Cartesian Theodicy

Cartesian Theodicy

Both in his Cartesian Theodicy as well as his Index Augustino-Cartesian, Textes et Commentaire Janowski shows that the entire Cartesian metaphysics can - and should - be read within the context of Augustinian thought.

Author: Z. Janowski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401091442

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 245

Almost all interpreters of Cartesian philosophy have hitherto focused on the epistemological aspect of Descartes' thought. In his Cartesian Theodicy, Janowski demonstrates that Descartes' epistemological problems are merely rearticulations of theological questions. For example, Descartes' attempt to define the role of God in man's cognitive fallibility is a reiteration of an old argument that points out the incongruity between the existence of God and evil, and his pivotal question `whence error?' is shown here to be a rephrasing of the question `whence evil?' The answer Descartes gives in the Meditations is actually a reformulation of the answer found in St. Augustine's De Libero Arbitrio and the Confessions. The influence of St. Augustine on Descartes can also be detected in the doctrine of eternal truths which, within the context of the 17th-century debates over the question of the nature of divine freedom, caused Descartes to ally himself with the Augustinian Oratorians against the Jesuits. Both in his Cartesian Theodicy as well as his Index Augustino-Cartesian, Textes et Commentaire Janowski shows that the entire Cartesian metaphysics can - and should - be read within the context of Augustinian thought.
Categories: Philosophy

Cartesian Poetics

Cartesian Poetics

On theodicy and Descartes, see Zbigniew Janowski's Cartesian Theodicy: Descartes' Quest for Certitude (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2002) as well as C. P. Ragland, “Descartes's Theodicy,” Religious Studies 43.2 (2007): 125–44. 13.

Author: Andrea Gadberry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226723167

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 653

What is thinking? What does it feel like? What is it good for? Andrea Gadberry looks for answers to these questions in the philosophy of René Descartes and finds them in the philosopher’s implicit poetics. Gadberry argues that Descartes’s thought was crucially enabled by poetry and shows how markers of poetic genres from love lyric and elegy to the puzzling forms of the riddle and the anagram betray an impassioned negotiation with the difficulties of thought and its limits. Where others have seen Cartesian philosophy as a triumph of reason, Gadberry reveals that the philosopher accused of having “slashed poetry’s throat” instead enlisted poetic form to contain thought’s frustrations. Gadberry’s approach to seventeenth-century writings poses questions urgent for the twenty-first. Bringing literature and philosophy into rich dialogue, Gadberry centers close reading as a method uniquely equipped to manage skepticism, tolerate critical ambivalence, and detect feeling in philosophy. Helping us read classic moments of philosophical argumentation in a new light, this elegant study also expands outward to redefine thinking in light of its poetic formations.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Augustine and Modernity

Augustine and Modernity

Zbigniew janowski, Index Augustino-Carte'sien: Textes et Commentaire, Histoire de la philosophie (Paris: Vrin, 2000); Cartesian Theodicy: Descartes' Quest for Certitude (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000). janowski admits this ...

Author: Michael Hanby

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415284684

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 898

Augustine and Modernity is a fresh and challenging addition to current debates about the Augustinian origins of modern subjectivity and the Christian genesis of Western nihilism. It firmly rejects the dominant modern view that the modern Cartesian subject, as an archetype of Western nihilism, originates in Augustine's thought. Arguing that most contemporary interpretations misrepresent the complex philosophical relationship between Augustine and modern philosophy, particularly with regard to the work of Descartes, the book examines the much overlooked contribution of Stoicism to the genealogy of modernity, producing a scathing riposte to commonly-held versions of the 'continuity thesis'. Michael Hanby identifies the modern concept of will that emerges in Descartes' work as the product of a notion of self more proper to Stoic theories of immanence than to Augustine's own rigorous understandings of the Trinity, creation, self and will. Though Augustine's encounter with Stoicism ultimately resulted in much of his teaching being transferred to Descartes and other modern thinkers in an adulterated form, Hanby draws critical attention to Augustine's own disillusionment with Stoicism and his interrogation of Stoic philosophy in the name of Christ and the Trinity. Representing a new school of theology willing to engage critically with other disciplines and to challenge their authority, Augustine and Modernity offers a comprehensive new interpretation of De Trinitate and of Augustinian concepts of will and soul. Revealing how much of what is now thought of as 'Augustinian' in fact has its genealogy in Stoic asceticism, it interprets the modern nihilistic Cartesian subject not as a logical consequence of a true Christian Trinitarian theology, but rather of its perversion and abandonment.
Categories: Philosophy

New Essays on Leibniz s Theodicy

New Essays on Leibniz s Theodicy

to this view, Leibniz's theodicy would be one of the last fruits (and maybe the very last fruit) of that rational ... Stoic, Augustinian, or Cartesian theodicy) or later (one speaks about a Hegelian theodicy), one assumes that theodicy ...

Author: Larry M. Jorgensen

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191635472

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 847

In 1710 G. W. Leibniz published Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil. This book, the only one he published in his lifetime, established his reputation more than anything else he wrote. The Theodicy brings together many different strands of Leibniz's own philosophical system, and we get a rare snapshot of how he intended these disparate aspects of his philosophy to come together into a single, overarching account of divine justice in the face of the world's evils. At the same time, the Theodicy is a fascinating window into the context of philosophical theology in the seventeenth century. Leibniz had his finger on the intellectual pulse of his time, and this comes out very clearly in the Theodicy. He engages with all of the major lines of theological dispute of that time, demonstrating the encyclopaedic breadth of his understanding of the issues. Leibniz's Theodicy remains one of the most abiding systematic accounts of how evil is compatible with divine goodness. Any treatment of the problem of evil must, at some point, come to grips with Leibniz's proposed solution. This volume refreshes and deepens our understanding of this great work. Leading scholars present original essays which critically evaluate the Theodicy, providing a window on its historical context and giving close attention to the subtle and enduring philosophical arguments.
Categories: Philosophy

Cartesian Theodicy

Cartesian Theodicy

Author: Zbigniew S. Janowski

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:35895920

Category:

Page: 466

View: 194

Categories:

Cartesian Psychophysics and the Whole Nature of Man

Cartesian Psychophysics and the Whole Nature of Man

Cartesian Theodicy. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 2000. Jolley, Nicholas, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995. Jonas, Hans. The Phenomenon of Life. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press ...

Author: Richard F. Hassing

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498522366

Category: Philosophy

Page: 278

View: 343

In The Passions of the Soul Descartes proclaims his intention to explain the passions “only as a Physicist,” and titles Part I “About the passions in general, and incidentally about the whole nature of man”—not an incidental item. Two questions orient the present inquiry: What does Descartes mean by “the whole nature of man,” and how does a general theory of the human emotions based on his physics account for it? Not surprisingly, Descartes does not fulfill the letter of his intention; rather, he explains the passions “only [partly] as a Physicist.” The other part of his study—irreducible to any physics—consists in his own analysis of the life of the human being as union of soul and body. The resulting account is an unusual combination of scientific (hypothetico-deductive) psychophysics and prescientific insight into human experience. In it, a quasi-mechanical theory of the impact of imagination on passion and volition is combined with a distinctive emphasis on the human propensity to esteem what we imagine to be great. Human history and therewith “the whole [problematic] nature of man” is constituted in significant measure by the particular and variable objects of esteem. The correction and improvement of our nature is the aim of Descartes’s culminating doctrine of the one thing that is truly estimable: the firm and constant resolution to use well (autonomously) one’s own (individual) powers of cognition and volition. With the return of religious war The Passions of the Soul is newly relevant.
Categories: Philosophy

Biology Religion and Philosophy

Biology  Religion  and Philosophy

8 Hence, a Cartesian theodicy for the evidential problem of animal pain is a Cartesian explanation of why animals do ... Later Cartesians – such as Antoine Arnauld and Nicholas Malebranch – applied this view precisely to the problem of ...

Author: Michael Peterson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107031487

Category: Philosophy

Page: 285

View: 801

A comprehensive and accessible survey of the major issues at the biology-religion interface.
Categories: Philosophy

Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern European Culture Volume IV

Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern European Culture Volume IV

... Cartesian Theodicy. Descartes' Quest for Certitude. 2000 ISBN 0-7923-6127-X J.D. Popkin and R.H. Popkin (eds.): The Abbé Grégoire and his World. 2000 ISBN 0-7923–6247–0 C.G. Caffentzis: Exciting the Industry of Mankind.

Author: John Christian Laursen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401007443

Category: Religion

Page: 126

View: 627

This is the first book to bring together studies of a wide variety of millenarians who were active in the 17th and 18th centuries in France, The Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, and eastern Europe. It provides much food for thought for students and teachers of early modern ideas, the history of philosophy and religion, and the making of the modern world. It opens up many avenues for further work.
Categories: Religion

The Return of Scepticism

The Return of Scepticism

2000 ISBN 0-7923-6097-4 Z. Janowski: Cartesian Theodicy. Descartes' Quest for Certitude. 2000 ISBN 0-7923-6127-X J.D. Popkin and R.H. Popkin (eds.): The Abbé Grégoire and his World. 2000 ISBN 0-7923–6247–0 C.G. Caffentzis: Exciting the ...

Author: Gianni Paganini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401701310

Category: Philosophy

Page: 495

View: 582

This collection of articles (the Vercelli conference proceedings) places the theme of scepticism within its philosophical tradition. It explores the English philosophical thinkers, the French context, as well as major Italian figures and Spanish culture. It pays special attention to the relationships between history of philosophical ideas and the problems rising from the history of sciences (medicine, physics, linguistics, historical scholarship) in the 17th and the18th centuries.
Categories: Philosophy

Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern European Culture

Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern European Culture

Also of Interest CARTESIAN THEODICY by ZBIGNIEW JANOWSKI 2000 , 182 pp . ARCH 168 , ISBN 0-7923-6I27 - X Almost all interpreters of Cartesian philosophy have hitherto focused on the epistemological aspect of Descartes ' thought .

Author: Matt Goldish

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792368487

Category: History

Page: 198

View: 792

The influence of millenarian thinking upon Cromwell's England is well-known. The cultural and intellectual conceptions of the role of millenarian ideas in the `long' 18th century when, so the `official' story goes, the religious sceptics and deists of Enlightened England effectively tarred such religious radicalism as `enthusiasm' has been less well examined. This volume endeavors to revise this `official' story and to trace the influence of millenarian ideas in the science, politics, and everyday life of England and America in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Categories: History

Paradise Postponed

Paradise Postponed

2000 ISBN 0-7923-6097-4 Z. Janowski: Cartesian Theodicy. Descartes' Quest for Certitude. 2000 ISBN 0-7923–6127-X J.D. Popkin and R.H. Popkin (eds.): The Abbé Grégoire and his World. 2000 ISBN 0-7923–6247–0 C.G. Caffentzis: Exciting the ...

Author: H. Hotson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401594943

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 215

This book provides a uniquely detailed case study of the origins of millenarianism within the vast opera of one of its earliest and most influential Calvinist exponents: the Herborn encyclopedist Johann Heinrich Alsted (1588-1638). The young Alsted, it emerges, looked forward not to the millennium of Apocalypse 20 but to a brief, final period of enhanced illumination described in a poorly understood central European tradition of astrological, alchemical, spiritualist, and generally `occult' prophetic speculation. It was the disasters following the Bohemian Revolt of 1618 which forced Alsted to recast these expectations as the more exclusively scriptural expectation of a literal millennium; and the material for this revision was found in a protracted dispute over the millennium between senior theologians in Herborn and Heidelberg and a little-known work on the conversion of the Jews by one of the figures most probably behind the composition of the Rosicrucian manifestos. Based on study of the full range of Alsted's works, his diverse sources, and widely dispersed manuscript material, the result is the first English book on 17th-century continental millenarianism and the first monograph in any language exclusively devoted to the origins of the doctrine within mainstream Protestantism.
Categories: History

The Abb Gr goire and his World

The Abb   Gr  goire and his World

Also of Interest CARTESIAN THEODICY DESCARTES ' QUEST FOR CERTITUDE by ZBIGNIEW JANOWSKI 2000 , 450 pp ARCH 168 , ISBN 0-7923-6127 - X Almost all interpreters of Cartesian philosophy have hitherto focused on the epistemological aspect ...

Author: Jeremy D. Popkin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792362470

Category: History

Page: 191

View: 803

A distinguished group of international scholars from the disciplines of history, philosophy, literature and art history offer a reconsideration of the ideas and the impact of the abbé Henri Grégoire, one of the most important figures of the French Revolution and a contributor to the campaigns for Jewish emancipation, rights for blacks, the reform of the Catholic Church and many other causes
Categories: History

Exciting the Industry of Mankind George Berkeley s Philosophy of Money

Exciting the Industry of Mankind George Berkeley   s Philosophy of Money

CARTESIAN THEODICY DESCARTES ' QUEST FOR CERTITUDE Edited by ZBIGNIEW JANOWSKI 2000 , 182 pp ARCH 168 , ISBN 0-7923-6127 - X Almost all interpreters of Cartesian philosophy have hitherto focused on the epistemological aspect of ...

Author: C.G. Caffentzis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792362977

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 446

View: 200

A comprehensive examination of George Berkeley's revolutionary views on money and banking. Berkeley broke the conceptual link between money and metallic substance in "The Querist", a work published between 1735 and 1737 in Dublin, consisting entirely of questions. This study explains what economic and social forces caused Berkeley to write "The Querist" in response to a major economic crisis in Ireland. It falsifies the view that Berkeley has nothing to tell us about our present and future social and economic life. For the "idealism" Berkeley found in the money form is becoming a fact of global economic life, when "xenomoney" and "virtual money" exchanges begin to dwarf commodity transactions, and the future becomes the dominant temporal dimension of economic activity. Philosophers, historians, cultural theorists, economists and lovers of Irish history should find this volume of interest.
Categories: Business & Economics

Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy and Biology Biology Religion and Philosophy

Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy and Biology  Biology  Religion  and Philosophy

8 Hence, a Cartesian theodicy for the evidential problem of animal pain is a Cartesian explanation of why animals do not in fact feel pain – which is tantamount to the denial of the factual premise. This is not to deny Descartes's ...

Author: Peterson, Michael L.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781009063968

Category:

Page:

View: 538

Categories:

Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Cartesian. theodicy. Descartes's Meditations, meanwhile, were a distinctive—one might even say aggressive—reversal of the religious meditatio of the sort commended by ascetic theologians. 'Let us withdraw some hours to give our souls ...

Author: Catherine Wilson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191553523

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 950

This landmark study examines the role played by the rediscovery of the writings of the ancient atomists, Epicurus and Lucretius, in the articulation of the major philosophical systems of the seventeenth century, and, more broadly, their influence on the evolution of natural science and moral and political philosophy. The target of sustained and trenchant philosophical criticism by Cicero, and of opprobrium by the Christian Fathers of the early Church, for its unflinching commitment to the absence of divine supervision and the finitude of life, the Epicurean philosophy surfaced again in the period of the Scientific Revolution, when it displaced scholastic Aristotelianism. Both modern social contract theory and utilitarianism in ethics were grounded in its tenets. Catherine Wilson shows how the distinctive Epicurean image of the natural and social worlds took hold in philosophy, and how it is an acknowledged, and often unacknowledged presence in the writings of Descartes, Gassendi, Hobbes, Boyle, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley. With chapters devoted to Epicurean physics and cosmology, the corpuscularian or "mechanical" philosophy, the question of the mortality of the soul, the grounds of political authority, the contested nature of the experimental philosophy, sensuality, curiosity, and the role of pleasure and utility in ethics, the author makes a persuasive case for the significance of materialism in seventeenth-century philosophy without underestimating the depth and significance of the opposition to it, and for its continued importance in the contemporary world. Lucretius's great poem, On the Nature of Things, supplies the frame of reference for this deeply-researched inquiry into the origins of modern philosophy. .
Categories: Philosophy

A Companion to Early Modern Philosophy

A Companion to Early Modern Philosophy

... 274; Locke 373; Malebranche 122, 124-5, 164, 188; Platonism 30-2, 35-6, 39-41: Regis 188 Desgabets 206 Dutch Cartesians 167-81 eternal truths 72-3, 76, 187-8, 19 7, 201-3 evil: Bayle 248, 253-5, 257; Cartesian theodicy 67, 188-9; ...

Author: Steven Nadler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470998830

Category: Philosophy

Page: 672

View: 370

Categories: Philosophy

Evil in the Western Philosophical Tradition

Evil in the Western Philosophical Tradition

Whether to account for the existence of evil in individualistic or teleological terms dominates subsequent, post-Cartesian thinking. Initially, the latter prevailed through Leibniz's affirmation of theodicy, before Kant responded by ...

Author: Gavin Rae

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474445344

Category: Electronic books

Page: 360

View: 868

Gavin Rae analyses the history of Western conceptions of evil, showing it to be remarkably complex, differentiated and contested. He traces the problem of evil from early and Medieval Christian philosophy to modern philosophy, German Idealism, post-structuralism and contemporary analytic philosophy and secularisation.
Categories: Electronic books

Nature Red in Tooth and Claw

Nature Red in Tooth and Claw

Classical Cartesian theodicy founders on the implausibility of the thesis that animals are unconscious automata. Yet contemporary philosophical discussions of consciousness agree on at least this: there are many different notions of ...

Author: Michael Murray

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191608070

Category: Philosophy

Page: 220

View: 802

While the problem of evil remains a perennial challenge to theistic belief, little attention has been paid to the special problem of animal pain and suffering. This absence is especially conspicuous in our Darwinian era when theists are forced to confront the fact that animal pain and suffering has gone on for at least tens of millions of years, through billions of animal generations. Evil of this sort might not be especially problematic if the standard of explanations for evil employed by theists could be applied in this instance as well. But there is the central problem: all or most of the explanations for evil cited by theists seem impotent to explain the reality of animal pain and suffering through evolutionary history. Nature Red in Tooth and Claw addresses the evil of animal pain and suffering directly, scrutinizing explanations that have been offered for such evil.
Categories: Philosophy

The Fall of Man and the Foundations of Science

The Fall of Man and the Foundations of Science

3 Jean Dagens, B ́erulle et les origines de la restauration catholique (Paris, 1952); Janowski, Cartesian Theodicy, p. 20. Cf. A. D. Wright, The Counter-Reformation, Catholic Europe and the Non-Christian World (London, 1982), p. 6.

Author: Peter Harrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521875592

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 445

See:
Categories: History