The accompanying documents providing primary source materials, the Chronology and Who's Who of key figures help to ensure that this is an indispensable text for students studying modern China.
Author: Linda Benson
One of the most remarkable stories of the last century is the emergence of China as a modern economic giant, poised at the beginning of the 21st century to become a great world power. China has embraced the technological advances of the late 20th century and has provided new opportunities for millions of Chinese to improve their lives. While problems have accompanied this transformation, China's future holds unprecedented prosperity for 1.3 billion Chinese and greatly enhanced international status for the government that is making this possible. This new textbook on the People's Republic focuses on the changes which have swept through China for the past half-century. As well as providing a coherent narrative of the major events in China's recent past, China Since 1949 also provides an integrated treatment of: - the history of women's experiences under the communist regime - the Chinese Communist Party’s treatment of ethnic minorities within China's borders and the rise of nationalism among the Mongols, Uighurs and Tibetans - the regional differences within China and the resulting tensions - the social implications of the Chinese Communist Party's attempts to control every facet of Chinese people's lives. The accompanying documents providing primary source materials, the Chronology and Who's Who of key figures help to ensure that this is an indispensable text for students studying modern China.
Since the victory of the 1949 revolution the incumbency of the Chinese Communist Party has been characterized by an almost relentless struggle to legitimize its monopoly on political power.
Author: Robert Weatherley
Category: Political Science
Since the victory of the 1949 revolution the incumbency of the Chinese Communist Party has been characterized by an almost relentless struggle to legitimize its monopoly on political power. During the Mao era, attempts to derive legitimacy focused primarily on mass participation in political affairs, a blend of Marxist and nationalist ideology, and the charismatic authority of Mao Zedong. The dramatic failure of the Cultural Revolution forced the post-Mao leadership to discard these discredited paradigms of legitimacy and move towards an almost exclusively performance based concept founded on market economic reform. The reforms during the 1980s generated a number of unwelcome but inevitable side effects such as official corruption, high unemployment and significant socio-economic inequality. These factors culminated ultimately in the 1989 demonstrations in Tiananmen Square and throughout China. Since Tiananmen the party has sought to diversify the basis of its legitimacy by adhering more closely to constitutional procedures in decision making and, to a certain extent, by reinventing itself as a conservative nationalist party. This probing study of post-communist revolution Chinese politics sets out to discover if there is a plausible alternative to the electoral mode or if legitimacy is the exclusive domain of the multi-party system.
Indhold:Introduction;Communist China. China under Mao;Politics and Economics, 1949-1966. China Under Mao;The Cultural Revolution. China after Mao;The Deng Era. China in the wider world. China and International Revolution. Conclusion
Author: Michael Lynch
Publisher: Hodder Education
This work charts China's remarkable and tumultuous development from the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949 through to the hand-over of Hong Kong by Britain. Particular coverage is given to the country's bitter struggle with the USSR for leadership of the international revolution and to its developing role as a world power. Sections on China's international relations focus on various issues including the Korean War, the on-going Taiwan question, the Sino-Indian war and the Sino-American rapprochement. In addition the author analyzes Mao's status as a political leader and discusses the importance of the Great Leap Forward, Mao's five-year plans and the concept of permanent revolution. The volume also incorporates a historiography and a selection of source-based and essay questions.
CEM-style Bond Mixed Test Papers Pack 2 are written by expert authors.
Author: Simon Williams
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
CEM-style Bond Mixed Test Papers Pack 2 are written by expert authors. Developed by the 11 plus (11+) experts each paper offers comprehensive support for all CEM 11 plus subjects. Tried and trusted, Bond has helped millions of children achieve 11 plus success.
First published in 1975. This volume presents the documentary evidence for understanding the evolution of China's foreign relations since the inauguration of the People's Republic in 1949.
Author: Alan Lawrance
Category: Political Science
First published in 1975. This volume presents the documentary evidence for understanding the evolution of China's foreign relations since the inauguration of the People's Republic in 1949. Over seventy documentary extracts cover the years 1949-1947. They include selections from statements and reports, conference resolutions, the speeches of Mao Tse-tung, Chou En-lai and other Chinese leaders, and editorials from People's Daily and Red Flag. Western commentators such as Edgar Snow and Neal Ascherson are also represented, however most of the material is from Chinese sources. Particular attention is given to: · Sino-American relations · The Sino-Soviet rift · The development of Peking's strategy towards Asia, Africa and Western Europe.
This book is a reinterpretation of China's international relations since 1949.
Author: Y. Zhang
Category: Political Science
This book is a reinterpretation of China's international relations since 1949. Employing the notion and theory of international society, it offers a systematic examination of China's unique relationship with the society of states from its alienation in the 1950s and the 1960s to its political socialisation and economic integration in the 1980s and the 1990s. It explores how such a unique relationship has shaped and is likely to shape Chinese foreign policy. This book provides an entirely new perspective for our understanding of forces influencing Chinese foreign policy behaviour.
This book examines the agricultural policies and programs adopted by the Chinese leadership since 1949 and analyzes the role of agriculture in China's changing development strategies.
Author: Robert C. Hsu
Category: Political Science
This book examines the agricultural policies and programs adopted by the Chinese leadership since 1949 and analyzes the role of agriculture in China's changing development strategies. Dr. Hsu gives particular attention to the measures intended to improve agricultural technology and to the sources of funds for agricultural investment. He concludes that, although the collective system has been effective in mobilizing China's rural resources for agricultural development and in promoting progress in labor-intensive agricultural technology, periodic extreme leftist policies and interference by rural party cadres have caused various kinds of inefficiency, offsetting the advantages gained from collective farming. This is the first book to systematically analyze the ways in which China's agricultural development is being financed. By critically examining the level and nature of state resources allocated to agriculture, the author challenges the view that China has pursued an agriculture-first strategy of economic development since the early 1960s.
This study presents a chronological history of Sino-American relations since 1949.
Author: Robert A. Garson
Publisher: Pinter Publishers
This study presents a chronological history of Sino-American relations since 1949. The relationship between the two states is unique because it was built on the assumption that political leverage in either nation was unlikely because of inherent hostilities. Attitudes were largely shaped by distorted memories, domestic pressures and cultural conceptions.
Using a mixture of process tracing and general theory, this thesis argues New Zealand and Chinese interests converged in the 1990s after both countries embraced tenets of neo-liberal economics. This is supported via ideational shifts.
Author: Liam Finnigan
The current Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between New Zealand and China is a contrast to the relationship between the two countries before the mid-1990s. From 1972 a steady increase in trade and political contact ensued, yet prior to diplomatic recognition China was condemned as hostile by New Zealand leaders. From the mid-1990s, interaction intensified with significant increases in trade, political contact, people-to-people links and a number of diplomatic firsts over subsequent decades. This thesis explains how these shifts occurred - uncovering the causal factors in the development of New Zealand-China relations from 1949 to 2019. Using a mixture of process tracing and general theory, this thesis argues New Zealand and Chinese interests converged in the 1990s after both countries embraced tenets of neo-liberal economics. This is supported via ideational shifts. In contrast to the Western-oriented relationships of its past, closer engagement with China emphasises New Zealand's identity as an independent-oriented, small trading nation. China's governing legitimacy, once entirely based in socialist ideology, is now underpinned by both economic modernisation and nationalist sentiment. While this has seen China become a responsible stakeholder in the world system, it has also dictated leaders defend challenges against territory and sovereignty, at times conflicting with New Zealand's commitment to liberal, democratic values. Further development between New Zealand and China is dependent on how China balances these two pillars of legitimacy, and how New Zealanders and New Zealand leaders respond.
This book looks at changes in American relations with China since 1949. Focusing on some of the attributes of power, it shows how American positions on Chinese representation at the UN and the trade embargo were subtly eroded.
Author: Rosemary Foot
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
This absorbing study examines the change in American relations with China after 1949 from hostility to rapproachement, and to full normalization of the ties in 1979. Rosemary Foot goes on to examine the relationship after normalization, a period when the United States has come to view China as less of a challenge but still resistant to certain of the norms of the current international order. The book begins by examining US efforts to build, and then maintain an international and domestic consensus behind its China policy. It then looks at changing US perceptions of the capabilities of the Chinese state. It shows how American positions on Chinese representation at the UN and on the trade embargo were subtly eroded, not least by changes in US domestic public opinion. The author argues that previous explantions of American relations with China have dwelt too single-mindedly on ideas associated with the strategic triangle and that instead we need to embed our understanding of the evolution of American relations with China within a wider structure of relationships at the global and domestic level. Reviews: `A valuable interpretative analysis of US-People's Republic of China relationships...she substantially contributes to post-Soviet era theoretical understanding. Strongly recommended for courses in foreign policy, diplomatic history, and international relations.' Choice `contains much that is valuable to those whose interests are primarily on the other side of the Pacific...The chapter on American public opinion and Chinese policy is also something which is not readily found in existing accounts of China'a post-1949 foreign relations' Times Higher Education Supplement `her analysis remains cautious and astute' The Economist
CHINA. (Since. 1949). Mao's China (1949 to 1976) Until his death in 1976, Mao
Zedong remained at the helm of the People's Republic of China. During the first
years of his rule (1949- 1958), national consolidation proceeded and basic ...
Author: Milton Walter Meyer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
A concise introduction to the history of China over some four millennia.
Policy and policy-making for tourism therefore provides the essential background to understand tourism development in China. This is the first book to set the development of tourism in China since 1949 in its policy context.
Author: David Airey
Category: Business & Economics
This is the first book to set the development of tourism in China since 1949 in its policy context. Underpinned by a strong conceptual framework, this systematic study of China contributes to an in-depth understanding of how public policy-making for tourism works and how it affects the development of tourism in the real world. The text explores tourism policy during three distinct leadership periods since creation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. The attitudes and values of leaders and central government agencies towards tourism are considered, as well as the interactions of ideological orthodoxies, socioeconomic conditions and institutions in their influence on national policy-making and tourism development. A separate chapter is devoted to policy-making in Hong Kong and Macau, as well as Taiwan. Drawing on China’s experience over 60 years the book concludes with both theoretical and practical implications for tourism policy-making.