LETS' be a Community

Community in Local Exchange Trading Systems

Author: N.A

Publisher: Rozenberg Publishers

ISBN: 9051707282

Category: Community life

Page: 178

View: 9039

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Choices in Child Care

The Distribution of Child Care Among Mothers, Fathers and Non-Parental Care Providers

Author: Liset van Dijk

Publisher: Thesis Pub

ISBN: 9789051703115

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 259

View: 6100

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Childcare patterns of preschool children have changed recently. In the past, mothers were supposed to take care of the children full-time and fathers were the wage earners. Non-parental care was hardly used. Nowadays, a growing number of women do not stop working after the birth of a child. The use of non-parental care has increased and the role of the father is becoming part of the child care discussion. As a result of these changes, child care patterns are much more varied than they used to be. This book discusses child care choices of parents with preschool children. The focus is on child care decisions tha t are related to the labor force participation of the parents. Contrary to much previous research, fathers are considered as a child care alternative, next to mothers, and non-parental care givers. The effects of several circumstances, such as the parents' income, the availability and quality of non-parental care and the non-parental care providers are studied on the basis of a survey of two-parent families with preschool children.
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The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology

Author: Arjan Blokland,Victor van der Geest

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131760301X

Category: Social Science

Page: 474

View: 8534

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Since its introduction in the latter half of the 1980s, the meticulous study of distinct criminal career dimensions, like onset, frequency, and crime mix, has yielded a wealth of information on the way crime develops over the life-span. Policymakers in turn have used this information in their efforts to tailor criminal justice interventions to be both effective and efficient. Life-course criminology studies the ways in which the criminal career is embedded in the totality of the individual life-course and seeks to clarify the causal mechanisms governing this process. The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology provides an authoritative collection of international theoretical and empirical research into the way that criminal behavior develops over the life-span, which causal mechanisms are involved in shaping this development, and to what degree criminal justice interventions are successful in redirecting offenders’ criminal trajectories. Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative research this handbook covers theory, describes and compares criminal career patterns across different countries, tests current explanations of criminal development, and using cutting-edge methods, assesses the intended and unintended effects of formal interventions. This book is the first of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art developments in criminal career and life-course research, providing unique perspectives and exclusive local knowledge from over 50 international scholars. This book is an ideal companion for teachers and researchers engaged in the field of developmental and life-course criminology.
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The Kindred Vote

Individual and Family Effects of Social Class and Religion on Electoral Change in the Netherlands, 1956-1994

Author: Ariana Need

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Voting

Page: 149

View: 1831

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Market efficiency versus equity

Author: B. Hessel,Joop Shippers,Jacques Siegers

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 9789051704372

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 201

View: 5772

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During recent decades the welfare state has shown a growing interest in issues relating to market efficiency. Supply side economics, Reaganism and Thatcherism all pointed to the fact that welfare state arrangements had become a burden for society that prevented individuals to take action and frustrated markets to operate efficiently. Since then different fields of public policy have been confronted with trends like deregulation, privatisation and less government action. Education, transport, social security and pension schemes are just a few examples. The results of these operations have given rise to new questions concerning solidarity, equal treatment and all citizens getting their 'fair share' of welfare. This debate has become the more important as Europe is in a period of transition in which it has to decide on shaping its future by way of the European Union. Major contributions to the discussion with respect to the relation between market efficiency and equity come from lawyers and economists. That is why this volume of the series 'Balancing the welfare state' has brought together experts in both law and economics to discuss this relation from different angles and with respect to different actual problems in the late-twentieth century welfare state.
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Investments in a Sustainable Workforce in Europe

Author: Tanja van der Lippe,Zoltán Lippényi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351105302

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 5703

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A sustainable European workforce has become increasingly relevant in our present day and age. Flexibility and job insecurity are omnipresent; organizational workforces are displaying growing diversity with respect to age, gender, ethnicity and family status; and Europe’s welfare states are delegating more and more responsibility for the well-being of workers to employers. Now more so than ever, organizations need to consider investing in workers to improve their performance and level of satisfaction. These investments can take many forms, including flexible work arrangements, training plans, child-related policies and health programs. The crucial question is how to make this happen. Why do some organizations invest more and others less in their employees? Why do some employees make use of these investments and while others do not? Why do such investments sometimes improve employee performance and satisfaction and sometimes not? This book addresses precisely these questions. The book contributes a new, large-scale survey of 259 organizations, 869 work units, and 11,011 employees in six diverse economic sectors in the Bulgaria, Finland, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and UK to study the causes and consequences of organizational investments. This book appeals to undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers and lecturers in the fields of Sociology, Business and Management, and Organizational Studies. It will also be useful for practitioners of Human Resource Management and others interested in workforce sustainability.
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