Chemistry

The Central Science

Author: Theodore L. Brown

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131096868

Category: Science

Page: 1128

View: 4358

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"Chemistry: The Central Science is the most trusted book on the market--its scientific accuracy, clarity, innovative pedagogy, functional problem-solving and visuals set this book apart. Brown, LeMay, and Bursten teach students the concepts and skills they need without overcomplicating the subject. A comprehensive media package that works in tandem with the text helps students practice and learn while providing instructors the tools they need to succeed."--Publisher's description.
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Evolving Nature of Objectivity in the History of Science and its Implications for Science Education

Author: Mansoor Niaz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319677268

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 9582

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This book explores the evolving nature of objectivity in the history of science and its implications for science education. It is generally considered that objectivity, certainty, truth, universality, the scientific method and the accumulation of experimental data characterize both science and science education. Such universal values associated with science may be challenged while studying controversies in their original historical context. The scientific enterprise is not characterized by objectivity or the scientific method, but rather controversies, alternative interpretations of data, ambiguity, and uncertainty. Although objectivity is not synonymous with truth or certainty, it has eclipsed other epistemic virtues and to be objective is often used as a synonym for scientific. Recent scholarship in history and philosophy of science has shown that it is not the experimental data (Baconian orgy of quantification) but rather the diversity / plurality in a scientific discipline that contributes toward understanding objectivity. History of science shows that objectivity and subjectivity can be considered as the two poles of a continuum and this dualism leads to a conflict in understanding the evolving nature of objectivity. The history of objectivity is nothing less than the history of science itself and the evolving and varying forms of objectivity does not mean that one replaced the other in a sequence but rather each form supplements the others. This book is remarkable for its insistence that the philosophy of science, and in particular that discipline’s analysis of objectivity as the supposed hallmark of the scientific method, is of direct value to teachers of science. Meticulously, yet in a most readable way, Mansoor Niaz looks at the way objectivity has been dealt with over the years in influential educational journals and in textbooks; it’s fascinating how certain perspectives fade, while basic questions show no sign of going away. There are few books that take both philosophy and education seriously – this one does! Roald Hoffmann, Cornell University, chemist, writer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
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Laboratory Experiments for Chemistry

The Central Science

Author: John H. Nelson,Theodore E. Brown,H. Eugene LeMay, Jr.,Bruce E. Bursten,Kenneth C. Kemp,Catherine Murphy,Patrick Woodward

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780136002857

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 5314

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This manual contains 43 finely tuned, self-contained experiments chosen to introduce basic lab techniques and to illustrate core chemical principles. The Eleventh Edition has been revised to correlate more tightly with Brown/LeMay/Bursten's Chemistry: The Central Science, 11/e and now features a guide on how to keep a lab report notebook. Safety and waste management are covered in greater detail, and many pre-lab and post-lab questions have been updated. The labs can also be customized through Catalyst, Pearson's custom database program. Basic Laboratory Techniques; Identification of Substances by Physical Properties; Separation of the Components of a Mixture; Chemical Reactions; Chemical Formulas; Chemical Reactions of Copper and Percent Yield; Chemicals in Everyday Life: What Are They and How Do We Know? Gravimetric Analysis of a Chloride Salt; Gravimetric Determination of Phosphorus in Plant Food; Paper Chromatography: Separation of Cations and Dyes; Molecular Geometries of Covalent Molecules: Lewis Structures and the VSEPR model; Atomic Spectra and Atomic Structure; Behavior of Gases: Molar Mass of a Vapor; Determination of R: The Gas-Law Constant; Activity Series; Electrolysis, the Faraday, and Avogadro's Number; Electrochemical Cells and Thermodynamics; The Chemistry of Oxygen: Basic and Acidic Oxides and the Periodic Table; Colligative Properties: Freezing-Point Depression and Molar Mass; Titration of Acids and Bases; Reactions in Aqueous Solutions: Metathesis Reactions and Net Ionic Equations; Colorimetric Determination of an Equilibrium Constant in Aqueous Solution; Chemical Equilibrium: LeChâtelier's Principle; Hydrolysis of Salts and pH of Buffer Solutions; Determination of the Dissociation Constant of a Weak Acid; Titration Curves of Polyprotic Acids; Determination of the Solubility-Product Constant for a Sparingly Soluble Salt; Heat of Neutralization; Rates of Chemical Reactions I: A Clock Reaction; Rates of Chemical Reactions II: Rate and Order of Decomposition; Introduction to Qualitative Analysis; Abbreviated Qualitative-Analysis Scheme. A hands-on workbook/CD useful for anyone studying general chemistry.
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Reconstruction of Wave-Particle Duality and its Implications for General Chemistry Textbooks

Author: Mansoor Niaz,Cecilia Marcano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400743963

Category: Science

Page: 46

View: 417

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It goes without saying that atomic structure, including its dual wave-particle nature, cannot be demonstrated in the classroom. Thus, for most science teachers, especially those in physics and chemistry, the textbook is their key resource and their students’ core source of information. Science education historiography recognizes the role played by the history and philosophy of science in developing the content of our textbooks, and with this in mind, the authors analyze more than 120 general chemistry textbooks published in the USA, based on criteria derived from a historical reconstruction of wave-particle duality. They come to some revealing conclusions, including the fact that very few textbooks discussed issues such as the suggestion, by both Einstein and de Broglie, and before conclusive experimental evidence was available, that wave-particle duality existed. Other large-scale omissions included de Broglie’s prescription for observing this duality, and the importance of the Davisson-Germer experiments, as well as the struggle to interpret the experimental data they were collecting. Also untouched was the background to the role played by Schrödinger in developing de Broglie’s ideas. The authors argue that rectifying these deficiencies will arouse students’ curiosity by giving them the opportunity to engage creatively with the content of science curricula. They also assert that it isn’t just the experimental data in science that matters, but the theoretical insights and unwonted inspirations, too. In addition, the controversies and discrepancies in the theoretical and experimental record are key drivers in understanding the development of science as we know it today.
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Science

Author: Ferguson

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 0816080828

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 234

View: 4121

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Introduces careers in the science fields, including career opportunities, ways of preparing for finding a job, and related activities such as volunteering, internship, and summer study programs.
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Nanoelectronics and Information Technology

Author: Rainer Waser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527409270

Category: Computers

Page: 1040

View: 585

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This outstanding textbook provides an introduction to electronic materials and device concepts for the major areas of current and future information technology. On about 1,000 pages, it collects the fundamental concepts and key technologies related to advanced electronic materials and devices. The obvious strength of the book is its encyclopedic character, providing adequate background material instead of just reviewing current trends. It focuses on the underlying principles which are illustrated by contemporary examples. The third edition now holds 47 chapters grouped into eight sections. The first two sections are devoted to principles, materials processing and characterization methods. Following sections hold contributions to relevant materials and various devices, computational concepts, storage systems, data transmission, imaging systems and displays. Each subject area is opened by a tutorial introduction, written by the editor and giving a rich list of references. The following chapters provide a concise yet in-depth description in a given topic. Primarily aimed at graduate students of physics, electrical engineering and information technology as well as material science, this book is equally of interest to professionals looking for a broader overview. Experts might appreciate the book for having quick access to principles as well as a source for getting insight into related fields.
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Water Chemistry

Green Science and Technology of Nature's Most Renewable Resource

Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439830681

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 9157

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Carefully crafted to provide a comprehensive overview of the chemistry of water in the environment, Water Chemistry: Green Science and Technology of Nature's Most Renewable Resource examines water issues within the broad framework of sustainability, an issue of increasing importance as the demands of Earth’s human population threaten to overwhelm the planet’s carrying capacity. Renowned environmental author Stanley Manahan provides more than just basic coverage of the chemistry of water. He relates the science and technology of this amazing substance to areas essential to sustainability science, including environmental and green chemistry, industrial ecology, and green (sustainable) science and technology. The inclusion of a separate chapter that comprehensively covers energy, including renewable and emerging sources, sets this book a part. Manahan explains how the hydrosphere relates to the geosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and anthrosphere. His approach views Planet Earth as consisting of these five mutually interacting spheres. He covers biogeochemical cycles and the essential role of water in these basic cycles of materials. He also defines environmental chemistry and green chemistry, emphasizing water’s role in the practice of each. Manahan highlights the role of the anthrosphere, that part of the environment constructed and operated by humans. He underscores its overwhelming influence on the environment and its pervasive effects on the hydrosphere. He also covers the essential role that water plays in the sustainable operation of the anthrosphere and how it can be maintained in a manner that will enable it to operate in harmony with the environment for generations to come. Written at an intermediate level, this is an appropriate text for the study of current affairs in environmental chemistry. It provides a review and grounding in basic and organic chemistry for those students who need it and also fills a niche for an aquatic chemistry book that relates the hydrosphere to the four other environmental spheres.
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Making Truth

Metaphor in Science

Author: Theodore L. Brown

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252028106

Category: Philosophy

Page: 215

View: 5522

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InMaking Truth: Metaphor in ScienceTheodore L. Brown argues that most laypeople, and many scientists, do not have a clear understanding of how metaphor relates to scientific thinking. With stunning clarity, and bridging the worlds of scientists and nonscientists, Brown demonstrates the presence and the power of metaphorical thought. To illustrate the roles of metaphor in science, Brown presents a series of studies of scientific systems. These range from the atom, historically one of the most important ideas in science, through models in chemistry and biology, including current "hot" topics such as protein folding, chaperone proteins, and global warming. The case studies inMaking Truthillustrate the deeply metaphorical nature of scientific reasoning and communication. They provide the basis for far-reaching conclusions about science as an intellectual and social practice and about the nature of scientific truth.
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Renal: An Integrated Approach to Disease

Integrated and Transitional Approach

Author: Paul G. Schmitz

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071784985

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 2725

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An innovative, organ-specific text that blends basic science with the fundamentals of clinical medicine Part of the Human Organ Systems series, Renal: An Integrated Approach to Disease skillfully bridges the gap between the science and practice of medicine. This beautifully illustrated book seamlessly integrates the core elements of cell biology, anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and pathology, with clinical medicine. It is the perfect companion for medical students transitioning to their clinical years, as well as practicing physicians who need a user-friendly update on the basic science underlying the practice of clinical medicine. Features and highlights include: Detailed learning objectives clearly state learning goals Core content emphasizes concepts and incorporates the latest developments in the field Beautifully illustrated with detailed legends to clarify important or difficult concepts Abundant clinical example boxes highlight the clinical implications of basic science Each chapter is accompanied by an annotated bibliography to provide an overview of the critical literature in the field A bulleted summary at the end of each chapter highlights the “big picture” and facilitates preparation for standardized exams End-of-chapter case-based questions with detailed explanations reinforce important concepts and assess mastery of the material Medical students and residents will find Renal: An Integrated Approach to Disease an invaluable study guide for an organ-system based curriculum. The book also serves as an excellent primer for postgraduate residents entering a nephrology fellowship program.
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