Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective

Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective

This book provides the first cross-regional study of an increasingly important form of politics: coalitional presidentialism.

Author: Paul Chaisty

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198817208

Category: Coalition governments

Page: 267

View: 374

This book provides the first cross-regional study of an increasingly important form of politics: coalitional presidentialism. Drawing on original research of minority presidents in the democratising and hybrid regimes of Armenia, Benin, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Kenya, Malawi, Russia, and Ukraine, it seeks to understand how presidents who lack single party legislative majorities build and manage cross-party support in legislative assemblies. It develops a framework for analysing this phenomenon, and blends data from MP surveys, detailed case studies, and wider legislative and political contexts, to analyse systematically the tools that presidents deploy to manage their coalitions. The authors focus on five key legislative, cabinet, partisan, budget, and informal (exchange of favours) tools that are utilised by minority presidents. They contend that these constitute the 'toolbox' for coalition management, and argue that minority presidents will act with imperfect or incomplete information to deploy tools that provide the highest return of political support with the lowest expenditure of political capital. In developing this analysis, the book assembles a set of concepts, definitions, indicators, analytical frameworks, and propositions that establish the main parameters of coalitional presidentialism. In this way, Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective provides crucial insights into this mode of governance. Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series is primarily Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia. The series editor is Laurence Whitehead, Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
Categories: Coalition governments

Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective

Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective

Drawing on original research of minority presidents in the democratising and hybrid regimes of Armenia, Benin, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Kenya, Malawi, Russia, and Ukraine, this book seeks to understand how presidents who lack single party ...

Author: Paul Chaisty

Publisher:

ISBN: 0191858730

Category: Coalition governments

Page:

View: 137

Drawing on original research of minority presidents in the democratising and hybrid regimes of Armenia, Benin, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Kenya, Malawi, Russia, and Ukraine, this book seeks to understand how presidents who lack single party legislative majorities build and manage cross-party support in legislative assemblies. It develops a framework for analysing this phenomenon, and blends data from MP surveys, detailed case studies, and wider legislative and political contexts, to analyse systematically the tools that presidents deploy to manage their coalitions. The authors focus on five key legislative, cabinet, partisan, budget, and informal (exchange of favours) tools that are utilised by minority presidents.
Categories: Coalition governments

The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives

The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives

Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective : Minority Presidents in Multiparty Systems . Oxford : Oxford University Press . Cheeseman , N . ( 2015 ) . Democracy in Africa : Successes , Failures , and the Struggle for ...

Author: Rudy B. Andeweg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192536914

Category: Political Science

Page: 728

View: 327

Political executives have been at the centre of public and scholarly attention long before the inception of modern political science. In the contemporary world, political executives have come to dominate the political stage in many democratic and autocratic regimes. The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives marks the definitive reference work in this field. Edited and written by a team of word-class scholars, it combines substantive stocktaking with setting new agendas for the next generation of political executive research.
Categories: Political Science

Youth in Regime Crisis

Youth in Regime Crisis

Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. ... Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective: Minority Presidents in Multiparty Systems Paul Chaisty, ...

Author: Félix Krawatzek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192561558

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 931

How do political regimes respond to the challenges emanating from youth mobilization? This book seeks to understand regime resilience and breakdown by analysing the public meaning of youth, as well as the physical mobilization of young people. Mobilization carried by young people is a key component in understanding the stabilisation of the authoritarian regime structures in contemporary Russia, but the Russian experience makes only sense if placed in its broader historical context.Three comparative cases, the breakdown of the authoritarian Soviet Union, the breakdown of the democratic Weimar Republic, and the crisis of the democratic regime in France around 1968 highlight how regimes which lacked popular support have compensated for their insufficient legitimacy by trying to mobilize youth symbolically and politically. This book illustrates the symbolic significance of youth and its role in regime crisis by analysing a new data set of newspaper articles with a new method of discourse analysis. The combination of qualitative interpretation and quantitative network analysis enables a deeper and more systematic understanding of discursive structures about youth. Through this methodological innovation the book contributes to the way we define the categories of youth, generation, and crisis. It makes the case that our conceptualisation should reflect the way terms are being used - usages that can be captured in a systematic way with new methods of discourse analysis. Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series is primarily Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia. The series editor is Laurence Whitehead, Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
Categories: Political Science

Democracy in Small States

Democracy in Small States

Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. ... Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective: Minority Presidents in Multiparty Systems Paul Chaisty, ...

Author: Jack Corbett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192516800

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 168

Populism and the personalization of politics appears to be threatening the existence of democracy as we know it all over the world. It is now more important than ever to understand the history of this form of regime: why it has thrives and fails. But, existing studies are limited by their focus on a few large and predominately rich states. This book takes the opposite approach: it investigates how politics is practiced in the smallest states where hyper-personalization has always been a ubiquitous feature of political life. It optimistically finds that hyper-personalized democracy can actually persist against all odds, but also cautions that political practices in small states are often markedly different to larger states. Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series is primarily Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia. The series editor is Laurence Whitehead, Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
Categories: Political Science

Conditionality and Coercion

Conditionality and Coercion

STUDIES. IN. DEMOCRATIZATION. Series editor Laurence Whitehead Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars ... Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective Minority Presidents in Multiparty Systems Paul Chaisty, ...

Author: Isabela Mares

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198832775

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 377

In many recent democracies, candidates compete for office using illegal strategies to influence voters. In Hungary and Romania, local actors including mayors and bureaucrats offer access to social policy benefits to voters who offer to support their preferred candidates, and they threaten others with the loss of a range of policy and private benefits for voting the "wrong" way. These quid pro quo exchanges are often called clientelism. How can politicians and their accomplices get away with such illegal campaigning in otherwise democratic, competitive elections? When do they rely on the worst forms of clientelism that involve threatening voters and manipulating public benefits? Conditionality and Coercion: Electoral Clientelism in Eastern Europe uses a mixed method approach to understand how illegal forms of campaigning including vote buying and electoral coercion persist in two democratic countries in the European Union. It argues that we must disaggregate clientelistic strategies based on whether they use public or private resources, and whether they involve positive promises or negative threats and coercion. We document that the type of clientelistic strategies that candidates and brokers use varies systematically across localities based on their underlying social coalitions. We also show that voters assess and sanction different forms of clientelism in different ways. Voters glean information about politicians' personal characteristics and their policy preferences from the clientelistic strategies these candidates deploy. Most voters judge candidates who use clientelism harshly. So how does clientelism, including its most odious coercive forms, persist in democratic systems? This book suggests that politicians can get away with clientelism by using forms of it that are in line with the policy preferences of constituencies whose votes they need. Clientelistic and programmatic strategies are not as distinct as previous have argued. Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series is primarily Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia. The series editor is Laurence Whitehead, Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
Categories: Political Science

Democracy without Parties in Peru

Democracy without Parties in Peru

European Journal of Political Research 56 (2): 364–380. ... Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Cateriano, Pedro. 2017. ... Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective: Minority Presidents in Multiparty Systems. Oxford Oxford ...

Author: Omar Sanchez-Sibony

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030875794

Category:

Page:

View: 999

Categories:

Beyond Presidentialism and Parliamentarism

Beyond Presidentialism and Parliamentarism

Chaisty, Paul, Cheeseman, Nic, and Power, Timothy J. (2018), Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective. Minority Presidents in Multiparty Systems (Oxford: Oxford University Press). Chaisty, Paul and Power, Timothy J. (2019) ...

Author: Steffen Ganghof

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192897145

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 373

This book elaborates a theory of 'semi-parliamentary government', an often neglected form of government that instantiates the principle of the separation of powers, by demonstrating how it reconciles important benefits of both presidential and parliamentary systems.
Categories: Political Science

Transformation and Development

Transformation and Development

Studies in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Member States Anja Mihr ... Coalitional presidentialism in comparative perspective: Minority presidents in multiparty systems. New York: Oxford University Press.

Author: Anja Mihr

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030427757

Category: Social Science

Page: 154

View: 762

This open access book features various studies on democratization, transformation, political and economic development, and security issues in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) geographical region and beyond. Written by experts and academics in the fields of human rights, security, transformation and development, particularly in post-soviet and communist countries, it examines the status quo of regime development in various member states of the OSCE; their economic, security and human rights performance; institutional reforms and transformations and the challenges that these countries and their societies face, including the USA, Canada, Germany, Macedonia, Russia, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia. This is the 2019 edition of this Compilation Series of the OSCE Academy. The OSCE works to promote Minority Protection, Security, Democratic Development and Human Rights guided by the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), and to enhance securitization and development policies in Eurasia, Europe, Central Asia and North America. Since being founded in 1993, the OSCE and its agencies and departments have attracted a wealth of academic research in various fields and disciplines, ranging from economic development and election monitoring to enhancing global principles of human rights and securitization. About the OSCE Academy in Bishkek: Founded in 2004, the Academy offers post-Doc research fellowships and runs two Master Degrees, one in Economic Governance and Development and one in Politics and Security in Central Asia. The Academy"s regular academic programs and conference contributes to developing human professional capital in the sectors of particular importance for Central Asian states and societies. The Academy's graduates and visiting researchers contribute to economic development, governance and policy-making in Central Asia and beyond the OSCE region. Website: http://www.osce-academy.net/en/about/
Categories: Social Science

Life after Dictatorship

Life after Dictatorship

He has authored and edited numerous articles and books, including Post-Communist Party Systems: Competition, Representation ... is Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective: Minority Presidents in Multiparty Systems (2018).

Author: James Loxton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108426671

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 790

Launches a new research agenda on one of the most common but overlooked features of the democratization experience worldwide: authoritarian successor parties.
Categories: Political Science