This concise international chemical assessment document (CICAD) on chlorobenzenes other than hexachlorobenzene (environmental aspects) is an update of Environmental Health Criteria (EHC) 128.
Author: Heath Malcolm
Publisher: World Health Organization
This concise international chemical assessment document (CICAD) on chlorobenzenes other than hexachlorobenzene (environmental aspects) is an update of Environmental Health Criteria (EHC) 128. Information on the fate and levels of chlorobenzenes was also obtained from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports on chlorobenzene and 1,4-dichlorobenzene. This CICAD concentrates on environmental aspects because there have been no significant changes to the human health assessment since publication of the EHC.--Publisher's description.
Evaluates the risks to human health and the environment posed by exposure to monochlorobenzene, dichlorobenzenes, trichlorobenzenes, tetrachlorobenzenes, and pentachlorobenzene.
Author: M. E. Meek
Publisher: Environmental Health Criteria
Evaluates the risks to human health and the environment posed by exposure to monochlorobenzene, dichlorobenzenes, trichlorobenzenes, tetrachlorobenzenes, and pentachlorobenzene. These chemicals are produced in huge quantities for use as intermediates in the synthesis of pesticides and in the production of a wide range of consumer and commercial products. A review of data on sources of environmental exposure notes that release to the environment occurs primarily during manufacture and that incineration of chlorobenzenes may lead to the emission of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans. Sections concerned with sources and levels of human exposure conclude that the general population is exposed to the lower chlorinated congeners mainly through inhalation, whereas a greater proportion of the total daily intake of the higher chlorinated compounds is ingested in food; breast-fed babies may receive a higher dose than adults. Particular concern centres on risks of human exposure arising from the ingestion of contaminated fish and from contaminated indoor air linked to use of these compounds as moth repellents and air fresheners.
Chlorobenzenes are a group of cyclic aromatic compounds in which one or more hydrogen atoms of the benzene ring have been replaced by a chlorine atom.
Publisher: World Health Organization
Chlorobenzenes are a group of cyclic aromatic compounds in which one or more hydrogen atoms of the benzene ring have been replaced by a chlorine atom. They are used mainly as intermediates in the synthesis of pesticides and other chemicals; 1 4-DCB is used in space deodorants and as a moth repellent. The higher chlorinated benzenes (TCBs and 1 2 3 4-TeCB) have been used as components of dielectric fluids. This CICAD on chlorobenzenes other than hexachlorobenzene is an update of the Environmental Health Criteria publication (EHC)128 - Chlorobenzenes other than hexachlorobenzene (1991). Because no significant change to the human health assessment beyond the EHC was considered necessary this CICAD concentrates on environmental aspects. The risk of chlorinated benzenes causing harm to aquatic organisms is considered to be low. Few data are available on the effects of chlorobenzenes on terrestrial systems.
The editors have built Chlorobenzenes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chlorophenols in this book to be deeper than what you can ...
Chlorobenzenes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Chlorophenols in a concise format. The editors have built Chlorobenzenes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chlorophenols in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Chlorobenzenes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2012-05-24
In vivo and in vitro covalent binding of chlorobenzene to nucleic acids. Jpn. J. Cancer Res. 76(8):745751. ... NIOH and NIOSH Basis for an Occupational Health Standard: Chlorobenzene. ... Chlorobenzenes Other than Hexachlorobenzene.
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
Extremely hazardous substances (EHSs) can be released accidentally as a result of chemical spills, industrial explosions, fires, or accidents involving railroad cars and trucks transporting EHSs. Workers and residents in communities surrounding industrial facilities where EHSs are manufactured, used, or stored and in communities along the nation's railways and highways are potentially at risk of being exposed to airborne EHSs during accidental releases or intentional releases by terrorists. Using the 1993 and 2001 NRC guidelines reports, the National Advisory Committee - consisting of members from the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, the Department of Transportation, other federal and state governments, the chemical industry, academia, and other organizations form the private sector has developed Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (AEGL) for more than 270 EHSs. In 1998, the EPA and DOD requested that the NRC independently reviewed the AEGLs developed by the NAC. In response to that request, the NRC organized within its Committee on Toxicology the Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels, which prepared this report, Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals: Volume 12. This report explains the scientifically valid conclusions that are based on the data reviewed by NAC and consistent with the NRC guideline reports and provides comments and recommendations for how AEGL could be improved.
INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMME ON CHEMICAL SAFETY 'Chlorobenzenes other than hexachlorobenzene', Environmental Health Criteria 128, World Health Organization, Geneva. 1991. VERSCHUERENK Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals, ...
Author: David Watson
Category: Technology & Engineering
Chemical contaminants in food, from pesticides and veterinary drug residues to contamination from food packaging, are a major concern for the food industry. Written by a distinguished international team of contributors, this authoritative collection describes the main chemical contaminants, their health implications, how they contaminate food products, methods of detection and how such contaminants can be controlled. Describes the main chemical contaminants of food, their health implications, how they contaminate food products, methods of detection and how such contaminants can be controlled
... Dobson S (2004) Chlorobenzenes other than hexachlorobenzene: environmental aspects. World Health Organization, Concise International Chemical Assessment Document 60, http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/924153060X.pdf 13.
Author: Daniel A. Wunderlin
This book covers all relevant aspects involved in conducting water quality surveys of rivers. Focusing on the Suquía River (Argentina), it starts with a description of its hydrology and hydraulics before discussing the spatial and temporal changes in its water quality. A short chapter is dedicated to its limnology and particular characteristics due to the presence of a constructed dam and reservoir. Further chapters explore the changes in native biota inhabiting the river basin and assess various physical, chemical and microbiological parameters, as well as organic pollutants, metals and metalloids resulting from human activities. The book closes with a chapter providing an integrated approach to surveying river water quality, focusing on methods for data mining, from the simple use of water quality indexes to more formal mathematical-statistical methods (chemometrics) for evaluating changes in water quality. The book offers an invaluable reference guide for all environmental managers and scientists involved in water resources, their quality and management.
Rate of degradation of chlorobenzenes in a sediment . Information located on the Internet at www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/dbefc/nirefate/bio/RCBZs_E.html . 123. WHO Working Group . 1992. Chlorobenzenes other than hexachlorobenzene .