Challenging Neoliberalism in Latin America

Author: Eduardo Silva

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521879930

Category: Political Science

Page: 318

View: 7891

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Eduardo Silva offers the first comprehensive comparative study of anti-free market movements in Latin America and a resulting shift in governmental intervention in the economy and society.
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Reshaping the Political Arena in Latin America

From Resisting Neoliberalism to the Second Incorporation

Author: Eduardo Silva,Federico Rossi

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 0822983109

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

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Neoliberalism changed the face of Latin America and left average citizens struggling to cope in many ways. Popular sectors were especially hard hit as wages declined and unemployment increased. The backlash to neoliberalism in the form of popular protest and electoral mobilization opened space for leftist governments to emerge. The turn to left governments raised popular expectations for a second wave of incorporation. Although a growing literature has analyzed many aspects of left governments, there is no study of how the redefinition of the organized popular sectors, their allies, and their struggles have reshaped the political arena to include their interests—until now. This volume examines the role played in the second wave of incorporation by political parties, trade unions, and social movements in five cases: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Venezuela. The cases shed new light on a subject critical to understanding the change in the distribution of political power related to popular sectors and their interests—a key issue in the study of postneoliberalism.
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Transnational Activism and National Movements in Latin America

Bridging the Divide

Author: Eduardo Silva

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113505570X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 506

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During the 1990s, as widespread perception spread of declining state sovereignty, activists and social movement organizations began to form transnational networks and coalitions to pressure both intergovernmental organizations and national governments on a variety of issues. Research has focused on the formation of these transnational networks, campaigns, and coalitions; their objectives, strategies and tactics; and their impact. Yet the issue of how participation in transnational networks influences national level mobilization has been little analyzed. What effects has the experience of social movement organizations at the transnational scale had for the development at the national scale? This volume addresses this significant gap in the literature on transnational collective action by building on approaches that stress the multi-level characteristics of transnational relations. Edited by noted Latin American politics scholar Eduardo Silva, the contributions focus on four distinct themes to which the empirical chapters contribute: Building a Transnational Relations Approach to Multi-Level Interaction; Transnational Relations and Left Governments; North-South and South-South Linkages; and The "Normalization" of Labor. Bridging the Divide will add considerably to empirical knowledge of the ways in which transnational and national factors dynamically interact in Latin America. Additionally, the mid-range theorizing of the empirical chapters, along with the mix of positive and negative cases, raises new hypotheses and questions for further study.
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The Political Economy of Latin America

Reflections on Neoliberalism and Development

Author: Peter Kingstone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135839816

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 9814

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Neoliberalism has been at the centre of enormous controversy since its first appearance in Latin America in the early 1970s. Even neoliberalism’s strongest supporters concede that it has not lived up to its promises and that growth, poverty, and inequality all have performed considerably worse than hoped. This brief text offers an unbiased reflection on the neoliberal debate in Latin America and the institutional puzzle that underlies the region’s difficulties with democratization and development. In addition to providing an overview of this key element of the Latin American political economy, Peter Kingstone also advances an important but under-explored argument about political institutions. Kingstone offers a unique contribution by mapping out the problem of how to understand institutions, why they are created, and why Latin American ones function the way they do.
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Contemporary Latin American Cinema

Resisting Neoliberalism?

Author: Claudia Sandberg,Carolina Rocha

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319770101

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 278

View: 6521

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Contemporary Latin American Cinema investigates the ways in which neoliberal measures of privatization, de-regularization and austerity introduced in Latin America during the 1990s have impacted film production and film narratives. The collection examines the relationship between economic policies and the films that depict recent transformations in many Latin American countries, demonstrating how contemporary Latin American film has not only criticized and resisted, but also benefitted from neoliberal advancements. Based on films produced in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru since 2010, the fourteen case studies illustrate neoliberalism’s effects, from big industries to small national cinemas. It also shows the new types of producers that have emerged, and the novel patterns of distribution, exhibition and consumption that shape and influence the Latin American filmscape. Through industry studies, reception analyses and close readings, this book establishes an informative and accessible text for scholars and students alike.
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Under Development: Gender

Author: Christine Verschuur,Isabelle Guérin,Hélène Guétat-Bernard

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137356839

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 5224

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Despite various decades of research and claim-making by feminist scholars and movements, gender remains an overlooked area in development studies. Yet, without gender it is impossible to understand development – and the development of under-development. This collection brings together specialists from different parts of the world and various disciplines, who look at various key issues in development studies through the prisms of gender and feminism. Gender, as an expression of power, is an indispensable analytical category for social change. It reveals invisible realities and socio-political struggles, giving voice to the subaltern. It contributes to renewing methods, deconstruct and build innovative categories and concepts, challenging dominant paradigms. Thinking about gender can raise new controversies and encourage discussions on policy changes. While the current global crisis and growing inequalities urge us to find alternatives to globalised capitalism, feminist theory offers a fresh way to think and achieve social change.
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Latin America and Global Capitalism

A Critical Globalization Perspective

Author: William I. Robinson

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 080189039X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 412

View: 4251

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This ambitious volume chronicles and analyzes from a critical globalization perspective the social, economic, and political changes sweeping across Latin America from the 1970s through the present day. Sociologist William I. Robinson summarizes his theory of globalization and discusses how Latin America’s political economy has changed as the states integrate into the new global production and financial system, focusing specifically on the rise of nontraditional agricultural exports, the explosion of maquiladoras, transnational tourism, and the export of labor and the import of remittances. He follows with an overview of the clash among global capitalist forces, neoliberalism, and the new left in Latin America, looking closely at the challenges and dilemmas resistance movements face and their prospects for success. Through three case studies—the struggles of the region's indigenous peoples, the immigrants rights movement in the United States, and the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela—Robinson documents and explains the causes of regional socio-political tensions, provides a theoretical framework for understanding the present turbulence, and suggests possible outcomes to the conflicts. Based on years of fieldwork and empirical research, this study elucidates the tensions that globalization has created and shows why Latin America is a battleground for those seeking to shape the twenty-first century’s world order.
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Beyond Neoliberalism in Latin America?

Societies and Politics at the Crossroads

Author: John Burdick,Philip Oxhorn,Kenneth M. Roberts

Publisher: Studies of the Americas (Hardc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 3946

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While the neoliberal model continues to dominate economic and political life in Latin America, people throughout the region have begun to strategize about how to move beyond this model. What are the alternatives they imagine? Do these alternatives represent a genuine break? Twelve cutting-edge papers investigate how Latin Americans are struggling to articulate a future in which neoliberalism is reconfigured.
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Challenges of Party-Building in Latin America

Author: Steven Levitsky,James Loxton,Brandon Van Dyck,Jorge I. Domínguez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107145945

Category: Political Science

Page: 554

View: 6085

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Nearly four decades since the onset of the third wave, political parties remain weak in Latin America: parties have collapsed in much of the region, and most new party-building efforts have failed. Why do some new parties succeed while most fail? This book challenges the widespread belief that democracy and elections naturally give rise to strong parties and argues that successful party-building is more likely to occur under conditions of intense conflict than under routine democracy. Periods of revolution, civil war, populist mobilization, or authoritarian repression crystalize partisan attachments, create incentives for organization-building, and generate a 'higher cause' that attracts committed activists. Empirically rich chapters cover diverse cases from across Latin America, including both successful and failed cases.
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Challenging the State

Crisis and Innovation in Latin America and Africa

Author: Merilee S. Grindle,Merilee Serrill Grindle,Edward S Mason Professor of International Development Emerita and Former Director of the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies Merilee S Grindle,Institute for Urban and Regional Development Peter Hall, Sir

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521559195

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 530

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This book examines the development of Latin America and Africa in the face of challenging political and economic crises.
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