Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace

Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace

A modern historian declares “that in spite of their many wars, they never regarded
warfare as anything but a tragic interruption of ordinary life.” 11 The Romans
manifestly built their empire by war, but considered peace their greatest ...

Author: Roland H. Bainton

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781556357886

Category: Religion

Page: 300

View: 309

Any scholarship that addresses the evolution of Christian perspectives on warfare generally references this book. first published in 1960. Although the scholarship of this work is now outdated and critiqued, Bainton's work is foundational in the area. Bainton believes that the Christian community started out pacifistic, then developed the just war doctrine, and finally adopted holy war ideals. He traces this trajectory from the Early Church up through the wars and conflicts of the 20th century. Finally, Bainton adds his critique of current militaristic ideas, especially in regards to atomic warfare. (from a review by Andrew Lumpkin)
Categories: Religion

War Peace and Christianity

War  Peace  and Christianity

In his singularly important book Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace,
Roland Bainton begins the chapter titled “The Pacifism of the Early Church” with
the following assertion: The three Christian positions with regard to war . . . .
matured in ...

Author: J. Daryl Charles

Publisher: Crossway

ISBN: 9781433524196

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 108

With issues of war and peace at the forefront of current events, an informed Christian response is needed. This timely volume answers 104 questions from a just-war perspective, offering thoughtful yet succinct answers. Ranging from the theoretical to the practical, the volume looks at how the just-war perspective relates to the philosopher, historian, statesman, theologian, combatant, and individual—with particular emphases on its historical development and application to contemporary geopolitical challenges. Forgoing ideological extremes, Charles and Demy give much attention to the biblical teaching on the subject as they provide moral guidance. A valuable resource for considering the ethical issues relating to war, Christians will find this book's user-friendly format a helpful starting point for discussion.
Categories: Religion

Christian Attitudes to War Peace and Revolution

Christian Attitudes to War  Peace  and Revolution

This material developed as a supplement to Roland Bainton's Christian Attitudes
Toward War and Peace, a monumental orientation to the history of Christian
thought on the subject.1 This project reproduces the substance of a course on ...

Author: John Howard Yoder

Publisher: Brazos Press

ISBN: 9781587432316

Category: Religion

Page: 472

View: 503

One of the most important thinkers on just war and pacifism describes, analyzes, and evaluates various patterns of thought and practice in Western Christian history.
Categories: Religion

Political Violence in Judaism Christianity and Islam

Political Violence in Judaism  Christianity  and Islam

Roland H. Bainton, Christian Attitudes Towards War and Peace (Nashville, TN:
Abingdon Press, 1990), 14–15. I would also like to thank Dr. David Satran from
the Comparative Religion department at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem for
his ...

Author: Jonathan Fine

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442247567

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 524

Religious political violence is by no means a new phenomenon, yet there are critical differences between the various historical instances of such violence and its more current permutations. Since the mid-1970s, religious fundamentalist movements have been seeking to influence world order by participating in local political systems. For example, Islamic fundamentalism is at the heart of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, the Christian fundamental right wing has seen a resurgence in Europe, and Jewish fundamentalism is behind the actions of Meir Kahane’s Kach movement and the settler movement. The shift in recent years from secular to religious political violence necessitates a reevaluation of contemporary political violence and of the concept of religious violence. This text analyzes the evolution of religious political violence, in both historical and contemporary perspectives. Since religious political violent events are usually associated with the term “terrorism,” the book first analyzes the origins of this controversial term and its religious manifestations. It then outlines and highlights the differences between secular and religious political violence, on ideological, strategic, and tactical levels before comparing the concept of Holy War in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Lastly, it shows how modern radical monotheistic religious groups interpret and manipulate their religious sources and ideas to advocate their political agendas, including the practice of violence. A unique comparative study of religious political violence across Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, this text features many international case studies from the Crusades to the Arab Spring.
Categories: Political Science

The Gospel of the Prince of Peace A Treatise on Christian Pacifism

The Gospel of the Prince of Peace  A Treatise on Christian Pacifism

Bacevich, Andrew J, The New American Militarism: How Americans are Seduced
by War, Oxford University Press, 2005 Bainton, Roland H. Christian Attitudes
toward War and Peace, Abingdon Press, Nashville, TN, 1960 Ballou, Adin, ...

Author: Daniel H. Shubin

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9780966275759

Category: Religion

Page: 252

View: 456

The message preached by Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of God, that the essence of the gospel is the deliverance of humanity from its perpetual self-destructive trend of warfare and the many sufferings that result from it. This book will also unveil that his message consisted of peaceful coexistence and toleration between people and nations. Evidence will also be provided to the reader to testify that the only proper manner for a Christian to conduct himself in the matter of war and military service is to refuse. The author, Daniel H. Shubin has written in the past a theology and a commentary on the Bible, compiled a 4-volume History of Russian Christianity, and books on philosophy and religion. Dan was a conscientious objector during the Vietnam War (as was his father during World War 2) and also acts as an advisor for military-age young men of his denomination. He has been married 41 years to wife AnnaMarie, and they have 3 adult offspring.
Categories: Religion

Toward an Anabaptist Political Theology

Toward an Anabaptist Political Theology

For studies of the early church's attitude toward the military, see, among other
works, Bainton, Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace; Cahill, Love Your
Enemies; von Harnack, Militia Christi; Tertullian, On Idolatry and Apology. 82.
Although ...

Author: A. James Reimer

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630875176

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 194

A. James Reimer's (1942-2010) theopolitical project, intended to be a fully theologically conceptualized political theology, offers a constructive and creative contribution to this burgeoning field of theological inquiry. Reimer's thesis for this theologically derived politics focuses on the necessity to take seriously the biblical-Trinitarian foundations for all Christian social ethics, but also on the importance of astute and faithful engagement by Christians in public institutional life, including the political realm. While Reimer understood himself to be working as an Anabaptist, and hoped to invite that tradition to embrace a more positive view of civil institutions than has historically been the case, he was not limited by that tradition or beholden to take only its sources into account. Ever alert to the problems inherent in every kind of reductionism, and especially so in cases where theology is reduced to either ethics or politics, Reimer's political theology pursues the investigation of theological realities that are to serve as the engine, the generative force of a political theology that seeks to articulate both a critical and a positive-constructive approach to public/political life and institutions.
Categories: Religion

Pentecostal and Holiness Statements on War and Peace

Pentecostal and Holiness Statements on War and Peace

The Attitude and Hope of God's People One may ask, “What should be the
Christian's attitude toward war? ... to renounce war and work for its elimination by
teaching and living the gospel of Christ which alone brings peace and good will
to ...

Author: Jay Beaman

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781621898658

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 943

Many Pentecostal groups have forgotten their legacy of war resistance and doctrinal history opposing killing. To rectify this loss, we have catalogued Holiness and Pentecostal denominational statements on war and peace. Numerous Holiness groups and virtually all early Pentecostal groups had some form of pacifist statement against war. This antiwar collection gives us an almost uniform picture of the early Pentecostal movement as largely pacifist in orientation. The commonality of these statements across both Holiness and Pentecostal movements is evidence they are a continuous group and not two separate movements. While their early doctrines opposed killing, many named in this book are now widely considered to be stalwarts of the Religious Right, or at least staunch supporters of Christian participation in war. Our hope is that this book will frame the official position of early Pentecostals on war and peace, and encourage Pentecostals today to reflect on their antiwar heritage.
Categories: Religion

The Blackwell Companion to Christian Ethics

The Blackwell Companion to Christian Ethics

In fairness, some forms of pacifism also fail to appreciate why it is the Church's
liturgy that is the alternative to the sacrificial character of war. That is why, as
John Howard Yoder argues in his Christian Attitudes Toward War, Peace, and ...

Author: Stanley Hauerwas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444396676

Category: Religion

Page: 592

View: 642

Featuring updates, revisions, and new essays from various scholars within the Christian tradition, The Blackwell Companion to Christian Ethics, Second Edition reveals how Christian worship is the force that shapes the moral life of Christians. Features new essays on class, race, disability, gender, peace, and the virtues Includes a number of revised essays and a range of new authors The innovative and influential approach organizes ethical themes around the shape of Christian worship The original edition is the most successful to-date in the Companions to Religion series
Categories: Religion

Caesar and the Lamb

Caesar and the Lamb

Early Christian Attitudes on War and Military Service George Kalantzis. 3. Ibid. ...
und Krieg”; Bainton, “The Early Church and War”; idem, Christian Attitudes
Toward War and Peace; and Daly, “The New Testament: Pacifism and Non-
Violence.

Author: George Kalantzis

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781621894483

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 975

Through the available patristic writings Caesar and the Lamb focuses on the attitudes of the earliest Christians on war and military service. Kalantzis not only provides the reader with many new translations of pre-Constantinian texts, he also tells the story of the struggle of the earliest Church, the communities of Christ at the margins of power and society, to bear witness to the nations that enveloped them as they transformed the dominant narratives of citizenship, loyalty, freedom, power, and control. Although Kalantzis examines writings on war and military service in the first three centuries of the Christian Church in an organized manner, the ways earliest Christians thought of themselves and the state are not presented here through the lens of antiquarian curiosity. With theological sensitivity and historical acumen this companion leads the reader into the world in which Christianity arose and asks questions of the past that help us understand the early character of the Christian faith with the hope that such an enterprise will also help us evaluate its expression in our own time.
Categories: Religion

Pacifism Just War and Tyrannicide

Pacifism  Just War  and Tyrannicide

World War.” PhD diss., University of Virginia, 1978. Bailey, J. Martin and
Douglass Gilbert. The Steps of Bonhoeffer: A Pictorial Album. New York:
Macmillan, 1969. Bainton, Roland H. Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace:
A Historical ...

Author: David M. Gides

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781621892045

Category: Religion

Page: 422

View: 478

Dietrich Bonhoeffer's perplexing and controversial shift from admitted pacifism to tyrannicide has been the source of scholarly and popular inspiration and criticism. How could an admitted Christian pacifist be involved in a plot to assassinate a political figure? Is there a way to understand and explain this phenomenon comprehensive enough to encompass all relevant data? One that takes into account the nuances of Bonhoeffer's theology and all of the elements of his complex historical and personal contexts? This study attempts to offer an explanation by linking Bonhoeffer's political thinking and action with his understanding of the church-world relationship and by evaluating the changes in that thought-action dyad as his life progressed. What emerges is a portrait of a bold and visionary thinker and political agent whose church-world theology, while discontinuous, is consistent enough to be authentic and yet flexible enough to meet the extraordinary challenges presented by Nazism and its intrusion into the churches. Gides suggests that it is actually Bonhoeffer's malleable church-world thinking that ultimately distinguishes him from his theological and ecclesial contemporaries and even from the mass of German church persons and citizenry; it allowed him to confront evil by reaching beyond the constraints of traditional Lutheran thinking.
Categories: Religion

Shakespeare and the Just War Tradition

Shakespeare and the Just War Tradition

Chapter 3 The 'Pacifist' Tradition 3.1 The Humanist Pacifists: More, Erasmus and
Vives The early Christian writers had expressed a more or less ... For a treatment
of early Christian attitudes towards war and peace, see also Johnson, 1987, pp.

Author: Professor Paola Pugliatti

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409475897

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 260

View: 568

Brought to light in this study is a connection between the treatment of war in Shakespeare's plays and the issue of the 'just war', which loomed large both in religious and in lay treatises of Shakespeare's time. The book re-reads Shakespeare's representations of war in light of both the changing historical and political contexts in which they were produced and of Shakespeare's possible connection with the culture and ideology of the European just war tradition. But to discuss Shakespeare's representations of war means, for Pugliatti, not simply to examine his work from a literary point of view or to historicize those representations in connection with the discourses (and the practice) of war which were produced in his time; it also means to consider or re-consider present-day debates for or against war and the kind of war ideology which is trying to assert itself in our time in light of the tradition which shaped those discourses and representations and which still substantiates our 'moral' view of war.
Categories: Literary Criticism

An Introduction to Biblical Ethics

An Introduction to Biblical Ethics

... John L Allen Jr, “The War on Christians,” The Spectator, October 5, 2013,
wwwspec tatorcouk/features/9041841/the-war-on-christians 24 War and Peace
1Time 95 (March 9, 1970): 46-47 2Roland H Bainton, Christian Attitudes Toward
War ...

Author: Robertson McQuilkin

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 9780830864812

Category: Religion

Page: 669

View: 867

What should we do or not do? This comprehensive text on biblical ethics is completely revised, focusing on how we fulfill the purposes of God for our lives. New content includes discussions of living virtuously, ethical alternatives, bioethical issues, technology, helping the poor, animal rights, sexual ethics, and the media.
Categories: Religion

The Road That I Must Walk

The Road That I Must Walk

For early church views on Christian participation in the military, see Hornus, It Is
Not Lawful for Me to Fight and Bainton, Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace
. 20. See Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, II-II, Q. 40, A. 2. 21. See the introductory ...

Author: Darrin W. Snyder Belousek

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630873516

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 194

View: 750

How much of myself (and my stuff) must I give up to follow Jesus? How does belonging to a faith community shape being a Christian? How do I walk in faith with friends whose faith is unclear or uncertain? What gives Christians hope in the face of power politics? Can I be pro-life and decry war, too? How do I make peace amidst the wrongs of the world? If you wonder about such questions, this book is for you. The Road That I Must Walk represents the author's own wrestling with the call and cost of discipleship across a decade. Rather than an academic attempt to define or describe discipleship, these are simply the words of a disciple, one who has sought to walk in the way of Jesus. Arising from various circumstances and responding to various concerns, the several pieces collected here comprise a sketchbook of ethical reflections, biblical meditations, and spiritual ponderings drawn from one person's journey of following Jesus.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

To Defend the Constitution

To Defend the Constitution

Knut Willem Ruyter , “ Pacifism and Military Service in the Early Church , ” Cross
Currents 32 ( Spring 1982 ) : 54 - 60 ; see also Bainton , Christian Attitudes
Toward War and Peace , 66 - 84 ; Hershberger , War , Peace , and Nonresistance
, 64 ...

Author: Ronald Barri Flowers

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105060303398

Category: Law

Page: 519

View: 433

People have been denied citizenship in America for many reasons. Would it surprise you to learn that four of those people were denied because they were conscientious objectors to war? The government believed that because they were not willing to bear arms in defense of the country, they were not attached to the principles of the Constitution, as required by naturalization law. Ironically, none of these people were eligible for military service because of their age, and two of them were women. Furthermore, when both women were denied citizenship it was during a period when women could not serve in the military. Following overviews of the history of immigration and pacifism in America, chapters are devoted to the four different forms of conscientious objection: philosophical absolute pacifism, religiously informed absolute pacifism, selective conscientious objection, and conscientious cooperator. Each chapter discusses the individual, the arguments for their claim to citizenship, the government's arguments against them, and an analysis of the Supreme Court Opinion in their case. In short, each chapter gives a comprehensive treatment of the personalities and the issues involved. A fascinating and informative read for theology and law students, scholars and for those intrigued in immigration and/or pacifism.
Categories: Law

Jesus Christ Peacemaker

Jesus Christ  Peacemaker

As H. A. Drake put it: Organizationally, Christianity wasa “movement,”that is, an
organization devoted to effecting change in the public ... 1 Roland Bainton,
Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace (Eugene, OR: Wipf andStock, 1960),
67.

Author: Rynne, Terrence J.

Publisher: Orbis Books

ISBN: 9781608335176

Category:

Page:

View: 940

Categories:

Calvin s Doctrine of the State

Calvin s Doctrine of the State

A Reformed Doctrine and Its American Trajectory, The Revolutionary War, and
the Founding of the Republic Mark J. Larson ... Bainton, Christian Attitudes
toward War and Peace, 144–45; George, “War and Peace in the Puritan tradition,
” 494.

Author: Mark J. Larson

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781606080733

Category: Religion

Page: 148

View: 151

Contemporary treatments of Calvin's political views often imply that he embraced a theocratic civil polity and that he was committed to holy war doctrine. On the basis of the primary sources, the first half of this volume argues that neither position is correct. Calvin, in his political thought, maintained the superiority of a republic as a civil polity. In addition, he placed himself firmly within the medieval just war tradition that was established by Augustine of Hippo and later reaffirmed by Thomas Aquinas. In terms of his commitment to classical just war teaching, Calvin stood in continuity with Martin Luther, even while he distanced himself from the holy war perspective of the Zurich Reformers Henry Bullinger and Peter Martyr Vermigli. In the thinking of Calvin, a war could only be authorized by the state, not the church. War had to be prosecuted with humanity and restraint, and not in the tradition of the medieval crusade. The second half of the book sets forth what Calvin actually believed on the matter of government and war. Here we examine his teaching on parliamentary resistance to monarchical tyranny and the full dimensions of his commitment to justice of war categories. Unlike Luther and Bullinger, Calvin provided a parliamentary remedy for the perennial evil of tyranny. With Vermigli and Theodore Beza siding with Calvin on this right, a body of Reformed doctrine was established to which succeeding generations could appeal for teaching, direction, and justification for taking up arms. It is clear that Calvin's political legacy is profoundly evident in the American Revolutionary War and in the constitutional determination for a republic in the United States of America. Calvin's ecclesiastical republicanism, as it came to fruition in Presbyterian church government, was a powerful impetus toward the creation of republican institutions in civil government.
Categories: Religion

John Howard Yoder

John Howard Yoder

Christian Century, October 20, 2013, 16. Amstutz, Jim S. Threatened with
Resurrection: Self-Preservation and Christ's Way of Peace. Scottdale, PA: Herald,
2001. Bainton, Roland H. Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace: A Historical
 ...

Author: Earl Zimmerman

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630876425

Category: Religion

Page: 438

View: 712

This book argues that for John Howard Yoder both theology (in particular Christology) and ethics are expressions of the meaning of the narrative of Jesus. All such statements are relative to a particular context, which means that theology and ethics are always subject to reaching back to the narrative in order to restate the meaning in new and ever-changing contexts. This methodology is visible in Yoder's Preface to Theology, which has been little used in most treatments of Yoder's thought. Yoder has been characterized as standing on Nicene orthodoxy, criticized for rejecting Nicene orthodoxy, called heterodox, and designated a postmodern thinker to be interpreted in terms of other such thinkers. None of these characterizations adequately locates the basis of his methodology in the narrative of Jesus. Thus John Howard Yoder: Radical Theologian aims to go beyond or to supersede existing treatments with its demonstration that Yoder is a radical theologian in the historical meaning of radical--that is, as one who returns to the root. For Christian faith, this root is Jesus Christ. Parts II and III of the book explore the sources of Yoder's approach, and its application in several contemporary contexts.
Categories: Religion

A Faith Not Worth Fighting For

A Faith Not Worth Fighting For

Addressing Commonly Asked Questions about Christian Nonviolence Tripp York,
Justin Bronson Barringer ... Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2006. Bainton, Roland.
Christian Attitudes Toward War and Peace. Nashville: Abingdon, 1979. Barth,
Karl.

Author: Tripp York

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781621893080

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 803

In A Faith Not Worth Fighting For, editors Justin Bronson Barringer and Tripp York have assembled a number of essays by pastors, activists, and scholars in order to address the common questions and objections leveled against the Christian practice of nonviolence. Assuming that the command to love one's enemies is at the heart of the Gospel, these writers carefully, faithfully--and no doubt provocatively--attempt to explain why the nonviolent path of Jesus is an integral aspect of Christian discipleship. By addressing misconceptions about Christian pacifism, as well as real-life violent situations, this book will surely challenge the reader's basic understanding of what it means to be a follower of Jesus.
Categories: Religion

A History of Christian Thought Volume II

A History of Christian Thought Volume II

purpose—that is, the establishment of peace—if it is led by the proper authorities,
and if, even in the midst of killing, the ... 26 Roland H. Bainton, Christian Attitudes
Toward War and Peace (Apex ed.; Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1960), pp.

Author: Justo L. González

Publisher: Abingdon Press

ISBN: 9781426721915

Category: Religion

Page: 231

View: 811

A treatment of the evolution of Christian thought from the birth of Christ, to the Apostles, to the early church, to the great flowering of Christianity across the world. Beginning with Augustine, Volume 2 covers the flowering of Christian thought that characterized both the Latin West and the Byzantine East during the Middle Ages.
Categories: Religion

From Just War to Modern Peace Ethics

From Just War to Modern Peace Ethics

War. to. Modern. Peace. Ethics: An. Introduction. For two millennia, Christian
thought has grappled with the question of how to ... Roland Bainton's well-known
1960 study Christian Attitudes Toward From Just War to Modern Peace Ethics :
An ...

Author: Heinz-Gerhard Justenhoven

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110291926

Category: Religion

Page: 359

View: 131

This book rewrites the history of Christian peace ethics. Christian reflection on reducing violence or overcoming war has roots extending back to ancient Roman philosophy, and it eventually decisively influenced the formation of modern international law. This study traces the development of the tradition from Cicero, Augustine and Thomas Aquinas to early modern thinkers including Vitoria, Suarez, Martin Luther, Hugo Grotius and Immanuel Kant. These sources influenced modern peace ethics’ cosmopolitanism and international law-based approach, as can be found in the late Pope John Paul II’s peace teaching.
Categories: Religion