The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army

Author: Jeremy Scahill

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847654789

Category: History

Page: 956

View: 7078


Meet Blackwater USA, the private army that the US government has quietly hired to operate in international war zones and on American soil. Its contacts run from military and intelligence agencies to the upper echelons of the White House; it has a military base, a fleet of aircraft and 20,000 troops, but since September 2007 the firm has been hit by a series of scandals that, far from damaging the company, have led to an unprecedented period of expansion. This revised and updated edition includes Scahill's continued investigative work into one of the outrages of our time: the privatisation of war.

America's Covert Warriors

Inside the World of Private Military Contractors

Author: Shawn Engbrecht

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 159797238X

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 9686


Private military contractors, especially those in Iraq, have taken on far more than their original mandates required. Initially intended for combat support, they have become full-fledged warriors, many with little experience, scant oversight, and no accountability to the rules of engagement that constrain the U.S. military and coalition forces. When the occupation of Iraq turned into a fight against an insurgency, overwhelming U.S. and coalition military forces, the demand for private military contractors skyrocketed in 2003 and 2004. The explosive growth of such firms as Blackwater, Crescent, and others resulted in a relaxation of recruitment standards at precisely the same time that the U.S. military's own standards of recruitment began to falter, but the standards for private military contractors fell much further and faster. The predictable result included excessive civilian casualties, a human tragedy whose full dimensions have yet to be seen by the American public. Shawn Engbrecht has been training and recruiting private military contractors for more than a decade. Acknowledging that some private military contractors are out of control, he argues that the oft-made suggestion to fire them all is not the solution. Instead, Engbrecht contends that with proper training and development of recruits, along with enforceable regulation and oversight, private security companies can be successfully integrated into a total force package with a professional operational staff.

Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) and the Quest for Accountability

Author: George Andreopoulos,John Kleinig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000022536

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 1256


Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) have constituted a perennial feature of the security landscape. Yet, it is their involvement in and conduct during the ongoing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that have transformed the outsourcing of security services into such a pressing public policy and world-order issue. The PMSCs’ ubiquitous presence in armed conflict situations, as well as in post-conflict reconstruction, their diverse list of clients (governments in the developed and developing world, non-state armed groups, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, and international corporations) and, in the context of armed conflict situations, involvement in instances of gross misconduct, have raised serious accountability issues. The prominence of PMSCs in conflict zones has generated critical questions concerning the very concept of security and the role of private force, a rethinking of "essential governmental functions," a rearticulation of the distinction between public/private and global/local in the context of the creation of new forms of "security governance," and a consideration of the relevance, as well as limitations, of existing regulatory frameworks that include domestic and international law (in particular international human rights law and international humanitarian law). This book critically examines the growing role of PMSCs in conflict and post-conflict situations, as part of a broader trend towards the outsourcing of security functions. Particular emphasis is placed on key moral, legal, and political considerations involved in the privatization of such functions, on the impact of outsourcing on security governance, and on the main challenges confronting efforts to hold PMSCs accountable through a combination of formal and informal, domestic as well as international, regulatory mechanisms and processes. It will be of interest to scholars, policymakers, practitioners and advocates for a more transparent and humane security order. This book was published as a special issue of Criminal Justice Ethics.

Ana's Story (Spanish edition)

La historia de Ana: Un camino lleno de esperanza

Author: Jenna Bush

Publisher: Rayo

ISBN: 9780061448614

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 304

View: 5430


Tiene diecisiete años. Ha sufrido todo tipo de abusos. Tiene una hija. Y vive con el virus del SIDA. Se llama Ana y ésta es su historia. Comienza el día en que nació afectada con el VIH, virus que le transmitió su joven madre. Ahora casi no la recuerda, pues murió cuando Ana tenía apenas tres años. Desde entonces, su infancia es una maraña de recuerdos vagos y de secretos—secretos sobre su enfermedad y sobre los abusos que ha sufrido. Ana recorre un largo camino en su vida. Arrastrada de una casa a otra, difícilmente encuentra la seguridad o el amor. De pronto conoce a Berto, una de las pocas personas a quien decide confiarle todos sus secretos. Esta nueva confianza la lleva a romper el silencio que tanto la ha dañado y la conduce hacia un nuevo comienzo, nuevas penas y una nueva esperanza. En esta pujante obra de no ficción, Jenna Bush narra la historia de una chica que lucha por liberarse de un círculo vicioso de abuso, pobreza y enfermedad. Aun cuando esta historia, basada en el trabajo que la autora ha realizado con UNICEF, está inspirada en la vida de una chica en particular, ésta es, en realidad, la historia de muchos niños del mundo, quienes viven marginados y excluidos de lo más elemental: cuidado, apoyo y educación. Al final del libro encontrarás una serie de recursos que te indican cómo ayudar a cambiar la situación de los niños más vulnerables, y cómo puedes protegerte a ti y a los demás.

War Without End

The Iraq War in Context

Author: Michael Schwartz

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 335

View: 2778


In this razor-sharp analysis, commentator Michael Schwartz shows how the US occupation is fuelling civil war in Iraq and beyond. He punctures all the myths used to sell the idea of an endless war in this incisive and hard-hitting argument.