Boiotia in the Fourth Century B.C.

Author: Samuel D. Gartland

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812248805

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 1062

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Boiotia in the Fourth Century B.C. works from the premise that the traditional picture of hegemony and great men tells only a partial story. The volume's essays present exciting new perspectives based on recent archaeological work and the discovery of new material evidence.
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Boiotia in Antiquity

Selected Papers

Author: Albert Schachter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107053242

Category: Art

Page: 430

View: 3385

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A collection of papers - revised or previously unpublished - about the history, institutions, and literature of Boiotia, by a leading expert on the region.
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Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece, Revised edition

Author: Victor Davis Hanson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520921755

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 6705

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The ancient Greeks were for the most part a rural, not an urban, society. And for much of the Classical period, war was more common than peace. Almost all accounts of ancient history assume that farming and fighting were critical events in the lives of the citizenry. Yet never before have we had a comprehensive modern study of the relationship between agriculture and warfare in the Greek world. In this completely revised edition of Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece, Victor Davis Hanson provides a systematic review of Greek agriculture and warfare and describes the relationship between these two important aspects of life in ancient communities. With careful attention to agronomic as well as military details, this well-written, thoroughly researched study reveals the remarkable resilience of those farmland communities. In the past, scholars have assumed that the agricultural infrastructure of ancient society was often ruined by attack, as, for example, Athens was relegated to poverty in the aftermath of the Persian and later Peloponnesian invasions. Hanson's study shows, however, that in reality attacks on agriculture rarely resulted in famines or permanent agrarian depression. Trees and vines are hard to destroy, and grainfields are only briefly vulnerable to torching. In addition, ancient armies were rather inefficient systematic ravagers and instead used other tactics, such as occupying their enemies' farms to incite infantry battle. Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece suggests that for all ancient societies, rural depression and desolation came about from more subtle phenomena—taxes, changes in political and social structure, and new cultural values—rather than from destructive warfare.
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Greek Theatre in the Fourth Century BC

Author: Eric Csapo,Hans Rupprecht Goette,J. Richard Green,Peter Wilson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110373688

Category: History

Page: 590

View: 6213

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Age-old scholarly dogma holds that the death of serious theatre went hand-in-hand with the 'death' of the city-state and that the fourth century BC ushered in an era of theatrical mediocrity offering shallow entertainment to a depoliticised citizenry. The traditional view of fourth-century culture is encouraged and sustained by the absence of dramatic texts in anything more than fragments. Until recently, little attention was paid to an enormous array of non-literary evidence attesting, not only the sustained vibrancy of theatrical culture, but a huge expansion of theatre throughout (and even beyond) the Greek world. Epigraphic, historiographic, iconographic and archaeological evidence indicates that the fourth century BC was an age of exponential growth in theatre. It saw: the construction of permanent stone theatres across and beyond the Mediterranean world; the addition of theatrical events to existing festivals; the creation of entirely new contexts for drama; and vast investment, both public and private, in all areas of what was rapidly becoming a major 'industry'. This is the first book to explore all the evidence for fourth century ancient theatre: its architecture, drama, dissemination, staging, reception, politics, social impact, finance and memorialisation.
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The Greek World 479-323 BC

Author: Simon Hornblower

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136831258

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 7245

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The Greek World 479-323 BC has been an indispensable guide to classical Greek history since its first publication nearly thirty years ago. Now Simon Hornblower has comprehensively revised and partly rewritten his original text, bringing it up-to-date for yet another generation of readers. In particular, this fourth edition takes full account of recent and detailed scholarship on Greek poleis across the Hellenic world, allowing for further development of the key theme of regional variety across the Mediterranean and beyond. Other extensive changes include a new sub-chapter on Islands, a completely updated bibliography, and revised citation of epigraphic material relating to the fourth-century BC. With valuable coverage of the broader Mediterranean world in which Greek culture flourished, as well as close examination of Athens, Sparta, and the other great city-states of Greece itself, this fourth edition of a classic work is a more essential read than ever before.
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Outsiders in the Greek Cities in the Fourth Century BC (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Paul Mckechnie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317808002

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 6644

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During the fourth century BC the number of Greeks who did not live as citizens in the city-states of southern mainland Greece increased considerably: mercenaries, pirates, itinerant artisans and traders, their origins differed widely. It has been argued that this increase was caused by the destruction of many Greek cities in the wars of the fourth century, accompanied by the large programme of settlement begun by Alexander in the East and Timoleon in the West. Although this was an important factor, argues Dr McKechnie, more crucial was an ideological deterioration of loyalties to the city: the polis was no longer absolutely normative in the fourth century and Hellenistic periods. With so many outsiders with specialist skills, Alexander and his successors were able to recruit the armies and colonists needed to conquer and maintain empires many times larger than any single polis had ever controlled.
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The Greek World in the 4th and 3rd Centuries BC

Electrum vol. 19

Author: Edward Dąbrowa

Publisher: Wydawnictwo UJ

ISBN: 8323334838

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 6555

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This volume contains eight studies written by scholars from Great Britain, Israel, Poland, and the United States. The contributors are all specialists in Greek history, and their essays deal with different aspects of the period's history, focusing on historiography, political evelopments, and military actions and events.
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The Athenian Ephebeia in the Fourth Century BCE

Author: John L. Friend

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004402055

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 2954

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This book offers a reassessment of the late Classical and early Hellenistic Athenian ephebeia, a state-organized and -funded system of mandatory national service for citizens in their nineteenth and twentieth years, consisting of garrison duty, military training, and civic education.
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