In Black Metaphors, Cord J. Whitaker examines the rhetorical and theological moves through which blackness and whiteness became metaphors for sin and purity in the English and European Middle Ages—metaphors that guided the development of ...
Author: Cord J. Whitaker
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Literary Criticism
In the late Middle Ages, Christian conversion could wash a black person's skin white—or at least that is what happens when a black sultan converts to Christianity in the English romance King of Tars. In Black Metaphors, Cord J. Whitaker examines the rhetorical and theological moves through which blackness and whiteness became metaphors for sin and purity in the English and European Middle Ages—metaphors that guided the development of notions of race in the centuries that followed. From a modern perspective, moments like the sultan's transformation present blackness and whiteness as opposites in which each condition is forever marked as a negative or positive attribute; medieval readers were instead encouraged to remember that things that are ostensibly and strikingly different are not so separate after all, but mutually construct one another. Indeed, Whitaker observes, for medieval scholars and writers, blackness and whiteness, and the sin and salvation they represent, were held in tension, forming a unified whole. Whitaker asks not so much whether race mattered to the Middle Ages as how the Middle Ages matters to the study of race in our fraught times. Looking to the treatment of color and difference in works of rhetoric such as John of Garland's Synonyma, as well as in a range of vernacular theological and imaginative texts, including Robert Manning's Handlyng Synne, and such lesser known romances as The Turke and Sir Gawain, he illuminates the process by which one interpretation among many became established as the truth, and demonstrates how modern movements—from Black Lives Matter to the alt-right—are animated by the medieval origins of the black-white divide.
Our investigation had instead to do with analogy, with the movement of metaphors both linguistic and visual: that is, the movement of the sign and the ...
Author: Francis Gooding
"Myths are never limited to place or time. They are ever-present as each epoch offers them a new guise. It may even be said that meaning itself is achieved by the same energies that animate myth. Black Light examines four paintings from the Modern tradition in the light of episodes from antique mythology. As the myths illuminate the paintings, and paintings throw light on the myths, Gooding shows that themes from ancient sources can be seen to resonate in the modern representations. Tracing unexpected thematic correspondences across two millennia of literature and art, the author finds that whatever meaning is sought through interpretation, myth becomes an indispensable tool of analysis. In the work of the classical authors such as Sophocles and Ovid, Gooding finds mythic elements which are also present in paintings by Manet, Matisse, Richards and Warhol. Opening a new dialogue between modern and ancient, Black Light explores living myth in modern paintings." -- Publisher's description
group of Black British writers should, instead, study them in their truer contexts. ... Colonial and Postcolonial Literature: Migrant Metaphors.
Author: R. Victoria Arana
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
Black British Aesthetics Today is a collection of twenty-four exciting critical and theoretical essays exploring current thinking about the hottest artistic, literary, and critical works now being produced by black Britons. This book features a number of chapters by the avant-garde black British novelists, poets, and artists themselves. It includes, for instance, aesthetic manifestos by Diran Adebayo, Anthony Joseph, Roshini Kempadoo, Sheree Mack, Valerie Mason-John, and SuAndi as well as key essays by globally renowned critics, including Amna Malik, Kobena Mercer, Lauri Ramey, Roy Sommer, and many others. As a compendium, this book represents a powerfully fresh intellectual current of thought. It provides readers with important insights into contemporary black aesthetics, and it includes an array of important clarifications initially voiced at the groundbreaking international symposium that took place on April 8, 2006, at Howard University in Washington, D.C., by outstanding new scholars in this burgeoning field of study: e.g., Kevin Etienne-Cummings, Valerie Kaneko Lucas, Michael McMillan, Magdalena Maczynska, Courtney Martin, Jude Okpala, Deirdre Osborne, Koye Oyedeji, Meenakshi Ponnuswami, Sandra Ponzanesi, Andrene M. Taylor, Samera Owusu Tutu, and Tracey Walters. The authors contextualise contemporary black British aesthetics in relation to the African, African American, and Postcolonial aesthetic traditions; they explore an exciting array of critical theories, trends of feeling, and lively aesthetic movements thriving today in black Britain; and they examine and assess embodied aesthetics at play in a wide range of specific works by today's most brilliant black British novelists, poets, photographers, live performance artists, dramatists, architects, musicians, graphic artists, and cinematographers.
"Walking as a Metaphor of the Christian Life." Pages 303-13 in Perspectives on Language ... London: Adam & Charles Black, 1971. . A Commentary on the Second ...
Author: David John Williams
Publisher: Hendrickson Pub
Paul's writings are laced with vivid images from the bustling New Testament world. To understand these metaphors, David J. Williams delves into that Greco-Roman world and uses ancient sources to explore a wide variety of topics such as architecture, law, commerce, health care, and education. Paul's metaphors, set apart in bold type, are examined in the light of this background information and restored to their original vitality. Well-known metaphors--the Christian as a slave of Christ, the church as a body, Paul's two natures being at war within him, the Christian as an athlete striving toward the prize, Jesus' return as a theif in the night, Christians as adopted heirs of God--and lesser-known metaphors come to life for the modern reader through Williams's careful exposition. The main text is accessible to the general reader; scholars will appreciate footnotes that discuss the Greek text and provide resources for further study. Appendix 1 lists a select chronology of the Roman Empire and appendix 2 provides dates and descriptions of significant ancient authors and tests.
... 4 , 28 , 73 , 74 on naming , 123 presential quality of objects , 52 – 3 semantics , 18 white / black , as metaphors beds , 91 , 119 innocence vs . guilt ...
Author: Antoinette T. Delaney
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The key to understanding the complex works of Germany's leading writer, Günther Grass, is found in his creative use of language. This book is the first comprehensive, scientific analysis based on a cognitive theory of metaphor of Grass' statements in Die Blechtrommel. Moreover, the resulting data gleaned from the metaphoric meanings - depicted in graphs - offer an important insight into Grass' way of thinking, thereby linking the vast number of interpretations contained in Grass research. This book presents metaphoric analysis as a novel approach to text interpretation and language study.