Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World

Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World

Oxyfuel combustion is one of the promising technologies to reduce CO2 emission from pulverized coal fired power plant. ... Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-30445-3_173, # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg ...

Author: Haiying Qi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642304453

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1393

View: 897

Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World is the proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Coal Combustion which has a significant international influence. It concerns basic research on coal combustion and clean utilization, techniques and equipments of pulverized coal combustion, techniques and equipments of fluidized bed combustion, basic research and techniques of emission control, basic research and application techniques of carbon capture and storage (CCS), etc. Professor Haiying Qi and Bo Zhao both work at the Tsinghua University, China
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Oxy fuel Combustion

Oxy fuel Combustion

Cleaner combustion and sustainable world. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 99–104. Huang X. Oxyfuel combustion characteristics of pulverized coal based on flat-flame assisted entrained flow reactor (Dissertation for the Doctoral ...

Author: Chuguang Zheng

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128123225

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 614

Oxy-fuel Combustion: Fundamentals, Theory and Practice provides a comprehensive review of various aspects of oxy-fuel combustion technology, including its concept, fundamental theory, pilot practice, large-scale feasibility studies and related practical issues, such as the commissioning and operation of an oxy-fuel combustion plant. Oxy-fuel combustion, as the most practical large-scale carbon capture power generation technology, has attracted significant attention in the past two decades. As significant progress has been achieved in worldwide demonstration and the oxy-combustion concept confirmed by Schwartze Pump, CUIDEN, Callide, Ponferrada and Yingcheng projects in the past five years, this book provides a timely addition for discussion and study. Covers oxy-fuel combustion technology Includes concepts, fundamentals, pilots and large-scale feasibility studies Considers related practical issues, such as the commissioning and operation of an oxy-fuel combustion plant Focuses on theories and methods closely related to engineering practice
Categories: Science

Computational Modeling of Pulverized Coal Fired Boilers

Computational Modeling of Pulverized Coal Fired Boilers

The influence of coal type on devolatilization and combustion in fluidized beds, J. Inst. Energy, 54, 142–150. Qi, H. and Zhao, B. (2013). Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany. Ranade, V.V. (2002).

Author: Vivek V. Ranade

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482215359

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 613

Harness State-of-the-Art Computational Modeling Tools Computational Modeling of Pulverized Coal Fired Boilers successfully establishes the use of computational modeling as an effective means to simulate and enhance boiler performance. This text factors in how computational flow models can provide a framework for developing a greater understanding of the underlying processes in PC boilers. It also provides a detailed account of the methodology of computational modeling of pulverized coal boilers, as well as an apt approach to modeling complex processes occurring in PC boilers in a manageable way. Connects Modeling with Real-Life Applications Restricted to the combustion side of the boiler (the authors assume some prior background of reaction engineering and numerical techniques), the book describes the individual aspects of combustion and heat recovery sections of PC boilers that can be used to further improve the design methodologies, optimize boiler performance, and solve practical boiler-related problems. The book provides guidelines on implementing the material in commercial CFD solvers, summarizes key points, and presents relevant case studies. It can also be used to model larger boilers based on conventional, super-critical, or ultra-super critical technologies as well as based on oxy-fuel technologies. Consisting of six chapters, this functional text: Provides a general introduction Explains the overall approach and methodology Explores kinetics of coal pyrolysis (devolatilization) and combustion and methods of its evaluation Presents computational flow modeling approach to simulate pulverized coal fired boiler Covers modeling aspects from formulation of model equations to simulation methodology Determines typical results obtained with computational flow models Discusses the phenomenological models or reactor network models Includes practical applications of computational modeling Computational Modeling of Pulverized Coal Fired Boilers explores the potential of computational models for better engineering of pulverized coal boilers, providing an ideal resource for practicing engineers working in utility industries. It also benefits boiler design companies, industrial consultants, R & D laboratories, and engineering scientists/research students.
Categories: Science

Pyrolysis

Pyrolysis

B.P. Statistical review of world energy. U.K.; 2016. ... Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World. Berlin: Springer; 2013. pp. 893-895. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-30445-3_120 Mills S. Global Perspective on the Use of Low Quality Coals.

Author: Mohamed Samer

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535133117

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 822

This book provides useful information about pyrolysis, which includes the pyrolysis of biomass and pyrolysis of fossil fuels and petrochemicals. Additionally, this book elucidates and illustrates further innovative pyrolysis processes such as catalytic pyrolysis, spray pyrolysis, and microwave-assisted pyrolysis. This book discusses the production of semiconductors and nanomaterials through the pyrolysis process.
Categories: Science

Biomass Chars Elaboration Characterization and Applications

Biomass Chars  Elaboration  Characterization and Applications

[CrossRef] Li, X.; Hayashi, J.; Li, C. Volatilisation and catalytic effects of alkali and alkaline earth metallic species during the pyrolysis ... In Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World; Springer: Berlin, Germany, 2013; pp.989–998.

Author: Lionel Limousy

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039216628

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 395

Biomass can be converted to energy, biofuels, and bioproducts via thermochemical conversion processes, such as combustion, pyrolysis, and gasification. Combustion technology is most widely applied on an industrial scale. However, biomass gasification and pyrolysis processes are still in the research and development stage. The major products from these processes are syngas, bio-oil, and char (called also biochar for agronomic application). Among these products, biomass chars have received increasing attention for different applications, such as gasification, co-combustion, catalysts or adsorbents precursors, soil amendment, carbon fuel cells, and supercapacitors. This Special Issue provides an overview of biomass char production methods (pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, etc.), characterization techniques (e.g., scanning electronic microscopy, X-ray fluorescence, nitrogen adsorption, Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and temperature programmed desorption and mass spectrometry), their properties, and their suitable recovery processes.
Categories: Science

China and Europe s Partnership for a More Sustainable World

China and Europe   s Partnership for a More Sustainable World

Thus, the transport sector represents a major item on the global balance of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. ... or other kinds of new cars (such as electrical or hybrid vehicles) or introducing new fuels, to make the combustion cleaner.

Author:

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781786353313

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 547

This book gathers the main scientific outputs of POREEN, a four-year project on partnering opportunities between Europe and China in the renewable energy and environmental industries. It investigates the main challenges and opportunities related to Sino-European dialogue and cooperation in the green sector with a focus on sustainable growth.
Categories: Business & Economics

Cleaner Combustion

Cleaner Combustion

Biomass can be used directly as a fuel for combustion or can be an indirect source of clean fuels. ... TeraJoule (TJ) and projections indicate a trend of growth up to 3.7–3.83 9 107 TJ by 2035 (World Energy Outlook 2010).

Author: Frédérique Battin-Leclerc

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447153078

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 658

View: 893

This overview compiles the on-going research in Europe to enlarge and deepen the understanding of the reaction mechanisms and pathways associated with the combustion of an increased range of fuels. Focus is given to the formation of a large number of hazardous minor pollutants and the inability of current combustion models to predict the formation of minor products such as alkenes, dienes, aromatics, aldehydes and soot nano-particles which have a deleterious impact on both the environment and on human health. Cleaner Combustion describes, at a fundamental level, the reactive chemistry of minor pollutants within extensively validated detailed mechanisms for traditional fuels, but also innovative surrogates, describing the complex chemistry of new environmentally important bio-fuels. Divided into five sections, a broad yet detailed coverage of related research is provided. Beginning with the development of detailed kinetic mechanisms, chapters go on to explore techniques to obtain reliable experimental data, soot and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, mechanism reduction and uncertainty analysis, and elementary reactions. This comprehensive coverage of current research provides a solid foundation for researchers, managers, policy makers and industry operators working in or developing this innovative and globally relevant field.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Sustainable World

The Sustainable World

Then, coal clean technology is needed in order that recovery of combustible matter from waste fine coals for ... Laboratory combustion experiments have shown that SO2 emissions are reduced by 75–95% during the combustion of BBs as ...

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 9781845645045

Category: Environmental responsibility

Page: 793

View: 849

This book contains a collection of papers presented at a series of meetings organised by the Wessex Institute of Technology (WIT) dealing with sustainability, the environment and ecological issues. The complexity of the modern world presents new challenges to scientists and engineers that requires finding interdisciplinary solutions. Any problem solving carried out in the isolation of a particular field of expertise may give rise to a series of damaging effects which can create new and unintentional environmental and ecological problems. Specialisation, while required in our culture, needs to be kept under control by the understanding of the whole, which leads to the need of relying on interdisciplinary teams. Nowadays this can be easily achieved thanks to the massive advances in information technology which ensure continuous and immediate contact between all partners. This collaboration needs to be effective and to produce results that will lead to a better world. For this to happen, it is necessary that different groups of scientists and engineers acquire the necessary skills to be able to talk to each other. Furthermore, they need to understand the social and economic aspects of a given problem, in addition to the scientific and engineering issues involved. The Wessex Institute of Technology (WIT) has a long and very successful record in organising interdisciplinary conferences. The papers in this book are a reflection of the proceedings of some of those meetings.
Categories: Environmental responsibility

Nanotechnology for a Sustainable World

Nanotechnology for a Sustainable World

Global Artificial Photosynthesis as Nanotechnology's Moral Culmination Thomas Faunce ... into dual-use hydrogen fuel and fresh water production plants that are cheaper and cleaner to operate, 178 Nanotechnology for a sustainable world.

Author: Thomas Faunce

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781005194

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 217

View: 795

Does humanity have a moral obligation to emphasise nanotechnology's role in addressing the critical public health and environmental problems of our age? This well crafted book explores this idea by analysing the prospects for a macroscience nanotechnology-for-environmental sustainability project in areas such as food, water and energy supply, medicine, healthcare, peace and security. Developing and applying an innovative science-based view of natural law underpinning a global social contract, it considers some of the key scientific and governance challenges such a global project may face. The book concludes that the moral culmination of nanotechnology is a Global Artificial Photosynthesis project. It argues that the symmetric patterns of energy creating photosynthesis, life and us are shaping not only the nanotechnological advances of artificial photosynthesis, but also the ethical and legal norms likely to best govern such scientific achievements to form a sustainable existence on this planet. Nanotechnology for a Sustainable World will appeal to many generations of scientists and policymakers working to improve our world in public health, environmental sustainability and renewable energy and nanotechnology. It will also be a valuable resource for similarly motivated students of chemistry, physics, biology, nanotechnology and photosynthesis, as well as environmental and energy ethics, law and policy.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World

Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World

... due to its toxic and corrosive nature, besides leading to sulfur oxide emissions during combustion. ... The different physico-chemical and biological methods used for biogas cleaning are discussed in the next section.

Author: Eric Lichtfouse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940072439X

Category: Science

Page: 541

View: 634

Environmental chemistry is a fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. Chapters review analysis and remediation of pollutants such as greenhouse gases, chiral pharmaceuticals, dyes, chlorinated organics, arsenic, toxic metals and pathogen in air, water, plant and soil. Several highlights include the overlooked impact of air pollutants from buildings for health risk, innovative remediation techniques such as bioreactors for gas treatment, electrochemical cleaning of pharmaceuticals, sequestration on Fe-Mn nodules, phytoremediation and photocatalytical inactivation of microbial pathogens. This book will be a valuable source of information for engineers and students developing novel applied techniques to monitor and clean pollutants in air, wastewater, soils and sediments.
Categories: Science