Risk, Science, and Governance

Author: Patrick Van Zwanenberg,Erik Millstone

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198525813

Category: Medical

Page: 303

View: 1884


This text provides an analysis of the BSE crisis and how policy-making processes were managed, and of how and why they culminated in catastrophic failure.

Risk Regulation and Administrative Constitutionalism

Author: Elizabeth C. Fisher

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313728

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 3708


Over the last decade the regulatory evaluation of environmental and public health risks has been one of the most legally controversial areas of contemporary government activity. Much of that debate has been understood as a conflict between those promoting 'scientific' approaches to risk evaluation and those promoting 'democratic' approaches. This characterization of disputes has ignored the central roles of public administration and law in technological risk evaluation. This is problematic because, as shown in this book, legal disputes over risk evaluation are disputes over administrative constitutionalism in that they are disputes over what role law should play in constituting and limiting the power of administrative risk regulators. This is shown by five case studies taken from five different legal cultures: an analysis of the bifurcated role of the Southwood Working Party in the UK BSE crisis; the development of doctrines in relation to judicial review of risk evaluation in the US in the 1970s; the interpretation of the precautionary principle by environmental courts and generalist tribunals carrying out merits review in Australia; the interpretation of the WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement as part of the WTO dispute settlement process; and the interpretation of the precautionary principle in the EU context. A strong argument is thus made for re-orienting the focus of scholarship in this area.

Law and Global Health

Current Legal Issues

Author: Michael Freeman,Sarah Hawkes,Belinda Bennett

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191003468

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 9342


Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems (now available in journal format), is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Global Health, the sixteenth volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the scholarship examining the relationship between global health and the law. Covering a wide range of areas from all over the world, articles in the volume look at areas of human rights, vulnerable populations, ethical issues, legal responses and governance.

Global Risk Governance in Health

Author: N. Brender

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137273577

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 7813


Epidemics know no borders and are often characterized by a high level of uncertainty, causing major challenges in risk governance. The author shows the emergence of global risk governance processes and the key role that the World Health Organization (WHO) plays within them.

La France et ses administrations : un état des savoirs

France and its public administrations : A state of the art

Author: Jean-Michel Eymeri–Douzans,Geert Bouckaert

Publisher: Primento

ISBN: 2802740849

Category: Law

Page: 920

View: 765


En pleine congruence avec l’ambition du Groupe Européen pour l’Administration Publique d’encourager les échanges interculturels, ce livre constitue une entreprise originale, mi-anglophone mi-francophone. Cet ouvrage issu du Congrès du GEAP 2010 a pour objet de combler un déplorable fossé et de donner une visibilité internationale au « cas français ». Dès lors ce livre, en 18 chapitres rédigés en français par une équipe interdisciplinaire (politistes, sociologues, historiens, socio-historiens, juristes) avec plus de 150 pages en anglais et une vaste bibliographie unifiée, entend offrir à tous les spécialistes de l’administration publique de par le monde un point d’accès unique au plus récent état des savoirs sur l’administration en France – ce pays où le mot État s’écrit avec un E majuscule. ============================================ In full compliance with the ambition of the European Group for Public Administration to encourage cross-cultural exchanges, this book is a genuinely original undertaking. It is a hybrid Anglophone-Francophone product. This book from EGPA 2010 Conference purpose to bridge a regrettable gap and to give international visibility to the “French case”. Thus, this book, in 18 chapters written in French by an interdisciplinary team (political scientists, sociologists, historians, sociohistorians, jurists) with more than 150 pages in English and a vast unified bibliography, offers to all students of public administration in the world a unique entry gate to the latest state of the art of administrative studies in France – this country where the State is to be spelled with a capital S.

The Politics of Green Transformations

Author: Ian Scoones,Melissa Leach,Peter Newell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317601114

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 2782


Multiple ‘green transformations’ are required if humanity is to live sustainably on planet Earth. Recalling past transformations, this book examines what makes the current challenge different, and especially urgent. It examines how green transformations must take place in the context of the particular moments of capitalist development, and in relation to particular alliances. The role of the state is emphasised, both in terms of the type of incentives required to make green transformations politically feasible and the way states must take a developmental role in financing innovation and technology for green transformations. The book also highlights the role of citizens, as innovators, entrepreneurs, green consumers and members of social movements. Green transformations must be both ‘top-down’, involving elite alliances between states and business, but also ‘bottom up’, pushed by grassroots innovators and entrepreneurs, and part of wider mobilisations among civil society. The chapters in the book draw on international examples to emphasise how contexts matter in shaping pathways to sustainability Written by experts in the field, this book will be of great interest to researchers and students in environmental studies, international relations, political science, development studies, geography and anthropology, as well as policymakers and practitioners concerned with sustainability.

Economic Globalisation and Ecological Localization

Socio-Legal Perspectives

Author: Robert G. Lee,Elen Stokes

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


Category: Law

Page: 166

View: 9802


This special issue explores the interrelationship between globaleconomic interests and local ecological interests, and itsimplications in law. Along this axis, it seeks to examine not onlythe capacity of global forces to subjugate local interests inresponding to territorially confined threats, but also the extentto which solutions to global environmental problems may depend onlocal action. It analyses the impact of globalization on legalstructures and their ability to accommodate local concerns, andconsiders whether globalization, and the elimination of nationalborders, actually offers an opportunity to reassert the power oflocal and regional governance. Its essays include: Environmental Governance: Reconnecting the Global andLocal Free Trade: What is it Good For? Globalization, Deregulation,and ?Public Opinion? Modern Interpretations of SustainableDevelopment Environmental Justice Imperatives for an Era of ClimateChange (Re)Connecting the Global and Local: Europe?s RegionalSeas Framing the Local and the Global in the Anti-Nuclear Movement:Law and the Politics of Place Globalizing Regulation: Reaching Beyond the Borders of ChemicalSafety The Globalization and Re-localization of Material Flows: FourPhases of Food Regulation The New Collaborative Environmental Governance: TheLocalization of Regulation Contributors: Stuart Bell, Laurence Etherington, NeilGunningham, Veerle Heyvaert, Chris Hilson, Robert Lee, TerryMarsden, Emily Reid, Andrea Ross, Mark Stallworthy, Jenny Steele,Elen Stokes

When Food Kills : BSE, E.coli and disaster science

BSE, E.coli and disaster science

Author: T. Hugh Pennington

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191588778


Page: 240

View: 5008


The 'food scare' concept took on new meaning in 1996, which opened with variant CJD emerging as the human form of BSE, and closed with Britain's worst E.coli O157 outbreak in central Scotland. As people died, so did trust in government and science. This book tells the story of these events, what led up to them, and what has happened since. It breaks new ground by dissecting these tragedies alongside catastrophes like Aberfan, Piper Alpha, Chernobyl, and the worst ever railway accidents in Ireland and Britain (Armagh and Quintinshill), as well as classical outbreaks of botulism, typhoid, E.coli O157 and Salmonella food poisoning. Britain's ability to win Nobel prizes marches with a propensity to have disasters. The book explains why, demonstrating failures in policy making, failures in the application of science, and failing inspectorates. A unique feature of this book is its breadth since it covers history, politics and law as well as science. It also makes some fascinating connections, like those between 1930's nuclear physics, E.coli, and molecular biology, and the links between manslaughter in 19th century mental hospitals, syphilis, the Nobel Prize, and the prospects for successfully treating variant CJD. Royal murderers, vaccine research in Auschwitz and Buchenwald, and the race to develop the atom bomb appear as well. For the general reader its non-technical but authoritative account of the science behind these tragedies, its critical appraisal of how the government responded to them, its coverage of public inquiries and its analysis of risk will be informative and stimulating. Scientists will find its approach to the prion theory and the origins of BSE challenging and controversial. Policy makers will find not only diagnoses of what went wrong in the past, but remedies ror the future.