Building Brains

An Introduction to Neural Development

Author: David J. Price,Andrew P. Jarman,John O. Mason,Peter C. Kind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119957664

Category: Medical

Page: 348

View: 9120


The development of a brain from its simple beginnings in the embryo to the extraordinarily complex fully-functional adult structure is a truly remarkable process. Understanding how it occurs remains a formidable challenge despite enormous advances over the last century and current intense world-wide scientific research. A greater knowledge of how nervous systems construct themselves will bring huge benefits for human health and future technologies. Unravelling the mechanisms that lead to the development of healthy brains should help scientists tackle currently incurable diseases of the nervous system such as autism, epilepsy and schizophrenia (to name but a few), discover more about the processes that cause the uncontrolled growth associated with cancer and develop possible treatments. Building Brains provides a highly visual and readily accessible introduction to the main events that occur during neural development and the mechanisms by which they occur. Aimed at undergraduate students and postgraduates new to the field, who may not have a background in neuroscience and/or molecular genetics, it explains how cells in the early embryo first become neural, how their proliferation is controlled, what regulates the types of neural cells they become, how neurons connect to each other, how these connections are later refined under the influence of neural activity including that arising from experience, and why some neurons normally die. Key Features: A concise illustrated guide focusing on the core elements of current understanding of neural development, emphasising common principles underlying developmental mechanisms and supplemented by suggestions for further reading. Text boxes throughout provide further detail on selected major advances, issues of particular uncertainty or controversy and examples of human diseases that result from abnormal development. A balanced mammalian/non-mammalian perspective, drawing on examples from model organisms including the fruit fly, nematode worm, frog, zebrafish, chick, mouse, ferret, cat, monkey and human, and emphasising mechanisms that are conserved across species. Introduces the methods for studying neural development including genetics, transgenic technologies, advanced microscopy and computational modeling, allowing the reader to understand the main evidence underlying research advances. Student-friendly, full colour artwork reinforces important concepts; an extensive glossary and definitions in page margins help readers from different backgrounds; chapter summaries stress important points and aid revision. Associated Website includes a complete set of figures from the textbook.

Introduction to the Science of Medical Imaging

Author: R. Nick Bryan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521747627

Category: Medical

Page: 326

View: 1608


This landmark text from world-leading radiologist describes and illustrates how imaging techniques are created, analyzed and applied to biomedical problems.

Introduction to Psychology

Author: Rod Plotnik,Haig Kouyoumdjian

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111791007

Category: Psychology

Page: 768

View: 1348


Rod Plotnik and Haig Kouyoumdjian's modular, visual approach to the fundamentals of psychology makes even the toughest concepts engaging and entertaining. As the pioneer of what's become known as the visual or magazine style text, Plotnik's Introduction to Psychology remains the one developed on the strongest foundation of visual learning theory and research. Each and every page of the text is individually planned, written, and formatted to effectively incorporate the use of Visual Cues, which help students to better remember information. The text also utilizes chunking, a method of breaking concepts down into small, easily digested sections that help students learn at their own pace, and give instructors great flexibility in planning their courses. The Ninth Edition features a contemporary new design, over 500 new visuals, timely new topic coverage, and over 1,000 new references, all from recent years. The authors' commitment to visual learning is extended into their text's comprehensive ancillary package, the cornerstone of which is the multimedia PowerStudy. Updated and now available on DVD, PowerStudy 4.5 is a unique and unusually effective study guide. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to Molecular Neurobiology

Author: Zach W. Hall

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878933075

Category: Medical

Page: 555

View: 2937


An introduction to Molecular Neurobiology, is a textbook of contemporary cellular and molecular neurobiology written for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and practising neurobiologists. This book describes the behaviour and properties of neurons and glia and how these arise from the molecules that constitute them. Major sections focus on the signals that neurons use and how they are produced, the molecular and cellular organization of neurons and glia, neuronal differentiation, synaptic plasticity, and the molecular basis of neuronal diseases. Each chapter is written by an expert in the field and gives an up-to-date account of major questions, experimental approaches, the present state of knowledge, and future directions. Boxes provide historical, technical, or biographical notes, and expand on points of particular interest to contemporary research. The book has been carefully edited to give uniformity of style and coverage, and is illustrated in two colours.

An introduction to theories of learning

Author: B. R. Hergenhahn,Matthew H. Olson

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Education

Page: 506

View: 4477


Clearly written and user-friendly, this comprehensive book defines learning and shows how the learning process is studied. It places learning in an historical perspective, and provides appreciation for the figures and theories that have shaped 100 years of learning theory research.It presents essential features of the major theories of learning in the words of the theorists, introducing readers to the pioneering work of E.L. Thorndike, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, Clark Hull, Edwin Guthrie, William Estes, the Gestalt psychologists, Jean Piaget, E.C. Tolman, Albert Bandura, Donald Hebb, and Robert Bolles; and examines some of the relationships between learning theory and educational practices.An excellent reference work for those involved in education and learning.

Neural Networks and Animal Behavior

Author: Magnus Enquist,Stefano Ghirlanda

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400850789

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 7273


How can we make better sense of animal behavior by using what we know about the brain? This is the first book that attempts to answer this important question by applying neural network theory. Scientists create Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to make models of the brain. These networks mimic the architecture of a nervous system by connecting elementary neuron-like units into networks in which they stimulate or inhibit each other's activity in much the same way neurons do. This book shows how scientists can employ ANNs to analyze animal behavior, explore the general principles of the nervous systems, and test potential generalizations among species. The authors focus on simple neural networks to show how ANNs can be investigated by math and by computers. They demonstrate intuitive concepts that make the operation of neural networks more accessible to nonspecialists. The first chapter introduces various approaches to animal behavior and provides an informal introduction to neural networks, their history, and their potential advantages. The second chapter reviews artificial neural networks, including biological foundations, techniques, and applications. The following three chapters apply neural networks to such topics as learning and development, classical instrumental condition, and the role of genes in building brain networks. The book concludes by comparing neural networks to other approaches. It will appeal to students of animal behavior in many disciplines. It will also interest neurobiologists, cognitive scientists, and those from other fields who wish to learn more about animal behavior.

The world according to zebrafish: How neural circuits generate behaviour

Author: Gonzalo G. De Polavieja,German Sumbre

Publisher: Frontiers E-books

ISBN: 2889193284


Page: N.A

View: 9219


Understanding how the brain functions is one of the most ambitious current scientific goals. This challenge will only be accomplish by a multidisciplinary approach involving genetics, molecular biology, optics, ethology, neurobiology and mathematics and using tractable model systems. The zebrafish larva is a transparent genetically tractable small vertebrate, ideal for the combination state-of-the- art imaging techniques (e.g. two-photon scanning microscopy, single-plane illumination microscopy, spatial light modulator microscopy and lightfield microscopy), bioluminiscence and optogenetics to monitor and manipulate neuronal activity from single specific neurons up to the entire brain, in an intact behaving organism. Furthermore, the zebrafish model offers large and increasing collection of mutant and transgenic lines modelling human brain diseases. With these advantages in hand, the zebrafish larva became in the recent years, a novel animal model to study neuronal circuits and behaviour, taking us closer than ever before to understand how the brain controls behaviour.