Climate Change and Climate Modeling

Author: J. David Neelin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491377

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8534


Provides students with a solid foundation in climate science, with which to understand global warming, natural climate variations, and climate models. As climate models are one of our primary tools for predicting and adapting to climate change, it is vital we appreciate their strengths and limitations. Also key is understanding what aspects of climate science are well understood and where quantitative uncertainties arise. This textbook will inform the future users of climate models and the decision-makers of tomorrow by providing the depth they need, while requiring no background in atmospheric science and only basic calculus and physics. Developed from a course that the author teaches at UCLA, material has been extensively class-tested and with online resources of colour figures, Powerpoint slides, and problem sets, this is a complete package for students across all sciences wishing to gain a solid grounding in climate science.

Modelling the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources

Author: Dr. C. Fai Fung,Ana Lopez,Mark New

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405196718

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 2580


This book is novel in that it shows how to carry out the end-to-end approach to adaptation and management to climate change, explaining assumptions and limitations at every step of the process. It also delves into the area of robust decision-making under conditions of deep uncertainty not only now but also the future, as climate models continue to develop. This book endeavours to see the models for what they are and show how the information contained in them can be used effectively. The quantitative assessment of the impact of climate change on water availability and water resources management requires knowledge of climate, hydrological/ hydrogeological and water resources models, and particularly the relationships between each of them. This book treats each of the subjects in turn with the water resources modeller in mind, and will culminate in a set of case studies using real-life examples to illustrate the steps required and the problems that can be faced. Shows how new modeling techniques can elucidate links between climate, hydrology and water resources Shows both strengths and limitations of models Shows how modeling can be used at different special scales

An Introduction to Three-dimensional Climate Modeling

Author: Warren M. Washington,Claire L. Parkinson

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389351

Category: Nature

Page: 353

View: 948


Warren M. Washington is consultant and advisor to a number of government officials and committees on climate-system modelling. Now along with Claire Parkinson (NASA) he gives the reader insight into the complex field of climate modelling.

A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling

Author: Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on a National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309259770

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 5922


As climate change has pushed climate patterns outside of historic norms, the need for detailed projections is growing across all sectors, including agriculture, insurance, and emergency preparedness planning. A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling emphasizes the needs for climate models to evolve substantially in order to deliver climate projections at the scale and level of detail desired by decision makers, this report finds. Despite much recent progress in developing reliable climate models, there are still efficiencies to be gained across the large and diverse U.S. climate modeling community. Evolving to a more unified climate modeling enterprise-in particular by developing a common software infrastructure shared by all climate researchers and holding an annual climate modeling forum-could help speed progress. Throughout this report, several recommendations and guidelines are outlined to accelerate progress in climate modeling. The U.S. supports several climate models, each conceptually similar but with components assembled with slightly different software and data output standards. If all U.S. climate models employed a single software system, it could simplify testing and migration to new computing hardware, and allow scientists to compare and interchange climate model components, such as land surface or ocean models. A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling recommends an annual U.S. climate modeling forum be held to help bring the nation's diverse modeling communities together with the users of climate data. This would provide climate model data users with an opportunity to learn more about the strengths and limitations of models and provide input to modelers on their needs and provide a venue for discussions of priorities for the national modeling enterprise, and bring disparate climate science communities together to design common modeling experiments. In addition, A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling explains that U.S. climate modelers will need to address an expanding breadth of scientific problems while striving to make predictions and projections more accurate. Progress toward this goal can be made through a combination of increasing model resolution, advances in observations, improved model physics, and more complete representations of the Earth system. To address the computing needs of the climate modeling community, the report suggests a two-pronged approach that involves the continued use and upgrading of existing climate-dedicated computing resources at modeling centers, together with research on how to effectively exploit the more complex computer hardware systems expected over the next 10 to 20 years.

Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents

Author: Warren Washington


ISBN: 1430316969

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 300

View: 6327


Warren M. Washington, Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado, was among the first scientists to pioneer the development of climate models that are used for evaluation of humankind's impact on the global environment. His modeling work has helped understand climate change including global warming. Over the last 30 years, he has had Presidential Appointments under the Carter, Reagan, Clinton, and G.W. Bush administrations and he has served on many science committees and the including National Science Board, which he chaired from 2002 to 2006. He is a former President of the American Meteorological Society and a member of both the National Academy of Engineering and the American Philosophical Society. This autobiography provides information about how he became a scientist and his insights into science policy. Throughout the book, footnotes and internet web sites are used were more information is provided.

Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Environment and Resources,Commission on Geosciences,Panel on Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309072573

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 2197


Information derived from climate modeling has become increasingly important in recent years. More and more we understand that climate variability and change impacts society and that dealing with climate-related disasters, conflicts, and opportunities requires the best possible information about the past, present, and future of the climate system. To this end, Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling describes ways to improve the efficacy of the U.S. climate modeling enterprise, given the current needs and resources. It discusses enhanced and stable resources for modeling activities, focused and centralized operational activities, how to give researchers access to the best computing facilities, the creation of a common modeling and data infrastructure, and research studies on the socioeconomic aspects of climate and climate modeling.

Climate Change: An Encyclopedia of Science and History [4 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of Science and History

Author: Brian C. Black,David M. Hassenzahl Ph.D.,Jennie C. Stephens,Gary Weisel,Nancy Gift

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598847627

Category: Science

Page: 1774

View: 2003


This book provides a holistic consideration of climate change that goes beyond pure science, fleshing out the discussion by considering cultural, historical, and policy-driven aspects of this important issue. • Contributions from more than 100 experts • Excerpts from reports from international organizations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) • Transcripts of speeches from world leaders on the climate change issue • Sidebars on the "climate-history connection" explore the possible links between climate and key events through history, such as the Classical Maya collapse • Essential, annotated primary sources • Quotes from policy makers, scientists, eyewitnesses to climate change, and social and cultural leaders

Economics of Climate Change in the Arab World

Case Studies from the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia and the Republic of Yemen

Author: Dorte Verner,Clemens Breisinger,Manfred Wiebelt,Perrihan Al-Riffai,Olivier Ecker,Jose Funes,Richard Robertson,Rainer Thiele,Tingju Zhu

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821398482

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 5910


This book assesses the impacts of climate change on the economy, agricultural sector, and households in three of the MENA countries; Syria, Tunisia and Yemen. The major channels of impact for global climate change are through changing world food (and energy) prices, especially since all the countries

Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Agricultural Production Systems

Author: Otto C. Doering III,J.C. Randolph,Rebecca A. Pfeifer,Jane Southworth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402070280

Category: Science

Page: 275

View: 2302


Effects of Climate Change and Viarability on the Agricultural Production Systems provides an integrated assessment of global climate change's impact on agriculture at the farm level, in the context of farm level adaptation decisions. Ten agricultural areas in the Upper Midwest region - the heart of the United States' corn belt - were subjected to climate change and changing climate variability scenarios through simulations of future climate using results from general circulation models. Crop growth models, calibrated to the study sites, were used to simulate yields under varying climate conditions. Farm level production and economic analyses were performed to determine what adaptation strategies might be best utilized to maintain production and profitability for producers under conditions of global climate change and changing climate variability. Similar integrated analyses from Australia and Argentina provide comparisons from different regions.