Chemical, Biochemical, and Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: Stanley I. Sandler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471661740

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 960

View: 9723

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A modern, accessible, and applied approach to chemical thermodynamics Thermodynamics is central to the practice of chemical engineering, yet students sometimes feel that the discipline is too abstract while they are studying the subject. By providing an applied and modern approach, Stanley Sandler's Chemical, Biochemical, and Engineering Thermodynamics, Fourth Edition helps students see the value and relevance of studying thermodynamics to all areas of chemical engineering, and gives them the depth of coverage they need to develop a solid understanding of the key principles in the field. Key Features * Highlights applications of thermodynamics to subjects that chemical engineering students will see in later courses. * Realistic problems introduce students to the types of challenges they will encounter in industry and graduate research. * The Fourth Edition has been reorganized into 15 chapters, providing shorter chapters that introduce students to the subject in more bite-sized pieces. * Presents biochemical examples, particularly in Chapters 11 and 12, and in all of Chapter 15 entitled "Biochemical Applications of Thermodynamics." * Coverage of environmental and safety applications of thermodynamics provides course material useful for ABET accreditation. * Includes a brief introduction to the new field of product engineering in Chapter 12. * Instructional objectives and nomenclature lists at the beginning of each chapter provide useful study tools. * Students can solve problems using MATHCAD(r), MATLAB(r) and Visual Basic programs that accompany this textbook. * An accompanying CD features a 120-day trial version of MATHCAD, as well as MATHCAD worksheets, an extensive properties database, and Windows-friendly Visual Basic and MATLAB programs for equation of state and UNIFAC calculations. (These worksheets and programs are also available online at the book website.) * Also included on the CD are PDF files of important data figures that students can download and print for use in solving homework problems. www.wiley.com/college/sandler
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CHEMICAL,BIOCHEMICAL & ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

Author: Sandler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9788126509126

Category:

Page: 912

View: 2865

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With the newly revised fourth edition of Chemical and Engineering Thermodynamics, readers find a modern, applied approach to thermodynamics. The material is presented in sufficient detail that provides a solid understanding of the key principles in the field. And current information is included on environmental and safety issues and how chemical engineering principles are used in biotechnology, polymers, and solid-state-processing.· Conservation of Mass · Conservation of Energy · Entropy: An Additional Balance Equation · Liquefaction, Power Cycles, and Explosions · The Thermodynamic Properties of Real Substances · Equilibrium and Stability in One-Component Systems · The Thermodynamics of Multicomponent Mixtures · The Estimation of the Gibbs Free Energy and Fugacity of a Component in a Mixture · Vapor-liquid Equilibrium in Mixtures · Other types of Phase Equilibria in Fluid Mixtures · Mixture Phase Equilibria Involving Solids · Chemical Equilibrium · The Balance Equations for Chemical Reactors and Electrochemistry · Some Biochemical Applications of Thermodynamics
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Using Aspen Plus in Thermodynamics Instruction

A Step-by-Step Guide

Author: Stanley I. Sandler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118996917

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 7325

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"This book provides the reader with a self-study, step-by-step guide to doing thermodynamic calculations in Aspen Plus (Version 8.x). This is done by providing actual screen shots of the Aspen Plus interface to solve example problems of various types, including vapor-liquid, liquid-liquid, vapor-liquid-liquid and chemical reaction equilibria, and simple applications to liquefaction, distillation and liquid-liquid extraction"--
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Chemical Reaction Engineering

Beyond the Fundamentals

Author: L.K. Doraiswamy,Deniz Uner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482217961

Category: Science

Page: 578

View: 7334

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Filling a longstanding gap for graduate courses in the field, Chemical Reaction Engineering: Beyond the Fundamentals covers basic concepts as well as complexities of chemical reaction engineering, including novel techniques for process intensification. The book is divided into three parts: Fundamentals Revisited, Building on Fundamentals, and Beyond the Fundamentals. Part I: Fundamentals Revisited reviews the salient features of an undergraduate course, introducing concepts essential to reactor design, such as mixing, unsteady-state operations, multiple steady states, and complex reactions. Part II: Building on Fundamentals is devoted to "skill building," particularly in the area of catalysis and catalytic reactions. It covers chemical thermodynamics, emphasizing the thermodynamics of adsorption and complex reactions; the fundamentals of chemical kinetics, with special emphasis on microkinetic analysis; and heat and mass transfer effects in catalysis, including transport between phases, transfer across interfaces, and effects of external heat and mass transfer. It also contains a chapter that provides readers with tools for making accurate kinetic measurements and analyzing the data obtained. Part III: Beyond the Fundamentals presents material not commonly covered in textbooks, addressing aspects of reactors involving more than one phase. It discusses solid catalyzed fluid-phase reactions in fixed-bed and fluidized-bed reactors, gas–solid noncatalytic reactions, reactions involving at least one liquid phase (gas–liquid and liquid–liquid), and multiphase reactions. This section also describes membrane-assisted reactor engineering, combo reactors, homogeneous catalysis, and phase-transfer catalysis. The final chapter provides a perspective on future trends in reaction engineering.
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Process Modelling and Simulation in Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Engineering

Author: Ashok Kumar Verma

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482205920

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 7708

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The use of simulation plays a vital part in developing an integrated approach to process design. By helping save time and money before the actual trial of a concept, this practice can assist with troubleshooting, design, control, revamping, and more. Process Modelling and Simulation in Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Engineering explores effective modeling and simulation approaches for solving equations. Using a systematic treatment of model development and simulation studies for chemical, biochemical, and environmental processes, this book explains the simplification of a complicated process at various levels with the help of a "model sketch." It introduces several types of models, examines how they are developed, and provides examples from a wide range of applications. This includes the simple models based on simple laws such as Fick’s law, models that consist of generalized equations such as equations of motion, discrete-event models and stochastic models (which consider at least one variable as a discrete variable), and models based on population balance. Divided into 11 chapters, this book: Presents a systematic approach of model development in view of the simulation need Includes modeling techniques to model hydrodynamics, mass and heat transfer, and reactors for single as well as multi-phase systems Provides stochastic and population balance models Covers the application and development of artificial neural network models and hybrid ANN models Highlights gradients based techniques as well as statistical techniques for model validation and sensitivity analysis Contains examples on development of analytical, stochastic, numerical, and ANN-based models and simulation studies using them Illustrates modeling concepts with a wide spectrum of classical as well as recent research papers Process Modelling and Simulation in Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Engineering includes recent trends in modeling and simulation, e.g. artificial neural network (ANN)-based models, and hybrid models. It contains a chapter on flowsheeting and batch processes using commercial/open source software for simulation.
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Bioprocess Engineering

Kinetics, Biosystems, Sustainability, and Reactor Design

Author: Shijie Liu

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444595252

Category: Science

Page: 984

View: 5891

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Bioprocess Engineering involves the design and development of equipment and processes for the manufacturing of products such as food, feed, pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, chemicals, and polymers and paper from biological materials. It also deals with studying various biotechnological processes. "Bioprocess Kinetics and Systems Engineering" first of its kind contains systematic and comprehensive content on bioprocess kinetics, bioprocess systems, sustainability and reaction engineering. Dr. Shijie Liu reviews the relevant fundamentals of chemical kinetics-including batch and continuous reactors, biochemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, reaction engineering, and bioprocess systems engineering- introducing key principles that enable bioprocess engineers to engage in the analysis, optimization, design and consistent control over biological and chemical transformations. The quantitative treatment of bioprocesses is the central theme of this book, while more advanced techniques and applications are covered with some depth. Many theoretical derivations and simplifications are used to demonstrate how empirical kinetic models are applicable to complicated bioprocess systems. Contains extensive illustrative drawings which make the understanding of the subject easy Contains worked examples of the various process parameters, their significance and their specific practical use Provides the theory of bioprocess kinetics from simple concepts to complex metabolic pathways Incorporates sustainability concepts into the various bioprocesses
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Introduction to CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

Author: GOPINATH HALDER

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120348974

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 8840

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This book, now in its second edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and also introduces the student to the application of principles to various practical areas. The book emphasizes the role of the fundamental principles of thermodynamics in the derivation of significant relationships between the various thermodynamic properties. The initial chapter provides an overview of the basic concepts and processes, and discusses the important units and dimensions involved. The ensuing chapters, in a logical presentation, thoroughly cover the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the heat effects, the thermodynamic properties and their relations, refrigeration and liquefaction processes, and the equilibria between phases and in chemical reactions. The book is suitably illustrated with a large number of visuals. In the second edition, new sections on Quasi-Static Process and Entropy Change in Reversible and Irreversible Processes are included. Besides, new Solved Model Question Paper and several new Multiple Choice Questions are also added that help develop the students’ ability and confidence in the application of the underlying concepts. Primarily intended for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and other related engineering disciplines such as polymer, petroleum and pharmaceutical engineering, the book will also be useful for the postgraduate students of the subject as well as professionals in the relevant fields.
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Modern Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: Robert T. Balmer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080961736

Category: Science

Page: 825

View: 1314

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Modern Engineering Thermodynamics is designed for use in a standard two-semester engineering thermodynamics course sequence. The first half of the text contains material suitable for a basic Thermodynamics course taken by engineers from all majors. The second half of the text is suitable for an Applied Thermodynamics course in mechanical engineering programs. The text has numerous features that are unique among engineering textbooks, including historical vignettes, critical thinking boxes, and case studies. All are designed to bring real engineering applications into a subject that can be somewhat abstract and mathematical. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems provide opportunities to practice solving problems related to concepts in the text. Provides the reader with clear presentations of the fundamental principles of basic and applied engineering thermodynamics. Helps students develop engineering problem solving skills through the use of structured problem-solving techniques. Introduces the Second Law of Thermodynamics through a basic entropy concept, providing students a more intuitive understanding of this key course topic. Covers Property Values before the First Law of Thermodynamics to ensure students have a firm understanding of property data before using them. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems offer students extensive opportunity to practice solving problems. Historical Vignettes, Critical Thinking boxes and Case Studies throughout the book help relate abstract concepts to actual engineering applications. For greater instructor flexibility at exam time, thermodynamic tables are provided in a separate accompanying booklet. Available online testing and assessment component helps students assess their knowledge of the topics. Email [email protected] for details.
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Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: Pradeep Ahuja

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120336372

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 8007

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This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria. At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants. key Features  Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.  Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.  Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered. The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals. The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.
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Chemical Engineering Computation with MATLAB®

Author: Yeong Koo Yeo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351629018

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 2448

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Most problems encountered in chemical engineering are sophisticated and interdisciplinary. Thus, it is important for today’s engineering students, researchers, and professionals to be proficient in the use of software tools for problem solving. MATLAB® is one such tool that is distinguished by the ability to perform calculations in vector-matrix form, a large library of built-in functions, strong structural language, and a rich set of graphical visualization tools. Furthermore, MATLAB integrates computations, visualization and programming in an intuitive, user-friendly environment. Chemical Engineering Computation with MATLAB® presents basic to advanced levels of problem-solving techniques using MATLAB as the computation environment. The book provides examples and problems extracted from core chemical engineering subject areas and presents a basic instruction in the use of MATLAB for problem solving. It provides many examples and exercises and extensive problem-solving instruction and solutions for various problems. Solutions are developed using fundamental principles to construct mathematical models and an equation-oriented approach is used to generate numerical results. A wealth of examples demonstrate the implementation of various problem-solving approaches and methodologies for problem formulation, problem solving, analysis, and presentation, as well as visualization and documentation of results. This book also provides aid with advanced problems that are often encountered in graduate research and industrial operations, such as nonlinear regression, parameter estimation in differential systems, two-point boundary value problems and partial differential equations and optimization.
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