Electric-dipole Polarizabilities of Atoms, Molecules, and Clusters

Author: Keith D. Bonin,Vitaly V. Kresin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810224936

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 7630

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This book is an in-depth review of experiment and theory on electric-dipole polarizabilities. It is broad in scope, encompassing atomic, molecular, and cluster polarizabilities. Both static and dynamic polarizabilities are treated (in the absence of absorption) and a full tensor picture of the polarizability is used. Traditional experimental techniques for measuring electric polarizabilities are described in detail. Recently developed experimental methods, including light forces, position-sensitive time-of-flight deflection, and atom interferometry, are also extensively discussed. Theoretical techniques for calculating polarizabilities are reviewed, including a discussion on the use of Gaussian basis sets. Many important comparisons between theory and experiment are summarized in an extensive set of tables of polarizabilities of important atoms, molecules, and clusters. Applications of polarizabilities to many areas of chemistry and physics are described, including optics, chemical structure, interactions of gases and particles with surfaces, and the interaction of molecules with light. The emphasis is on a lucid presentation of the ideas and results with up-to-date discussions on important applications such as optical tweezers and nanostructure fabrication. This book provides an excellent overview of the importance of polarizabilities in understanding the physical, electronic, and optical properties of particles in a regime that goes from free atoms to condensed-phase clusters.
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Many-Particle Spectroscopy of Atoms, Molecules, Clusters, and Surfaces

Author: J. Berakdar,J. Kirschner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306465888

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 9471

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This book is the proceedings of an International Conference on Many-Particle Spectroscopy of Atoms, Molecules, and Surfaces, held 26-29 July 2000, in Halle (Saale), Germany. In a many-particle coincidence experiment one measures the spectrum of a few particles simultaneously emitted from a probe. The emission process is usually stimulated by an external perturbation, such as the impact of an electron, photon, or ion beam. The recorded spectrum carries important information on a variety of material properties, such as optical and magnetic characteristics. In particular, coincidence studies yield detailed information on the many-body nature of the matter. Correspondingly, many-body theoretical concepts are required to interpret the experimental findings and to direct future experimental research. This book gives a snapshot of the present status of multi-particle coincidence studies from both theoretical and experimental points of view. It also includes selected topical review articles that highlight the recent achievements and the power of coincident studies. It covers theoretical and experimental coincidence on single and double ionisation and/or excitations induced by electrons, positrons, photons, and ions. The systems under investigation range from a single atom to clusters and surfaces.
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Atomic and Molecular Clusters

Author: Roy L. Johnston

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420055771

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 551

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Cluster physics is the foundation of the increasingly important field of nanotechnology. Clusters, ranging in size from a few to many millions of atoms, constitute a fascinating field of research in physics, chemistry and materials science. They are formed by most of the elements of the Periodic Table, and the types of bonding and the resultant clusters are equally as varied. This book introduces atomic clusters, ranging from weakly-bonded clusters of argon to strongly-bonded carbon clusters and metal nano-particles. It includes worked examples to enable lecturers and students to gauge their understanding and progress. Atomic and Molecular Clusters describes the experimental generation, detection and interrogation of clusters and theoretical approaches developed to aid understanding of their physical properties. It classifies clusters according to their bonding types and gives examples of present and possible future applications of clusters in electronic, optical and magnetic devices.
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Free Atoms, Clusters, and Nanoscale Particles

Author: Kenneth J. Klabunde

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080924069

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 311

View: 4998

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This book presents coherent and systematic coverage of the broad and dynamic field of free atom and cluster atom chemistry. The text provides a comprehensive overview of the current literature and describes the mostimportant experimental techniques developed since 1980 including bimetallic clusters/catalysts, carbon clusters (fullerenes) and trapped single atoms. Metal atoms, clusters, and particles are covered in sequence with the Periodic Table.
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Nanomaterials and Nanochemistry

Author: C. Bréchignac,P. Houdy,M. Lahmani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540729938

Category: Science

Page: 747

View: 5181

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Here is a brilliant book that covers the major aspects of nanomaterials production. It integrates the many and varied chemical, material and thermo-dynamical facets of production, offering readers a new and unique approach to the subject. The mechanical, optical, and magnetic characteristics of nanomaterials are also presented in detail. Nanomaterials are a fast developing field of research and this book serves as both a reference work for researchers and a textbook for graduate students.
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Atomic Clusters

From Gas Phase to Deposited

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080475950

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 893

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Atomic Clusters: From Gas Phase to Deposited brings together a series of chapters, prepared by acknowledged experts in their fields. Both fundamental and practical aspects are addressed of the physics and chemistry of a novel state of matter, namely clusters of small numbers of atoms of nanometre dimensions. This is a field of nanoscience that existed before the word was invented, but has particularly achieved major advances in the recent years. * Contributions from leading experts in solid surfaces research * Cluster science is concerned with the properties of materials on the nano-metre scale * Brings together work on both free (gas-phase) clusters and those deposited on surfaces
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Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128032251

Category: Reference

Page: 3584

View: 2229

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This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas
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Clusters of atoms and molecules

theory, experiment, and clusters of atoms

Author: Hellmut Haberland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540533320

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 9587

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Clusters of Atoms and Molecules I is devoted to theoretical concepts and experimental techniques important in the rapidly expanding field of cluster science. Cluster properties are dicussed for clusters composed of alkali metals, semiconductors, transition metals, carbon, oxides and halides of alkali metals, rare gases, and neutral molecules. The book contains several well-integrated treatments, all prepared by experts. Each contribution starts out as simple as possible and ends with the latest results, so that the book can serve as a text for a course, an introduction into the field, or as a reference book for the expert.
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Atomic and Molecular Beams

The State of the Art 2000

Author: Roger Campargue

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540673781

Category: Science

Page: 998

View: 2169

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This title covers the state of the art in this field both theoretically and experimentally. With contributions from leading researchers including several Nobel laureates, it represents a long-lasting source of reference on all aspects of fundamental research into or using atomic and molecular beams.
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