Through a combined study of the mythical tradition, archeological findings, and written sources, this fascinating addition to the Warrior series explores the evolution of warfare in the Bronze Age Greek world.
Author: Raffaele D’Amato
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
Osprey's survey of Greek warriors of the period of the Bronze Age from 1600 to 1100 BC. More than a century has passed past since German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann discovered the treasures of Bronze Age Mycenae. The richly decorated artifacts of the entombed warriors, whose bodies still lay in their graves, confirmed that Homer's epic The Iliad was based upon true events, and that the Achaeans described in his poems probably did exist. Through a combined study of the mythical tradition, archeological findings, and written sources, this fascinating addition to the Warrior series explores the evolution of warfare in the Bronze Age Greek world. Covering weaponry, clothing, helmets, and body armor, it provides a richly illustrated guide to the warriors who have shone from the pages of Homer's poem for almost three millennia.
11) 1600 BC from Hagioi Theodori 12) 1450 BC from Knossos 13) 1450 BC from
Knossos (Drawing by Andrea Salimbeti) 1 WAR 153: Bronze Age Greek Warrior 1600–1100 BC (Osprey Publishing Ltd: Oxford, 2011), p. 13. 2 WAR 153: Bronze
Author: Raffaele D’Amato
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The mainland and islands of Greece were extensively settled by peoples moving from Asia Minor in c.5000 BC, while a further wave in c.5000 BC introduced bronze-working to the region. It is form this point on that it is possible to discern a distinct Cycladic or Aegean civilisation, developing at roughly the same time as the Egyptian and Persian civilisations. Further to the south, the Minoan civilisation based on Crete held sway, and this power – along with the Helladic Achaeans to the north gradually swamped the Cycladic civilisation in between. In common with most Bronze Age societies, the culture of the Aegean world was dominated by warfare, with the inhabitants living in organized settlements and small citadels with fortification walls and bulwarks, towers and gates to provide protection against invaders from the sea or internecine conflicts. Using the latest archaeological evidence, this title recreates the world of these peoples through a detailed examination of their material culture.
... 'The Great Karnak Inscription of Merneptah: Grand Strategy in the 13th Century
BC', in Yale Egyptological Studies 3 (New Haven, 2003) D'Amato, R. & Salimbeti,
A., Bronze Age Greek Warrior 1600–1100 BC, Warrior No.153 (Oxford, 2010) ...
Author: Raffaele D’Amato
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This title features the latest historical and archaeological research into the mysterious and powerful confederations of raiders who troubled the Eastern Mediterranean in the last half of the Bronze Age. Research into the origins of the so-called Shardana, Shekelesh, Danuna, Lukka, Peleset and other peoples is a detective 'work in progress'. However, it is known that they both provided the Egyptian pharaohs with mercenaries, and were listed among Egypt's enemies and invaders. They contributed to the collapse of several civilizations through their dreaded piracy and raids, and their waves of attacks were followed by major migrations that changed the face of this region, from modern Libya and Cyprus to the Aegean, mainland Greece, Lebanon and Anatolian Turkey. Drawing on carved inscriptions and papyrus documents – mainly from Egypt – dating from the 15th–11th centuries BC, as well as carved reliefs of the Medinet Habu, this title reconstructs the formidable appearance and even the tactics of the famous 'Sea Peoples'.
735–715 bc The First Messenian War, between Messenia and Sparta; the
destruction of Asine by Argos, in support of the Messenians. ... Whether this refers
to a role still extant in some Greek communities of the 10th and 9th centuries, or
is merely a throwback to the Achaean Age (c.1600–1100 bc), is difficult to ...
played by both a wanax (high king/overlord) and lawagetas during the late Bronze Age.
Author: Raffaele D’Amato
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The period from 1200 BC onwards saw vast changes in every aspect of life on both the Greek mainland and islands as monarchies disappeared and were replaced by aristocratic rule and a new form of community developed: the city-state. Alongside these changes a new style of warfare developed which was to be the determining factor in land warfare in Greece until the defeat of the Greek city-state by the might of Macedonia at Chaeronea in 338 BC. This mode of warfare was based on a group of heavily armed infantrymen organized in a phalanx formation – the classic hoplite formation – and remained the system throughout the classical Greek period. This new title details this pivotal period that saw the transition from the Bronze Age warriors of Homer to the origins of the men who fought the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.
The study of ancient Greek warfare begins with what scholars might infer about
fighting techniques from the archaeological remains of the late Bronze Age (1600
–1100 BC). It appears that, similarly to the situation in the contemporary ... In the
new fighting style the warrior substituted for his pair of throwing spears a single
heavy thrusting spear. The new shield, which was much wider, heavier, and more
Author: Donald Kagan
Publisher: Princeton University Press
A major contribution to the debate over ancient Greek warfare by some of the world's leading scholars Men of Bronze takes up one of the most important and fiercely debated subjects in ancient history and classics: how did archaic Greek hoplites fight, and what role, if any, did hoplite warfare play in shaping the Greek polis? In the nineteenth century, George Grote argued that the phalanx battle formation of the hoplite farmer citizen-soldier was the driving force behind a revolution in Greek social, political, and cultural institutions. Throughout the twentieth century scholars developed and refined this grand hoplite narrative with the help of archaeology. But over the past thirty years scholars have criticized nearly every major tenet of this orthodoxy. Indeed, the revisionists have persuaded many specialists that the evidence demands a new interpretation of the hoplite narrative and a rewriting of early Greek history. Men of Bronze gathers leading scholars to advance the current debate and bring it to a broader audience of ancient historians, classicists, archaeologists, and general readers. After explaining the historical context and significance of the hoplite question, the book assesses and pushes forward the debate over the traditional hoplite narrative and demonstrates why it is at a crucial turning point. Instead of reaching a consensus, the contributors have sharpened their differences, providing new evidence, explanations, and theories about the origin, nature, strategy, and tactics of the hoplite phalanx and its effect on Greek culture and the rise of the polis. The contributors include Paul Cartledge, Lin Foxhall, John Hale, Victor Davis Hanson, Donald Kagan, Peter Krentz, Kurt Raaflaub, Adam Schwartz, Anthony Snodgrass, Hans van Wees, and Gregory Viggiano.
... discovery of a great lost civilization , that of the Greeks of the Late Bronze Age (
c.1600-1100 BC ) , a people we call the Mycenaeans . ... attentions to Mycenae in
his quest for the burial site of the great king Agamemnon himself , leader of the Greek expedition against Troy . ... These were the élite of a warrior people with a
sophisticated and complex society , whose story takes us not only to Greece , but
Author: Louise Schofield
Publisher: Getty Publications
For almost three thousand years, the Mycenaeans, ancestors of the classical Greeks, lay lost and forgotten beneath the soil of Greece. In 1876, however, a German businessman, Heinrich Schliemann, in his search for the great Mycenaean king Agamemnon and other heroes of the Trojan War, made an astounding discovery in Mycenae: inside the monumental Lion Gate he discovered shaft graves belonging to a warrior elite, many of whom were buried wearing striking gold funerary masks and armor. In this authoritative new survey, Schofield examines these initial discoveries and other material evidence from Mycenaean culture, including painted pottery, documents in Linear B script, and the remains of fortress-palaces, all of which have yielded important information about the social hierarchies, religion, and military and trading activities of this wealthy and sophisticated culture. The author also considers the factual basis for the Mycenaeans' legendary links with the Trojan War and the various explanations for the eventual decline of their civilization.
Homer was a bard of Greece, circa 800 B.C., but his tales were based on an oral
tradition of gods and heroes much older — probably Bronze Age warriors of 1600
-1100 B.C. At that time the Indo-European bearers of the Greek language were ...
Existing populations about 6,000 years ago, located in the central-eastern Europe and joined several personal notes, identify Indo-European civilization, the ancient stories, which also established with some accuracy, the name and place of ...
Author: Ulici Claudiu Octavian
Publisher: Self Publishing
Category: Sports & Recreation
Short notice, in this first part, reveal several issues accepted by most experts on Indo-Europeans. Existing populations about 6,000 years ago, located in the central-eastern Europe and joined several personal notes, identify Indo-European civilization, the ancient stories, which also established with some accuracy, the name and place of origin. I note at the end that Indo-European society has professional fighters, and how the war needs physical and mental preparation, it demanded, preparing the participants, unarmed combat techniques, then spread in Asia.
Existing populations about 6,000 years ago, located in the centraleastern Europe and joined several personal notes, identify for IndoEuropean civilization, the ancient stories, which also established with some accuracy, the name and ...
Author: Octavian Ulici
Publisher: Self publishing
Short notice, in this first part, reveal several issues accepted by most experts on IndoEuropeans. Existing populations about 6,000 years ago, located in the centraleastern Europe and joined several personal notes, identify for IndoEuropean civilization, the ancient stories, which also established with some accuracy, the name and place of origin. I note at the end that IndoEuropean society has professional fighters, and how the war needs physical and mental preparation, it demanded, preparing the participants, for unarmed combat techniques, then spread in India and Asia. Unarmed combat techniques from different parts of the world seem to have a common origin, which followed, can lead to "rediscover" IndoEuropean martial arts. In this chapter I tried to reconstruction processes by establishing links at least 3 elements, such as linkage between specific processes martial Asia and Europe. Identification of these connections can lead to the establishment, with a reasonable degree of certainty, the IndoEuropean origins of the techniques and concretely illustrate a number of possible 8 original fighting techniques. Finally, I suggest possible name for this protomartialarts.
GREECE AND THE AEGEAN IN THE LATE BRONZE AGE ( C . 1600 - 1100 BC )
Cretan influence also extended to southern and central Greece by way of trading
contacts ... That relationship played a major role in the development of the
Mycenaean Greek civilization . ... Warrior chiefs were now evolving into
Author: Sarah B. Pomeroy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The story of the ancient Greeks is one of the most improbable success stories in world history. A small group of people inhabiting a country poor in resources and divided into hundreds of quarreling states created one of the most remarkable civilizations ever. Comprehensive and balanced, ABrief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture, Second Edition is a shorter version of the authors' highly successful Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, and Cultural History, Second Edition (OUP, 2008). Four leading authorities on the classical world offer a lively and up-to-dateaccount of Greek civilization and history in all its complexity and variety, covering the entire period from the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic Era, and integrating the most recent research in archaeology, comparative anthropology, and social history. They show how the early Greeks borrowed fromtheir neighbors but eventually developed a distinctive culture all their own, one that was marked by astonishing creativity, versatility, and resilience. Using physical evidence from archaeology, the written testimony of literary texts and inscriptions, and anthropological models based oncomparative studies, this compact volume provides an account of the Greek world that is thoughtful and sophisticated yet accessible to students and general readers with little or no knowledge of Greece.
Le Contexte Guerrier en Egée À L'âge Du Bronze : Actes de la 7e Rencontre
Égéenne Internationale, Université de Liège, 14-17 Avril 1998 ... emerge around
which images can be clustered - Warrior , Hunter , and Ritual Maker - and these
roles strongly connect with the top ... though sometimes as Master of Animals (
The Mycenaean World : Five Centuries of Early Greek Culture 1600-1100 BC (
1988 ] ...
Nevertheless, three power-related activities do emerge around which images can
be clustered—Warrior, Hunter, and Ritual ... Prehistory VI: The Palatial Bronze Age of the Southern and Central Greek Mainland," AJA 101  540, Table 1).
... hunters, though sometimes as Master of Animals (The Mycenaean World: Five
Centuries of Early Greek Culture 1600-1100 BC  200); N. MARINATOS
Five Centuries of Early Greek Culture, 1600-1100 B.C. Kaitē Dēmakopoulou ... of
these reached Cyprus , an island known to their forbears , and established
themselves in already - existing Late Bronze Age towns such as Enkomi and
Author: American Historical AssociationPublish On: 1995
Essays on various phases of Greek civilization ; excellent introductions by
experts . ... 1100 BCE 6 . 168 George Bass . “ Oldest known shipwreck reveals Bronze Age splendors . ” National geographic 172 . ... 1600 BCE . ( MC ) 6 . 183
D . L . Page . History and the Homeric " Iliad . " 1959 ed . Berkeley : University of
California Press ... Controversial challenge to view that Indo - European
languages were spread by mounted warriors departing western Russia during
early Bronze Age .
Author: American Historical Association
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Contains nearly 2,000 annotated citations (primarily English language works) divided into forth-eight sections ; citations refer chiefly to works published between 1961 and 1992.
See INSCRIP- after the destruction of Athens in 480 B.C. The study , too , of the
TIONS . ... and yet others the name of the great political opponent of Pericles , Bronze Age , which has three divisions : Early , about ... Middle 2,200–1,600 B.C .
; Late 1,600–1,100 B.C .; and Pericles free to carry out his policy . the pottery of
these three periods is further subdivided accordIII . Numismatics , the study of Greek coins , which includes ing to the regions where it is found as Minoan ,
Cycladic or ...
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