Marine Conservation Biology

The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity

Author: Michael E. Soulé

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597267717

Category: Nature

Page: 496

View: 8404

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Marine Conservation Biology brings together for the first time in a single volume leading experts from around the world to apply the lessons and thinking of conservation biology to marine issues.
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Coastal Conservation

Author: Brooke Maslo,Julie L. Lockwood

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139867563

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 9927

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Coastal ecosystems are centres of high biological productivity, but their conservation is often threatened by numerous and complex environmental factors. Citing examples from the major littoral habitats worldwide, such as sandy beaches, salt marshes and mangrove swamps, this text characterises the biodiversity of coastline environments and highlights important aspects of their maintenance and preservation, aided by the analysis of key representative species. Leaders in the field provide reviews of the foremost threats to coastal networks, including the effects of climate change, invasive species and major pollution incidents such as oil spills. Further discussion underscores the intricacies of measuring and managing coastline species in the field, taking into account the difficulties in quantifying biodiversity loss due to indirect cascading effects and trophic skew. Synthesising the current state of species richness with present and projected environmental pressures, the book ultimately establishes a research agenda for implementing and improving conservation practices moving forward.
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Conservation Biology

Research Priorities For The Next Decade

Author: Michael E. Soulé,Gordon Orians

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597263184

Category: Nature

Page: 328

View: 5510

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One of the fastest growing scientific disciplines in recent history is conservation biology. A response of the scientific community to the massive environmental changes taking place on Earth, its goal is to enable society to anticipate, prevent, and reduce ecological damage, and to generate the scientific information from which effective conservation strategies and policies can be designed and implemented.In 1989, the Society for Conservation Biology and Island Press produced Research Priorities for Conservation Biology, a slim volume that set forth the findings of experts who had gathered to outline research needs for the near future, and which served as a guidepost for the field throughout the 1990s. In January 2000, leaders of the Society for Conservation Biology convened a similar group to reach consensus on where the field now stands and to determine the major, compelling research priorities for the next decade. Conservation Biology: Research Priorities for the Next Decade presents the results of that gathering.The book: notes progress or changes in the state of global biodiversity over the past decade and discusses overarching themes that influence all areas of conservation offers ten chapters by leading experts that summarize the status of knowledge in key areas ranging from marine conservation to ecological restoration to conservation medicine sets forth research priorities for each area describes gaps in current knowledge that are impeding the ability of conservation practitioners to carry out their workA final synthesis chapter brings together cross-cutting themes that integrate the diverse topics within the context of global biodiversity loss, and presents a call to action for scientists and others working in the field.Conservation Biology: Research Priorities for the Next Decade represents an indispensable guide to the research that is most urgently needed to support effective conservation, and will be must reading for anyone involved with the field of conservation biology.
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Economic Incentives for Marine and Coastal Conservation

Prospects, Challenges and Policy Implications

Author: Essam Yassin Mohammed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135006628

Category: Nature

Page: 270

View: 7263

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Marine and coastal resources provide millions of people with their livelihoods, such as fishing and tourism, and a range of critical additional ‘ecosystem services’, from biodiversity and culture to carbon storage and flood protection. Yet across the world, these resources are fast-diminishing under the weight of pollution, land clearance, coastal development, overfishing, natural disasters and climate change. This book shows how economic instruments can be used to incentivize the conservation of marine and coastal resources. It is shown that traditional approaches to halt the decline focus on regulating against destructive practices, but to little effect. A more successful strategy could be to establish schemes such as payments for ecosystem services (PES), or incorporate an element of financial incentives into existing regulatory mechanisms. Examples, both terrestrial and marine, from across the world suggest that PES can work to protect both livelihoods and environments. But to succeed, it is shown that these schemes must be underpinned by robust research, clear property rights, sound governance structures, equitable benefit sharing, and sustainable finance. Case studies are included from south and east Asia, Latin America, Africa and Australia. The book explores the prospects and challenges, and draws lessons from PES and PES-like programmes from across the globe.
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Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean

Their Ecology and Conservation

Author: T. R. McClanahan,C. R. C. Sheppard,D. O. Obura

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195352177

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 9738

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Coral reefs are among Earth's most diverse, productive, and beautiful ecosystems, but until recently, their ecology and the means to manage them have been poorly understood and documented. In response to the inadequate information base for coral reefs, this book reviews the ecological and conservation status of coral reefs of the Western Indian Ocean, bringing together presentations of the region's leading scientists and managers working on coral reefs. Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and Conservation starts with a general overview of the biogeography of the region and a historical account of attempts to conserve this ecosystem. It goes on to describe the state of the reefs in each of the countries with coral reefs, and it concludes with a series of management case studies. The book also summarizes most of the existing ecological information on reefs in this region and efforts at management, making it useful for students, teachers, and investigators interested in tropical or marine ecology, conservation biology and management, and environmental sciences.
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Threats to Mangrove Forests

Hazards, Vulnerability, and Management

Author: Christopher Makowski,Charles W. Finkl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319730169

Category: Nature

Page: 724

View: 9652

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This book focuses on the worldwide threats to mangrove forests and the management solutions currently being used to counteract those hazards. Designed for the professional or specialist in marine science, coastal zone management, biology, and related disciplines, this work will appeal to those not only working to protect mangrove forests, but also the surrounding coastal areas of all types. Examples are drawn from many different geographic areas, including North and South America, India, and Southeast Asia. Subject areas covered include both human-induced and natural impacts to mangroves, intended or otherwise, as well as the efforts being made by coastal researchers to promote restoration of these coastal fringing forests.
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Conservation Geography

Case Studies in GIS, Computer Mapping, and Activism

Author: Charles L. Convis

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480247

Category: Computers

Page: 219

View: 3860

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Showing how GIS and geography provide a framework for ecology and conservation efforts, this book describes how new technological tools for that kind of analysis, chief among them GIS, are being used to revolutionize the work of conservation.
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Connectivity Conservation

Author: Kevin R. Crooks,M. Sanjayan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946020X

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 3526

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One of the biggest threats to the survival of many plant and animal species is the destruction or fragmentation of their natural habitats. The conservation of landscape connections, where animals, plants, and ecological processes can move freely from one habitat to another, is therefore an essential part of any new conservation or environmental protection plan. In practice, however, maintaining, creating, and protecting connectivity in our increasingly dissected world is a daunting challenge. This fascinating volume provides a synthesis on the current status and literature of connectivity conservation research and implementation. It shows the challenges involved in applying existing knowledge to real-world examples and highlights areas in need of further study. Containing contributions from leading scientists and practitioners, this topical and thought-provoking volume will be essential reading for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners working in conservation biology and natural resource management.
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