Comparative Grand Strategy

Comparative Grand Strategy

This book develops a new approach in explaining how a nation's Grand Strategy is constituted, how to assess its merits, and how grand strategies may be comparatively evaluated within a broader framework.

Author: Thierry Balzacq

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198840848

Category:

Page: 368

View: 970

This book develops a new approach in explaining how a nation's Grand Strategy is constituted, how to assess its merits, and how grand strategies may be comparatively evaluated within a broader framework. The volume responds to three key problems common to both academia and policymaking. First, the literature on the concept of grand strategy generally focuses on the United States, offering no framework for comparative analysis. Indeed, many proponents of US grand strategy suggest that the concept can only be applied, at most, to a very few great powers such as China and Russia. Second, characteristically it remains prescriptive rather than explanatory, ignoring the central conundrum of why differing countries respond in contrasting ways to similar pressures. Third, it often understates the significance of domestic politics and policymaking in the formulation of grand strategies - emphasizing mainly systemic pressures. This book addresses these problems. It seeks to analyze and explain grand strategies through the intersection of domestic and international politics in ten countries grouped distinctively as great powers (The G5), regional powers (Brazil and India) and pivotal powers hostile to each other who are able to destabilize the global system (Iran, Israel, and Saudi Arabia). The book thus employs a comparative framework that describes and explains why and how domestic actors and mechanisms, coupled with external pressures, create specific national strategies. Overall, the book aims to fashion a valid, cross-contextual framework for an emerging research program on grand strategic analysis.
Categories:

China s Grand Strategy Under Xi Jinping

China   s Grand Strategy Under Xi Jinping

Chapter 13, 'Conclusion: The Emerging Sub-field of Comparative Grand Strategy'
. In Balzacq et al. eds. op. cit. 30 Thomas J Christensen (1996), Useful
Adversaries: Grand Strategy, Domestic Mobilization, and Sino-American Conflict,
 ...

Author: Niv Horesh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000289237

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 112

This book attempts to identify change and continuity in PRC grand strategy, and the extent to which Chinese imperial history complicates PRC global outreach in the Xi Jinping era. Empires convey the wish to make the world a better place – even in the midst of oppression – and are eschatological in their rhetoric. However, empires that last longer have been more pragmatic in their grand strategy; sometimes appropriating the aura of past golden ages, and at other times learning from the mistakes of their predecessors. To date, Chinese strategic thinkers are preoccupied with learning lessons from the disintegration of the USSR and fascinated by the secrets of American power. Interdisciplinary in its reach, analysing grand strategy through both rhetoric and praxis, this book unpacks the Chinese world view through critical examination of the latest history textbooks currently in use in PRC middle schools. It also brings new evidence to bear on the debate in the West about Chinese strategic culture. Finally, it compares historical Japanese OFDI patterns with China in order to understand what makes the Chinese economy unique. China’s Grand Strategy Under Xi Jinping is aimed towards students and scholars of history, international business and wider Chinese studies.
Categories: Political Science

The Domestic Bases of Grand Strategy

The Domestic Bases of Grand Strategy

[ 4 ] The Anglo - German Naval Race and Comparative Constitutional " Fitness " ”
David D'Luco and Ronald Rogowski Most discussions of grand strategy focus on
the linkage between economic and military strength . We examine here a case ...

Author: Richard Rosecrance

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801481163

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 410

Categories: Political Science

Comparative Regionalism

Comparative Regionalism

accounts for the degree to which grand strategies are morepristine ordiluted
versionsof theideal-type. What arethe effects of strategic interaction among
different coalitional combinations in a given region?Chapter 3 explainsthe
logicunderlying ...

Author: Etel Solingen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317636816

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 600

This book comprises key essays on comparative regionalism and, more broadly, on regional conflict and cooperation by Professor Etel Solingen. The study of regionalism, a subject pioneered by Solingen in the 1990s, is now an established field of inquiry, with a large community of scholars and practitioners around the world. This book provides a window into an evolving conceptual framework for comparing regional arrangements, with a special emphasis on non-European regions. Framed by a comprehensive, previously unpublished introduction, the chapters provide a broad spectrum of analysis on domestic political economy, democracy, regional institutions, and global forces as they shape different regional outcomes and trajectories in economics and security. Themes as different as the regional effects of democratization in the Middle East and East Asia, the rise of China, Euro-Mediterranean relations, and regional nuclear trajectories are traced back to a common analytical core. The nature of domestic ruling coalitions serves as the pivotal analytical anchor explaining the effects of globalization and economic reform on different regional arrangements. This collection provides a focal point that brings this work together in a new light and will be of much interest to students of regionalism, international relations theory, international and comparative political economy, international history and grand strategy.
Categories: Political Science

Offense Defense and War

Offense  Defense  and War

1 Scholars have employed the theory to address a wide array of theoretical and
policy issues , including alliance behavior , comparative grand strategy , military
doctrine , military competition and cooperation , nuclear strategy and policy , and
 ...

Author: Michael E. Brown

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262265273

Category: Political Science

Page: 486

View: 528

An overview of offense-defense theory, which argues that the relative ease of offense and defense varies in international politics. Offense-defense theory argues that the relative ease of offense and defense varies in international politics. When the offense has the advantage, military conquest becomes easier and war is more likely; the opposite is true when the defense has the advantage. The balance between offense and defense depends on geography, technology, and other factors. This theory, and the body of related theories, has generated much debate and research over the past twenty-five years.This book presents a comprehensive overview of offense-defense theory. It includes contending views on the theory and some of the most recent attempts to refine and test it.
Categories: Political Science

The Political Economy of Grand Strategy

The Political Economy of Grand Strategy

In the face of this scholarly consensus , it is difficult to justify basing a theory of
grand strategy on the ideology of imperialism . Finally , the argument falls apart
completely in comparative perspective : in the United States , support for
collective ...

Author: Kevin Narizny

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801474302

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 194

A nation's grand strategy rarely serves the best interests of all its citizens. Instead, every strategic choice benefits some domestic groups at the expense of others. When groups with different interests separate into opposing coalitions, societal debates over foreign policy become polarized along party lines. Parties then select leaders who share the priorities of their principal electoral and financial backers. As a result, the overarching goals and guiding principles of grand strategy, as formulated at the highest levels of government, derive from domestic coalitional interests. In The Political Economy of Grand Strategy, Kevin Narizny develops these insights into a comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding the dynamics of security policy.The focus of this analysis is the puzzle of partisanship. The conventional view of grand strategy, in which state leaders act as neutral arbiters of the national interest, cannot explain why political turnover in the executive office often leads to dramatic shifts in state behavior. Narizny, in contrast, shows how domestic politics structured foreign policymaking in the United States and Great Britain from 1865 to 1941. In so doing, he sheds light on long-standing debates over the revival of British imperialism, the rise of American expansionism, the creation of the League of Nations, American isolationism in the interwar period, British appeasement in the 1930s, and both countries' decisions to enter World War I and World War II. --Michael Mastanduno, Nelson A. Rockefeller Professor of Government, Dartmouth College
Categories: Political Science

Inside China s Grand Strategy

Inside China s Grand Strategy

For contending views on the rise of China, see Avery Goldstein, Rising to the
Challenge: China's Grand Strategy and ... For comparative perspectives on
international studies of China's economy, politics, and foreign policy, see Robert
Ash, ...

Author: Ye Zicheng

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813126456

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 301

View: 266

China's enormous size, vast population, abundant natural resources, robust economy, and modern military demonstrate that the nation has emerged as a great world power. Inside China's Grand Strategy: The Perspective from the People's Republic analyzes China's economic, social, political, and military development, assessing the extent of China's dominance. Highly regarded Chinese scholar Ye Zicheng offers a rare insider's perspective on the country's geopolitical ambitions and strategic thinking. Inside China's Grand Strategy argues that China's primary obstacle to achieving enduring status as a world power is its domestic state of affairs. Ye examines the impact of unemployment, corruption, massive economic gaps between classes, population size, strains on natural and labor resources, environmental degradation, and other issues that impede China's continuing development. Some analysts claim that repressive domestic policies threaten the country's goal of modernization, but Ye points to China's recent inclusion in the G-20 as an indicator of future success. Ye contends that China's progress hinges on many factors: peaceful development, extensive governmental reform with a system of checks and balances, social and economic development on the mainland, and strategies for reunification, especially with Taiwan. Ye asserts that military pressure may be required to integrate Taiwanese separatist forces but advises that development should remain China's primary goal, because it will eventually lead to unification. Although Ye argues that democracy is the only way to repair the corrupt systems that perpetuate economic inequality, he specifies that a Western-style democracy is not what China needs. As the United States' destiny is increasingly bound to China's growth and American policies are being evaluated in the realm of geopolitics, it is important to gauge and understand China's ambitions. An authoritative and up-to-date analysis from within Chinese society, Inside China's Grand Strategy is an indispensible resources for Western scholars, offering a new window on Chinese development.
Categories: Performing Arts

Grand Strategy and the Presidency

Grand Strategy and the Presidency

Chang,Jung and JonHalliday, Mao:The Unknown Story(New York: Anchor Books
, 2006). Chau, Donovan C., “Assistance of a DifferentKind: Chinese Political
Warfarein Ghana, 1958–1966,” Comparative Strategy 26/2 (March 2007): 141–
161.

Author: C. Dale Walton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136454738

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 810

This book examines the role and importance of the Presidency in the formulation and conduct of US grand strategy. The text discusses US strategic history, with particular emphasis on the period from the end of the Cold War to the present day. While the United States periodically has enjoyed exceptional presidential leadership in the past, this book argues that few future presidents will meet high standards of leadership in foreign affairs. In turn, this will undermine the ability of the United States to construct and maintain a coherent grand strategy appropriate to the multipolar world of the twenty-first century. Grand Strategy and the Presidency explores the role that the holders of the presidential office have played in the past development of the United States as a great power. Drawing upon examples from history, the textual analysis is shaped around the description of the long-term strategic development of the United States. The author then considers what the events of recent decades portend for the future of US strategy and foreign policy. This book will be of interest to students of Presidential Studies, US foreign policy, Strategic Studies, and IR/Security Studies in general.
Categories: History

Comparative Politics

Comparative Politics

Hitler and the Nazi Party then seized power and proposed a new militaristic and
genocidal grand strategy for Germany and Europe. This example teaches us that
while state-society coalitions are difficult to construct, their success defines ...

Author: Jeffrey Kopstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521633567

Category: Political Science

Page: 429

View: 629

Why are the countries of the world governed so differently? How did this diversity of political orders come about? Will liberal capitalism spread farther around the globe in the 21st century? These are the questions that guide this new introductory text to comparative politics. Cast through the lens of ten historically grounded country studies, it illustrates and explains how the three major concepts of comparative political analysis--interests, identities, and institutions--shape the politics of nations. This textbook provides students with the conceptual tools and historical background they need to understand the politics of today's complex world.
Categories: Political Science

Clinton s Grand Strategy

Clinton s Grand Strategy

“Competing Visions for US Grand Strategy,” International Security 21, 3 (Winter
1996/1997), 5–53. ... “Yeltsin, Putin, and Clinton: Presidential Leadership and
Russian Democratization in Comparative Perspective,” Perspectives on Politics 7
, ...

Author: James D. Boys

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472531308

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 611

This book is available as open access through the Bloomsbury Open Access programme and is available on www.bloomsburycollections.com. President Clinton's time in office coincided with historic global events following the end of the Cold War. The collapse of Communism called for a new US Grand Strategy to address the emerging geopolitical era that brought upheavals in Somalia and the Balkans, economic challenges in Mexico and Europe and the emergence of new entities such as the EU, NAFTA and the WTO. Clinton's handling of these events was crucial to the development of world politics at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Only by understanding Clinton's efforts to address the challenges of the post-Cold War era can we understand the strategies of his immediate successors, George W. Bush and Barack Obama, both of whom inherited and continued Clinton-era policies and practices. James D. Boys sheds new light on the evolution and execution of US Grand Strategy from 1993 to 2001. He explores the manner in which policy was devised and examines the actors responsible for its development, including Bill Clinton, Anthony Lake, Samuel Berger, Warren Christopher, Madeline Albright and Richard Holbrook. He examines the core components of the strategy (National Security, Prosperity Promotion and Democracy Promotion) and how they were implemented, revealing a hitherto unexplored continuity from campaign trail to the White House. Covering the entire duration of Clinton's presidential odyssey, from his 1991 Announcement Speech to his final day in office, the book draws extensively on newly declassified primary materials and interviews by the author with key members of the Clinton administration to reveal for the first time the development and implementation of US Grand Strategy from deep within the West Wing of the Clinton White House.
Categories: Political Science

India s Grand Strategy

India   s Grand Strategy

This essay draws upon research conducted for my book, Interrogating
InternationalRelations: India's Strategic Practice ... 4 Sanjay Subrahmanyam, 'A
Tale of Three Empires: Mughals, Ottomans, and Habsburgs in a Comparative
Context', ...

Author: Kanti Bajpai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317559603

Category: Political Science

Page: 596

View: 780

As India prepares to take its place in shaping the course of an ‘Asian century’, there are increasing debates about its ‘grand strategy’ and its role in a future world order. This timely and topical book presents a range of historical and contemporary interpretations and case studies on the theme. Drawing upon rich and diverse narratives that have informed India’s strategic discourse, security and foreign policy, it charts a new agenda for strategic thinking on postcolonial India from a non-Western perspective. Comprehensive and insightful, the work will prove indispensable to those in defence and strategic studies, foreign policy, political science, and modern Indian history. It will also interest policy-makers, think-tanks and diplomats.
Categories: Political Science

Political Economy and Grand Strategy

Political Economy and Grand Strategy

Structural realism offers only incomplete explanations for states' selection of
grand strategy. ... they will face the threat, as well as the comparative speed at
which external or internal balancing would provide the additional power they
seek.

Author: Mark R. Brawley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135196868

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 459

This book examines traditional balance of power theory from a political-economic perspective, using historical examples, to draw out distinctions between the liberal and realist approach and how this affects grand strategy. The realist view of the balance of power theory includes implicit assumptions that economic assets can be turned quickly into power, and that states always respond to threats quickly and only with a view to the 'short-run'. These assumptions drive many of the expectations generated from traditional balance-of-power theory, discouraging realists from looking at domestic sources of power, which in turn undermined their ability to frame strategic decisions properly. By thinking about how power must be managed over time, however, we can model the choices policy-makers confront when determining expenditures on defense, while keeping an eye on the impact of those costs on the economy. By emphasizing the role of the state, identifying different causal patterns in domestic politics, and demonstrating the importance of systemic competition, this book aims to establish why a neo-classical realist approach is not only different from a liberal approach, but also superior when addressing questions on grand strategy. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, international political economy, grand strategy and IR theory in general. Mark R. Brawley is Professor of Political Science at McGill University, Montreal, Canada. He is author of several books on International Relations, specialising in the connections between political economic issues and security.
Categories: History

Inventing Grand Strategy and Teaching Command

Inventing Grand Strategy and Teaching Command

The “ idea of professional improvement in the United States Navy , ” he argued ,
has fastened . . . upon the development of the material of war , to the comparative
exclusion of the study of naval warfare . This naturally results from the national ...

Author: Jon Tetsuro Sumida

Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press

ISBN: 0801863406

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 615

Between 1890 and 1913, Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan published a series of books on naval warfare in the age of sail, which won a wide readership in his own day and established his reputation as the founder of modern strategic history. But Mahan's two principal arguments have been gravely misunderstood ever since, according to Jon Tetsuro Sumida. Instead of representing Mahan as an advocate of national naval supremacy, Sumida shows him asserting that only a multinational naval consortium could defend international trade. Instead of presenting Mahan as a man who adhered to strategic principles, Sumida shows that he stressed the importance of an officer's judgment and character formed by the study of history. Inventing Grand Strategy and Teaching Command includes a subject index to all Mahan's published books and an extensive bibliography. This is a book for scholars and students of military and strategic thinking and is a natural for libraries of U.S. service academies and U.S. armed services agencies and organizations.
Categories: History

America s Strategic Choices revised edition

America s Strategic Choices  revised edition

to Offshore Balancing America's Future Grand Strategy The he Soviet Union's
collapse transformed the international ... C. Victory, and Linda H. Vlahos, "
Alternative Grand Strategy Options for the United States," Comparative Strategy,
Vol.

Author: Michael E. Brown

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262265249

Category: Political Science

Page: 447

View: 819

Contending perspectives on the future of US grand strategy. More than a decade has passed since the end of the Cold War, but the United States has yet to reach a consensus on a coherent approach to the international use of American power. The essays in this volume present contending perspectives on the future of U.S. grand strategy. U.S. policy options include primacy, cooperative security, selective engagement, and retrenchment. This revised edition includes additional and more recent analysis and advocacy of these options. The volume includes the Clinton administration's National Security Strategy for a New Century, the most recent official statement of American grand strategy, so readers can compare proposed strategies with the official U.S. government position.
Categories: Political Science

Intelligence and Government in Britain and the United States A Comparative Perspective 2 volumes

Intelligence and Government in Britain and the United States  A Comparative Perspective  2 volumes

A Comparative Perspective Philip H.J. Davies. or foreseeable interest to the
grand strategy of this country.” Noting the breadth of such requirements for the
United States in 1949, Kent dismisses this option, concluding “it would take a
wise man ...

Author: Philip H.J. Davies

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440802812

Category: Political Science

Page: 826

View: 232

Bringing a dose of reality to the stuff of literary thrillers, this masterful study is the first closely detailed, comparative analysis of the evolution of the modern British and American intelligence communities. • U.S. and U.K. case studies that draw on archival and published sources and on interviews with practitioners • Parallel timelines for principal national intelligence coordinating bodies in the United States and United Kingdom • Organization charts for the United States Intelligence Board and the U.K. Joint Intelligence Organisation, both from the early 1960s • An extensive glossary of terms and abbreviations used in the British and American intelligence communities • An extensive bibliography
Categories: Political Science

Emerging Powers in a Comparative Perspective

Emerging Powers in a Comparative Perspective

This consensus view of Japanese grand strategy during the postwar period,
which left Japan heavily dependent on the US for security, came to be known as
the Yoshida doctrine (named after early postwar Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida)
.

Author: Vidya Nadkarni

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781623560591

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 858

The book examines the rising influence of emerging powers in global politics, with a special focus on the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China). Chapters contributed by international scholars first look at the changing status of the US in the 21st century and at the EU as both an emerging and innovative power. China's rising power status, India's regional and global influence, Russia's re-emergence, and Brazil's growing regional and international role are then analyzed comparatively to explain how the BRIC states are poised to become vital players not only in politics and economy, but also in key international concerns such as terrorism, globalization, and climate change. The book provides a detailed analysis of political, economic, security, and foreign policy trends in the BRIC countries to address such questions as to whether they will seek to revise the international order or work within it and how they will deal with transnational global problems. Using a unique comparative approach, the text will appeal to undergraduate students in world politics, international relations, and foreign policy.
Categories: Political Science

The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion

The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion

COW (Correlates of War) (no date given) National Material Capabilities (v3.02).
Online, available at: www.correlatesofwar.org (accessed 21 April 2011).
Ikenberry, G.J. (1999) 'Why Export Democracy? The “Hidden Grand Strategy” of
American ...

Author: Jonas Wolff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134509621

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 931

Though scholarly attention to democracy promotion is increasing, there is still little comparative and theoretically-based work on the protagonists of democracy promotion. This book investigates the motives that drive democracy promotion in a comparative and theoretically oriented manner, exploring how democracy promoters deal with conflicting objectives and the factors that shape their behaviour. It also addresses the more policy-oriented debate on the contemporary challenges to democracy promotion, focusing on US and German policies towards three kinds of challenges: the emergence of ‘radical’ leftist governments in Bolivia and Ecuador, the political rise of Islamist movements in Turkey and Pakistan, and the consolidation of (semi-)authoritarian rule in Belarus and Russia. In each case, North-Western democracy promoters have been confronted with serious conflicts of objectives between security, economic interests and democracy promotion. The analysis and comparison of such situations in which democracy promoters have to deal with competing objectives and make tough decisions provides powerful evidence as to the factors that shape democracy promotion. The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, comparative politics, democratization studies and foreign policy.
Categories: Political Science

Grand Strategy

Grand Strategy

( 17 ) Aircraft Totals — Comparing Schemes ' F ' and ' J ' , October 1937 ( 18 )
First Line Strength of Metropolitan AircraftSchemes ' F ' , ' J ' and ' K'in 1938 575 (
19 ) Estimates of Future Aircraft Strengths : I. Aircraft Totals ( including Ship -
borne ...

Author: James Ramsay Montagu Butler

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822028737179

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page:

View: 808

Categories: World War, 1939-1945

Politics and Strategy

Politics and Strategy

It develops an argument about grand-strategy formation that incorporates ideas
from the Realpolitik and Innenpolitik ... offered an invaluable comparative context
for analyzing the sources of grand strategy, as did return visits to the Center for ...

Author: Peter Trubowitz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400838800

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 735

Why do some national leaders pursue ambitious grand strategies and adventuresome foreign policies while others do not? When do leaders boldly confront foreign threats and when are they less assertive? Politics and Strategy shows that grand strategies are Janus-faced: their formulation has as much to do with a leader's ability to govern at home as it does with maintaining the nation's security abroad. Drawing on the American political experience, Peter Trubowitz reveals how variations in domestic party politics and international power have led presidents from George Washington to Barack Obama to pursue strategies that differ widely in international ambition and cost. He considers why some presidents overreach in foreign affairs while others fail to do enough. Trubowitz pushes the understanding of grand strategy beyond traditional approaches that stress only international forces or domestic interests. He provides insights into how past leaders responded to cross-pressures between geopolitics and party politics, and how similar issues continue to bedevil American statecraft today. He suggests that the trade-offs shaping American leaders' foreign policy choices are not unique--analogous trade-offs confront Chinese and Russian leaders as well. Combining innovative theory and historical analysis, Politics and Strategy answers classic questions of statecraft and offers new ideas for thinking about grand strategies and the leaders who make them.
Categories: Political Science

The Indian Ocean and US Grand Strategy

The Indian Ocean and US Grand Strategy

The book concludes with a comparative assessment of these options and a discussion of their implications for US policymakers.

Author: Peter Dombrowski

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781626161504

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 991

The Indian Ocean, with its critical routes for global commerce, is a potentially volatile location for geopolitical strife. Even as the region’s role in the international economy and as a highway to conflict zones increases, the US has failed to advance a coherent strategy for protecting its interests in the Indian Ocean or for managing complex diplomatic relationships across the region. The Indian Ocean and US Grand Strategy presents a range of viewpoints about whether and how the US should alter its diplomatic and military strategies for this region. Contributors examine US interests in the Indian Ocean, assess the relative critical importance or imperiled nature of these interests, and propose solutions for American strategy ranging from minimal change to maximum engagement. The book concludes with a comparative assessment of these options and a discussion of their implications for US policymakers. This volume’s perspectives and analysis of the Indian Ocean region will be valued by scholars and students of US foreign policy, South Asia, and security studies as well as by diplomats, military officers, and other practitioners.
Categories: Political Science