Combating Nuclear Smuggling

Combating Nuclear Smuggling

The DHS¿s Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) is responsible for addressing the threat of nuclear smuggling.

Author: Gene Aloise

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437910353

Category:

Page: 12

View: 134

The DHS¿s Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) is responsible for addressing the threat of nuclear smuggling. Radiation detection portal monitors are key elements in our national defenses against such threats. DNDO has sponsored testing to develop new monitors, known as advanced spectroscopic portal (ASP) monitors, to replace radiation detection equipment currently being used at ports of entry. ASPs are currently being tested and a decision on certification is due in Nov. 2008. This testimony addresses: (1) the highlights of a Sept. 2008 report on the life cycle cost estimate to deploy ASPs; and (2) preliminary observations from reviews of the current program of ASP testing. Illustrations.
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Combating Nuclear Smuggling Lessons Learned from DHS Testing of Advanced Radiation Detection Portal Monitors

Combating Nuclear Smuggling  Lessons Learned from DHS Testing of Advanced Radiation Detection Portal Monitors

Combating Nuclear Smuggling: DHS Needs to Consider the Full Costs and
Complete All Tests Prior to Making a Decision on Whether to Purchase Advanced
Portal Monitors. GAO-08-1178T. Washington, D.C.: September 25, 2008.

Author: Gene Aloise

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437918434

Category:

Page: 19

View: 920

The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) is responsible for addressing the threat of nuclear smuggling. Radiation detection portal monitors are key elements in the nation's defenses against such threats. DNDO has sponsored testing to develop new monitors, known as advanced spectroscopic portal (ASP) monitors, to replace radiation detection equipment now being used. ASPs offer improvements over current portal monitors, particularly the potential to identify as well as detect radioactive material and thereby to reduce both the risk of missed threats and the rate of innocent alarms. This testimony addresses: (1) findings on DNDO's latest round of ASP testing; and (2) lessons from ASP testing that can be applied to other technology invest.
Categories:

Combating Nuclear Smuggling Recent Testing Raises Issues about the Potential Effectiveness of Advanced Radiation Detection Portal Monitors

Combating Nuclear Smuggling  Recent Testing Raises Issues about the Potential Effectiveness of Advanced Radiation Detection Portal Monitors

Our chief concern with the criteria is that they require only a marginal
improvement over current-generation portal monitors in the detection of certain
weapons-usable nuclear materials during primary screening. DNDO considers
detection of ...

Author: Gene Aloise

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437925715

Category:

Page: 13

View: 233

The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) is responsible for addressing the threat of nuclear smuggling. Radiation detection portal monitors are key elements in the nation¿s defenses against such threats. DNDO has sponsored testing to develop new monitors, known as advanced spectroscopic portal (ASP) monitors, to replace radiation detection equipment now being used at ports of entry. DNDO expects that ASPs may offer improvements over current-generation portal monitors. This testimony: (1) discusses the principal findings and recommendations from a May 2009 report on ASP testing; and (2) updates those findings based on info. from DNDO officials on the results of testing conducted since the report¿s issuance. Illus.
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Combating Nuclear Smuggling

Combating Nuclear Smuggling

Author: United States. Government Accountability Office

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1039229663

Category: Nuclear terrorism

Page: 71

View: 454

Categories: Nuclear terrorism

Nuclear Nonproliferation

Nuclear Nonproliferation

U.S. Efforts to Help Other Countries Combat Nuclear Smuggling Need
Strengthened Coordination and Planning Gary L. Jones. materials. To address
the threat posed by nuclear smuggling, the United States is helping these
countries improve ...

Author: Gary L. Jones

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0756728290

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 56

View: 477

Illicit trafficking in or smuggling of nuclear & other radioactive materials has increased in recent years. Many nuclear smuggling cases have been traced to nuclear material that originated in the countries of the former Soviet Union. The U.S., has helped these countries secure nuclear material at civilian & defense facilities, but these assistance efforts face daunting challenges. This report addresses U.S. efforts to combat nuclear smuggling by: identifying the U.S. Fed. programs tasked with combating the threat of illicit trafficking in nuclear materials & the amount of U.S. funding spent on this effort; determines how well the U.S. assistance is coordinated among Fed. agencies; & assesses the effectiveness of the equipment & training provided by the U.S.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Legal Framework for Strengthening Nuclear Security and Combating Nuclear Terrorism

Legal Framework for Strengthening Nuclear Security and Combating Nuclear Terrorism

One subsidiary issue which we have given a good deal of attention to is how to
better deter nuclear smuggling by more ... we do not of any transfers by states of
Legal Framework for Strengthening Nuclear Security and Combating Nuclear ...

Author: Igor Khripunov

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781607509967

Category: Electronic books

Page: 188

View: 128

New international approaches to strengthening nuclear security and combating the threat of nuclear terrorism have been introduced throughout the first decade of the 21st century. The adoption of new and revised mandatory international legal instruments, as well as other non-binding initiatives and voluntary mechanisms, have led to improved security measures in this critical area, but there is still a need for substantive and procedural arrangements to be significantly strengthened.This book is a collection of the presentations and deliberations of participants at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Vienna, Austria in January 2010. The workshop was attended by over 100 international experts from more than 20 countries, and the papers presented here summarize current understanding of, and approaches to, the legal framework for nuclear security and counterterrorism. The book will be of interest to all governments, international organizations, researchers and practitioners worldwide who are involved in securing nuclear materials and preventing nuclear terrorism
Categories: Electronic books

NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION U S Efforts to Combat Nuclear Smuggling

NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION  U S  Efforts to Combat Nuclear Smuggling

I will address (1) the different U.S. federal programs tasked with combating the international threat of illicit trafficking in nuclear materials and the amount of U.S. funding spent on this effort, (2) how well the U.S. assistance is ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:946249976

Category:

Page: 16

View: 807

I will address (1) the different U.S. federal programs tasked with combating the international threat of illicit trafficking in nuclear materials and the amount of U.S. funding spent on this effort, (2) how well the U.S. assistance is coordinated among federal agencies, (3) the effectiveness of the international assistance equipment and training provided by the United States, and (4) information about efforts to combat nuclear smuggling at U.S. borders. My statement today is based on the results of our May 16, 2002, report on this subject1 and information we obtained from the U.S. Customs Service in May and June 2002. In summary, U.S. efforts to help other countries combat nuclear smuggling are divided among six federal agencies the Departments of Energy (DOE); State; and Defense (DOD); the U.S. Customs Service; the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); and the U.S. Coast Guard. From fiscal year 1992 through fiscal year 2001, the six agencies spent about $86 million to help about 30 countries, mostly in the former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe, combat the threat of smuggling nuclear and other materials that could be used in weapons of mass destruction. The six agencies have provided a variety of assistance, including installing radiation detection equipment, helping countries improve their ability to control the export of goods and technologies that could be used to develop nuclear weapons, and providing other equipment and training to generally improve countries' ability to prevent nuclear smuggling. In particular, DOE has installed radiation detection monitors at eight border crossings and plans to install similar equipment at close to 60 sites in Russia through its Second Line of Defense program. The State Department has provided radiation detection monitors, mobile vans equipped with radiation detectors, hand-held detectors, and other assistance to about 30 countries. DOD has also provided equipment and other assistance to about 20 countries. 7.
Categories:

Nuclear Nonproliferation

Nuclear Nonproliferation

radioactive material could fall into the hands of terrorists and be smuggled into
the United States for use in a nuclear weapon ... For additional information see
GAO , Combating Nuclear Smuggling : Corruption , Maintenance , and
Coordination ...

Author: Gene Aloise

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1422315452

Category:

Page: 59

View: 278

Safeguarding nuclear warheads & materials that can be used to make nuclear weapons is a primary nat. security concern of the U.S. Since 1993, the DoE & DoD have worked to improve security at sites housing weapons-usable nuclear material & warheads in Russia & other countries. In 1995, DoE established the Materials Protection, Control, & Accounting program to implement these efforts. The author examined the: (1) progress DoE has made in improving security at nuclear-material sites in Russia & other countries; (2) progress DoE & DoD have made in improving security at Russian nuclear warhead sites; & (3) efforts DoE & DoD have undertaken to ensure the continued effective use of U.S.-funded security upgrades. Illustrations.
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Evaluating Testing Costs and Benefits of Advanced Spectroscopic Portals for Screening Cargo at Ports of Entry

Evaluating Testing  Costs  and Benefits of Advanced Spectroscopic Portals for Screening Cargo at Ports of Entry

Interim Report (Abbreviated Version) National Research Council, Division on
Earth and Life Studies, Nuclear and Radiation ... COMBATING NUCLEAR
SMUGGLING: Challenges Facing U.S. Efforts to Deploy Radiation Detection
Equipment in ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309186625

Category: Political Science

Page: 90

View: 364

To improve screening of containerized cargo for nuclear and radiological material that might be entering the United States, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is seeking to deploy new radiation detectors, called advanced spectroscopic portals (ASPs). The ASPs are intended to replace some or all of the current system of radiation portal monitors (called PVT RPMs) used in conjunction with handheld radioisotope identifiers (RIIDs) to detect and identify radioactive material in cargo. The U.S. Congress required the Secretary of Homeland Security to certify that ASPs will provide a 'significant increase in operational effectiveness' over continued use of the existing screening devices before DHS can proceed with full-scale procurement of ASPs for deployment. Congress also directed DHS to request this National Research Council study to advise the Secretary of Homeland Security about testing, analysis, costs, and benefits of the ASPs prior to the certification decision. This interim report is based on testing done before 2008; on plans for, observations of, and preliminary results from tests done in 2008; and on the agency's draft cost-benefit analysis as of October 2008. The book provides advice on how DHS' Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) can complete and make more rigorous its ASP evaluation for the Secretary and the nation.
Categories: Political Science

The Global Politics of Combating Nuclear Terrorism

The Global Politics of Combating Nuclear Terrorism

The 2003 smuggling incident involved HEU from a nuclear fuel fabrication plant
in Novosibirsk, Russia. The origin of the material in the 2006 incident has not
been confirmed but is suspected to involve HEU from the same Novosibirsk
facility in ...

Author: William C. Potter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317989615

Category: History

Page: 188

View: 753

The most difficult challenge for a terrorist organization seeking to build a nuclear weapon or improvised nuclear device is obtaining fissile material, either plutonium or highly enriched uranium (HEU). Experts acknowledge that obtaining HEU, uranium that has been processed to increase the proportion of the U-235 isotope to over 20%, is the most difficult challenge facing a state or non-state actor seeking to build a nuclear explosive. The large stocks of HEU in civilian use, many not adequately protected, are thus one of the greatest security risks facing the global community at present. This book contains chapters examining the various uses for this material and possible alternatives; the threat posed by this material; the economic, political and strategic obstacles to international efforts to end the use of HEU for commercial and research purposes; as well as new national and international measures that should be taken to further the elimination of HEU. This book was published as a special issue of The Nonproliferation Review.
Categories: History

Nuclear Detection Observations on the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office s Efforts to Develop a Global Nuclear Detection Architecture

Nuclear Detection  Observations on the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office s Efforts to Develop a Global Nuclear Detection Architecture

In response to these threats, U.S. agencies, including DHS, DOD, DOE, and State
, implemented programs to combat nuclear smuggling in foreign countries and
the United States. DOD, DOE, and State fund, manage, and implement the global
 ...

Author: David C. Maurer

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437908046

Category:

Page: 15

View: 535

In 2005, the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) was established to enhance and coordinate fed., state, and local efforts to combat nuclear smuggling domestically and abroad. DNDO was directed to develop, in coordination with the DoD, DoE, and the State Dept., an enhanced global nuclear detection architecture -- an integrated system of radiation detection equipment and interdiction activities. This testimony provides preliminary observations addressing: (1) the status of DNDO¿s efforts to develop a global nuclear detection architecture; (2) the challenges DNDO and other fed. agencies face in implementing the architecture; and (3) the costs of the programs that constitute the architecture. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables.
Categories:

Nuclear Detection

Nuclear Detection

The report provides an overview of the global nuclear detection strategy and
discusses programs and budgets for combating nuclear smuggling domestically
and overseas. Agency officials from DOD, DOE, and State said that this
information ...

Author: David Maurer

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437915419

Category:

Page: 68

View: 457

In April 2005, the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) was established to enhance and coordinate fed., state, and local efforts to combat nuclear smuggling domestically and overseas. DNDO was directed to develop, in coordination with the depts. of DoD, DoE, and State, a global strategy for nuclear detection -- a system of radiation detection equipment and interdiction activities domestically and abroad. This report examines: (1) DNDO's progress in developing programs to address critical gaps in preventing nuclear smuggling domestically; (2) DNDO's role in supporting other agencies' efforts to combat nuclear smuggling overseas; and (3) the amount budgeted by DoD, DoE, and State for programs that constitute the global nuclear detection strategy.
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Advanced Spectroscopic Portal Program

Advanced Spectroscopic Portal Program

Therefore, factors more difficult to quantify, such as risk reduction related to
nuclear terrorism, may determine the benefits of the ... 32 Government
Accountability Office, Combating Nuclear Smuggling: DHS's Cost-benefit
Analysis to Support the ...

Author: Dana A. Shea

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437926088

Category:

Page: 14

View: 647

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) is charged with developing and procuring equipment to prevent a terrorist nuclear or radiological attack in the U.S. At the forefront of DNDO¿s efforts are technologies currently deployed and under development whose purpose is to detect smuggled nuclear and radiological materials. These technologies include existing radiation portal monitors and next-generation replacements known as advanced spectroscopic portals (ASP). Radiation portal monitors are used to detect radiation emitted from conveyances, such as trucks, entering the U.S. Contents of this report: (1) History and Background; (2) Issues for Congress: Capability to Detect and Identify Threats; (3) Options for Congress. Illus.
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Catastrophic Possibilities Threatening U S Security

Catastrophic Possibilities Threatening U S  Security

DHS efforts to prevent the smuggling of nuclear and radiological materials into
the United States through gaps DNDO ... because although each agency with a
role in combating nuclear smuggling has its own planning documents, without an
 ...

Author: Kristen Boon

Publisher: Oceana Publications

ISBN: 9780199758272

Category: Political Science

Page: 484

View: 247

Terrorism: Commentary on Security Documents is a hardbound series that provides primary-source documents and expert commentary on the worldwide counter-terrorism effort. Among the documents collected are transcripts of Congressional testimony, reports by such federal government bodies as the Congressional Research Service (CRS) and the Government Accountability Office (GAO), and case law covering issues related to terrorism. Most volumes carry a single theme, and inside each volume the documents appear within topic-based categories. The series also includes a subject index and other indices that guide the user through this complex area of the law. Volume 119, Catastrophic Possibilities Threatening U.S. Security, discusses the nightmare scenario of a catastrophic attack on the United States. While the U.S. national security apparatus remains focused on the "wars" in Iraq and Afghanistan and appears to be postulating a future international security environment defined largely by threats increasingly posed by weak, failing, and failed states, astute strategists are not discounting the possibility of a catastrophic attack on the United States. In this volume, Douglas Lovelace presents a number of documents that help describe, explain, and assess the nature and severity of the threat of a catastrophic attack. Offering expert commentary for each section, Lovelace groups the documents into three categories: Catastrophic Potentialities in the International Security Environment, Countering the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear Materials, and Catastrophic Cyber Attack. Documents include a Department of Defense overview of the four categories of strategic challenges, a Government Accountability Office report addressing weapons of mass destruction and the actions needed to allocate resources for counterproliferation programs, and an insightful overview of the threat of catastrophic cyber-attack by the Department of Homeland Security. The commentary and primary sources in Volume 119 will apprise researchers and practitioners of international law and national security of the perils of a catastrophic attack against the United States posed by terrorists, radicals, state failure, and humanitarian disasters.
Categories: Political Science