The International Law of Biotechnology

Human Rights, Trade, Patents, Health and the Environment

Author: Matthias Herdegen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1786435969


Page: 208

View: 7626


Biotechnology is a field that inspires complex legal and ethical debates on an international scale. Taking a fresh approach to the subject, Matthias Herdegen provides a comprehensive assessment of the regulation of biotechnology processes and products from an international and comparative perspective.

Biotechnology and International Law

Author: Francesco Francioni,Tullio Scovazzi

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847312691

Category: Law

Page: 486

View: 1700


As with any rapid technological development, the biotechnology revolution is putting great strains on the ability of law to adapt to new challenges and threats. Although there is general agreement on the need to regulate biotechnology in many different fields of human activity (agriculture, life sciences, forensic science) domestic law remains deeply divided over the best approach to take. This book is the first attempt at covering the most pressing legal issues raised by the impact of biotechnologies on different categories of international norms. Through the contribution of a selected group of international scholars and experts from international organizations, the book addresses 1) the international status of genetic resources, both in areas of national jurisdiction and in common spaces such as the international sea bed area and Antarctica; 2) the relevance of environmental principles in the governance of modern biotechnologies; 3) the impact of biotechnologies on trade rules, including intellectual property law; 4) the human rights implications, especially in the field of human genetics; and 5) the intersection between general international law and regional systems, especially those developed in Europe and Latin America. The overall objective of the book is to provide an up-to-date picture of international law as it stands today and to stimulate critical reflection and further research on the solutions that will be required in years to come.

Biodiversity and the Law

Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge

Author: Charles R. McManis

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849770573

Category: Law

Page: 521

View: 987


How do we promote global economic development, while simultaneously preserving local biological and cultural diversity? This authoritative volume, written by leading legal experts and biological and social scientists from around the world, addresses this question in all of its complexity. The first part of the book focuses on biodiversity and examines what we are losing, why and what is to be done. The second part addresses biotechnology and looks at whether it is part of the solution or part of the problem, or perhaps both. The third section examines traditional knowledge, explains what it is and how, if at all, it should be protected. The fourth and final part looks at ethnobotany and bioprospecting and offers practical lessons from the vast and diverse experiences of the contributors.

Biodiversity and International Law

The Effectiveness of International Environmental Law

Author: Simone Bilderbeek,Ankie Wijgerde,Netty van Schaik

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051990676

Category: Law

Page: 213

View: 5138


Report of the Global Consultation on the Development and Enforcement of International Environmental Law, with a special focus on the preservation of biodiversity and International Environmental Law Conference.

Law and Modern Biotechnology

Selected Issues of Relevance to Food and Agriculture

Author: Lyle Glowka,Lawrence C. Christy,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251049723

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 8666


The rapid progress of modern biotechnology has given rise to new legislative needs in order to safeguard human health and the environment while at the same time taking advantage of the opportunities offered by biotechnology. Recent years have seen important new legislation being adopted and older law amended in order to respond to the new challenges. The purpose of this study is to indicate the extent to which international agreements and a small selected group of national laws may already be assisting societies to realize modern biotechnology's potential and avoid its possible risks.

Biotechnologies and International Human Rights

Author: Francesco Francioni

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313507

Category: Political Science

Page: 438

View: 4620


This book follows and complements the previous volume Biotechnology and International Law (Hart 2006) bringing a specific focus on human rights. It is the result of a collaborative effort which brings together the contributions of a select group of experts from academia and from international organisations with the purpose of discussing the extent to which current activities in the field of biotechnology can be regulated by existing human rights principles and standards, and what gaps, if any, need to be identified and filled with new legislative initiatives. Instruments such as the UNESCO Declaration on the Human Genome (1997) and on Bioethics and Human Rights (2005) are having an impact on customary international law. But what is the relevance of these instruments with respect to traditional concepts of state responsibility and the functioning of domestic remedies against misuse of biotechnologies? Are new legislative initiatives needed, and what are the pros and cons of a race toward the adoption of new ad hoc instruments in an area of such rapid technological development? Are there risks of normative and institutional fragmentation as a consequence of the proliferation of different regulatory regimes? Can we identify a core of human rights principles that define the boundaries of legitimate uses of biotechnology, the legal status of human genetic material, as well as the implications of the definition of the human genome as 'common heritage of humanity' for the purpose of patenting of genetic inventions? These and other questions are the focus of a fascinating collection of essays which, together, help to map this emerging field of inquiry.

Global Health and International Community

Ethical, Political and Regulatory Challenges

Author: John Coggon,Swati Gola

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1780935595

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 869


Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.