Combinatorics Computability and Logic

Combinatorics  Computability and Logic

This volume contains the papers presented at the Third Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science Conference (DMTCS1), which was held at 'Ovidius'University Constantza, Romania in July 2001.

Author: C.S. Calude

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447107170

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

View: 677

This volume contains the papers presented at the Third Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science Conference (DMTCS1), which was held at 'Ovidius'University Constantza, Romania in July 2001. The conference was open to all areas of discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science, and the papers contained within this volume cover topics such as: abstract data types and specifications; algorithms and data structures; automata and formal languages; computability, complexity and constructive mathematics; discrete mathematics, combinatorial computing and category theory; logic, nonmonotonic logic and hybrid systems; molecular computing.
Categories: Mathematics

Combinatorics Computation and Logic 99

Combinatorics  Computation and Logic  99

This volume contains the proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (DMTCS9) and the 5th Australasian Theory Symposium (CATS9).

Author: Cristian Calude

Publisher: Eureka Publications

ISBN: 9814021563

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 112

"This volume contains the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (DMTCS'99) and The 5th Australasian Theory Symposium (CATS'99). They are part of the Australasian Computer Science Week (ACSW'99) which was held in Auckland, New Zealand in January 1999."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Categories: Computers

Slicing the Truth

Slicing the Truth

This book is a brief and focused introduction to the reverse mathematics and computability theory of combinatorial principles, an area of research which has seen a particular surge of activity in the last few years.

Author: Denis R Hirschfeldt

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814612630

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 731

This book is a brief and focused introduction to the reverse mathematics and computability theory of combinatorial principles, an area of research which has seen a particular surge of activity in the last few years. It provides an overview of some fundamental ideas and techniques, and enough context to make it possible for students with at least a basic knowledge of computability theory and proof theory to appreciate the exciting advances currently happening in the area, and perhaps make contributions of their own. It adopts a case-study approach, using the study of versions of Ramsey's Theorem (for colorings of tuples of natural numbers) and related principles as illustrations of various aspects of computability theoretic and reverse mathematical analysis. This book contains many exercises and open questions. Contents:Setting Off: An IntroductionGathering Our Tools: Basic Concepts and NotationFinding Our Path: König's Lemma and ComputabilityGauging Our Strength: Reverse MathematicsIn Defense of DisarrayAchieving Consensus: Ramsey's TheoremPreserving Our Power: ConservativityDrawing a Map: Five DiagramsExploring Our Surroundings: The World Below RT22Charging Ahead: Further TopicsLagniappe: A Proof of Liu's Theorem Readership: Graduates and researchers in mathematical logic. Key Features:This book assumes minimal background in mathematical logic and takes the reader all the way to current research in a highly active areaIt is the first detailed introduction to this particular approach to this area of researchThe combination of fully worked out arguments and exercises make this book well suited to self-study by graduate students and other researchers unfamiliar with the areaKeywords:Reverse Mathematics;Computability Theory;Computable Mathematics;Computable Combinatorics
Categories: Mathematics

Combinatorics Complexity Logic

Combinatorics  Complexity    Logic

These proceedings contain original papers which had been solicited in all areas of discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science, in particular in the areas of combinatorics, complexity, computability, constructivity, and logic.

Author: Douglas S. Bridges

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: UOM:39015053941095

Category: Mathematics

Page: 422

View: 863

DMTCS'96 is the first of a planned series of conferences organized by the Centre for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science, and is the first joint venture of the Computer Science and Mathematics departments of the University of Auckland and Waikato, New Zealand. These proceedings contain original papers which had been solicited in all areas of discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science, in particular in the areas of combinatorics, complexity, computability, constructivity, and logic.
Categories: Mathematics

Computability and Unsolvability

Computability and Unsolvability

Classic graduate-level introduction to theory of computability.

Author: Martin Davis

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486151069

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 812

Classic graduate-level introduction to theory of computability. Discusses general theory of computability, computable functions, operations on computable functions, Turing machines self-applied, unsolvable decision problems, applications of general theory, mathematical logic, Kleene hierarchy, more.
Categories: Mathematics

Combinatory Logic

Combinatory Logic

Functioning as a comprehensive source for current developments of combinatory logic, this book is the only one of its kind to cover results of the last four decades.

Author: Katalin Bimbó

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439800003

Category: Computers

Page: 357

View: 499

Combinatory logic is one of the most versatile areas within logic that is tied to parts of philosophical, mathematical, and computational logic. Functioning as a comprehensive source for current developments of combinatory logic, this book is the only one of its kind to cover results of the last four decades. Using a reader-friendly style, the author presents the most up-to-date research studies. She includes an introduction to combinatory logic before progressing to its central theorems and proofs. The text makes intelligent and well-researched connections between combinatory logic and lambda calculi and presents models and applications to illustrate these connections.
Categories: Computers

Computing and Combinatorics

Computing and Combinatorics

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th Annual International Conference on Computing and Combinatorics, held in Sydney, Australia, in August 2012.

Author: Joachim Gudmundsson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642322419

Category: Computers

Page: 606

View: 165

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th Annual International Conference on Computing and Combinatorics, held in Sydney, Australia, in August 2012. The 50 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 121 submissions. Topics covered are algorithms and data structures; algorithmic game theory and online algorithms; automata, languages, logic, and computability; combinatorics related to algorithms and complexity; complexity theory; computational learning theory and knowledge discovery; cryptography, reliability and security, and database theory; computational biology and bioinformatics; computational algebra, geometry, and number theory; graph drawing and information visualization; graph theory, communication networks, and optimization.
Categories: Computers

Well Quasi Orders in Computation Logic Language and Reasoning

Well Quasi Orders in Computation  Logic  Language and Reasoning

This book bridges the gaps between logic, mathematics and computer science by delving into the theory of well-quasi orders, also known as wqos.

Author: Peter M. Schuster

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030302290

Category: Philosophy

Page: 391

View: 957

This book bridges the gaps between logic, mathematics and computer science by delving into the theory of well-quasi orders, also known as wqos. This highly active branch of combinatorics is deeply rooted in and between many fields of mathematics and logic, including proof theory, commutative algebra, braid groups, graph theory, analytic combinatorics, theory of relations, reverse mathematics and subrecursive hierarchies. As a unifying concept for slick finiteness or termination proofs, wqos have been rediscovered in diverse contexts, and proven to be extremely useful in computer science. The book introduces readers to the many facets of, and recent developments in, wqos through chapters contributed by scholars from various fields. As such, it offers a valuable asset for logicians, mathematicians and computer scientists, as well as scholars and students.
Categories: Philosophy

Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic

Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic

This volume contains the accounts of papers delivered at the Nato Advanced Study Institute on Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic held at the Banff Centre, Alberta, Canada from April 21 to May 4, 1991.

Author: Norbert W Sauer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792324226

Category: Mathematics

Page: 453

View: 253

This volume contains the accounts of papers delivered at the Nato Advanced Study Institute on Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic held at the Banff Centre, Alberta, Canada from April 21 to May 4, 1991. As the title suggests the meeting brought together workers interested in the interplay between finite and infinite combinatorics, set theory, graph theory and logic. It used to be that infinite set theory, finite combinatorics and logic could be viewed as quite separate and independent subjects. But more and more those disciplines grow together and become interdependent of each other with ever more problems and results appearing which concern all of those disciplines. I appreciate the financial support which was provided by the N. A. T. O. Advanced Study Institute programme, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Department of Mathematics and Statistics of the University of Calgary. 11l'te meeting on Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic followed two other meetings on discrete mathematics held in Banff, the Symposium on Ordered Sets in 1981 and the Symposium on Graphs and Order in 1984. The growing inter-relation between the different areas in discrete mathematics is maybe best illustrated by the fact that many of the participants who were present at the previous meetings also attended this meeting on Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic.
Categories: Mathematics

Well Quasi Orders in Computation Logic Language and Reasoning

Well Quasi Orders in Computation  Logic  Language and Reasoning

This book bridges the gaps between logic, mathematics and computer science by delving into the theory of well-quasi orders, also known as wqos.

Author: Peter M. Schuster

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030302318

Category: Philosophy

Page: 391

View: 863

This book bridges the gaps between logic, mathematics and computer science by delving into the theory of well-quasi orders, also known as wqos. This highly active branch of combinatorics is deeply rooted in and between many fields of mathematics and logic, including proof theory, commutative algebra, braid groups, graph theory, analytic combinatorics, theory of relations, reverse mathematics and subrecursive hierarchies. As a unifying concept for slick finiteness or termination proofs, wqos have been rediscovered in diverse contexts, and proven to be extremely useful in computer science. The book introduces readers to the many facets of, and recent developments in, wqos through chapters contributed by scholars from various fields. As such, it offers a valuable asset for logicians, mathematicians and computer scientists, as well as scholars and students.
Categories: Philosophy

Language Truth and Logic in Mathematics

Language  Truth and Logic in Mathematics

As its title indicates, the essays included in the present volume represent the latter approach.

Author: Jaakko Hintikka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401720458

Category: Mathematics

Page: 250

View: 238

One can distinguish, roughly speaking, two different approaches to the philosophy of mathematics. On the one hand, some philosophers (and some mathematicians) take the nature and the results of mathematicians' activities as given, and go on to ask what philosophical morals one might perhaps find in their story. On the other hand, some philosophers, logicians and mathematicians have tried or are trying to subject the very concepts which mathematicians are using in their work to critical scrutiny. In practice this usually means scrutinizing the logical and linguistic tools mathematicians wield. Such scrutiny can scarcely help relying on philosophical ideas and principles. In other words it can scarcely help being literally a study of language, truth and logic in mathematics, albeit not necessarily in the spirit of AJ. Ayer. As its title indicates, the essays included in the present volume represent the latter approach. In most of them one of the fundamental concepts in the foundations of mathematics and logic is subjected to a scrutiny from a largely novel point of view. Typically, it turns out that the concept in question is in need of a revision or reconsideration or at least can be given a new twist. The results of such a re-examination are not primarily critical, however, but typically open up new constructive possibilities. The consequences of such deconstructions and reconstructions are often quite sweeping, and are explored in the same paper or in others.
Categories: Mathematics

Issues in Logic Probability Combinatorics and Chaos Theory 2012 Edition

Issues in Logic  Probability  Combinatorics  and Chaos Theory  2012 Edition

Issues in Logic, Probability, Combinatorics, and Chaos Theory: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chaos Research.

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 9781481647281

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 517

Issues in Logic, Probability, Combinatorics, and Chaos Theory: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chaos Research. The editors have built Issues in Logic, Probability, Combinatorics, and Chaos Theory: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chaos Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Logic, Probability, Combinatorics, and Chaos Theory: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Categories: Mathematics

Logic and Theory of Algorithms

Logic and Theory of Algorithms

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2008, held in Athens, Greece, in June 2008.

Author: Arnold Beckmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540694076

Category: Computers

Page: 596

View: 446

CiE 2008: Logic and Theory of Algorithms Athens, Greece, June 15–20, 2008 Computability in Europe (CiE) is an informal network of European scientists working on computability theory, including its foundations, technical devel- ment, and applications. Among the aims of the network is to advance our t- oretical understanding of what can and cannot be computed, by any means of computation. Its scienti?c vision is broad: computations may be performed with discrete or continuous data by all kinds of algorithms, programs, and - chines. Computations may be made by experimenting with any sort of physical system obeying the laws of a physical theory such as Newtonian mechanics, quantum theory, or relativity. Computations may be very general, depending on the foundations of set theory; or very speci?c, using the combinatorics of ?nite structures. CiE also works on subjects intimately related to computation, especially theories of data and information, and methods for formal reasoning about computations. The sources of new ideas and methods include practical developments in areas such as neural networks, quantum computation, natural computation, molecular computation, computational learning. Applications are everywhere,especially, in algebra,analysisand geometry, or data types and p- gramming. Within CiE there is general recognition of the underlying relevance of computability to physics and a broad range of other sciences, providing as it does a basic analysis of the causal structure of dynamical systems. Thisvolume,Logic andTheory of Algorithms,istheproceedingsofthefourth in a series of conferences of CiE that was held at the University of Athens, June 15–20, 2008.
Categories: Computers

Infinity in Logic and Computation

Infinity in Logic and Computation

Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information, this volume constitutes a selection of papers presented at the Internatonal Conference on Infinity in Logic and Computation, ILC 2007, held in Cape Town ...

Author: Margaret Archibald

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642030925

Category: Computers

Page: 139

View: 586

Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information, this volume constitutes a selection of papers presented at the Internatonal Conference on Infinity in Logic and Computation, ILC 2007, held in Cape Town, South Africa, in November 2007. The 7 revised papers presented together with 2 invited talks were carefully selected from 27 initial submissions during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers address all aspects of infinity in automata theory, logic, computability and verification and focus on topics such as automata on infinite objects; combinatorics, cryptography and complexity; computability and complexity on the real numbers; infinite games and their connections to logic; logic, computability, and complexity in finitely presentable infinite structures; randomness and computability; transfinite computation; and verification of infinite state systems.
Categories: Computers

Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic

Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic

This volume contains the accounts of papers delivered at the Nato Advanced Study Institute on Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic held at the Banff Centre, Alberta, Canada from April 21 to May 4, 1991.

Author: Norbert W Sauer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401049238

Category: Mathematics

Page: 453

View: 559

This volume contains the accounts of papers delivered at the Nato Advanced Study Institute on Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic held at the Banff Centre, Alberta, Canada from April 21 to May 4, 1991. As the title suggests the meeting brought together workers interested in the interplay between finite and infinite combinatorics, set theory, graph theory and logic. It used to be that infinite set theory, finite combinatorics and logic could be viewed as quite separate and independent subjects. But more and more those disciplines grow together and become interdependent of each other with ever more problems and results appearing which concern all of those disciplines. I appreciate the financial support which was provided by the N. A. T. O. Advanced Study Institute programme, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Department of Mathematics and Statistics of the University of Calgary. 11l'te meeting on Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic followed two other meetings on discrete mathematics held in Banff, the Symposium on Ordered Sets in 1981 and the Symposium on Graphs and Order in 1984. The growing inter-relation between the different areas in discrete mathematics is maybe best illustrated by the fact that many of the participants who were present at the previous meetings also attended this meeting on Finite and Infinite Combinatorics in Sets and Logic.
Categories: Mathematics

Computing and Combinatorics

Computing and Combinatorics

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th Annual International Conference on Computing and Combinatorics, held in Dallas, TX, USA, in August 2011.

Author: Bin Fu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642226847

Category: Computers

Page: 650

View: 147

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th Annual International Conference on Computing and Combinatorics, held in Dallas, TX, USA, in August 2011. The 54 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 136 submissions. Topics covered are algorithms and data structures; algorithmic game theory and online algorithms; automata, languages, logic, and computability; combinatorics related to algorithms and complexity; complexity theory; computational learning theory and knowledge discovery; cryptography, reliability and security, and database theory; computational biology and bioinformatics; computational algebra, geometry, and number theory; graph drawing and information visualization; graph theory, communication networks, and optimization; parallel and distributed computing.
Categories: Computers

Theory of Computation

Theory of Computation

The book also serves as an excellent resource for programmers and computing professionals wishing to understand the theoretical limitations of their craft.

Author: George Tourlakis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118315354

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 817

Learn the skills and acquire the intuition to assess the theoretical limitations of computer programming Offering an accessible approach to the topic, Theory of Computation focuses on the metatheory of computing and the theoretical boundaries between what various computational models can do and not do—from the most general model, the URM (Unbounded Register Machines), to the finite automaton. A wealth of programming-like examples and easy-to-follow explanations build the general theory gradually, which guides readers through the modeling and mathematical analysis of computational phenomena and provides insights on what makes things tick and also what restrains the ability of computational processes. Recognizing the importance of acquired practical experience, the book begins with the metatheory of general purpose computer programs, using URMs as a straightforward, technology-independent model of modern high-level programming languages while also exploring the restrictions of the URM language. Once readers gain an understanding of computability theory—including the primitive recursive functions—the author presents automata and languages, covering the regular and context-free languages as well as the machines that recognize these languages. Several advanced topics such as reducibilities, the recursion theorem, complexity theory, and Cook's theorem are also discussed. Features of the book include: A review of basic discrete mathematics, covering logic and induction while omitting specialized combinatorial topics A thorough development of the modeling and mathematical analysis of computational phenomena, providing a solid foundation of un-computability The connection between un-computability and un-provability: Gödel's first incompleteness theorem The book provides numerous examples of specific URMs as well as other programming languages including Loop Programs, FA (Deterministic Finite Automata), NFA (Nondeterministic Finite Automata), and PDA (Pushdown Automata). Exercises at the end of each chapter allow readers to test their comprehension of the presented material, and an extensive bibliography suggests resources for further study. Assuming only a basic understanding of general computer programming and discrete mathematics, Theory of Computation serves as a valuable book for courses on theory of computation at the upper-undergraduate level. The book also serves as an excellent resource for programmers and computing professionals wishing to understand the theoretical limitations of their craft.
Categories: Mathematics

Effective Logic Computation

Effective Logic Computation

Much of the mathematics described in this book has been implemented in the Leibniz System, a commercially available software system for logic programming and a leading tool for building expert systems.

Author: K. Truemper

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: UOM:39015039926681

Category: Computers

Page: 476

View: 892

A powerful new approach to solving propositional logic problems in the design of expert systems Effective Logic Computation describes breakthrough mathematical methods for computation in propositional logic. Offering a highly robust and versatile alternative to the production rule- or neural net-based approaches commonly used in the design of expert systems, Dr. Truemper’s combinatorial decomposition-based approach has produced a compiler that uniquely yields solution algorithms for both logic satisfiability problems and logic minimization problems. Also unique to the compiler is computation of a performance guarantee for each solution algorithm. Effective Logic Computation provides detailed algorithms for all steps carried out by the compiler. Much of the mathematics described in this book has been implemented in the Leibniz System, a commercially available software system for logic programming and a leading tool for building expert systems. This book’s companion volume, Design of Intelligent Computer Systems, is in preparation and will offer detailed coverage of software implementation and use, including a complete version of the Leibniz System. Effective Logic Computation is an indispensable working resource for computer scientists and applied mathematicians involved in the design of logic programming software, researchers in artificial intelligence, and operations researchers.
Categories: Computers

Reverse Mathematics

Reverse Mathematics

This volume presents reverse mathematics to a general mathematical audience for the first time.

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691196411

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 126

" This book presents reverse mathematics to a general mathematical audience for the first time. Reverse mathematics is a new field that answers some old questions. In the two thousand years that mathematicians have been deriving theorems from axioms, it has often been asked: which axioms are needed to prove a given theorem? Only in the last two hundred years have some of these questions been answered, and only in the last forty years has a systematic approach been developed. In Reverse Mathematics, John Stillwell gives a representative view of this field, emphasizing basic analysis--finding the "right axioms" to prove fundamental theorems--and giving a novel approach to logic. Stillwell introduces reverse mathematics historically, describing the two developments that made reverse mathematics possible, both involving the idea of arithmetization. The first was the nineteenth-century project of arithmetizing analysis, which aimed to define all concepts of analysis in terms of natural numbers and sets of natural numbers. The second was the twentieth-century arithmetization of logic and computation. Thus arithmetic in some sense underlies analysis, logic, and computation. Reverse mathematics exploits this insight by viewing analysis as arithmetic extended by axioms about the existence of infinite sets. Remarkably, only a small number of axioms are needed for reverse mathematics, and, for each basic theorem of analysis, Stillwell finds the "right axiom" to prove it. By using a minimum of mathematical logic in a well-motivated way, Reverse Mathematics will engage advanced undergraduates and all mathematicians interested in the foundations of mathematics. "--
Categories: Mathematics