Boiotia in the Fourth Century B.C.

Author: Samuel D. Gartland

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812293762

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 3030


The region of Boiotia was one of the most powerful regions in Greece between the Peloponnesian War and the rise of Macedonian power under Philip II and Alexander the Great. Its influence stretched across most of the Greek mainland and, at times, across the Aegean; its fourth-century leaders were of legendary ability. But the Boiotian hegemony over Greece was short lived, and less than four decades after the Boiotians defeated the Spartans at the battle of Leuktra in 371 B.C., Alexander the Great destroyed Thebes, Boiotia's largest city, and left the fabric of Boiotian power in tatters. Boiotia in the Fourth Century B.C. works from the premise that the traditional picture of hegemony and great men tells only a partial story, one that is limited in the diversity of historical experience. The breadth of essays in this volume is designed to give a picture of the current state of scholarship and to provide a series of in-depth studies of particular evidence, experience, and events. These studies present exciting new perspectives based on recent archaeological work and the discovery of new material evidence. And rather than turning away from the region following the famous Macedonian victory at Chaironeia in 338 B.C., or the destruction of Thebes three years later, the scholars cover the entire span of the century, and the questions posed are as diverse as the experiences of the Boiotians: How free were Boiotian communities, and how do we explain their demographic resilience among the catastrophes? Is the exercise of power visible in the material evidence, and how did Boiotians fare outside the region? How did experience of widespread displacement and exile shape Boiotian interactivity at the end of the century? By posing these and other questions, the book offers a new historical vision of the region in the period during which it was of greatest consequence to the wider Greek world. Contributors: Samuel D. Gartland, John Ma, Robin Osborne, Nikolaos Papazarkadas, P. J. Rhodes, Thom Russell, Albert Schachter, Michael Scott, Anthony Snodgrass.

Boiotia in Antiquity

Selected Papers

Author: Albert Schachter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107053242

Category: Art

Page: 430

View: 7984


A collection of papers - revised or previously unpublished - about the history, institutions, and literature of Boiotia, by a leading expert on the region.

Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece, Revised edition

Author: Victor Davis Hanson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520921755

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 9056


The ancient Greeks were for the most part a rural, not an urban, society. And for much of the Classical period, war was more common than peace. Almost all accounts of ancient history assume that farming and fighting were critical events in the lives of the citizenry. Yet never before have we had a comprehensive modern study of the relationship between agriculture and warfare in the Greek world. In this completely revised edition of Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece, Victor Davis Hanson provides a systematic review of Greek agriculture and warfare and describes the relationship between these two important aspects of life in ancient communities. With careful attention to agronomic as well as military details, this well-written, thoroughly researched study reveals the remarkable resilience of those farmland communities. In the past, scholars have assumed that the agricultural infrastructure of ancient society was often ruined by attack, as, for example, Athens was relegated to poverty in the aftermath of the Persian and later Peloponnesian invasions. Hanson's study shows, however, that in reality attacks on agriculture rarely resulted in famines or permanent agrarian depression. Trees and vines are hard to destroy, and grainfields are only briefly vulnerable to torching. In addition, ancient armies were rather inefficient systematic ravagers and instead used other tactics, such as occupying their enemies' farms to incite infantry battle. Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece suggests that for all ancient societies, rural depression and desolation came about from more subtle phenomena—taxes, changes in political and social structure, and new cultural values—rather than from destructive warfare.

The Greek World in the 4th and 3rd Centuries BC

Electrum vol. 19

Author: Edward Dąbrowa

Publisher: Wydawnictwo UJ

ISBN: 8323334838

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 8884


This volume contains eight studies written by scholars from Great Britain, Israel, Poland, and the United States. The contributors are all specialists in Greek history, and their essays deal with different aspects of the period's history, focusing on historiography, political evelopments, and military actions and events.

Aegean Greece in the Fourth Century BC

Author: John Buckler

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047400100

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 9921


This book covers the political, diplomatic, and military history of the Aegean Greeks of the fourth century BC. It includes their power struggles, the Persian involvement in their affairs, and the ultimate Macedonian triumph over Greece.

The Greek World 479-323 BC

Author: Simon Hornblower

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136831258

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 1591


The Greek World 479-323 BC has been an indispensable guide to classical Greek history since its first publication nearly thirty years ago. Now Simon Hornblower has comprehensively revised and partly rewritten his original text, bringing it up-to-date for yet another generation of readers. In particular, this fourth edition takes full account of recent and detailed scholarship on Greek poleis across the Hellenic world, allowing for further development of the key theme of regional variety across the Mediterranean and beyond. Other extensive changes include a new sub-chapter on Islands, a completely updated bibliography, and revised citation of epigraphic material relating to the fourth-century BC. With valuable coverage of the broader Mediterranean world in which Greek culture flourished, as well as close examination of Athens, Sparta, and the other great city-states of Greece itself, this fourth edition of a classic work is a more essential read than ever before.

Boiotia and the Boiotian League, 432-371 B.C.

Author: Robert J. Buck

Publisher: University of Alberta

ISBN: 9780888642530

Category: History

Page: 183

View: 949


The history of the federal state of Boiotia from the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War in 432 BC to the triumph of the states over its enemies in 371 BC is the focus of Professor Buck's study. It is especially interesting because the federation underwent so many changes. The interplay of political factions with external enemies and with clashing ideologies makes it useful to study.

American Journal of Numismatics

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Numismatics

Page: 190

View: 3528


The American Journal of Numismatics contains articles and notes pertaining to all areas of original numismatic research from the Greek, Roman, Islamic, Medieval, and Modern periods.