Commemorating the Dead

Commemorating the Dead

Do the material remains from Jewish burials evidence an adherence to ancient customs, or the adaptation of rituals from surrounding cultures? What Greco-Roman funerary images were taken over and "baptized" as Christian ones?

Author: Laurie Brink

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110211573

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 737

Commemorating the Dead analyzes and interprets the material remains of Roman period burials in light of ancient texts. Is the move from columbaria to catacombs the result of evolving religious identities or simply a matter of a change in fashions? What Greco-Roman and Jewish funerary images were “baptized” as Christian ones? In Commemorating the Dead, archaeologists, Roman historians, and scholars of Judaism and Early Christianity engage in a cross-disciplinary conversation on the impact of Roman and Jewish burial customs on the creation of early Christian memorial practices.
Categories: History

Commemorating the Dead in Revolutionary France

Commemorating the Dead in Revolutionary France

Based on extensive research across a wide range of sources, this book is the first comprehensive study of the cultural politics of commemoration in Revolutionary France.

Author: Joseph Clarke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521189837

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 625

From the fall of the Bastille in 1789 to the coming of Napoleon ten years later, the commemoration of the dead was a recurring theme during the French Revolution. Based on extensive research across a wide range of sources, this 2007 book was the first comprehensive study of the cultural politics of commemoration in Revolutionary France. It examines what remembrance meant to the people who staged and attended ceremonies, raised monuments, listened to speeches and purchased souvenirs in memory of the Revolution's dead. It explores the political purposes these commemorations served and the conflicts they gave rise to while also examining the cultural traditions they drew upon. Above all, it asks what private ends did the Revolution's rites of memory serve? What consolation did commemoration bring to those the dead left behind, and what conflicts did this relationship between the public and the private dimensions of remembrance give rise to?
Categories: History

Commemorating the Dead in Late Medieval Strasbourg

Commemorating the Dead in Late Medieval Strasbourg

The Book of Donors for Strasbourg cathedral is an extraordinary medieval document dating from ca. 1320-1520, with 6,954 entries from artisan, merchant and aristocratic classes.

Author: Charlotte A. Stanford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317163985

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 258

The Book of Donors for Strasbourg cathedral is an extraordinary medieval document dating from ca. 1320-1520, with 6,954 entries from artisan, merchant and aristocratic classes. These individuals listed gifts to the cathedral construction fund given in exchange for prayers for the donors' souls. The construction administrators (the Oeuvre Notre-Dame) also built a chapel dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the nave that housed the book and showcased prayers and masses for the building benefactors. Chapel, book and west front project formed a three part commemorative strategy that appealed to the faithful of the city and successfully competed against other religious establishments also offering memorial services. Charlotte A. Stanford's study is the first to comprehensively analyze the unpublished Book of Donors manuscript and show the types and patterns of gifts made to the cathedral. It also compares these gift entries with those in earlier obituary records kept by the cathedral canons, as well as other medieval obituary notices kept by parish churches and convents in Strasbourg. Analysis of the Book of Donors notes the increase of personal details and requests in fifteenth-century entries and discusses the different memorial opportunities available to the devout. This study draws a vivid picture of life in late medieval Strasbourg as seen through the lens of devotional and memorial practices, and will be of particular interest to scholars of art history, memory, and medieval urban life.
Categories: History

Commemorating War and War Dead

Commemorating War and War Dead

These are challenges that raised new questions, or offered new answers. How is war memorialized and commemorated? How do individuals react to war trauma?

Author: Maurizio Giangiulio

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH

ISBN: 3515121757

Category: War and society

Page: 362

View: 280

Since Bouthoul's seminal work on polemology (1951), war studies have been increasingly influenced by sociology, psychology and psychoanalysis, memory studies, and even literary theory; while also weathering the storms of the cultural turn and, more generally, postmodernism. These are challenges that raised new questions, or offered new answers. How is war memorialized and commemorated? How do individuals react to war trauma? How are individual reactions and narratives implemented in collective thoughts, narratives and memories? How do societies remember wars, and how do these memories, in turn, affect political structures? How are public commemorations organized? These are some of the questions contemporary war studies are still engaged in. By presenting case studies both ancient and modern, from the ancient Greeks and Romans through medieval and modern times to contemporary history, this volume stimulates reflection on how and why individuals and societies remember and commemorate war.
Categories: War and society

Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism

Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism

Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism is the first volume to bring together a detailed analysis of professional military pilgrimage with other forms of commemorating military conflict.

Author: John Eade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317096030

Category: Religion

Page: 164

View: 909

Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism is the first volume to bring together a detailed analysis of professional military pilgrimage with other forms of commemorating military conflict. The volume looks beyond the discussion of battlefield tourism undertaken primarily by civilians which has dominated research until now through an analysis of the relationship between religious, military and civilian participants. Drawing on a comparative approach towards what has mostly been categorised as secular pilgrimage, dark tourism/thanatourism, military and religious tourism, and re-enactment, the contributors explore the varied ways in which memory, material culture and rituals are performed at particular places. The volume also engages with the debate about the extent to which western definitions of pilgrimage and tourism, as well as such related terms as religion, sacred and secular, can be applied in non-western contexts.
Categories: Religion

Commemorating the Dead in a Time of Global Crisis

Commemorating the Dead in a Time of Global Crisis

"Record of the 'Egyptian-Japanese international symposium 2011--Commemorating the dead in a time of global crisis' convened at the University of Tokyo on September 23rd of 2011"--P. 11.

Author: Tetsuya Ōtoshi

Publisher:

ISBN: 4925210394

Category: Death

Page: 156

View: 722

"Record of the 'Egyptian-Japanese international symposium 2011--Commemorating the dead in a time of global crisis' convened at the University of Tokyo on September 23rd of 2011"--P. 11.
Categories: Death

A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities

A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities

Prayer for Living and Dead ; and for acceptance of the Sacrifice . Preface resumed . Sanctus , Sanctus . Sanctus . Sanctus . Commemoration of Commemoration ...

Author: William Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B2968797

Category: Christian antiquities

Page:

View: 372

Categories: Christian antiquities

A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities

A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities

Prayer for Living and Dead ; and for accrptance of the Sacrifice . Preface resumed . Sanctus . Sanctus . Sanctus . Sanctus . Sanctus . Commemoration of ...

Author: Sir William Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044038487716

Category: Christian antiquities

Page:

View: 981

Categories: Christian antiquities

Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism

Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism

Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism is the first volume to bring together a detailed analysis of professional military pilgrimage with other forms of commemorating military conflict.

Author: John Eade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0367881918

Category:

Page: 164

View: 171

Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism is the first volume to bring together a detailed analysis of professional military pilgrimage with other forms of commemorating military conflict. The volume looks beyond the discussion of battlefield tourism undertaken primarily by civilians which has dominated research until now through an analysis of the relationship between religious, military and civilian participants. Drawing on a comparative approach towards what has mostly been categorised as secular pilgrimage, dark tourism/thanatourism, military and religious tourism, and re-enactment, the contributors explore the varied ways in which memory, material culture and rituals are performed at particular places. The volume also engages with the debate about the extent to which western definitions of pilgrimage and tourism, as well as such related terms as religion, sacred and secular, can be applied in non-western contexts.
Categories:

9 11

9 11

Calling for a sustained cultural and theoretical analysis, 9/11 is the first book of its kind to consider the events of that tragic day with a perspective so firmly grounded in the humanities and so persuasive about the contribution they ...

Author: David Simpson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226759395

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 293

After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, a general sense that the world was different—that nothing would ever be the same—settled upon a grieving nation; the events of that day were received as cataclysmic disruptions of an ordered world. Refuting this claim, David Simpson examines the complex and paradoxical character of American public discourse since that September morning, considering the ways the event has been aestheticized, exploited, and appropriated, while “Ground Zero” remains the contested site of an effort at adequate commemoration. In 9/11, Simpson argues that elements of the conventional culture of mourning and remembrance—grieving the dead, summarizing their lives in obituaries, and erecting monuments in their memory—have been co-opted for political advantage. He also confronts those who labeled the event an “apocalypse,” condemning their exploitation of 9/11 for the defense of torture and war. In four elegant chapters—two of which expand on essays originally published in the London Review of Books to great acclaim—Simpson analyzes the response to 9/11: the nationally syndicated “Portraits of Grief” obituaries in the New York Times; the debates over the rebuilding of the World Trade Center towers and the memorial design; the representation of American and Iraqi dead after the invasion of March 2003, along with the worldwide circulation of the Abu Ghraib torture photographs; and the urgent and largely ignored critique of homeland rhetoric from the domain of critical theory. Calling for a sustained cultural and theoretical analysis, 9/11 is the first book of its kind to consider the events of that tragic day with a perspective so firmly grounded in the humanities and so persuasive about the contribution they can make to our understanding of its consequences.
Categories: History

Imagining Childhood

Imagining Childhood

Graeco - Roman funerary monuments set the pattern for most later European images commemorating dead children . Whenever they appear subsequently ...

Author: Erika Langmuir

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300101317

Category: Art

Page: 263

View: 535

The images of children that abound in Western art do not simply mirror reality; they are imaginative constructs, representing childhood as a special stage of human life, or emblematic of the human condition itself. In a compelling book ranging widely across time, national boundaries, and genres from ancient Egyptian amulets to Picasso's Guernica, Erika Langmuir demonstrates that no historic period has a monopoly on the 'discovery of childhood'. Famous pictures by great artists, as well as barely known anonymous artefacts, illustrate not only Western society's perennially ambivalent attitudes to children, but also the many and varied functions that works of art have played throughout its history.
Categories: Art

The Encyclopedia of War 5 Volume Set

The Encyclopedia of War  5 Volume Set

... provide a fixed place for people to gather and remember the dead. ... not to commemorate the dead of World War II, but to invigorate Americans for the ...

Author: Gordon Martel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405190374

Category: History

Page: 2944

View: 128

This ground-breaking 5-volume reference is a comprehensive print and electronic resource covering the history of warfare from ancient times to the present day, across the entire globe. Arranged in A-Z format, the Encyclopedia provides an overview of the most important events, people, and terms associated with warfare - from the Punic Wars to the Mongol conquest of China, and the War on Terror; from the Ottoman Sultan, Suleiman ‘the Magnificent’, to the Soviet Military Commander, Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov; and from the crossbow to chemical warfare. Individual entries range from 1,000 to 6,000 words with the longer, essay-style contributions giving a detailed analysis of key developments and ideas. Drawing on an experienced and internationally diverse editorial board, the Encyclopedia is the first to offer readers at all levels an extensive reference work based on the best and most recent scholarly research. The online platform further provides interactive cross-referencing links and powerful searching and browsing capabilities within the work and across Wiley-Blackwell’s comprehensive online reference collection. Learn more at www.encyclopediaofwar.com. Selected by Choice as a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title Recipient of a 2012 PROSE Award honorable mention
Categories: History

Remembering the World Wars in Britain

Remembering the World Wars in Britain

This is also affected by literature and the entertainment industry, the different roles of various individuals, both civilian and military, and the nature of the fighting itself.

Author: Charles River Editors

Publisher:

ISBN: 1658722760

Category:

Page: 98

View: 107

*Includes pictures *Includes a bibliography for further reading "Good-morning, good-morning!" the General said When we met him last week on our way to the line. Now the soldiers he smiled at are most of 'em dead, And we're cursing his staff for incompetent swine."He's a cheery old card," grunted Harry to JackAs they slogged up to Arras with rifle and pack.But he did for them both by his plan of attack. There is extensive empirical literature about memorialization, but very little theory despite the fact people have been commemorating events for millennia. The term is generally understood to mean the practices and behaviors used to commemorate those who died in a traumatic event such as a war, and these practices may involve statues, graveyards, museums, the naming of streets and buildings, awards of medals or colors, anniversaries, literature, art, music, and dress codes. This list is not exhaustive, and not all these methods will necessarily be used to memorialize any given event. Practices and behaviors are sometimes culturally specific and have evolved over time but are nearly always conceived solely in terms of commemorating the dead. At the same time, nations can memorialize sacrifices made in war by the way they care for those left in limbo between life and death, such as the wounded and the bereaved. Similarly, nations can memorialize the dead by reforming their postwar economy and society in order to show that sacrifices had not been made in vain. The differences in the extent to which these forms of memorialization were carried out successfully have been crucial to the formation of different social memories of the world wars in Britain. The commemoration of World War I and World War II have received a great deal of attention in recent years, especially coinciding with the centenary of World War I, but social memory as a historical study is still in its infancy, despite the fact societies have been commemorating important events for as long as societies have existed. In fact, it's clear at first glance that World War I and World War II are memorialized similarly in some respects, but quite differently in others, even as the emphasis of remembrances gradually shifted away from individual and community memorials to state sponsored national commemorations. This is also affected by literature and the entertainment industry, the different roles of various individuals, both civilian and military, and the nature of the fighting itself. Remembering the World Wars in Britain: The History and Legacy of British Commemorations and Their Social Memory of the Conflicts examines how the wars have been remembered by the British, and why there are notable differences. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the social memory of the wars like never before.
Categories:

The Viking age Rune stones

The Viking age Rune stones

Custom and Commemoration in Early Medieval Scandinavia Birgit Sawyer ... In the first place they commemorated dead individuals but, unlike later gravestones ...

Author: Birgit Sawyer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198206439

Category: History

Page: 269

View: 449

There are over 3000 runic inscriptions on stone made in Scandinavia in the late Viking Age. This book is the first attempt by a historian to study the material as a whole. The analysis reveals significant regional variations that reflect different stages in the process of conversion, and the growth of royal power. Many monuments were declarations of faith or manifestations of status; but virtually all reflect inheritance claims, and cast unexpected light on the prehistory of the inheritance customs found in later Scandinavian law codes. The results of this analysis make a significant contribution to understanding developments in other parts of the Germanic world, as well as Scandinavia. The inclusion of a digest of the data-base on which this book is based will facilitate further study of this rich vein of evidence.
Categories: History

Seeking Salvation

Seeking Salvation

This cutting-edge volume sheds valuable new light on an aspect of medieval piety which is of increasing interest to scholars, and is accompanied by a generous spread of 96 pages of stunning colour photographs.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 1907730478

Category:

Page:

View: 772

Categories:

Death as a Process

Death as a Process

This volume draws on large-scale fieldwork from across Europe, methodological advances and conceptual innovations to explore new insights from analysis of the Roman dead, concerning both the rituals which saw them to their tombs and the ...

Author: John Pearce

Publisher:

ISBN: 1785703250

Category: Burial

Page:

View: 279

Categories: Burial

Commemorating and Forgetting

Commemorating and Forgetting

168. See John Gillis, “Introduction—Memory and Identity, in Commemorations, ed. Gillis, 3–24; and Sara McDowell, “Commemorating 'Dead Men': Gendering ...

Author: Martin J. Murray

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9781452939575

Category: Architecture

Page: 320

View: 964

When the past is painful, as riddled with violence and injustice as it is in postapartheid South Africa, remembrance presents a problem at once practical and ethical: how much of the past to preserve and recollect and how much to erase and forget if the new nation is to ever unify and move forward? The new South Africa’s confrontation of this dilemma is Martin J. Murray’s subject in Commemorating and Forgetting. More broadly, this book explores how collective memory works—how framing events, persons, and places worthy of recognition and honor entails a selective appropriation of the past, not a mastery of history. How is the historical past made to appear in the present? In addressing these questions, Murray reveals how collective memory is stored and disseminated in architecture, statuary, monuments and memorials, literature, and art—“landscapes of remembrance” that selectively recall and even fabricate history in the service of nation-building. He examines such vehicles of memory in postapartheid South Africa and parses the stories they tell—stories by turn sanitized, distorted, embellished, and compressed. In this analysis, Commemorating and Forgetting marks a critical move toward recognizing how the legacies and impositions of white minority rule, far from being truly past, remain embedded in, intertwined with, and imprinted on the new nation’s here and now.
Categories: Architecture

Commemorating the Polish Renaissance Child

Commemorating the Polish Renaissance Child

The book consists of five major parts, which could be read in any order, though the overall sequencing is based on the premise that an understanding of the context and background will enhance a reading of these fascinating child monuments.

Author: Jeannie Labno

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317163954

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 100

The study of funeral monuments is a growing field, but monuments erected to commemorate children have so far received little attention. Whilst the practice of erecting monuments to the dead was widespread across Renaissance Europe, the vast majority of these commemorated adults, with children generally only appearing as part of their parents' memorials. However, as this study reveals, in Poland there developed a very different tradition of funerary monuments designed for, and dedicated to, individual children - daughters as well as sons. The book consists of five major parts, which could be read in any order, though the overall sequencing is based on the premise that an understanding of the context and background will enhance a reading of these fascinating child monuments. Consequently, there is a progression of knowledge presented from the broader context of the earlier parts, towards the final parts where the actual child monuments are discussed in detail. Thus the book begins with an overview of the wider cultural contexts of funerary monuments and where children fitted into this. It then moves on to to look at the 'forgotten Renaissance' of central Europe and specifically the situation in Poland. The middle part addresses the 'culture of memory', examining the role of funerary monuments in reinforcing social, religious and familial continuity. The last parts deal with the physical monuments: empirical data, iconography and iconology. Through this illuminating consideration of children's monuments, the book raises a host of fascinating questions relating to Polish social and cultural life, family structure, attitudes to children and gender. It also addresses the issue of why Poland witnessed this unusual development, and what this tells us about the transmission of cultural and artistic ideas across Renaissance Europe. Drawing upon social and cultural history, visual and gender studies, the work not only asks important new questions, but provides a fresh perspective on some familiar topics and themes within Renaissance history.
Categories: History