Cave and Karst Systems of Romania

Author: Gheorghe M. L. Ponta,Bogdan P. Onac

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319907476

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 7913

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This book focuses on Romania’s more than 12,000 caves, which developed in limestone (including thermal water caves), salt, gypsum, and occasionally in sandstone. It examines these caves and related topics in a format suitable for cavers, while also addressing a broad range of aspects useful for students and researchers. Since the Institute of Speleology was first established by Emil Racovita in 1920, a great deal of research has been conducted on all cave and karst types. As such, the book examines a variety of scientific fields, including karst geology, hydrogeology, biospeleology, paleoclimatology, mineralogy and archaeology.
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Cave Ecology

Author: Oana Teodora Moldovan,Ľubomír Kováč,Stuart Halse

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319988522

Category: Science

Page: 545

View: 3408

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Cave organisms are the ‘monsters’ of the underground world and studying them invariably raises interesting questions about the ways evolution has equipped them to survive in permanent darkness and low-energy environments. Undertaking ecological studies in caves and other subterranean habitats is not only challenging because they are difficult to access, but also because the domain is so different from what we know from the surface, with no plants at the base of food chains and with a nearly constant microclimate year-round. The research presented here answers key questions such as how a constant environment can produce the enormous biodiversity seen below ground, what adaptations and peculiarities allow subterranean organisms to thrive, and how they are affected by the constraints of their environment. This book is divided into six main parts, which address: the habitats of cave animals; their complex diversity; the environmental factors that support that diversity; individual case studies of cave ecosystems; and of the conservation challenges they face; all of which culminate in proposals for future research directions. Given its breadth of coverage, it offers an essential reference guide for graduate students and established researchers alike.
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Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World

Author: Alexander Klimchouk,Arthur N. Palmer,Jo De Waele,Augusto S. Auler,Philippe Audra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319533487

Category: Science

Page: 911

View: 4553

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This book illustrates the diversity of hypogene speleogenetic processes and void-conduit patterns depending on variations of the geological environments by presenting regional and cave-specific case studies. The cases include both well-known and newly recognized hypogene karst regions and caves of the world. They all focus on geological, hydrogeological, geodynamical and evolutionary contexts of hypogene speleogenesis. The last decade has witnessed the boost in recognition of the possibility, global occurrence, and practical importance of hypogene karstification (speleogenesis), i.e. the development of solutional porosity and permeability by upwelling flow, independent of recharge from the overlying or immediately adjacent surface. Hypogene karst has been identified and documented in many regions where it was previously overlooked or misinterpreted. The book enriches the basis for generalization and categorization of hypogene karst and thus improves our ability to adequately model hypogene karstification and predict related porosity and permeability. It is a book which benefits every researcher, student, and practitioner dealing with karst.
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Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science

Author: John Gunn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135455082

Category: Reference

Page: 960

View: 5721

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The Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science contains 350 alphabetically arranged entries. The topics include cave and karst geoscience, cave archaeology and human use of caves, art in caves, hydrology and groundwater, cave and karst history, and conservation and management. The Encyclopedia is extensively illustrated with photographs, maps, diagrams, and tables, and has thematic content lists and a comprehensive index to facilitate searching and browsing.
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Eurokarst 2018, Besançon

Advances in the Hydrogeology of Karst and Carbonate Reservoirs

Author: Catherine Bertrand,Sophie Denimal,Marc Steinmann,Philippe Renard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030140156

Category: Science

Page: 249

View: 9167

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This book presents selected papers from the EuroKarst 2018 conference, which highlighted the latest advances in the field of Karst Hydrogeology and Carbonate Reservoirs. The event attracted more than 180 participants. From among their contributions, the papers were selected and subsequently reviewed by the scientific committee to ensure the highest possible quality.
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Dynamic Tectonics and Karst

Author: Stefan Shanov,Konstantin Kostov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662439921

Category: Science

Page: 123

View: 4216

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The karstic caves are favorable sites for tectonic events detecting, representing a conservative medium of three-dimensional framework where the tectonic deformations are well preserved. They also provide an environment conducive to dating and determining the geometrical parameters of past seismotectonic events. During the last three decades the study of dynamic tectonics and recent geodynamics in karst terrains has been subject of numerous publications, but it has not been systematically approached in a comprehensive monograph. This book collects the current state of knowledge on the relationship between karst and dynamic tectonics and presents a new methodology to its study. It puts forward several approaches for studying of recent geodynamics in karst terrains, such as tectonic stress fields reconstructions using structural analysis of the fracturing, geophysical studies of the rock anisotropy and fault-plane solutions from earthquakes, analysis of the spatial orientation and absolute dating of deformed speleothems, instrumental and mechanical measurements, monitoring and modeling – all supported with case studies from several karst areas worldwide, e.g. in Albania, Bulgaria, Cuba and France.
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Land Use Policy and Practice on Karst Terrains

Living on Limestone

Author: Spencer Fleury

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402096704

Category: Science

Page: 187

View: 4897

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Land use decisions in karst terrains can have immediate and serious impacts on the local landscape and groundwater resources. The existing literature on karst and land use can be very difficult to locate in the journals of any of a half-dozen different disciplines. This book brings the interdisciplinary knowledge together in one place, in a format that academics and professionals alike will find accessible, informative and useful. Based on an examination of existing regulations, the experiences and opinions of planners and land use professionals, and quantitative analysis of publicly-available data, the book explores how human settlement patterns and urban systems in karst terrains are affected by land use regulations intended to protect karst resources. The book pays particular attention to the questions of whether these regulations will have a noticeable impact on density and on opportunities for economic growth and development in communities that choose to implement them. This analysis serves as the basis for a regulatory framework that may be used to understand the workings of land use regulations in karst terrains, and to aid in the development of such regulations in the future.
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Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology

Author: Derek Ford,Paul D. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118684990

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 9607

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Originally published in 1989, Karst Geomorphology andHydrology became the leading textbook on karststudies. This new textbook has been substantially revised andupdated. The first half of the book is a systematic presentation of thedissolution kinetics, chemical equilibria and physical flow lawsrelating to karst environments. It includes details of themany environmental factors that complicate their chemicalevolution, with a critique of measurement of karst erosionrates. The second half of the book looks at the classificationsystem for cave systems and the influence of climate and climaticchange on karst development. The book ends with chapters onkarst water resource management and a look at the important issuesof environmental management, including environmental impactassessment, environmental rehabilitation, tourism impacts andconservation values. Practical application of karst studiesare explained throughout the text. "This new edition strengthens the book's position as theessential reference in the field. Karst geoscientists will not dareto stray beyond arm's reach of this volume. It is certain to remainthe professional standard for many decades." Journal of Cave andKarst Studies, August 2007
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