Cargo Liners and Tramps

Cargo Liners and Tramps

Mark Lee Inman looks at some of the beautiful postcards used as souvenirs on some less-glamorous ocean-going ships of the twentieth century.

Author: Mark Lee Inman

Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited

ISBN: 9781445673851

Category: Transportation

Page: 96

View: 255

Mark Lee Inman looks at some of the beautiful postcards used as souvenirs on some less-glamorous ocean-going ships of the twentieth century.
Categories: Transportation

Tramp Ships

Tramp Ships

In this new book by the well-known author Roy Fenton, their evolution is described over the course of more than 100 years, from the 1860s, when the steam tramp developed from the screw collier, until it was largely replaced by the ...

Author: Roy Fenton

Publisher: Seaforth Publishing

ISBN: 9781848321588

Category: Transportation

Page: 192

View: 611

The tramp ship was the taxi of the seas. With no regular schedules, it voyaged anywhere and everywhere, picking up and dropping off cargoes, mainly bulk cargoes such as coal, grain, timber, china clay and oil. It was the older and slower vessels that tended to find their way into this trade, hence the tag 'tramp', though new tramps were built, often with the owner's eye on chartering to the liner companies. In this new book by the well-known author Roy Fenton, their evolution is described over the course of more than 100 years, from the 1860s, when the steam tramp developed from the screw collier, until it was largely replaced by the specialist bulk carrier in the 1980s. ??An introduction looks at the design and building of tramps before going on to describe the machinery, from simple triple-expansion turbines to diesel engines. Their operation and management and the life of the officers and crews is also covered. The meat of the book is to be found in the 300 wonderfully evocative photographs of individual ships which illustrate the development of the tramp and its trades through the last years of the 19th century, the two world wars, and the postwar years. Each caption gives the dimensions, the owners and the builder, and outlines the career, with notes on trades and how they changed over a ship's lifetime. Design features are highlighted and notes on machinery included. This will become a classic work, to inspire all merchant ship enthusiasts and historians.
Categories: Transportation

Liner and Tramp Shipping

Liner and Tramp Shipping

Author: J. Bes

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000008672285

Category: Freight and freightage

Page: 125

View: 878

Categories: Freight and freightage

Control of Ocean Freight Rates in Foreign Trade

Control of Ocean Freight Rates in Foreign Trade

Liners and tramps.Oversea transportation of goods today is performed by two somewhat distinct classes of carriers - liners and tramps .

Author: Albert Edward Sanderson

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112101554159

Category: Freight and freightage

Page: 166

View: 335

Categories: Freight and freightage

Report

Report

C. MERCHANT VESSEL TYPES : LINERS AND TRAMPS Although precise categorization is ... between the two major services , the cargo liner and the tramp steamer .

Author: United States. Congress. House

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:35112102284769

Category: United States

Page:

View: 788

Categories: United States

Report of the Antitrust Subcommittee

Report of the Antitrust Subcommittee

O. MERCHANT VESSEL TYPES : LINERS AND TRAMPS Although precise categorization is ... between the two major services , the cargo liner and the tramp steamer .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary

Publisher:

ISBN: SRLF:A0004392759

Category: Cargo ships

Page: 399

View: 575

Categories: Cargo ships

The Ship

The Ship

Author: Robin Craig

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:59076241

Category: Ships

Page: 60

View: 697

Categories: Ships

Steam Tramps and Cargo Liners 1850 1950

Steam Tramps and Cargo Liners  1850 1950

... modest economical speed of the cargo liner / tramp , combined to render the adoption of the steam turbine as inappropriate for this class of vessel .

Author: Robin Craig

Publisher: Stationery Office Books (TSO)

ISBN: UCSD:31822001891050

Category: Cargo ships

Page: 60

View: 677

Categories: Cargo ships

Cargo Liners

Cargo Liners

Unlike the tramp steamer, which worked the bulk trades and sailed on a random basis to wherever cargo was on offer, the cargo liner sailed on a regular ...

Author: Ambrose Greenway

Publisher: Seaforth Publishing

ISBN: 9781848321298

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 344

For 100 years, between 1850 and 1950, the cargo liner grew to dominate the world’s trade routes, providing regular services that merchants, shippers and importers could rely on; they carried much of the world’s higher value manufactured goods and raw materials and their services spread to most corners of the world. They were the tool of the world’s first phase of globalization. This new book, evocatively illustrated with a magnificent collection of more than 300 photographs, begins with the establishment of routes around Europe and across the North Atlantic in the 1850s. Not until the Liverpool ship owner and engineer, Alfred Holt, developed high-pressure compound engines were coal-powered vessels able to steam further afield, to the Far East and Australia. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 cemented the dominance of the cargo liner and only with the appearance of the first container ship in the 1950s was that dominance finally overthrown. With its informative introductory texts and abundant photographs, this book will appeal to ship enthusiasts around the world and to all those who mourn the passing of the golden age of the steamship.
Categories: History

International Business Correspondence

International Business Correspondence

Tramps are ship which does not have a fixed schedule or published ports of call. As opposed to freight liners, tramp ships trade on the spot market with no ...

Author: Sinee Sankrusme

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 9783960676300

Category: Education

Page: 492

View: 497

International business correspondence is not simply writing or information exchange. It is something that you want others to know about you – to know about your business and the way you deal with business transactions. It is by the way you create your letter that your reader can identify whether you are friendly, rude, or you just simply want to do business. Your letter shows your attitude. This is one reason why it is important to consider your way of writing, write professionally and with courtesy. Success of business transactions is not only dependent on your ability to talk and communicate verbally, but also the way you communicate in letters. How important is learning the proper way of writing business letters? This book will help you to improve your written communication by guiding you through the steps and guidelines of making an effective letter. Aside from that, you will learn to see that planning is important. Gathering information and doing some research will help you. As you go through answer complaints, it will save you to make adjustments, it is important and friendly to reply to inquiries, it is good to be precise in your quotations, it is proper to acknowledge placed orders or acknowledge payment, it is worth to check all outgoing orders for shipment and delivery, it is important to have an insurance policy, it is tedious to deal internationally without bank transactions, and it is by connection that you can increase your sales. You need to connect to your customers and readers in order to build a good working relationship. If you are able to establish a good relationship, they will value you as their business partners. Skills in creating business letters are important for the success of your business. Business letter writing skills will also boost your confidence as a businessman and will help boosting your business as well. This book aims to help students to develop their skills and confidence in writing international busi-ness letters. It can also serve as a reference for students at college and university levels.
Categories: Education

Modern Marketing

Modern Marketing

Its main purpose is to transport cargo, grain and other seasonal products in bulk. The tramp may ... Difference Between Liners and Tramps Liners Tramps 1.

Author: R S N Pillai

Publisher: S. Chand Publishing

ISBN: 9788121916974

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 390

View: 319

The revised and updated edition of the book Modern Marketing caters to the needs of students of marketing to meet the current difficult situations of business. Nine new chapters have been added.
Categories: Business & Economics

International Merchant Shipping in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

International Merchant Shipping in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

The separation of liner and tramp markets was even reflected in some degree of ... cargo ” accounted for the evolution of a fairly standard type of liner ...

Author: Lewis R. Fischer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781786948991

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 988

This book compiles seven essays concerning changes to merchant shipping over the hundred and fifty years between 1850 and 2000, and spanning a range of countries, with particular focus on Norway, Greece, Japan, and England. The essays are linked by the theme of change: from traditional to modern shipping; in fluctuating cargo demands; from sail to steam; wood to iron; in improvements in communication technologies; in political natures and affiliations; in seafaring skillsets; in the advent of containerisation and advent of globalisation. The overall aim is to construct a solid international context for the merchant shipping industry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries - primarily to aid a major Norwegian deep-sea merchant marine project. The book contains an introduction that sets out these aims, and seven essays by maritime historians which form part of the international contextual whole, though all can be approached individually.
Categories: History

Encouragement of the Development and Expansion of Privately Owned Tramp Shipping Operations Under the United States Flag

Encouragement of the Development and Expansion of Privately Owned Tramp Shipping Operations Under the United States Flag

Likewise , phosphate , grain , and sulphur have largely deserted the tramp for the regular cargo liner . On the other hand , coal and coke exports are ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Merchant Marine and Fisheries

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105045514598

Category:

Page: 82

View: 800

Categories:

Model Answers in the Structure of Commerce

Model Answers in the Structure of Commerce

Three main classes of cargo shipping are (a) cargo liners, (b) tramps and (c) tankers. Normally these cargo carriers do not carry passengers although some ...

Author: T. W. Cox

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483138091

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 275

Model Answers in the Structure of Commerce aims to do the following: (a) to be a guide to students as to how to tackle questions in this particular subject; (b) to give some indication as to the length of answers and content an examiner would expect; and (c) to help students to appreciate the scope of the syllabus and also the type of questions likely to be set in examinations. The book begins with a discussion of how to answer examination questions on the Structure of Commerce. Subsequent chapters present questions relating to industry and commerce, types of business organizations, distribution methods, import and export procedure, foreign trade, the capital market, the banking system and methods of payments, transport, location of industry, insurance, consumer protection. Also provided are a selection of questions requiring brief treatment on a variety of subjects and questions relating to trade calculations. This book does not attempt to replace good textbooks on the subject of Commerce although much benefit will be derived from studying carefully the answers to the questions.
Categories: Business & Economics

Hearings

Hearings

Likewise , phosphate , grain , and sulphur have largely deserted the tramp for the regular cargo liner . On the other hand , coal and coke exports are ...

Author: United States. Congress. House

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:35112104235488

Category:

Page:

View: 473

Categories:

Merchant Marine Study and Investigation

Merchant Marine Study and Investigation

Likewise , phosphate , grain , and sulfur have largely deserted the tramp for the regular cargo liner . On the other hand , coal and coke exports are ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000090941687

Category: Merchant marine

Page: 1898

View: 103

Categories: Merchant marine

Hearings

Hearings

Now , cargo liners , which is what we are interested in in general , rather than tramps - we are not interested in tramps , but cargo liners — often carry a ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015018399983

Category:

Page:

View: 627

Categories:

Maritime Economics

Maritime Economics

Because the cargo liners were similar in size and design and speed to the 'tweendeckers used by tramp operators, the fleets were to a large extent ...

Author: Alan Branch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134742677

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 592

View: 363

Now in its second edition Maritime Economics provides a valuable introduction to the organisation and workings of the global shipping industry. The author outlines the economic theory as well as many of the operational practicalities involved. Extensively revised for the new edition, the book has many clear illustrations and tables. Topics covered include: * an overview of international trade * Maritime Law * economic organisation and principles * financing ships and shipping companies * market research and forecasting.
Categories: Business & Economics

National Income

National Income

( Freight on United States imports carried by United States lines is ... The estimates for passenger liners and tramps were derived as the product of the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112101029475

Category: Gross national product

Page:

View: 615

Categories: Gross national product