The impact of building materials and construction methods on the health and wellbeing of occupants is often underestimated. This book is an essential guide to understanding and avoiding hazardous materials and poor air quality in buildings.
Author: Tom Woolley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Technology & Engineering
The impact of building materials and construction methods on the health and wellbeing of occupants is often underestimated. This book is an essential guide to understanding and avoiding hazardous materials and poor air quality in buildings. The author covers a range of issues beginning with an explanation of how buildings work and how this influences the health of occupants and users. The text covers: Ventilation, air conditioning and indoor air quality Damp and mould Asthma and respiratory problems Cancer and endocrine disorders Radiation and radon Hazardous building materials used in construction Indoor air quality and emissions Ecological alternatives and approaches and remedies for ‘sick’ buildings The book also guides the reader through the confusing world of regulations, EU and international guidelines and certifications, and provides a critical analysis of different theories of healthy buildings and philosophies. Written in a clear and accessible style, this book provides indispensable advice and information to anyone wishing to better understand healthy buildings and materials. It is essential reading for architects, surveyors, public health professionals, facilities managers and environmentalists.
Author: Dalia Mohamed Sherif WagdiPublish On: 2014
Human health and safety are two core values in sustainable development. Hence, the goal of this work is to investigate the impact of the built environment, namely, construction materials on IAQ.
Author: Dalia Mohamed Sherif Wagdi
Category: Building materials
Abstract: Materials selection and construction practices significantly affect Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ). While there are many individual studies on the effect of building materials on thermal comfort, day lighting, and other factors of IEQ, further investigations are needed to study their effect on the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in hot arid climates, such as Egypt. Construction materials contribute to the emission of air pollutants in indoor environments; consequently occupants are exposed to multiple pollutants simultaneously as an apparent interaction between the different types of construction materials and room temperature. Limited information is published on specific standards and guidelines for the IAQ considerations in Egypt. Human health and safety are two core values in sustainable development. Hence, the goal of this work is to investigate the impact of the built environment, namely, construction materials on IAQ. The study first identifies pollutant sources and their corresponding health impact due to short term and long-term exposure. The study also aims at quantifying the levels of a group of pollutants at a steady state controlled environment and to propose effective source control strategies for their reduction and possibly elimination. Field studies were conducted during January and February in Cairo to monitor Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde (HCHO), ammonia (NH3), radon gas and particulate matter (PM2.5) and (PM10) activity. The indoor air is monitored in nine locations, four during the construction process and five after the completion of construction. Chemical analysis and direct reading devices are used for air sampling and monitoring, in addition to recording indoor and outdoor relative humidity, temperature and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) concentrations. The results of this work offer: recommendations to the types of materials that should be eliminated or improved to reach desirable IAQ conditions in hot arid climatic zones; and the development of an IAQ index as an assessment method that compares the measured parameters to existing recommended standards. The data gathering challenges are recorded and collected data is tabulated. The results of this study reveal a variation within the recommended benchmarks after the completion of construction and with the application of different finishing materials. The results also reveal that the concentration of some pollutants decreased within the first year of construction, others have remained above target limits. The results contribute to the decision making process among engineers regarding the selection of appropriate materials to reduce negative impacts through the implementation of appropriate source control strategies. Based on the conclusions and limitations of this study, recommendations for future work are documented.
This practical guide introduces the complex world of polymers commonly used in building materials along with plasticizers and additives that are not regulated by OSHA.
Author: Kathleen Hess-Kosa
Publisher: CRC Press
The construction industry is bombarded with ever-changing building materials—components of which are more and more difficult, if not impossible, to identify. Building material emissions have been implicated as a major source of indoor air pollution, and toxic gases, often unidentified, are generated in building fires. Building Materials: Product Emission and Combustion Health Hazards undertakes the task of identifying building materials emission and combustion health hazards. This practical guide introduces the complex world of polymers commonly used in building materials along with plasticizers and additives that are not regulated by OSHA. It also explores the topic of building materials as they relate to function and their emissions/combustion products along with thermal decomposition and combustion products as they relate to fire first responders. Engaging environmental professionals, construction management firms, architects, first respondents, and students, this valuable reference delivers a comprehensive spectrum of knowledge needed to face the challenges of managing building materials in the twenty-first century. Awareness is the first line of defense!
The results can also be applied in the development of healthier building materials, furnishings, equipment, and consumer ... "Building Materials Identified as Major Emission Sources," in Proceedings of IAQ '91 - Healthy Buildings.
Author: Helmut Knöppel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Interest in indoor air quality (IAQ) is growing at public, political and scientific levels. Complaints about poor IAQ, associated with acute symptoms such as mucous irritation, headaches and bad odor occur frequently, particularly in the office environment, where typical patterns of symptoms often occur, leading to the coining of the term `Sick Building Syndrome'. In the present book, internationally known experts address the following issues: the dynamics of the indoor environment and strategies for indoor measurement chemical and microbiological pollution, important species, sources and detection methods effects of indoor pollution, in particular sensory irritation, including odor airway, eye and skin irritation by organic indoor pollutants and their assessment immune effects, including allergic sensitization chemical hyper-responsiveness controlled human reactions to organic pollutants building investigation: approaches and results source characterization and control criteria, norms and techniques in indoor air pollution, and regulatory aspects. The complex, multifactorial nature of sick building syndrome requires multidisciplinary collaboration from very diverse fields. It is evident that communication between researchers coming from very different areas, all speaking their own language, is a difficult task. This book, presenting as it does the state of the art on sick buildings and how to cure them, is a sound foundation on which to build for the future.
patients, staff, and visitors from short-term health effects in healthcare facilities where building repair work is in ... indoor air quality certifications for building products, called Indoor Advantage and Indoor Advantage Gold.
Author: Robin Guenther
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The authors are recognized as national experts in the design of hospitals and other health care facilities that are 'sustainable.' Both authors are engaged in the development of the Green Guide for Health Care 2.0 Pilot (gghc.org) that launched in late 2004. A new rating system and policy, LEED Application Guide for Healthcare (LEED-HC), using the Green Guide as its foundation, is scheduled for release by USGBC in late 2006 and both authors are active in its development. This book will build upon the authors' combined expertise and will be considered THE guide to learning about sustainable practices for healthcare and LEED-HC. It will include LEED-HC information and guidelines, as well as case studies of the best projects and contributed essays by acknowledged experts on topics related to sustainable design for healthcare. Importantly, an increasing number of hospitals and other health care facility building projects are required to be sustainable in some way, especially if the project is receiving government funding.
Indoor air pollution is an emerging health problem which has been linked to energy conservation and the use of building materials.
Author: D. Lord
Indoor air pollution is an emerging health problem which has been linked to energy conservation and the use of building materials. Recent investigation has revealed harmful pollutants in greater concentration in energy-conserving houses than in the surrounding outdoor air. Some of the pollutants that have been found include carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, nitrogen dioxide, and radioactive radon. In the use of some construction materials, measures intended to reduce the consumption of energy may contribute to the buildup of indoor air pollution. The characteristics of construction material-source pollutants and the major methods of control are reviewed.
This second edition offers a comprehensive overview of the priority indoor air pollutants, such as volatile organic compounds, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and other chemical agents that may affect health.
Author: Peter Pluschke
This second edition offers a comprehensive overview of the priority indoor air pollutants, such as volatile organic compounds, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and other chemical agents that may affect health. It includes updated reviews with a focus on emission processes and on the large variety of volatile organic pollutants. It also introduces new topics, such as reflections on the shift in human health from infection-related diseases to chronic illnesses and the significance of indoor chemical exposure. The authors provide insights into different cultural settings and their consequences for indoor air quality. Further, the book briefly discusses building certification as a market-oriented tool to improve energy efficiency and indoor air quality in the building sector. It appeals to public health specialists; scientists; graduate students in the field of environmental sciences; decision makers in government, regulatory bodies and the construction industry; and facility managers.
ABSTRACT: A system for labeling building materials according to their impact on the indoor air quality has been developed and ... goal of material emission testing is to establish the link between emission testing data and health data.
Author: Bruce A. Tichenor
Publisher: ASTM International
Category: Technology & Engineering
Based on presentations at a 1994 Symposium, these detailed papers review source/sink characterization; design, construction, characterization, and operation of test chambers and facilities; testing protocols for determining emission factors and sink absorption/desorption rates; models for predicting
103Tom Woolley, Building Materials, Health and Indoor Air Quality: No Breathing Space? (Oxon, Routledge, 2017), 2. 104Varis Bokalders and Maria Block, The Whole Building Handbook: How to Design Healthy, Efficient and Sustainable ...
Author: Matthew Jones
Publisher: Vernon Press
Rapid urbanization represents major threats and challenges to personal and public health. The World Health Organisation identifies the ‘urban health threat’ as three-fold: infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases; and violence and injury from, amongst other things, road traffic. Within this tripartite structure of health issues in the built environment, there are multiple individual issues affecting both the developed and the developing worlds and the global north and south. Reflecting on a broad set of interrelated concerns about health and the design of the places we inhabit, this book seeks to better understand the interconnectedness and potential solutions to the problems associated with health and the built environment. Divided into three key themes: home, city, and society, each section presents a number of research chapters that explore global processes, transformative praxis and emergent trends in architecture, urban design and healthy city research. Drawing together practicing architects, academics, scholars, public health professional and activists from around the world to provide perspectives on design for health, this book includes emerging research on: healthy homes, walkable cities, design for ageing, dementia and the built environment, health equality and urban poverty, community health services, neighbourhood support and wellbeing, urban sanitation and communicable disease, the role of transport infrastructures and government policy, and the cost implications of ‘unhealthy’ cities etc. To that end, this book examines alternative and radical ways of practicing architecture and the re-imagining of the profession of architecture through a lens of human health.
Furthermore, exposure to viruses and bacteria in the indoor environment can also cause infectious and non-infectious adverse health problems . In the modern housing arrangements, building materials, décor pieces and textiles can ...
Author: Jagriti Saini
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book provides a synthesis for using IoT for indoor air quality assessment. It will help upcoming researchers to understand the gaps in the literature while identifying the new challenges and opportunities to develop healthy living spaces. On the other hand, this book provides insights about integrating IoT with artificial intelligence to design smart buildings with enhanced air quality. Consequently, this book aims to present future scope for carrying out potential research activities in this domain. Over the past few years, the Internet of Things (IoT) is proven as the most revolutionizing invention in the field of engineering and design. This technology has wide scope in automation and real-time monitoring. Indoor air quality assessment is one of the most important applications of IoT which helps in the development of smart and healthy living spaces. Numerous methods have been developed for air quality assessment to ensure enhanced public health and well-being. The combination of sensors, microcontrollers, and communication technologies can be used to handle the massive amount of field data to access the condition of building air quality.