Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation

Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation

This volume is the first one to illuminate diverse aspects of word formation from cognitive perspectives.

Author: Alexander Onysko

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110223590

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 431

View: 941

The series provides a comprehensive forum for publications in linguistics covering the entire range of language, including its variation and variability in space and time, its acquisition, theories on the nature of human language in general, and descriptions of individual languages. The series welcomes publications addressing the state of the art of linguistics as a whole or of specific subfields, and publications that offer challenging new approaches to linguistics. This volume is the first one to illuminate diverse aspects of word formation from cognitive perspectives. Guided by methodological pluralism, the contributions shed light on a variety of issues in word formation theory and on the interfaces between word formation and phraseology, phonology, and inflection. The majority of the studies focuses on individual types of word formation, reframing our understanding of these processes. Overall, the various contributions add to a yet marginal body of research in cognitive word formation and advance our awareness about the benefits of applying cognitive linguistic thoughts for investigating processes of lexical creation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation

Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation

Word-formation or word formation? The formation of complex words in Cognitive Linguistics Martina Lampert and Giinther Lampert 1. Introduction To sustain a minimum of conceptual coherence within Cognitive Linguistics, ...

Author: Alexander Onysko

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110223606

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 439

View: 615

While cognitive linguistics has become established as a comprehensive research paradigm over the last three decades, it has so far hardly contributed to investigations into processes of lexical creation as traditionally captured in research on word formation. In light of this, the volume at hand is the first one to take a step ahead towards illuminating diverse aspects of word formation from cognitive perspectives. The book combines contributions to the 2nd International Cognitive Linguistics Conference of the German Cognitive Linguistics Association with a selection of invited papers by scholars working on issues of word formation and cognitive linguistics. This selection is guided by pluralism in both methodology and topics. Thus, some contributions are of a primarily theoretical nature discussing, for example, recombinance as a model of word formation and a taxonomy of word formation processes as construction types. Several articles address interface issues such as word formation and phrasal constructions, word formation and inflection, as well as phonology and word formational patterns. The majority of the studies focuses on individual types of word formation (compounding, affixation, and conversion), and they contribute to reframing our understanding of these processes. With a focus on mostly Germanic languages (Afrikaans, Dutch, English, German, Luxembourgish, and Norwegian), data-driven analyses include corpus linguistic investigations, elicited data, psycholinguistic experiments, and computational linguistic applications. A few contributions follow a mainly introspective path of reasoning based on the discussion of selected examples as in the analysis of creative compounds. Overall, the volume provides a rich array of topics emerging under the umbrella of cognitive linguistic thought and established patterns and processes of word formation. The various studies add to a yet marginal body of research in cognitive word formation and, thus, advance our awareness about the benefits of applying cognitive linguistic thoughts for investigating processes of lexical creation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Word Formation

Handbook of Word Formation

This is the most comprehensive book to date on word formation in terms of scope of topics, schools and theoretical positions. All contributions were written by the leading scholars in their respective areas.

Author: Pavol Štekauer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035968

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 470

View: 928

This is the most comprehensive book to date on word formation in terms of scope of topics, schools and theoretical positions. All contributions were written by the leading scholars in their respective areas.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Morphology of Chinese

The Morphology of Chinese

This ground breaking study dispels the common belief that Chinese 'doesn't have words' but instead 'has characters'. Jerome Packard's book provides a comprehensive discussion of the linguistic and cognitive nature of Chinese words.

Author: Jerome L. Packard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139431668

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page:

View: 985

This ground breaking study dispels the common belief that Chinese 'doesn't have words' but instead 'has characters'. Jerome Packard's book provides a comprehensive discussion of the linguistic and cognitive nature of Chinese words. It shows that Chinese, far from being 'morphologically impoverished', has a different morphological system because it selects different 'settings' on parameters shared by all languages. The analysis of Chinese word formation therefore enhances our understanding of word universals. Packard describes the intimate relationship between words and their components, including how the identities of Chinese morphemes are word-driven, and offers new insights into the evolution of morphemes based on Chinese data. Models are offered for how Chinese words are stored in the mental lexicon and processed in natural speech, showing that much of what native speakers know about words occurs innately in the form of a hard-wired, specifically linguistic 'program' in the brain.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Spanish Word Formation and Lexical Creation

Spanish Word Formation and Lexical Creation

Although the volume uses Spanish as a starting point, it means to delimit formation patterns which may also be productive in other languages. This book is sure to become an important reference in the controversial field of word formation.

Author: José Luis Cifuentes Honrubia

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027240071

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 485

View: 305

This volume contributes a wider approach to word formation processes and sheds light on some unsolved issues. While the formal relationships established between the different constituents of a complex word have been analyzed in great depth, the semantic links have received little dedication. In order to complete the analysis, it is necessary to pay attention to the semantic properties associated to verbalization. The main purpose of the book is to integrate both the semantic proposals and the formal perspectives concerning word formation. This theoretical aim becomes the framework to study several mechanisms of lexical creation and neologisms. Furthermore, word formation is presented as a new source for Applied Linguistics. Although the volume uses Spanish as a starting point, it means to delimit formation patterns which may also be productive in other languages. This book is sure to become an important reference in the controversial field of word formation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Metonymy and Word Formation

Metonymy and Word Formation

This book deals with the interplay between word-formation and metonymy.

Author: Mario Brdar

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527507425

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 259

View: 474

This book deals with the interplay between word-formation and metonymy. It shows that, like metaphor, metonymy interacts in important ways with morphological structure, but also warns us against a virtually unconstrained conception of metonymy. The central claim here is that word-formation and metonymy are distinct linguistic components that complement and mutually constrain each other. Using linguistic data from a variety of languages, the book provides ample empirical support for its thesis. It is much more than a systematic study of two neglected linguistic phenomena, for a long time thought to be unimportant by linguists. Through exposing and explaining the intricate interaction between metonymy and word formation from a cognitive linguistic perspective, the reader is presented with a sense of the amazing complexity of the development of linguistic systems. This book will be essential reading for scholars and advanced students interested in the role of figuration in grammar.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Word Formation

Word Formation

1983 A multi-level approach to word-formation. Complex lexemes and word semantics. ... Marchand, Hans 1969 The Categories and Types of Present-Day English WordFormation. ... 2010 Cognitive Perspectives on Word-Formation.

Author: Peter O. Müller

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110393200

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 824

View: 655

This handbook comprises an in-depth presentation of the state of the art in word-formation. The five volumes contain 207 articles written by leading international scholars. The XVI chapters of the handbook provide the reader, in both general articles and individual studies, with a wide variety of perspectives: word-formation as a linguistic discipline (history of science, theoretical concepts), units and processes in word-formation, rules and restrictions, semantics and pragmatics, foreign word-formation, language planning and purism, historical word-formation, word-formation in language acquisition and aphasia, word-formation and language use, tools in word-formation research. The final chapter comprises 74 portraits of word-formation in the individual languages of Europe and offers an innovative perspective. These portraits afford the first overview of this kind and will prove useful for future typological research. This handbook will provide an essential reference for both advanced students and researchers in word-formation and related fields within linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

New Impulses in Word Formation

New Impulses in Word Formation

(2005): Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science. ... Linguistische Berichte 80/82, 3–17. Booij, G. (2009). “Phrasal names. A constructionist analysis”. Word ... (2010): Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation.

Author: Susan Olsen

Publisher: Helmut Buske Verlag

ISBN: 9783875488029

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 404

View: 484

This special issue entitled "New Impulses in Word-Formation" demonstrates in thirteen individual, empirically oriented case studies how the methods gleaned from newer theoretical models (optimality theory, construction grammar, cognitive grammar, distributive morphology, parallel architecture) as well as from the linguistic sub-disciplines of psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, corpus linguistics and computational linguistics can be applied lucratively to the field of word-formation. The individual contributions are from a team of international linguists and deal with a broad spectrum of interests divided almost equally between the two major areas of word-formation, derivation and composition.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Word Formation

Word Formation

This handbook comprises an in-depth presentation of the state of the art in word-formation. The five volumes contain 207 articles written by leading international scholars.

Author:

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110394689

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 770

View: 552

This handbook comprises an in-depth presentation of the state of the art in word-formation. The five volumes contain 207 articles written by leading international scholars. The 16 sections of the handbook provide the reader in general articles and individual studies with a wide variety of perspectives. The final section contains 74 portraits of word-formation in the individual languages of Europe and offers an innovative perspective.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Competition in Inflection and Word Formation

Competition in Inflection and Word Formation

Adjective + Noun Constructions Between Syntax and Word Formation in Dutch and German. In Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation, ed. Alexander Onysko and Sascha Michel, 195–215. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Hyman, Larry M. 2003.

Author: Franz Rainer

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030025502

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 334

View: 594

This is the first volume specifically dedicated to competition in inflection and word-formation, a topic that has increasingly attracted attention. Semantic categories, such as concepts, classes, and feature bundles, can be expressed by more than one form or formal pattern. This departure from the ideal principle "one form – one meaning" is particularly frequent in morphology, where it has been treated under diverse headings, such as blocking, Elsewhere Condition, Pāṇini's Principle, rivalry, synonymy, doublets, overabundance, suppletion and other terms. Since these research traditions, despite the heterogeneous terminology, essentially refer to the same underlying problems, this volume unites the phenomena studied in this field of linguistic morphology under the more general heading of competition. The volume features an extensive state of the art report on the subject and 11 research papers, which represent various theoretical approaches to morphology and address a wide range of aspects of competition, including morphophonology, lexicology, diachrony, language contact, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics and language acquisition.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Word Formation in Parallel Architecture

Word Formation in Parallel Architecture

Adjective+Noun Construction Between Syntax and Word Formation in Dutch and German. In Cognitive Perspectives on Word Formation, ed. Alexander Onysko and Michel Sascha, 195–215. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. Jackendoff, Ray. 1975.

Author: Pius ten Hacken

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030180096

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 99

View: 169

This book aims to reconcile the generative considerations of Jackendoff’s Parallel Architecture (PA) with the European structuralist approach to naming. It shows that there are good reasons to single out word formation as a separate component in PA. It demonstrates that it is a drawback not to distinguish word formation, and explains that the function of word formation rules is different from the function of the lexicon and rules of grammar. After making the argument for a separate word formation component, the book sets out to determine which types of rule qualify as part of this component. Traditionally, the boundaries of word formation with inflection and with syntax have been a matter of debate. By focusing on the naming function, the book poses a guiding principle for determining which rules should be in the word formation component. The position of morphology in the architecture of grammar has always been an issue of debate in generative linguistics. Since Chomsky (1970), this question has been framed in terms of the Lexicalist Hypothesis. Compared to Chomsky’s architectures, Jackendoff’s Parallel Architecture places phonetic and conceptual structures at the same level as syntactic structure, i.e. connected by bidirectional linking rules rather than interpretation rules. One of the consequences is that PA does not formally distinguish lexicon entries from rules of grammar. This changes the setting for the question of the autonomy of morphology, because the Lexicalist Hypothesis depends on this distinction.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Japanese Lexicon and Word Formation

Handbook of Japanese Lexicon and Word Formation

He taught Cognitive Linguistics at Osaka University before he moved to Nagoya University as Associate Professor in 2015. ... interest lies in the study of the lexicon and word formation from theoretical and neuro-cognitive perspectives.

Author: Taro Kageyama

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781614512097

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 747

View: 257

This volume presents a comprehensive survey of the lexicon and word formation processes in contemporary Japanese, with particular emphasis on their typologically characteristic features and their interactions with syntax and semantics. Through contacts with a variety of languages over more than two thousand years of history, Japanese has developed a complex vocabulary system that is composed of four lexical strata: (i) native Japanese, (ii) mimetic, (iii) Sino-Japanese, and (iv) foreign (especially English). This hybrid composition of the lexicon, coupled with the agglutinative character of the language by which morphology is closely associated with syntax, gives rise to theoretically intriguing interactions with word formation processes that are not easily found with inflectional, isolate, or polysynthetic types of languages.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

The Semantics of Word Formation and Lexicalization

The Semantics of Word Formation and Lexicalization

An innovative approach to word formation and lexicalization. In the study of word formation, the focus has often been on generating the form. In this book, the semantic aspect of the formation of new words is central.

Author: Pius ten Hacken

Publisher:

ISBN: 0748695230

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 318

View: 447

Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Semantics of Complex Words

Semantics of Complex Words

In contrast to the traditional structuralist and generative models of word-formation, an onomasiological model (Štekauer 1998, 2005b) views word-formation from the cognitive perspective and conceives of the formation of new complex ...

Author: Laurie Bauer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319141022

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 319

View: 952

This volume offers a valuable overview of recent research into the semantic aspects of complex words through different theoretical frameworks. Contributions by experts in the field, both morphologists and psycholinguists, identify crucial areas of research, present alternative and complementary approaches to their examination from the current level of knowledge, and indicate perspectives of research into the semantics of complex words by raising important questions that need to be investigated in order to get a more comprehensive picture of the field. Recent decades have seen both extensive and intensive development of various theories of word-formation, however, the semantic aspects of complex words have, with a few notable exceptions, been rather neglected. This volume fills that gap by offering articles written by leading experts in the field from various theoretical backgrounds.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Lexical Creativity Texts and Contexts

Lexical Creativity  Texts and Contexts

From corpus to cognition . Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter . ... “ On the Theory of Neologisms and Nonce - formations ” Australian Journal of Linguistics 22 ( 1 ) : 97-112 . Štekauer , P. 2005. ... “ Cognitive Approach to Word - Formation .

Author: Judith Munat

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027215677

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 294

View: 648

The coining of novel lexical items and the creative manipulation of existing words and expressions is heavily dependent on contextual factors, including the semantic, stylistic, textual and social environments in which they occur. The twelve specialists contributing to this collection aim to illuminate creativity in word formation with respect to functional discourse roles, but also examine 'critical creativity' determined by language policy, as well as diachronic phonetic variation in creatively-coined words. The data, based either on large corpora or smaller hand-collected samples, is drawn from advertising, the daily press, electronic communication, literature, spoken interaction, cartoons, lexical ontologies and style guides. The coining of novel lexical items and the creative manipulation of existing words and expressions is heavily dependent on contextual factors, including the semantic, stylistic, textual and social environments in which they occur. The twelve specialists contributing to this collection aim to illuminate creativity in word formation with respect to functional discourse roles, but also examine 'critical creativity' determined by language policy, as well as diachronic phonetic variation in creatively-coined words. The data, based either on large corpora or smaller hand-collected samples, is drawn from advertising, the daily press, electronic communication, literature, spoken interaction, cartoons, lexical ontologies and style guides. Each study analyses novel formations in relation to their contexts of use and inevitably leads to the crucial question of creativity vs. productivity. By focussing on creative lexical formations at the level of parole, these studies provide insights into morphological theory at the level of langue, and ultimately seek to explain lexical creativity as a function of language use.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Conversion in English

Conversion in English

In the book, previous interpretations treating conversion as zero-derivation derivation by a zero affix or as syntactically motivated recategorization, or as usage-based coinage (relisting) are questioned, for they apparently mistake the ...

Author: Sándor Martsa

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443864183

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 314

View: 853

Drawing on the conceptual metaphor and metonymy theory outlined in works by George Lakoff, René Dirven, Günter Radden and Zoltán Kövecses, Conversion in English: A Cognitive Semantic Approach proposes that the process of conversion in contemporary English is basically a semantic process underlain by a series of conceptual metonymic and metaphoric mappings. In the book, previous interpretations treating conversion as zero-derivation derivation by a zero affix or as syntactically motivated recategorization, or as usage-based coinage (relisting) are questioned, for they apparently mistake the effect of conversion, the obligatory change of word class, for its cause, the conceptual reanalysis of extralinguistic reality. The book also demonstrates that viewing conversion as the result of conceptual mappings makes it possible to view this process as an instantiation of intercategorial polysemy. It also helps to settle the long-standing debate concerning the issues of directionality and productivity of conversion.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Word Formation in English

Word Formation in English

The grammar of words: An introduction to linguistic morphology, 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Börger, Claudia. 2007. Word-formation processes from a cognitive perspective: An analysis of complex prepositional lexemes.

Author: Ingo Plag

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107172098

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 258

View: 401

The book enables students with little prior knowledge of linguistics to engage in their own analyses of complex words.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Cognitive Linguistics Account of Wordplay

A Cognitive Linguistics Account of Wordplay

“Word formation or word formation? The formation of complex words in cognitive linguistics”. In Cognitive perspectives on word formation, edited by Alexander Onysko, Sasha Michel, 29-74. New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2010.

Author: Konrad Żyśko

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443860963

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 177

View: 138

Even though the ability to create witty puns seems to be an inherent skill of humankind, an apt explanation of their linguistic nature has evaded many academic descriptions. This monograph offers a novel conceptual perspective on the creation of meaning observable beneath the surface of wordplay. The rationale for such an approach lies in the fact that language, and hence wordplay, is a cognitive phenomenon which involves some underlying complex mental processes, such as thinking in terms of image schemas, conceptual metaphor and metonymy, or blending, to mention just a few. The book provides a survey of relevant linguistic research, introduces the main tenets of cognitive linguistics, and offers an analysis of wordplay in the light of available cognitive literature. The final outcome of this work is an array of intricate mechanisms that govern creation and comprehension of wordplay. The book will be of interest to anybody who finds wordplay research appealing, no matter their level of expertise in the field.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines