The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army

Author: Jeremy Scahill

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847654789

Category: History

Page: 956

View: 786


Meet Blackwater USA, the private army that the US government has quietly hired to operate in international war zones and on American soil. Its contacts run from military and intelligence agencies to the upper echelons of the White House; it has a military base, a fleet of aircraft and 20,000 troops, but since September 2007 the firm has been hit by a series of scandals that, far from damaging the company, have led to an unprecedented period of expansion. This revised and updated edition includes Scahill's continued investigative work into one of the outrages of our time: the privatisation of war.

America's Covert Warriors

Inside the World of Private Military Contractors

Author: Shawn Engbrecht

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 159797238X

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 8054


Private military contractors, especially those in Iraq, have taken on far more than their original mandates required. Initially intended for combat support, they have become full-fledged warriors, many with little experience, scant oversight, and no accountability to the rules of engagement that constrain the U.S. military and coalition forces. When the occupation of Iraq turned into a fight against an insurgency, overwhelming U.S. and coalition military forces, the demand for private military contractors skyrocketed in 2003 and 2004. The explosive growth of such firms as Blackwater, Crescent, and others resulted in a relaxation of recruitment standards at precisely the same time that the U.S. military's own standards of recruitment began to falter, but the standards for private military contractors fell much further and faster. The predictable result included excessive civilian casualties, a human tragedy whose full dimensions have yet to be seen by the American public. Shawn Engbrecht has been training and recruiting private military contractors for more than a decade. Acknowledging that some private military contractors are out of control, he argues that the oft-made suggestion to fire them all is not the solution. Instead, Engbrecht contends that with proper training and development of recruits, along with enforceable regulation and oversight, private security companies can be successfully integrated into a total force package with a professional operational staff.

The Crimes of the Economy

A Criminological Analysis of Economic Thought

Author: Vincenzo Ruggiero

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135926921

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 5591


Economists have often paid visits to the field of criminology, examining the rational logic of offending. When economists examine criminal activity, they imply that offenders should be treated like any other social actor making rational choices. In The Crimes of the Economy, Vincenzo Ruggiero turns the tables by examining a variety of economic schools of thought from a criminological perspective. Each one of these schools, he argues, justifies or even encourages harm produced by economic initiative. He investigates – among others – John Locke’s notion of private property, Mercantilism, the Physiocrats and Malthus, and the arguments of Adam Smith, Marshall, Keynes and neoliberalism. In each of these, the author identifies the potential justification of different forms of ‘crimes of the economy’ and victimisation. This book re-examines the history of economic thought, assessing it as the history of a discipline which, while attempting to gain scientific status, in reality seeks to make the social harm caused by economics acceptable. The book will be interesting and relevant to students and scholars of social theory, criminology, economics, philosophy and politics.

Patriots for Profit

Contractors and the Military in U.S. National Security

Author: Thomas Bruneau

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804775494

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 9931


The book analyzes U.S. national security and defense policy utilizing a new approach to civil-military relations, and includes both the uniformed military and the private security contractors.

Social Problems and Social Movements

Author: James DeFronzo,Jungyun Gill

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442221550

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 4358


Intended as the primary text for a social problems course, DeFronzo and Gill’s Social Problems and Social Movements stresses the need for collective action and social movements to solve social problems. Both instructors and students will find this a useful framework in which to view today’s most pressing social issues. Chapter 1 introduces the topic of social problems. Chapter 2 explains how social movements address social problems and describes sociological explanations for the development of social movements. Chapter 3 describes the power frameworks that participants in social movements must deal with in order to achieve success. Each following chapter presents overviews of social problems and provides examples of how working together can bring about positive change. Social Movements and Special Topics boxes provide information on aspects of specific social problems as well as how people organize and work together to solve them.