to the field of applied linguistics, examines what this perspective entails for research and introduces practical methods and templates, both qualitative and quantitative, for how applied linguistics researchers can design and conduct research using the CDST framework. Introduced in the book are methods ranging from those in widespread use in social complexity, to more familiar methods in use throughout applied linguistics. All are inherently suited to studying both dynamic change in context and interconnectedness. This accessible introduction to CDST research will equip readers with the knowledge to ensure compatibility between empirical research designs and the theoretical tenets of complexity. It will be of value to researchers working in the areas of applied linguistics, language pedagogy and educational linguistics and to scholars and professionals with an interest in second/foreign language acquisition and complexity theory.
Categories: Reference

Educational Research and Innovation Governing Education in a Complex World

Educational Research and Innovation Governing Education in a Complex World

Cilliers, P. (2005), “Knowing complex systems”, in K. Richardson (ed.), Managing Organisational Complexity: philosophy, theory, and application, ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264255364

Category:

Page: 240

View: 891

What models of governance are effective in complex education systems? In all systems an increasing number of stakeholders are involved in designing, delivering and monitoring education.
Categories:

A Critique of Creativity and Complexity

A Critique of Creativity and Complexity

In M. Mason (Ed.) Complexity theory and the philosophy of education (pp. 1–15). ... Educational philosophy and the challenge of complexity theory.

Author: Don Ambrose

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789462097735

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 125

In an increasingly complex world the natural human inclination is to oversimplify issues and problems to make them seem more comprehensible and less threatening. This tendency usually generates forms of dogmatism that diminish our ability to think creatively and to develop worthy talents. Fortunately, complexity theory is giving us ways to make sense of intricate, evolving phenomena. This book represents a broad, interdisciplinary application of complexity theory to a wide variety of phenomena in general education, STEM education, learner diversity and special education, social-emotional development, organizational leadership, urban planning, and the history of philosophy. The contributors provide nuanced analyses of the structures and dynamics of complex adaptive systems in these academic and professional fields.
Categories: Education

The SAGE Handbook of Digital Dissertations and Theses

The SAGE Handbook of Digital Dissertations and Theses

A double issue was devoted to complexity theory and philosophy of education in the fortieth volume of Educational Philosophy and Theory in 2008.

Author: Richard Andrews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781473971813

Category: Education

Page: 548

View: 734

This handbook sets out the processes and products of 'digital' research. It is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences. Topics covered include: - how to make research more accessible - the use of search engines and other sources to determine the scope of work - research training for students - what will theses, dissertations and research reports look like in ten years' time? - the storing and archiving of such research - ethics and methodologies in the field - intercultural issues The editors focus on advances in arts and practice-based doctorates, and their application in other fields and disciplines. The contributions chart new territory for universities, research project directors, supervisors and research students regarding the nature and format of Masters and doctoral work, as well as research projects. This handbook is an essential reference for researchers, supervisors and administrators on how to conduct and evaluate research projects in a digital and multimodal age. Richard Andrews is Professor in English, Faculty of Children and Learning, Institute of Education. Erik Borg is a Senior Lecturer at Coventry University's Centre for Academic Writing. Stephen Boyd Davis is Research Leader in the School of Design, Royal College of Art. Myrrh Domingo is Visiting Assistant Professor in English Education and Literacy Education at New York University. Jude England is Head of Social Sciences at the British Library.
Categories: Education

Chaos Complexity and Leadership 2016

Chaos  Complexity and Leadership 2016

Chaos theory: Implications for educational research. ... Complexity theory and the philosophy of education. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 40(1), 4–18.

Author: Şefika Şule Erçetin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319645544

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 770

View: 765

This book covers the proceedings from the 2016 International Symposium on Chaos, Complexity and Leadership, and reflects current research results of chaos and complexity studies and their applications in various fields. Included are research papers in the fields of applied nonlinear methods, modeling of data and simulations, as well as theoretical achievements of chaos and complex systems. Also discussed are leadership and management applications of chaos and complexity theory.
Categories: Business & Economics

Professional Learning in Changing Contexts

Professional Learning in Changing Contexts

Responsibility, complexity science and education: Dilemmas and uncertain responses. ... Complexity theory and the philosophy of education.

Author: Tara Fenwick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134913947

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 913

The knowledge and decisions of professionals influence all facets of modern life, a fact reflected by the increasing and distinct emphasis on public accountability for what professionals know and do. The nature of this accountability has been fundamentally transformed in response to a changing context of market pressures, network arrangements, declining discretion and public trust, and public managerialism. To tackle these challenges, an important body of research has emerged which concentrates on the material elements and processes of professional learning, and considers how these affect wider society. This volume presents specific pressures on professionals’ learning in different occupational contexts ranging from public school teaching to medicine and creative industry. These pressures are wrought by changing regulatory frameworks, changing modes of organising, changing demands and changing knowledge authorities in professional practice. The authors stress the importance of understanding these relations as sociomaterial webs through which the important moments of professional action and decisions emerge. This approach moves us beyond accepting ‘learning’ as an identifiable, individualist phenomenon by emphasising the multiplicities around professional practice ‘standards’ and ‘quality’, workarounds, responsibility, agency, and knowledge practices. As the chapters here demonstrate, sociomaterial perspectives raise new questions and methodologies that can highlight what is often invisible in the sometimes messy dynamics of professional learning, and point to new ways of promoting and supporting professional education. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Education and Work.
Categories: Education

Complex Dynamic Systems Theory and L2 Writing Development

Complex Dynamic Systems Theory and L2 Writing Development

Complex systems and educational change: Towards a new research agenda. In M. Mason (Ed.), Complexity theory and the philosophy of education (pp. 112–123).

Author: Gary G. Fogal

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027261144

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 304

View: 830

This volume integrates complex dynamic systems theory (CDST) and L2 writing scholarship through a collection of in-depth studies and commentary across a range of writing constructs, learning contexts, and second and foreign languages. The text is arranged thematically across four topics: (i) perspectives on complexity, accuracy, and fluency, (ii) new constructs, approaches, and domains of L2-writing scholarship, (iii) methodological issues, and finally (iv) curricular perspectives. This work should appeal to graduate students and academics interested in expanded discussions on CDST, highlighting its utility for theorizing and researching language change, and to L2 writing scholars curious about how this fresh approach to researching L2 development can inform understandings of how L2 writing develops. As a CDST approach to language change has matured and taken a place among the dominant epistemologies in the field, students and researchers of L2 development alike will benefit from this volume.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Postformal Education

Postformal Education

My approach to complexity in education is inspired by French philosopher and sociologist Edgar Morin's third-generation complexity theory which goes beyond ...

Author: Jennifer M. Gidley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319290690

Category: Education

Page: 291

View: 175

This book explains why the current education model, which was developed in the 19th century to meet the needs of industrial expansion, is obsolete. It points to the need for a new approach to education designed to prepare young people for global uncertainty, accelerating change and unprecedented complexity.The book offers a new educational philosophy to awaken the creative, big-picture and long-term thinking that will help equip students to face tomorrow’s challenges. Inside, readers will find a dialogue between adult developmental psychology research on higher stages of reasoning and today’s most evolved education research and practice. This dialogue reveals surprising links between play and wisdom, imagination and ecology, holism and love. The overwhelming issues of global climate crisis, growing economic disparity and the youth mental health epidemic reveal how dramatically the current education model has failed students and educators. This book raises a planet-wide call to deeply question how we actually think and how we must educate. It articulates a postformal education philosophy as a foundation for educational futures.The book will appeal to educators, educational philosophers, pre-service teacher educators, educational and developmental psychologists and educational researchers, including postgraduates with an interest in transformational educational theories designed for the complexity of the 21st century. This is the most compelling book on education I have read for many years. It has major implications for all who are in a position to influence developments in teacher education and educational policy. Gidley is one of the very rare scholars who can write intelligently and accessibly about the past, present and future in education. I was challenged and ultimately convinced by her contention that ‘what masquerades as education today must be seen for what it is – an anachronistic relic of the industrial past’. Gidley’s challenge is to ‘co-evolve’ a radically new education. All who seek to play a part must read this book. Brian J. Caldwell, PhD, Educational Transformations, former Dean of Education at the University of Melbourne and Deputy Chair, Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA)
Categories: Education

Emerging Approaches to Educational Research

Emerging Approaches to Educational Research

Lemke, J.L. and Sabelli, N.H. (2008) 'Complex systems and educational change: towards a new research agenda', Educational Philosophy and Theory, ...

Author: Tara Fenwick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136730184

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 727

The last fifteen years have seen much conceptual and methodological innovation in research on education and learning across the lifecourse, bringing both fresh insights and new dilemmas. This innovation was initially fuelled by the growing influence of conceptual framings often named as either post-structural or postmodern. The works of Foucault, Derrida and Lyotard have variously found their way into the canons of educational research, and in more recent years, the influence of the work of Deleuze and Guattari has also grown. This work has proved controversial both in the challenges it has raised for the purposes and practices of education and training but also over the assumptions underpinning such work. As part of and also in response to the influence of post-structuralism and postmodernism in the social sciences, there have emerged and developed a further range of conceptual and methodological framings which are more relational, system and practice-focussed. Several of these framings work with a non-linear understanding of causality and embrace unpredictability in the world and undecidability in our understanding of it. They also challenge any notion of a strong boundary between the social and natural sciences. This book explores the most significant four of these framings, how they are being taken up in research in education and learning across the lifecourse, as well as their possibilities and limitations: complexity science cultural historical activity theory (CHAT) actor-network theory (ANT) spatiality theories. Illustrated throughout with examples drawn from educational contexts across the life courses, including schooling, post-compulsory education and training, educational policy, workplace and community-based education in North America, the UK, and Australia this vital guide to understanding fresh ways of conducting and understanding educational research will prove essential reading for everyone undertaking educational research in the modern world.
Categories: Education

Routledge Handbook of Physical Education Pedagogies

Routledge Handbook of Physical Education Pedagogies

Three generations of complexity theories: Nuances and ambiguities. In M. Mason (Ed.), Complexity theory and the philosophy of education (pp. 62–78).

Author: Catherine D. Ennis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317589518

Category: Education

Page: 664

View: 697

The first fully comprehensive review of theory, research and practice in physical education to be published in over a decade, this handbook represents an essential, evidence-based guide for all students, researchers and practitioners working in PE. Showcasing the latest research and theoretical work, it offers important insights into effective curriculum management, student learning, teaching and teacher development across a variety of learning environments. This handbook not only examines the methods, influences and contexts of physical education in schools, but also discusses the implications for professional practice. It includes both the traditional and the transformative, spanning physical education pedagogies from the local to the international. It also explores key questions and analysis techniques used in PE research, illuminating the links between theory and practice. Its nine sections cover a wide range of topics including: curriculum theory, development, policy and reform transformative pedagogies and adapted physical activity educating teachers and analysing teaching the role of student and teacher cognition achievement motivation. Offering an unprecedented wealth of material, the Routledge Handbook of Physical Education Pedagogies is an essential reference for any undergraduate or postgraduate degree programme in physical education or sports coaching, and any teacher training course with a physical education element.
Categories: Education

Teacher Education In and For Uncertain Times

Teacher Education In and For Uncertain Times

When complexity theory meets critical realism: A platform for research on initial teacher education. ... Complexity theory and the philosophy of education.

Author: Deborah Heck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811086489

Category: Education

Page: 142

View: 967

This volume considers the role of initial and continuing teacher education in uncertain times. It highlights key principles and methods that preserve curiosity and optimism regarding the potential of teacher education, and regarding the manifold achievements of pre-service and in-service teachers. It explores how teacher education can produce teachers who are committed to counter-oppressive curricula and pedagogies, and reflects the critical role of teacher educators as public academics.
Categories: Education

Education Sustainability and the Ecological Social Imaginary

Education  Sustainability and the Ecological Social Imaginary

Connective Education and Global Change Jeff Buckles ... New York, UNFPA/IIED Mason M (2008) Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education.

Author: Jeff Buckles

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319744421

Category: Education

Page: 212

View: 518

This book analyses the evidence for global change, and suggests that the Earth is going through a profound transformation, caused in large part by human action. Land, oceans, polar regions and the atmosphere are all being deeply affected by the human population's lifestyle: what should the educational response be to these various aspects of global change? To answer this, the values of an ecological response are developed, leading to the notion of an 'Ecological Social Imaginary', which looks at how humans can change their way of living to one that is more in harmony with the planet that they live on and depend upon. To enable this, an ecological form of education, Connective Education, is proposed. This focuses on how the human and natural world can be connected for the benefit of humankind and all living and non-living entities, joining head, hand, heart and spirit to the web of life. It is argued that through Connective Education, a particular type of person is formed: one who is able to take their place in the human and natural world, and in this way truly connect with their planet. The book will be essential reading for those working in the fields of Education and Environmental Studies.
Categories: Education

Between Truth and Falsity Liberal Education and the Arts of Discernment

Between Truth and Falsity  Liberal Education and the Arts of Discernment

zone between stagnation and anarchy, the one place where a complex system can be ... 3 Mark Mason, “Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education,” ...

Author: Karim Dharamsi

Publisher: Vernon Press

ISBN: 9781648891830

Category: Education

Page: 180

View: 726

It seems we are awash in information. From the moment we wake until we turn over our phones at night, we are bombarded with images and messages, news and information from a confounding number of sources. But as the amount of information available to us increases ever more rapidly, its quality and reliability seem less credible. Russian troll bots, 4chan, Breitbart, and Rebel Media, challenge our credulity, but they do so by mimicking aesthetic registers consumers expect of “traditional” media outlets. Moreover, traditional news sources, both privately owned and public broadcasters, already weakened by eroding revenue, cuts to budgets, and shifting demographics, are under sustained attack from those who wish to damage their ability to hold powerful people to account. Instead of a multi-perspectival approach, which seeks to report to the public the many ways to address a particular issue, taking the reporter’s role as neutral with regard to outcome, “fake” or “ideologically” driven news sources compete for audience attention and faithfulness, often using emotion to rally people toward a certain political cause or issue. Academics, meanwhile, have their work attacked and undermined by people or groups seeking to advance political or economic interests. They are told they too are political actors, one more voice in a messy public arena instead of a font of reliable information and knowledge. While academics continue to believe that their work, at least in part, enhances our understanding of the world and informs debate, how do we know that their conclusions are indeed more reliable than their critics in the “post-truth” era? ‘Between Truth and Falsity: Liberal Education and the Arts of Discernment’ will aid academics and students seeking to better grasp the value of liberal education within this post-truth era. It seeks to advance pedagogical ideas in order to fight factual erosion and reinforce intellectual capacities that are able to critically assess the chaos of information enveloping all segments of society. This volume will therefore be of particular interest to academics and university educators working in higher education, graduate students theorizing the nature of media and the role of higher education, undergraduates studying liberal education and the nature of the university, and those thinking about liberal education.
Categories: Education