Capitalism and Social Cohesion

Capitalism and Social Cohesion

This book brings together essays on modernity, social integration, social differentiation and social exclusion by Lockwood, Mouzelis and other eminent social theorists.

Author: I. Gough

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230379138

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 639

This book brings together essays on modernity, social integration, social differentiation and social exclusion by Lockwood, Mouzelis and other eminent social theorists. At the same time it addresses critical issues facing Western democracies, such as social exclusion, the underclass, unemployment, new inequalities, globalization and the new competitive environment. Its novelty lies in the imaginative way it uses social theory to critique old, and suggest new, policies and political practices.
Categories: Social Science

Social Theory

Social Theory

Dealing with both contemporary social debates and established theoretical approaches, this book is ideal for both Politics and Sociology students.Key Features:* Author writes with great clarity, making the text accessible to undergraduates* ...

Author: Jonathan Joseph

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105117951165

Category: Consensus (Social sciences).

Page: 218

View: 194

This textbook introduction to Social Theory is unique in addressing key issues in sociological, political and cultural analysis through an examination of modern theories of social conflict, cohesion and consent. Chapters are structured to cover the major thinkers - Marx and Engels, Gramsci, Durkheim, Parsons, Weber, the Frankfurt School (Adorno, Horkheimer, Marcuse and Habermas) and Foucault - and offer a useful and accessible introduction to the main ideas of these important and widely studied theorists.Through the unifying theme of conflict, cohesion and consent the reader is introduced to core social concepts such as structure and agency, ideology, discourse and legitimation, and to key features of modern society such as the state, economy and civil society. Dealing with both contemporary social debates and established theoretical approaches, this book is ideal for both Politics and Sociology students.Key Features:* Author writes with great clarity, making the text accessible to undergraduates* Unique in addressing key issues in sociology, politics and cultural studies through examination of modern social theories of conflict, cohesion and consent* Chapters organised around the core thinkers: Marx, Engels, Gramsci, Durkheim, Weber, the Frankfurt School, and Foucault* Introduces students to key social concepts of structure, agency, discourse, legitimation, power, communication, functionalism and hegemony
Categories: Consensus (Social sciences).

What Capitalism Needs

What Capitalism Needs

There is no inevitable logic of capitalism. Capitalism's stability depends on how well nation-states manage it and on social cohesion.

Author: John L. Campbell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108487825

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 817

There is no inevitable logic of capitalism. Capitalism's stability depends on how well nation-states manage it and on social cohesion.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Origins of Capitalism as a Social System

The Origins of Capitalism as a Social System

This book provides a simultaneous inquiry into the origins of capitalism as well as provides a theoretical treatise on capitalism.

Author: John Milios

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351713238

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 294

Economists, historians and social scientists have offered a variety of conflicting answers to the issue of the beginnings of capitalism and these deviating answers imply different conceptualizations of what capitalism actually is. This book provides a simultaneous inquiry into the origins of capitalism as well as provides a theoretical treatise on capitalism. The Origins of Capitalism as a Social System explores the line between what is and is not capitalism, (re)producing a theory of capitalism as a system of class domination and exploitation. Part I of the book focuses on the monetary theory of value and capital developed by Karl Marx, while at the same time critically reviews an array of economic and historical literature, both Marxist and non-Marxist. Following this, Part II expounds the first emergence of capitalism in Venice. It highlights the historical contingencies that made capitalism in the Venetian society possible, as well as the structural elements of the capitalist system and their interconnectedness. Finally, Part III discusses the capitalist character of the Venetian social formation from the end of the fourteenth century until the fall of the republic to Napoleon in 1797. As part of this, the author investigates the significance of forms of governmentality beyond national cohesion and territorialization. Of great interest to economists, historians and both undergraduate and postgraduate students, this book gives special emphasis to a critical evaluation of the tensions and controversies between historians, economists and other social scientists with regard to the character and role that money and trade played in societies and economies.
Categories: Business & Economics

Immigration Social Cohesion and Political Reaction

Immigration  Social Cohesion and Political Reaction

This book addresses the challenge for social integration posed by immigration into Western liberal democracies.

Author: Bill Jordan

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030527082

Category:

Page:

View: 866

Categories:

On The Edge

On The Edge

On the Edge comprises original essays by, among others, Polly Toynbee, Richard Senett and George Soros.

Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781448130269

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 251

Capitalism has become the universal social and economic order of our time. The capitalism of today, however, differs from that of previous eras; with intensifying globalisation, flexible organisations, and new forms of class divisions. Globalisation brings new possibilities, but also new risks, ranging from degradation of the environment to the concentrated control of the media. On the Edge comprises original essays by, among others, Polly Toynbee, Richard Senett and George Soros. They chart the contours of contemporary capitalism, analyse the role of the business firm, and consider whether the new capitalism is compatible with social cohesion and social justice. They discuss capitalism both as a form of culture and as an influence on daily life, and ask if capitalism has any viable rivals at the turn of the millennium.
Categories: Political Science

What Capitalism Needs

What Capitalism Needs

While contemporary economists and policymakers tend to ignore the political and social dimensions of capitalism, some of the great economists of the past - Adam Smith, Friedrich List, John Maynard Keynes, Joseph Schumpeter, Karl Polanyi and ...

Author: John L. Campbell

Publisher:

ISBN: 1108768059

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page:

View: 371

"From unemployment to Brexit to climate change, capitalism is in trouble and ill-prepared to cope with the challenges of the coming decades. How did we get here? While contemporary economists and policymakers tend to ignore the political and social dimensions of capitalism, some of the great economists of the past - Adam Smith, Friedrich List, John Maynard Keynes, Joseph Schumpeter, Karl Polanyi and Albert Hirschman - did not make the same mistake. Leveraging their insights, sociologists John L. Campbell and John A. Hall trace the historical development of capitalism as a social, political, and economic system throughout the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. They draw comparisons across eras and around the globe to show that there is no inevitable logic of capitalism. Rather, capitalism's performance depends on the strength of nation-states, the social cohesion of capitalist societies, and the stability of the international system - three things that are in short supply today"--
Categories: SOCIAL SCIENCE

False Dawn

False Dawn

In the midst of the current financial crisis, John Gray revisits his brilliant polemic against the forces of global capitalism and deregulation.

Author: John Gray

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 9781783782598

Category: Business & Economics

Page:

View: 654

In the midst of the current financial crisis, John Gray revisits his brilliant polemic against the forces of global capitalism and deregulation. Written over ten years ago, False Dawn is a remarkably prescient book, sharply criticizing the greed and unsustainable economic practices which have proved to be the seeds of a worldwide recession. In a substantial new chapter, Gray considers how the economic landscape has shifted in a decade, and asks the crucial question: where do we go from here?
Categories: Business & Economics

On Globalization

On Globalization

This approach enables the reader to establish the links in the conceptual jungle to real processes and to chart clearly, by eliminating chaos and chance factors, the interlocking grid of political destabilization and economic ...

Author: Bruno Amoroso

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0333930738

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 173

Attempts to explain the radical reshaping of the realtionship between the economy and society over the last 20 years struggled against the inadequacy of the traditional tools posited on market streamlining and flexibility. Bruno Amoroso reconstructs the pattern connecting community, human needs, modes of production, institutions and markets. In the light of the unsustainable costs of a globalization of the three-quarters of the planet, he proposes an alternative approach founded upon a polycentric system of cooperation and solidarity--the only one capable of transforming capitalism in the 21st century.
Categories: Business & Economics

Trust and Germany s Economy

Trust and Germany s Economy

In this essay it will be focused on the interdependencies of firms and investors, and the role trust and social cohesion play in today’s German economy. Fukuyama’s thesis will be compared to the reality of German or Rhenish capitalism.

Author: Christoph Rieder

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783638458351

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 20

View: 177

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,0, University of Constance, course: The Governance of European Local Production Systems, 20 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: “Social capital can be defined simply as the existence of a certain set of informal values or norms shared among members of a group that permit cooperation among them." Francis Fukuyama "When economic and political negotiation is embedded in dense networks of social interaction, incentives for opportunism are reduced. Dense networks of interaction probably broaden the participants' sense of self, developing the "I" into the "we"." Robert D. Putnam When we talk about the idea of European local productions systems that exist, the differences in social cohesion and cooperation among European regions might be interesting. This idea has been examined by scientists for a couple of years, now. Trust and the development of cooperation have been studied by behavioural as well as social and political scientists. In 1993, after the Communist Block in Eastern Europe collapsed, Francis Fukuyama published his book “Trust” where he examines trust and social capital as an economic factor in the industrialized and industrializing nations. A large part of his book is dedicated to the success of Germany’s economy. Fukuyama refers to the successful cooperation of horizontally (e.g. inter-capitalistic) and vertically interdependent agents (e.g. shop-owners and their employees). Indeed, the cooperation of business owners, or their managers, with their employees can be described as unique among large industrialized nations. Nevertheless, the “Mitbestimmung”-legislation (codetermination) and the “Deutschland AG” (Germany Inc.) conglomerate have been the object of severe criticism during the last decade. Attempts were made in order to cut back inter-firm dependencies and union-involvement in the German industry. With the latest scandal in the Volkswagen AG the “German Trust Model” seems to become a “lame duck”. In this essay it will be focused on the interdependencies of firms and investors, and the role trust and social cohesion play in today’s German economy. Fukuyama’s thesis will be compared to the reality of German or Rhenish capitalism. Financial interdependencies and cooperation among Germany’s companies will be examined and it will be asked if they have changed during the last decades.
Categories: Business & Economics

Political Economy of Modern Capitalism

Political Economy of Modern Capitalism

Neoliberalism and deregulation have come to dominate national and international political economy. This major book addresses this convergence and analyzes the implications for the future of capitalist diversity.

Author: Colin Crouch

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761956525

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 791

Neoliberalism and deregulation have come to dominate national and international political economy. This major book addresses this convergence and analyzes the implications for the future of capitalist diversity. It considers important questions such as: Is the preference for free markets a well-founded response to intensified global competition? Does this mean that all advanced societies must all converge on an imitation of the United States? What are the implications for the institutional diversity of the advanced economies? Political Economy of Modern Capitalism provides a practical and informed analysis of the public policy choices facing governments and business around the world.
Categories: Social Science

Globalization Institutions and Social Cohesion

Globalization  Institutions and Social Cohesion

It is therefore clear that globalization in a free capitalist economy creates drastic inequalities that jeopardise the social cohesion of capitalist ...

Author: Maurizio Franzini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540677413

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 581

The Department of Public Economics of the Rome University "La Sapienza", in keeping with its primary task of promoting research, not only inside the Department, but also through an exchange of ideas with scholars from Italian and foreign research institutions, periodically organizes conferences and meetings on the important topics of economic theory and policy. Economic globalization clearly belongs to this category. Just consider the widespread effects and consequences of globalization, the range of tools that its analysis requires as well as its impact on the welfare of the populations involved, and the new difficulties it brings about in terms of methods and results of public and regulatory interventions. Therefore, on this very subject, the Department of Public Economics invited a group of scholars, who have been deeply involved with the questions raised by economic globalization, to a direct confrontation. The aim of this conference was to deepen awareness of the phenomenon and its specific impact on the advanced economies of our continent, as well as to formulate proposals for action on both the national and super-national level. This volume, which collects the contributions presented at this meeting, gives an account of the deliberations that took place at the Conference "Globalization, Institutions and Social Cohesion" held at the Faculty of Economics of Rome University "La Sapienza" from the 15th to the 17th of December 1998.
Categories: Business & Economics

The End of Diversity

The End of Diversity

The chapters in this volume approach this question from five directions: international integration, technological innovation, labor relations and production systems, financial regimes and corporate governance, and domestic politics.

Author: Kozo Yamamura

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501711442

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 267

After the devastation of World War II, Germany and Japan built national capitalist institutions that were remarkably successful in terms of national reconstruction and international competitiveness. Yet both "miracles" have since faltered, allowing U.S. capital and its institutional forms to establish global dominance. National varieties of capitalism are now under intense pressure to converge to the U.S. model. Kozo Yamamura and Wolfgang Streeck have gathered an international group of authors to examine the likelihood of convergence—to determine whether the global forces of Anglo-American capitalism will give rise to a single, homogeneous capitalist system. The chapters in this volume approach this question from five directions: international integration, technological innovation, labor relations and production systems, financial regimes and corporate governance, and domestic politics. In their introduction, Yamamura and Streeck summarize the crises of performance and confidence that have beset German and Japanese capitalism and revived the question of competitive convergence. The editors ask whether the two countries, confronted with the political and economic exigencies of technological revolution and economic internationalization, must abandon their distinctive institutions and the competitive advantages these have yielded in the past, or whether they can adapt and retain such institutions, thereby preserving the social cohesion and economic competitiveness of their societies.
Categories: Political Science

Unequal Europe

Unequal Europe

This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Politics, European Societies, Social Policy and Comparative Studies.

Author: James Wickham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317265825

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 456

This wide-ranging and comparative text reviews the major theoretical and substantive debates on social inequality in Europe. It provides a valuable dual focus on European society and individual societies while placing Europe in its wider global context. Demonstrating the continued importance of national difference within Europe, the author argues that nonetheless the European Social Model has softened social inequalities such as those of wealth and income distribution, social class, gender and possibly even ethnicity. However these achievements are now being undermined, partially by the European Union itself. The book also challenges conventional wisdom on Europe’s alleged need for immigration and highlights the UK’s distinctiveness within Europe, explaining the country’s uneasy relation to the European project. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Politics, European Societies, Social Policy and Comparative Studies.
Categories: Political Science

After Capitalism

After Capitalism

This book seeks to rethink the foundations of a market economy and argues that the Bible's central theme of relationships is the key to rebuilding a system that promotes economic well-being, financial stability and social cohesion.

Author: Paul S. Mills

Publisher:

ISBN: 0948476214

Category: Capitalism

Page: 191

View: 327

The world is set to be in financial turmoil for some years to come. Searching questions are being asked about the future of Capitalism in the light of the European debt crisis, excessive levels of executive pay, short termism in share trading, and the dominance of the financial economy over the real economy of goods and services. The fall of Communism lefet Capitalism as the only show in town; as it grows increasingly unfit for purpose, where do we go next? This book seeks to rethink the foundations of a market economy and argues that the Bible's central theme of relationships is the key to rebuilding a system that promotes economic well-being, financial stability and social cohesion.
Categories: Capitalism

Healing Syria Improving Human Rights Social Cohesion and Religious Education in the Syrian Arab Republic

Healing Syria     Improving Human Rights  Social Cohesion and Religious Education in the Syrian Arab Republic

Countless children - many of them under five years old - are trapped in north-east Syria after fleeing areas held by Islamic State during the recent escalation in fighting; according to the NGO 'Save the Children'.

Author: Dr. Mark O'Doherty

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781365835025

Category: Law

Page: 160

View: 404

Countless children - many of them under five years old - are trapped in north-east Syria after fleeing areas held by Islamic State during the recent escalation in fighting; according to the NGO 'Save the Children'. Amid efforts by European countries to repatriate children, the figures underline the scale and difficulty of the problem to evacuate the children. Children who lived under Isis have witnessed appalling acts of brutality, including beheadings, and may have been left with physical injuries and psychological needs from years of conflict and repression. While the NGO welcomed a recent shift in the UK government's stance towards providing "safe passage" for British orphans to come to the UK, it said the vast majority of the children were with their mothers and all had been swept up in horrific events beyond their control... Hence the international community urgently needs to ensure that ALL children in war-torn Syria are being provided with safety, protection and health care; as stipulated by the UNCRC.
Categories: Law

Regional Integration and Social Cohesion

Regional Integration and Social Cohesion

This is the question explored in this Policy paper by Eulalia Rubio, which served as note of discussion at a high-level conference Latin American conference on Social Cohesion, organised by the Chilean Senate and the Eurosocial Programme.

Author: Eulalia Rubio

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1088481145

Category:

Page: 14

View: 830

The EU has traditionally been considered a model of regional integration for other regions of the world but can be draw lessons from the way it has dealt with social cohesion issues? This is the question explored in this Policy paper by Eulalia Rubio, which served as note of discussion at a high-level conference Latin American conference on Social Cohesion, organised by the Chilean Senate and the Eurosocial Programme. Four major conclusions stand out from the Policy paper. - First, the history of the European project reveals that regional integration can hardly be confined to the economic domain. A decision to integrate national economies, even at a moderate degree, has spill over effects on other non-economic policy areas. A minimum degree of policy harmonisation and convergence is thus necessary to ensure that the process benefits all countries and the majority of citizens involved. - Second, apart from the economic rationale, what explains the important EU involvement in the social field over the years is the strong attachment of European citizens to their social protection systems and to a regulated model of market capitalism. Whether these conditions are met in other regional integration experiences is an open question. - Third, supra-national interventions in the social field are to be respectful and/or compatible with the existence of different social policy preferences and national social protection systems. This makes particularly recommendable the use of 'soft' forms of governance and differentiation. - Finally, once the project of regional integration reaches a certain maturity, and thus spill-overs to policy sensitive areas (such as fiscal policies or social protection systems), it is essential to involve citizens into it. The EU history reveals how important is convincing public opinions about the benefits of EU membership and giving them a say in the process of European integration has become crucial to secure the future of the EU project. The European process evolved for a long time as an elite-driven project in the context of indifferent European public opinions (or, as it is usually argued in EU studies, in a context of 'permissive consensus'). Today, however, convincing public opinions about the benefits of EU membership and giving them a say in the process of European integration has become crucial to secure its future.
Categories:

Rethinking Education for Social Cohesion

Rethinking Education for Social Cohesion

“Civic Integrationand Social Cohesion” ,inIanGoughand Gunnar Olofsson (eds),Capitalism and Social Cohesion:Essays onExclusionand Integration.

Author: M. Shuayb

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137283900

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 456

This book addresses current debates in the field of social cohesion. It examines the ethics and policy making of social cohesion and explores various means for promoting social cohesion including history education, citizenship education, language, human rights based teacher training and school partnerships.
Categories: Social Science