Climate Affairs

Climate Affairs

Though the 1970s were marked by a series of inconclusive negotiations between
China and the United States over establishing full diplomatic relations, the Taipei
government began to hedge against the possibility of a complete break of ...

Author: Mickey Glantz

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597269414

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 298

Climate Affairs sets forth in a concise primer the base of knowledge needed to begin to address questions surrounding the unknown impacts of climate change. In so doing, it outlines a new approach to understanding the interactions among climate, society, and the environment. Chapters consider: • the key concepts and terms in climate affairs • the effects of climate around the world • important but overlooked aspects of climate-society-environminteractions • examples of societal uses, misuses, and potential uses of climate-related information such as forecasts • a research agenda, challenges, and methodologies for future climate research. Climate Affairs draws on a range of study areas‒including climate science, impacts on ecosystems and society, politics, policy and law, economics, and ethics‒to address the complexity and gravity of impacts that our increasing vulnerability to climate portends. It is the first book to consider the full range of climate-related topics and the interactions among them, and will be a key resource for decision makers, as well as for students and scholars working in climate and related fields.
Categories: Science

Weather Climate and Human Affairs Routledge Revivals

Weather  Climate and Human Affairs  Routledge Revivals

Climate. and. Human. Affairs. This Routledge Revival is a reissue of a wide-
ranging collection of essays written by one of the world's foremost experts on
weather and climate, Professor Hubert Lamb. Professor Lamb is able to provide a
mature ...

Author: H. H. Lamb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136639623

Category: Nature

Page: 380

View: 421

First published in 1988, this is a reissue of a groundbreaking collection of essays written by Hubert Lamb, one of the world’s foremost experts on weather and climate and a uniquely authoritative voice in the history of climatology. Hubert Lamb is able to provide a mature assessment of the effect of weather on people, and vice versa. His is a uniquely authoritative voice in the current debates about today’s environment and the prospects for the future. After a general introduction the book is divided into three parts. The first part consists of a chronological series of portraits of climate and its impact on human affairs and the environment. These extend from the warm climates of the geological past to the current drought in Africa. There are several studies of the last few centuries and, in particular, of the various effects of the so-called ‘little Ice Age’. The second part is concerned with the causes and mechanisms of climate and weather changes, including chapters discussing Christmas weather, fronts and volcanoes. In the final part Hubert Lamb looks to the future, and attempts to put into perspective some of the pessimistic forecasts currently available. The text, which is consistently authoritative but always readable, is augmented by numerous maps, diagrams and photographs.
Categories: Nature

Science Technology and Foreign Affairs Climate scientific dialogue and health

Science  Technology  and Foreign Affairs  Climate  scientific dialogue and health

The Department of State has many interests in climate and weather issues as is
indicated by the presence at this symposium of representatives of at least six
different offices of the State Department . My responsibilities , as food and
agricultural ...

Author: Diane B. Bendahmane

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015021943496

Category: Science and state

Page:

View: 175

Categories: Science and state

The Coupling of Climate and Economic Dynamics

The Coupling of Climate and Economic Dynamics

They also know that this skepticism, far from leading me to conclude that any
modelling effort were in vain, did reinforce my belief that, without such efforts, the
chances of a viable governance of global environment affairs would be even
more ...

Author: Alain Haurie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402034251

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 716

This book reviews the different approaches used to model the dynamic interactions between climate and economies, and proposes new avenues of research. Its fourteen chapters deal with various aspects of the building of integrated assessment models, either by coupling economic growth and climate change modules, or using mathematical models of viability or dynamic game theory to represent the interactions between the world regions concerned.
Categories: Science

Climate Change in the 21st Century

Climate Change in the 21st Century

They include major international assessments provided by the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which are ... Drawing on the idea of “climate
affairs,” an approach to looking at climate issues through its human context, ...

Author: Stewart J. Cohen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773581302

Category: Nature

Page:

View: 645

Public and media interest in the climate change issue has increased exponentially in recent years. Climate change, or "global warming," is a complex problem with far-reaching social and economic impacts. Climate Change in the 21st Century brings together all the major aspects of global warming to give a state of the art description of our collective understanding of this phenomenon and what can be done to counteract it on both the local and global scale. Stewart Cohen and Melissa Waddell explain and clarify the different ways of approaching the study of climate change and the fundamental ideas behind them. From a history of climate change research to current attempts to mitigate its impact such as the Kyoto Protocol and carbon trading, they explore key ideas from many fields of study, outlining the environmental and human dimensions of global warming. Climate Change in the 21st Century goes beyond climate modeling to investigate interdisciplinary attempts to measure and forecast the complex impacts of future climate change on communities, how we assess their vulnerability, and how we plan to adapt our society. The book explores the impact of climate change on different ecosystems as well as what the social and economic understanding of this phenomenon can tell us; it also links discussions of climate change with the global discourse of sustainable development. Climate Change in the 21st Century provides a comprehensive, understandable, but academically informed introduction to the world's biggest challenge for both students and concerned citizens.
Categories: Nature

Climate and History

Climate and History

11 An approach to the study of the development of climate and its impact in
human affairs HUBERT H . LAMB Abstract This chapter first reviews the reasons
why climatic change came to be conventionally ignored for many years , until
quite ...

Author: T. M. L. Wigley

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521312205

Category: History

Page: 530

View: 444

This highly successful book is a collection of twenty papers, specially written by research workers in the many relevant disciplines. First published in 1985, it was the first major survey of both the methodology of climatic reconstruction and the problem of climate/history interactions, and embodies the results of fruitful co-operation between historians, archaeologists and scientists. It discusses: the climatic information obtainable from the study of chemical isotopes, glaciers, pollen remains, tree rings, archaeological materials and documentary sources; the theoretical and methodological problems involved in assessing the impact of climate and climatic change on past societies; and provides a series of case studies arguing for or against the importance of climatic factors in human affairs in specific economic, social and cultural contexts.
Categories: History

Current Affairs

Current Affairs

Climate. Change. Challenge. edward. a. parson. This chapter looks ahead, over
a time horizon of perhaps fifty years instead of the twenty years of the recently
published Integrated Power System Plan (Ontario Power Authority 2007).

Author: Donald N. Dewees

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442609945

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 297

View: 818

Current Affairs brings together the views of a number of international experts on electricity and environment along with commentators familiar with Ontario's situation to begin a discussion of these issues.
Categories: Business & Economics

Managing Early Departures in Central Government

Managing Early Departures in Central Government

... Department for Environment , Food & Rural Affairs Department for Environment
, Food & Rural Affairs Department for Environment , Food & Rural Affairs
Department for Environment , Food & Rural Affairs Department for Environment ,
Food ...

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Committee of Public Accounts

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0215047621

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 44

View: 781

The 2010 Spending Review required most departments to make cost savings, which would require staff reductions. Departments have reduced their number of employees to around 35,000 in 2011, nearly 18,000 of which have been achieved through early departures. If these staff reductions achieved and planned, are to be sustainable then they will need to be supported by a redesign of the way business is carried out. The Committee is not convinced that all departments are putting in place the fundamental redesign in working practices that is needed to operate permanently with a lower number of staff and this with the pace and scale of reductions means that there is a real risk to departments' ability to deliver services. And there concern about the lack of clear information to track the extent to which this risk is materialising. Without this information it is difficult to know to what extent services are being adversely affected by staff departures. The efficiency of early departures has been hampered by poor management information. Departments are considering individuals' performance when making decisions on staff departures. But the quality of data in performance appraisals has not been detailed enough to support this decision-making. The Committee considers that improving the quality and consistency of performance appraisal arrangements would bring both efficiency savings and better decision-making about the management of the workforce. The Treasury is responsible for signing off any individual exit payments that exceed the terms of the compensation scheme. It was discovered that the Treasury does not keep proper records of such requests and the Committee expects to see this rectified. The Cabinet Office estimates that around half of the required headcount reduction is yet to come and this is likely to be more challenging as the more achievable cuts have already been made and future cuts are likely to involve more compulsory redundancies.
Categories: Business & Economics

Climate Protection and Development

Climate Protection and Development

... other Contributors This book builds on work undertaken for the United Nations,
World Economic and Social Survey 2009: Promoting Development, Saving the
Planet, prepared by staff of the UN's Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Author: Frank Ackerman

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781780931708

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 716

This book is available as open access through the Bloomsbury Open Access programme and is available on www.bloomsburycollections.com. Writing about climate change often falls into one of two opposite traps - predicting either calamity or apathy - both of which this book avoids. This is not a story of gloom and doom, of inevitable climate catastrophe. On the contrary, this book spells out, in more detail than usual, what can and should be done to avert the real risks of disaster. Nor is it one of complacent congratulation for "win-win" initiatives, cautiously incremental steps, and "green" consumer choices. Climate Protection and Development summons us to an endeavour worthy of the resources and ingenuity of the twenty-first century - towards bold initiatives with big costs, and much bigger benefits. This book explores the interconnected issues of climate and development, laying the groundwork for just such a new deal. It presents a challenging agenda, and highlights the needs and perspectives of developing countries which may be unfamiliar or uncomfortable to readers in high-income countries. The unfortunate truth is that any large country, or group of mid-sized countries, can veto any global climate solution by refusing to participate, so a solution will only work if it works for everyone.
Categories: Science

The Routledge Atlas of Central Eurasian Affairs

The Routledge Atlas of Central Eurasian Affairs

Climate The major distinguishing feature of Central Eurasia's climate is the
dominance of dry climates and subsequently low amounts of rainfall. The dry
climate regions, shown as BWk (mid-latitude desert) and BSk (mid-latitude
steppe), are ...

Author: Stanley D. Brunn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415497503

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

View: 411

Providing concisely written entries on the most important current issues in Central Asia and Eurasia, this atlas offers relevant background information on the region’s place in the contemporary political and economic world. Features include: Profiles of the constituent countries of Central Asia, namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan Profiles of Mongolia, western China, Tibet, and the three Caucasus states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia Timely and significant original maps and data for each entry A comprehensive glossary, places index and subject index of major concepts, terms and regional issues Bibliography and useful websites section Designed for use in teaching undergraduate and graduate classes and seminars in geography, history, economics, anthropology, international relations, political science and the environment as well as regional courses on the Former Soviet Union, Central Asia, and Eurasia, this atlas is also a comprehensive reference source for libraries and scholars interested in these fields.
Categories: Social Science

Climate Justice

Climate Justice

Alley, R. B. (2000) The twomile time machine: Ice cores, abrupt climate change,
and our future. ... Grubb, M. (1995) 'Seeking fair weather: Ethics and the
international debate on climate change', International Affairs, 71(3), 463–96.
Grubb, M.

Author: Henry Shue

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191022807

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 340

The fruit of twenty years of moral reflection on the emerging greatest challenge to humanity of the 21st century, these far-sighted and influential essays by a pioneering practical philosopher on the tangled questions of justice between nations and justice across generations confronting all attempts at international cooperation in controlling climate change sharply crystallize the central choices and offer constructive directions forward. Arguing that persistent attempts by U.S. negotiators to avoid the fundamental issues of justice at the heart of persistent international disagreement on the terms of a binding multilateral treaty are as morally misguided as they are diplomatically counter-productive, Henry Shue has built a case that efforts to price carbon (through cap-and-trade or carbon taxes) as a mechanism to drive down greenhouse gas emissions by the affluent must, for both ethical and political reasons, be complemented by international transfers that temporarily subsidize the development of non-carbon energy and its dissemination to those trapped in poverty. Our vital escape from climate change rooted in the dominance of the fossil fuel regime ought not, and in fact need not, come at the price of de-railing the escape of the world's poorest from poverty rooted in lack of affordable energy that does not undermine the climate. The momentum of changes in the planetary climate system and the political inertia of energy regimes mean that future generations, like the poorest of the present, are vulnerable to our decisions, and they have rights not to be left helpless by those of us with the power instead to leave them hope.
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of Climate Change

The Politics of Climate Change

Indeed, for anyone interested in, and concerned about, international affairs, few
issues are more important. Climate change is not solely a technical issue to be
resolved by scientists, but a political issue with political implications at all levels
of ...

Author: Paul G. Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317989912

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 987

Climate change is now a mainstream part of the international political agenda. It has become clear that it is not solely a technical issue, to be resolved by scientists, but a political issue with political implications at all levels of global governance. Indeed, some may argue that few long-term problems in international affairs are more important than this one. The purpose of this book is to reveal and apply some of the latest thinking on the implications of climate change for international affairs, and to explore how various proposals for tackling climate change will affect interstate relations in coming years. Chapters by scholars of international relations, international political economy and international law contribute to current discussions of climate change, doing so in way that is accessible to students, stakeholders, government officials and informed laypersons. Some questions considered in the book include the following: How has the discussion of climate change affected interstate relations? How does this problem, and how do environmental issues more generally, challenge international relations theory? How do international climate politics influence domestic politics, and vice-versa? How would climate change or action taken to tackle it affect the balance of power or balance of influence? Is climate change a matter of international security or international justice—or both—and how does the answer to this question affect policy responses of governments? Which states are likely to benefit or suffer from the various proposals to address climate change? What are the legal, ethical and political implications of the uneven distribution of the impacts of climate change? This book was previously published as a special issue of the Cambridge Review of International Affairs.
Categories: Political Science

Climate and Time in Their Geological Relations

Climate and Time in Their Geological Relations

A Theory of Secular Changes of the Earth's Climate James Croll. 1 the
occurrence of the southern winter in perihelion , and the extra quantity of warm
water flowing from the equatorial to the antarctic regions , would produce an
effect on the ...

Author: James Croll

Publisher:

ISBN: IOWA:31858025194477

Category: Climatology

Page: 577

View: 363

Categories: Climatology

House of Commons Environment Food and Rural Affairs Committee Departmental Annual Report 2012 13 HC741

House of Commons   Environment  Food and Rural Affairs Committee  Departmental Annual Report 2012 13   HC741

... Relating to the Report Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons:
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee. less - expensive land . ” 60 But it
also acknowledges that distant offsets could have adverse effects on local
communities .

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0215066006

Category: Science

Page: 31

View: 286

The Committee has examined the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) annual report and accounts for 2012-13 (HC 40, session 2013-14, ISBN 9780102985672). Defra is one of the smallest of Government Departments but it has faced among the most substantial budget cuts, which are set to continue up to 2016. Defra relies on a large number of arms length bodies to deliver many significant areas of policy. Ministers must clarify how further budgets cuts of over £300 million over the coming 2 years will impact on the funding provided to these agencies and the ability of the Department to respond to emergencies, exemplified by the flooding over Christmas and the New Year. Among the most significant challenges facing the Department in the next 12 months is implementation of the new Common Agricultural Policy, and there are risks that the introduction of a new digital system for delivering payments to farms will cause problems for those farmers who do not have access to rural broadband. The Committee found that the results of the Defra staff survey revealed an increased lack of confidence in the management and leadership of the Department, issues which must be addressed. Further challenges facing Defra in the coming year include policy relating to bovine TB and badger culling, its proposals on biodiversity offsetting, the introduction of plastic bag charging, and examining the role and potential of GM technology in food production.
Categories: Science

Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs

Department for Environment  Food and Rural Affairs

The methane produced by landfill typically accounts for 3 % by potency of the
United Kingdom ' s total production of climate changing gases . The Environment
Agency can capture up to three - quarters of methane emissions at some landfill ...

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Committee of Public Accounts

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0215036913

Category: Architecture

Page: 57

View: 419

Biodegradable materials in landfill sites, such as food, vegetation and paper, generate methane and other emissions to the soil and water which can be harmful to health. The European Union introduced a Directive in 1999 which set maximum allowances for the tonnage of biodegradable municipal waste that each Member State could send to landfill from 2006 onwards. Waste collection and disposal is a key responsibility of the 388 local authorities in England, and the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) has to work closely with them to enable the United Kingdom to comply with this Directive. Non-compliance could result in a fine of up to £180 million a year. The UK's historic reliance on landfill led to a four year extension to the timetable, but DEFRA took no effective action until 2003. Although 2005-06 saw a reduction of 2.3 million tonnes against the previous year, a further reduction of 4.9 million tonnes will be required to comply with the 2013 maximum allowance set by the EU. Much of the progress made has involved an increase in recycling, due to the public's enthusiasm, but manufacturers and retailers continue to use large amounts of packaging. Recycling alone will be insufficient to comply with the Directive, and new infrastructure - energy-from-waste plants which incinerate, anaerobically digest, or compost waste to generate electricity - will be necessary. But such plants are unpopular and typically take nine years to become operational, and there is a significant risk that many will not be ready in time.
Categories: Architecture

The Ethics of Climate Change

The Ethics of Climate Change

Gardiner, S. (2001) 'The real tragedy of the commons', Philosophy and Public
Affairs, 30.4, 387—416. —— (2003), 'The pure intergenerational problem', The
Monist, 86.3, 481-500. — (2004a) 'Ethics and global climate changel Ethics 114.

Author: James Garvey

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441133632

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 544

"Open this book and James Garvey is right there making real sense to you... in a necessary conversation, capturing you to the very end."-Ted Honderich, Grote Professor Emeritus of The Philosophy of Mind & Logic, University College London, UK. James Garvey argues that the ultimate rationale for action on climate change cannot be simply economic, political, scientific or social, though our decisions should be informed by such things. Instead, climate change is largely a moral problem. What we should do about it depends on what matters to us and what we think is right. This book is an introduction to the ethics of climate change. It considers a little climate science and a lot of moral philosophy, ultimately finding a way into the many possible positions associated with climate change. It is also a call for action, for doing something about the moral demands placed on both governments and individuals by the fact of climate change. This is a book about choices, responsibility, and where the moral weight falls on our warming world.
Categories: Philosophy

Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs

Department for Environment  Food and Rural Affairs

A further review by the Department was underway to explore the scope to
rationalise the number of bodies involved in tackling climate change , including
the Carbon Trust , Energy Savings Trust and WRAP.15 13 Qq 15 , 21 , 53 14 Qq
51 ...

Author: House of Commons

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0215523539

Category: Political Science

Page: 24

View: 771

In 2007-08, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (the Department) received £3,617 million from the Treasury. The Accounting Officer is expected to manage these resources efficiently and effectively to deliver a range of services and operations within the funding provided by Parliament. The Department failed to allocate final budgets to each of its business areas until five months into the 2007-08 financial year because: (a) planned expenditure was in excess of funds provided; (b) budget holders did not declare all financial commitments from the outset; and (c) the costs of unforeseen floods and the outbreaks of animal disease had to be managed. A similar situation had arisen in 2006-07 when the Department had to make mid-year budget reductions of £170 million to avoid the risk of overspending. The late notification of the reductions had an adverse impact on performance. In part the problems arise from the difficulties faced in sponsoring 31 delivery bodies, each with its own administrative functions and with different approaches to setting budgets and monitoring progress. Obtaining timely and realistic financial reports from delivery bodies was also difficult. A lack of awareness amongst the Department's Board Members of good financial management practice, together with cultural issues which did not prioritise financial management at a corporate level, added to the challenges. The Department's Management Board has since put in place more rigorous financial and outcome monitoring systems. Having agreed budgets for 2008-09 that accord with the Department's allocation from the Comprehensive Spending Review 2007, the problems of 2006-07 and 2007-08 are not expected to recur in 2008-09.
Categories: Political Science

The Climate of Canada and Its Relations to Life and Health

The Climate of Canada and Its Relations to Life and Health

In the American army , affairs , as I have said , are infinitely worse , and of the
total number of deaths , nine out of every twenty - three are traced directly to an
excessive use of ardent spirits ; whilst others , doubtless , are owing to the same ...

Author: William Hales Hingston

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HN4QUS

Category: Canada

Page: 266

View: 663

Categories: Canada