Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

The third edition of Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—explains the fundamental principles of mass transport, chemical ...

Author: Harold F. Hemond

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123982667

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 654

The third edition of Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—explains the fundamental principles of mass transport, chemical partitioning, and chemical/biological transformations in surface waters, in soil and groundwater, and in air. Each of these three major environmental media is introduced by descriptive overviews, followed by a presentation of the controlling physical, chemical, and biological processes. The text emphasizes intuitively based mathematical models for chemical transport and transformations in the environment, and serves both as a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental science and engineering, and as a standard reference for environmental practitioners. Winner of a 2015 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Includes many worked examples as well as extensive exercises at the end of each chapter Illustrates the interconnections and similarities among environmental media through its coverage of surface waters, the subsurface, and the atmosphere Written and organized concisely to map to a single-semester course Discusses and builds upon fundamental concepts, ensuring that the material is accessible to readers who do not have an extensive background in environmental science
Categories: Science

Fate and Transport of Organic Chemicals in the Environment

Fate and Transport of Organic Chemicals in the Environment

The book also addresses methods for predicting pesticide and fish hazards, offer complete samples of calculations and exposure analyses, includes date for 203 commonly encountered chemical substances, and explains hazard prediction based on ...

Author: Ronald E. Ney

Publisher: Government Inst

ISBN: PSU:000043524792

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 697

Fate and Transport provides the equations and background information you need to predict the fate and transport of chemicals in air, water, soil, flora, and fauna, and to prevent your exposure to toxic chemicals. Featuring 22 new mathematical calculations for predicting the fate and transport of 100 non-pesticide organic compounds, this Third Edition provides you with easy-to-read explanations of how chemicals travel through the environmental compartments, how they break down, and how key physical and chemical properties of chemicals (including water solubility, volatility, and soil sorbtion or adsorption) affect fate and transport. The book also addresses methods for predicting pesticide and fish hazards, offer complete samples of calculations and exposure analyses, includes date for 203 commonly encountered chemical substances, and explains hazard prediction based on chemical structure.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Chemicals in the Environment

Chemicals in the Environment

Author: Wesley Brock Neely

Publisher: Marcel Dekker Incorporated

ISBN: UCSD:31822010563096

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 245

View: 947

Categories: Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data

Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data

This 5-volume set allows you to assess the health and environmental effects of chemicals by determining the routes of exposure of the chemical to sensitive organisms.

Author: Philip H. Howard

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0873713281

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 500

This 5-volume set allows you to assess the health and environmental effects of chemicals by determining the routes of exposure of the chemical to sensitive organisms. Environmental Fate and Exposure of Organic Chemicals provides relevant facts on how individual chemicals behave in the environment and how humans and environmental organisms are exposed to the chemicals during their production, rise, transport, and disposal. Each chemical is prepared by one of the best-known organizations in environmental fate and exposure and is peer-reviewed by a panel of expert scientists. The information on each chemical includes all experimental values and references for physical properties, all chemical fate studies, and all available monitoring data and interpretative summaries.
Categories: Science

Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia

Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia

Bridges the gaps between regulatory, engineering, and science disciplines in order to comprehensively cover pollutant fate and transport in environmental multimedia This book presents and integrates all aspects of fate and transport: ...

Author: Frank M. Dunnivant

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9781119414629

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 611

Bridges the gaps between regulatory, engineering, and science disciplines in order to comprehensively cover pollutant fate and transport in environmental multimedia This book presents and integrates all aspects of fate and transport: chemistry, modeling, various forms of assessment, and the environmental legal framework. It approaches each of these topics initially from a conceptual perspective before explaining the concepts in terms of the math necessary to model the problem so that students of all levels can learn and eventually contribute to the advancement of water quality science. The first third of Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia is dedicated to the relevant aspects of chemistry behind the fate and transport processes. It provides relatively simple examples and problems to teach these principles. The second third of the book is based on the conceptual derivation and the use of common models to evaluate the importance of model parameters and sensitivity analysis; complex equation derivations are given in appendices. Computer exercises and available simulators teach and enforce the concepts and logic behind fate and transport modeling. The last third of the book is focused on various aspects of assessment (toxicology, risk, benefit-cost, and life cycle) and environmental legislation in the US, Europe, and China. The book closes with a set of laboratory exercises that illustrate chemical and fate and transport concepts covered in the text, with example results for most experiments. Features more introductory material on past environmental disasters and the continued need to study environmental chemistry and engineering Covers chemical toxicology with various forms of assessment, United States, European, and Chinese regulations, and advanced fate and transport modeling and regulatory implications Provides a conceptual and relatively simple mathematical approach to fate and transport modeling, yet complex derivations of most equations are given in appendices Integrates the use of numerous software packages (pC-pH, EnviroLab Simulators, Water, Wastewater, and Global Issues), and Fate©2016 Contains numerous easy-to-understand examples and problems along with answers for most end-of-the-chapter problems, and simulators for answers to fate and transport questions Includes numerous companion laboratory experiments with EnviroLab Requiring just a basic knowledge of algebra and first-year college chemistry to start, Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia is an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate faculty and students studying environmental engineering and science.
Categories: Science

Where Did that Chemical Go

Where Did that Chemical Go

Very Good,No Highlights or Markup,all pages are intact.

Author: Ronald E. Ney

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

ISBN: UOM:39015018970296

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 362

Very Good,No Highlights or Markup,all pages are intact.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Fate and Transport of Subsurface Pollutants

Fate and Transport of Subsurface Pollutants

The book explores this theme throughout four sections – a. Understanding Soil-Water Systems, b. Fate and Transport of Pollutants, c. Physico-Chemical Treatment of Wastewater and d.

Author: Pankaj Kumar Gupta

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811565649

Category: Science

Page: 341

View: 735

This volume offers detailed information on the behaviour of various water pollutants, and on the principles and concepts of groundwater flow and transport. It will help readers to understand and execute the planning, supervision, and review of solute transport and groundwater modeling projects. The book also discusses the role and fate of elements that have been identified as major contaminants in surface and subsurface waters, and their adverse effects on ecology and human health. The book explores this theme throughout four sections – a. Understanding Soil-Water Systems, b. Fate and Transport of Pollutants, c. Physico-Chemical Treatment of Wastewater and d. Microbial Techniques Used to Decontaminate Soil-Water Systems. Introducing readers to a range of recent advances concerning the fundamentals of subsurface water treatment, it offers a valuable guide for teachers, researchers, policymakers, and undergraduate and graduate students of hydrology, environmental microbiology, biotechnology and the environmental sciences. It also provides field engineers and industrial practitioners with essential support in the effective remediation and management of polluted sites.
Categories: Science

Environmental Fate and Transport Analysis with Compartment Modeling

Environmental Fate and Transport Analysis with Compartment Modeling

Compartment Modeling from the Ground Up, Made Accessible to Non-Mathematicians A user-friendly introduction to environmental compartment modeling for the beginning modeler, this is also a useful resource for the experienced modeler.

Author: Keith W. Little

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439887967

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 884

Environmental Fate and Transport Analysis with Compartment Modeling explains how to use the powerful, highly flexible, and intuitive compartment approach to estimate the distribution of chemical contaminants in environmental media in time and space. Add this Easy-to-Use Approach to Your Environmental Modeling Toolbox This numerical technique enables readers to easily develop the equations that describe complex environmental problems by assembling the equations out of compartmental building blocks. The compartments may describe spatial subunits of single- or multi-environmental media, and the way one hooks them together implicitly provides the dimensionality of the problem. With this approach, assembling the equations to describe chemical fate and transport in a three-dimensional, multimedia system is fundamentally no more challenging than a one-dimensional, single-medium problem. Go Beyond "Black Box" Modeling with the Flexible GEM Software The book includes access to the Generic Environmental Model (GEM), a new software package developed by the author. This software implements the compartment approach based on user-prepared input files and solves the resulting mathematical equations. It allows readers to solve linear, nonlinear, and steady-state problems and offers four methods for solving dynamic problems. Each solution technique is reviewed, along with the error properties and the criteria for avoiding or minimizing numerical errors. The book also describes solution techniques and the underlying mathematical theory for solving nonlinear systems. Compartment Modeling from the Ground Up, Made Accessible to Non-Mathematicians A user-friendly introduction to environmental compartment modeling for the beginning modeler, this is also a useful resource for the experienced modeler. It combines a reference on compartment modeling with a user’s guide to the GEM. Throughout, the GEM is used to illustrate the theory with numerous examples, while the theoretical discussions illuminate the GEM’s functionality.
Categories: Science

Introduction to Chemical Transport in the Environment

Introduction to Chemical Transport in the Environment

This is a textbook for courses and independent study in environmental and chemical engineering, as well as in many other disciplines concerned with transport and diffusion of all manner of chemicals.

Author: John S. Gulliver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139462457

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

View: 293

This is a textbook for courses and independent study in environmental and chemical engineering, as well as in many other disciplines concerned with transport and diffusion of all manner of chemicals. Estimating the transport and fate of chemicals released into the environment is an interesting and challenging task. The global environment is large, on the chemical transport and fate scale. This text applies the mathematics of diffusion, turbulent diffusion and dispersion to the atmosphere, lakes, rivers, groundwater and the ocean, as well as transport between these media. The required theory is explained as a solution technique to solve the case studies and example problems. A large portion of the book is dedicated to examples and case studies, from which the important principles are derived.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Fate of Pesticides and Chemicals in the Environment

Fate of Pesticides and Chemicals in the Environment

This volume addresses the fate of chemical pollutants in our air, water, and soil.

Author: Jerald L. Schnoor

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471502324

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 280

A result of important bilateral scientific agreements between the U.S. and the Soviet Union on the fate of chemicals and pesticides in the environment. Written by experts in both countries, it familiarizes the reader with recent state-of-the-art research being conducted in the areas of agricultural management and water pollution control. A number of models are provided to give the reader a concise grasp of exposure and ecological risk assessments involving these pollutants. Focuses on the necessity to improve our deteriorating standards of public health, environmental science and technology with a total systems approach through the pooled talents of scientists and engineers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Environmental Modeling

Environmental Modeling

Addressing key questions about fate, transport, and long-term effects of chemical pollutants in the environment, this inherently practical text gives readers the important tools they need to develop and solve their own mathematical models.

Author: Jerald L. Schnoor

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: UOM:39015035745168

Category: Science

Page: 682

View: 645

A comprehensive, thoroughly modern approach to environmental quality assessment The only textbook to combine engineering transport fundamentals and equilibrium aquatic chemistry, Environmental Modeling brings a uniquely contemporary perspective to the assessment of environmental quality. Addressing key questions about fate, transport, and long-term effects of chemical pollutants in the environment, this inherently practical text gives readers the important tools they need to develop and solve their own mathematical models. Contains detailed examples from a wide range of crucial water quality areas-conventional pollutants in rivers, eutrophication of lakes, and toxic organic chemicals and heavy metals in both surface and groundwaters Examines current global issues, including atmospheric deposition, hazardous wastes, soil pollution, global change, and more Features over 200 high-quality illustrations, plus skill-building problems in every chapter Fresh in approach and broad in scope, Environmental Modeling is must reading for today's graduate and advanced undergraduate students in environmental sciences and engineering-a rich, invaluable, and superlative new resource.
Categories: Science

The Fate and Transport of Hydrophobic Organic Chemicals in Estuarine Sediment Environments

The Fate and Transport of Hydrophobic Organic Chemicals in Estuarine Sediment Environments

Hemond , H . F . and Fechner , E . J . , ( 1994 ) Chemical Fate and Transport in
the Environment , Academic Press , Inc . : 66 - 67 . Herbert , B . E . , Bertsch , P . M
. and Novak , J . M . , ( 1993 ) Pyrene Sorption by Water Soluble Organic Carbon
 ...

Author: Chen-Hung Michael Lin

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:L0081877789

Category:

Page: 322

View: 226

Categories:

Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology

Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology

B. Laboratory Measurements of Environmental Chemical Fate and Transport
Field results are often difficult to interpret unequivocally and quantitatively ,
because of the immense complexity and variability of the natural environment .
Laboratory ...

Author: Robert Allen Meyers

Publisher:

ISBN: 012227427X

Category: Physical sciences

Page: 1028

View: 547

Following in the footsteps of the earlier editions, hundreds of the most respected scientists and engineers participated in the creation of this new edition, including many Nobel Laureates. The articles are in-depth, yet accessible, and address all of the key areas of physical science--including aeronautics, astronomy, chemistry, communications, computers, earth sciences, electronics, engineering, materials science, mathematics, nuclear technology, physics, power systems, propulsion, and space technology. (Midwest).
Categories: Physical sciences

Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment

Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment

A comprehensive account of the state of the science of environmental mass transport Edited by Louis J. Thibodeaux and Donald Mackay, renowned experts in this field, the Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment covers those ...

Author: Louis J. Thibodeaux

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420047554

Category: Science

Page: 631

View: 604

A comprehensive account of the state of the science of environmental mass transport Edited by Louis J. Thibodeaux and Donald Mackay, renowned experts in this field, the Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment covers those processes which are critically important for assessing chemical fate, exposure, and risk. In a comprehensive and authoritative format, this unique handbook provides environmental chemists, geoscientists, engineers, and modelers with the essential capabilities to understand and quantify transport. In addition, it offers a one-stop resource on environmental mass transfer and mass transport coefficient estimation methods for all genres. The book begins by discussing mass transport fundamentals from an environmental perspective. It introduces the concept of mobility — key to environmental fate, since transport must occur prior to any reaction or partitioning within the natural multimedia compartments. The fugacity approach to environmental mass transfer and the conventional approach are examined. This is followed by a description of the individual mass transport processes and the appropriate flux equations required for a quantitative expression. The editors have identified 41 individual processes believed to be the most environmentally significant, which form the basis for the remainder of the book Using a consistent format for easy reference, each chapter: Introduces the specific processes Provides a detailed qualitative description Presents key theoretical mathematical formulations Describes field or laboratory measurements of transport parameters Gives data tables and algorithms for numerical estimates Offers a guide for users familiar with the process who are seeking a direct pathway to obtain the numerical coefficients Presents computed example problems, case studies and/or exercises with worked-through solutions and answers The final chapter presents the editors’ insight into future needs and emerging priorities. Accessible and relevant to a broad range of science and engineering users, this volume captures the state of the transport science and practice in this critical area.
Categories: Science

GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling

GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling

Environmental scientists shouldturn to this book to gain a deeper understanding of the role of GISin describing what happens to chemicals when they are released intothe environment.

Author: Alberto Pistocchi

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 1118059972

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 810

Explains how GIS enhances the development of chemical fate and transport models Over the past decade, researchers have discovered that geographic information systems (GIS) are not only excellent tools for managing and displaying maps, but also useful in the analysis of chemical fate and transport in the environment. Among its many benefits, GIS facilitates the identification of critical factors that drive chemical fate and transport. Moreover, GIS makes it easier to communicate and explain key model assumptions. Based on the author's firsthand experience in environmental assessment, GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling explores both GIS and chemical fate and transport modeling fundamentals, creating an interface between the two domains. It then explains how GIS analytical functions enable scientists to develop simple, yet comprehensive spatially explicit chemical fate and transport models that support real-world applications. In addition, the book features: Practical examples of GIS based model calculations that serve as templates for the development of new applications Exercises enabling readers to create their own GIS based models Accompanying website featuring downloadable datasets used in the book's examples and exercises References to the literature, websites, data repositories, and online reports to facilitate further research Coverage of important topics such as spatial decision support systems and multi-criteria analysis as well as ecological and human health risk assessment in a spatial context GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling makes a unique contribution to the environmental sciences by explaining how GIS analytical functions enhance the development and interpretation of chemical fate and transport models. Environmental scientists should turn to this book to gain a deeper understanding of the role of GIS in describing what happens to chemicals when they are released into the environment.
Categories: Science

Which Degree in Britain

Which Degree in Britain

... design & analysis ; environmental systems & computing ; environmental
management ; pollution science : industrial processes ; pollution science :
chemical fate & transport in the environment ; pollution science field course ; plus
1 option .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B337551

Category: Universities and colleges

Page:

View: 303

A comprehensive guide to full-time degree courses, institutions and towns in Britain.
Categories: Universities and colleges

Modeling the Fate of Chemicals in the Aquatic Environment

Modeling the Fate of Chemicals in the Aquatic Environment

... and general environmental concerns , the 1980s will examine the problem ,
and hopefully some solutions , of toxic chemicals in the environment ; their
sources , fate , transport and effects will be the focus of many research and
development ...

Author: Kenneth L. Dickson

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: UOM:39015004536564

Category: Aquatic ecology

Page: 413

View: 137

THIS BOOK IS A RESULT OF THE FOURTH PELLSTON ENVIRONMENTAL WORKSHOP, HELD AUGUST 16-21, 1981. THIS WORKSHOP AND PREVIOUS MEETINGS HAVE EXAMINED METHODS OF ASSESSING HAZARDS OF CHEMICALS IN THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT. HAZARD ASSESSMENT, IT HAS BEEN DETERMINED, REQUIRES AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CONCENTRATION OF CHEMICALS CAUSING AN ADVERSE EFFECT ON AQUATIC LIFE AND ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE CONCENTRATIONS. MATHEMATICAL ENVIRONMENTAL FATE MODELS ARE SUGGESTED AS A TOOL FOR PREDICTING ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE CONCENTRATIONS OF CHEMICALS. THIS BOOK PRESENTS A STATE OF THE ART OVERVIEW OF THE USE OF THESE MODELS FOR DECISION MAKERS IN ASSESSING THE HAZARDS OF CHEMICALS IN THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT. AUTHORS SUMMARY ABRIDGED.
Categories: Aquatic ecology

Encyclopedia of Toxicology Dib L

Encyclopedia of Toxicology  Dib L

study fate and transport on a large scale . ... Neely WB ( 2002 ) Chemicals in the
Environment : Distribution , Transport , Fate , Analysis . ... Hemond HF and
Fechner - Levy EJ ( 1999 ) Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment . St .
Louis ...

Author: Philip Wexler

Publisher:

ISBN: 0127453520

Category: Reference sources

Page: 754

View: 735

The Encyclopedia of Toxicology second edition continues its comprehensive survey of toxicology. This new edition presents entries devoted to specific chemicals, the international scope of organizations included has been broadened, and articles describing a number of well-known toxic-related incidents such as Chernobyl and Three-Mile Island are included. Along with the traditional scientifically-based entries, new articles focus on the societal implications of toxicological knowledge including environmental crimes, chemical and biological warfare in ancient times, and a history of the U.S. environmental movement. With more than 1150 entries, this second edition has been expanded in length, breadth and depth and provides an extensive overview of the many facets of toxicology. (Midwest).
Categories: Reference sources

A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport

A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport

Contributing to the book's ease of use are: An extremely user-friendly software program, Fate, which uses basic models to predict the fate and transport of pollutants in lakes, rivers, groundwater, and atmospheric systems The use of "canned ...

Author: Frank M. Dunnivant

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471758129

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 496

A uniquely accessible text on environmental modeling designedfor both students and industry personnel Pollutant fate and modeling are becoming increasingly importantin both regulatory and scientific areas. However,the complexity ofthe software and models often act as an inhibitor to theadvancement of water quality science. A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transportfills the need for a basic instructional tool for students andenvironmental professionals who lack the rigorous mathematicalbackground necessary to derive the governing fate and transportequations. Taking a refreshingly simple approach to the subjectthat requires only a basic knowledge of algebra and first-yearcollege chemistry, the book presents and integrates all of theaspects of fate and transport, including chemistry, modeling, riskassessment, and relevant environmental legislation; approachingeach topic first conceptually before introducing the math necessaryto model it. The first half of the book is dedicated to the chemistry andphysics behind the fate and transport models, while the second halfteaches and reinforces the logical concepts underlying fate andtransport modeling. This better prepares students for support jobsin the environmental arena surrounding chemical industry andSuperfund sites. Contributing to the book's ease of use are: An extremely user-friendly software program, Fate, which usesbasic models to predict the fate and transport of pollutants inlakes, rivers, groundwater, and atmospheric systems The use of "canned" models to evaluate the importance of modelparameters and sensitivity analysis A wealth of easy-to-understand examples and problems A chapter on environmental legislation in the United States andEurope A set of lab exercises, as well as a downloadable set ofteaching aids A much-needed basic text for contemporary hydrology orenvironmental chemistry courses and support courses fortheenvironmental industry, this is a valuable desk reference foreducators and industry professionals.
Categories: Science

Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data For Organic Chemicals

Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data For Organic Chemicals

This 5-volume set allows you to assess the health and environmental effects of chemicals by determining the routes of exposure of the chemical to sensitive organisms.

Author: Philip H. Howard

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0873712048

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 211

This 5-volume set allows you to assess the health and environmental effects of chemicals by determining the routes of exposure of the chemical to sensitive organisms. Environmental Fate and Exposure of Organic Chemicals provides relevant facts on how individual chemicals behave in the environment and how humans and environmental organisms are exposed to the chemicals during their production, rise, transport, and disposal. Each chemical is prepared by one of the best-known organizations in environmental fate and exposure and is peer-reviewed by a panel of expert scientists. The information on each chemical includes all experimental values and references for physical properties, all chemical fate studies, and all available monitoring data and interpretative summaries.
Categories: Science