Clinical Neuroscience

Clinical Neuroscience

Overview of the nervous system -- Development of the brain -- Functional neuroanatomy -- Sensory and motor pathways -- Neurons and glial cells -- Electrical signalling in neurons -- Synaptic transmission -- Cellular mechanisms of ...

Author: Paul Johns

Publisher: Churchill Livingstone

ISBN: 0443103216

Category: Medical

Page: 207

View: 927

This book provides a clear and readable introduction to the central concepts of clinical neuroscience. The first part of the book deals with fundamental areas of neuroscience required for a sound understanding of brain disease. This is followed by an account of the neurobiology of the most common and important brain diseases of the western world (stroke, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis). The book is in the same general style as the successful Crossman: Neuronatomy with extensive colour illustrations.
Categories: Medical

Clinical Neuroscience

Clinical Neuroscience

In this book, students will begin their journey with a tour of the brain's fundamental building blocks (neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neurophysiology, neurodevelopment) before moving to mental health challenges and illnesses (Traumatic ...

Author: Kelly Lambert

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199737053

Category: Psychology

Page: 474

View: 147

Clinical Neuroscience: Psychopathology and the Brain, Second Edition, uses a student-friendly, integrative, and empirically based approach to present the neuroscience underlying various psychological disorders. The text begins with a tour of the brain's fundamental building blocks (neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neurophysiology, and neurodevelopment) before moving on to such mental health challenges and illnesses as traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, addiction, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and depression. The final section of the book includes chapters devoted to the maintenance of mental health, including stress and coping, psychoneuroimmunology, and hunger regulation. Pedagogical features including chapter-opening vignettes (Connections), case studies (A Case in Point), running marginal glossaries, and feature boxes (Brain Matters) illuminate the course content for students as they learn about the value of translational research (i.e., transformingbasic research into applied therapies). Clinical Neuroscience: Psychopathology and the Brain, Second Edition, emphasizes the value of the scientific method, relevant empirical information, and the practice of utilizing multiple perspectives so that meaningful progress can be made toward the identification of the most effective treatment strategies. Ultimately, all students will have a sound scientific foundation on which to build a greater understanding of the neurobiology inherent in psychological properties and mental health.
Categories: Psychology

Frontiers in Clinical Neuroscience

Frontiers in Clinical Neuroscience

This is a special proceedings - "Frontiers in Clinical Neuroscience: 2002" - held in Abel Lajtha's honor. Professor Lajtha is a well-known supporter of Hungarian science and he is celebrating his 80th birthday this year.

Author: Laszlo Vecsei

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461347408

Category: Medical

Page: 195

View: 488

Over the last decade, the considerable progress made in biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics and neuropharmacology has revealed some ofthe intimate mechanisms ofthe neurodegenerative disorders. There is increasing evidence linking genetic defects affecting mitochondria to Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease and some other neurological disorders. Advances in knowledge are fueled through improved animal models that use mitochondrial toxins, excitotoxins, and transgenic animals. Therapeutic studies in these models have strengthened the possibility for effective treatments in man. By defining the pathomechanisms, we hope to be in the position to prevent cell death by protecting neurons. Indeed serious preclinical and clinical research is going on in the field of neuroprotection in stroke, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, demyelinating disorders and dementia. Based on these scientific ideas, the Symposium in honour of Professor Abel Lajtha was organized by the European Society for ClinicalNeuropharmacology(ESCNP) and the Danube Symposium for Neurological Sciences in Budapest, Hungary, October 24-25, 2002. Professor Lajtha was born in Budapest in 1922 and his home town is an ideal venue for strengthening the bonds between Western and Eastern European Neuroscientists. Professor Peter Riederer (Wurzburg) held the 2002 special "Dezso Miskolczy Memorial Lecture" in Abel Lajtha's Honour. Thanks are due to the invited speakersofthis Symposium for their excellentcontribution. Laszlo Vecsei vii CONTENTS Advances in Neuroprotection Research for Neurodegenerative Diseases 1 Mario E. Gotz and Peter Riederer Neurotransmitter Release in Experimental Stroke Models: The Role of Glutamate-GABA Interaction 21 Laszlo G. Harsing, Jr.
Categories: Medical

Basic Clinical Neuroscience

Basic Clinical Neuroscience

Basic Clinical Neuroscience also includes boxed clinical information throughout the text, a key term glossary section, and review questions at the end of each chapter, making this book comprehensive enough to be an excellent Board Exam ...

Author: Paul A. Young

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 0781753198

Category: Medical

Page: 406

View: 984

Basic Clinical Neuroscience offers medical and other health professions students a clinically oriented description of human neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. This text provides the anatomic and pathophysiologic basis for understanding neurologic abnormalities through concise descriptions of functional systems with an emphasis on medically important structures and clinically important pathways. It emphasizes the localization of specific anatomic structures and pathways with neurological deficits, using anatomy enhancing 3-D illustrations. Basic Clinical Neuroscience also includes boxed clinical information throughout the text, a key term glossary section, and review questions at the end of each chapter, making this book comprehensive enough to be an excellent Board Exam preparation resource in addition to a great professional training textbook. The fully searchable text will be available online at thePoint.
Categories: Medical

Art Therapy and Clinical Neuroscience

Art Therapy and Clinical Neuroscience

This book is essential reading for art therapists, expressive arts therapists, counselors, mental health practitioners, and students.

Author: Richard Carr

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1846428394

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 118

Art Therapy and Clinical Neuroscience offers an authoritative introductory account of recent developments in clinical neuroscience and its impact on art therapy theory and practice. Contributors explore the complex relationship between art and creativity and neurological functions such as those that occur during stress response, immune functioning, child developmental phases, gender difference, the processing of imagery, attachment, and trauma. It deciphers neuroscientific language and theory and contributes innovative concrete applications and interventions useful in art therapy. This book is essential reading for art therapists, expressive arts therapists, counselors, mental health practitioners, and students.
Categories: Psychology

Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience

Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience

Gene–environment interactions in psychiatry: Joining forces with neuroscience . Nature Reviews Neuroscience , 7 , 583–590 . ... Disruption of functional connectivity in clinically normal older adults harboring amyloid burden .

Author: Charles Zorumski

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199768769

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 722

Research in neuroscience is revolutionizing how we think about psychiatric diagnosis and treatment. Psychiatric disorders reflect dysfunction of the human mind and involve changes in cognition, emotion, and motivation. Understanding how the neural networks that underlie these mental functions become dysfunctional holds great promise for devising innovative approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Scientific progress is being driven, in part, by advances in human functional neuroimaging, which is being used to characterize the activity of specific brain circuits at rest and during the performance of specific tasks. Moreover, advances in clinical neuroscience are being coupled with expanding knowledge about genetics and cellular and synaptic neuroscience. Taken together, these advancements offer the hope of much more mechanism-based approaches to treatment in the future. Better understanding of neural circuits also can provide the basis for innovative psychotherapeutic strategies that take advantage of brain plasticity for purposes of neurorehabilitation. In this book, we examine recent developments in the field of network neuroscience and their potential impact on clinical psychiatry, including the way that psychiatrists are trained and interact with other medical specialties and mental health professionals.
Categories: Medical

Frontiers in Clinical Neuroscience

Frontiers in Clinical Neuroscience

and in vivo data give a hint for the assessment of new therapeutic concepts in clinical trials. With preclinical research a significant number of promising drugs has been developed that in animal studies confer neuroprotection but await ...

Author: Laszlo Vecsei

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441989697

Category: Medical

Page: 195

View: 513

This is a special proceedings - "Frontiers in Clinical Neuroscience: 2002" - held in Abel Lajtha's honor. Professor Lajtha is a well-known supporter of Hungarian science and he is celebrating his 80th birthday this year. Professor Vecsei is the secretary for the European Society for Clinical Neuropharmacology and the Danube Symposium for Neurological Sciences. The proceedings will focus on neurodegeneration and neuroprotection, two current topics in clinical and experimental neuroscience.
Categories: Medical

Clinical Neuroscience E Book

Clinical Neuroscience E Book

This book provides a clear and readable introduction to the central concepts of clinical neuroscience. The first part of the book deals with fundamental areas of neuroscience required for a sound understanding of brain disease.

Author: Paul Johns

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781455742127

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 586

This book provides a clear and readable introduction to the central concepts of clinical neuroscience. The first part of the book deals with fundamental areas of neuroscience required for a sound understanding of brain disease. This is followed by an account of the neurobiology of the most common and important brain diseases of the western world (stroke, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis). The book is in the same general style as the successful Crossman: Neuronatomy with extensive colour illustrations. Short, affordable and readable introductory level text in the smae style as Crossman: Neuroanatomy. Assumes little previous neuroscience knowledge. Explains fundamental concepts without overwhelming detail Focuses on clinically relevant material. Includes the most common and important neurological disorders.
Categories: Medical

Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience

Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience

Of course, this text is an outline overview and does not attempt to provide ency clopedic coverage of neurology. (The student desiring a comprehensive review of the field may wish to seek in the library the 50+ volumes in the series ...

Author: Roger A. Brumback

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468404562

Category: Medical

Page: 220

View: 517

The United States Congress has designated the 1990's as the "Decade of the Brain" in recognition of the major importance of neurology and the other neurosciences in the health and well-being of Americans. It has been suggested that as many as 20% of all patients seeking medical treatment have neurologic problems, either as the presenting complaint or as an associated condition complicating the primary illness. Thus, it is fitting that Springer-Verlag should acknowledge the prominence of this medical specialty area by devoting an entire volume of the Oklahoma Notes series to neurology and clinical neuroscience. Of course, this text is an outline overview and does not attempt to provide ency clopedic coverage of neurology. (The student desiring a comprehensive review of the field may wish to seek in the library the 50+ volumes in the series Handbook of Clinical Neurology edited by Pierre J. Vinken and George W. Bruyn.) However, the information selected for inclusion in this volume of the Oklahoma Notes series remains true to the goal of the whole series-only materials vital in both the general clinical practice of medicine and to answer questions on the all-important United States Medical Licensing Examination have been incorporated in the text.
Categories: Medical

Stimulant Drugs and ADHD

Stimulant Drugs and ADHD

The volume will be of keen interest to researchers and clinicians in psychiatry, psychology, and neurology, neuroscientists studying stimulants, and those pursuing development of new drugs to treat ADHD.

Author: Mary V. Solanto

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195133714

Category: Medical

Page: 410

View: 485

Stimulant drugs are widely used in the treatment of ADHD in children and adults. Hundreds of studies over the past 60 years have demonstrated their effectiveness in improving attention span, increasing impulse control, and reducing hyperactivity and restlessness. Despite widespread interest in these compounds, however, their mechanisms of action in the central nervous system have remained poorly understood. Recent advances in the basic and clinical neurosciences now afford the possibility of elucidating these mechanisms. The current volume is the first to bring this expanding knowledge to bear on the central question of why and how stimulants exert their therapeutic effects. The result is a careful, comprehensive, and insightful integration of material by well-known scientists that significantly advances our understanding of stimulant effects and charts a course for future research. Part I presents a comprehensive description of the clinical features of ADHD and the clinical response to stimulants. Part II details the cortical and subcortical neuroanatomy and functional neurophysiology of dopamine and norepinephrine systems with respect to the regulation of attention, arousal, activity, and impulse control and the effects of stimulants on these systems. Part III is devoted to clinical research, including recent studies of neuroimaging, genetics, pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties of stimulants, effects on cognitive functions, neurophysiological effects in humans with and without ADHD and in non-human primates, and comparison of stimulants and non-stimulants in the treatment of ADHD. Part IV is a masterful synthesis that presents alternative models of stimulant drug action and generates key hypotheses for continued research. The volume will be of keen interest to researchers and clinicians in psychiatry, psychology, and neurology, neuroscientists studying stimulants, and those pursuing development of new drugs to treat ADHD.
Categories: Medical