The Biophilia Hypothesis

Author: Stephen R. Kellert

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597269069

Category: Nature

Page: 496

View: 5680


"Biophilia" is the term coined by Edward O. Wilson to describe what he believes is humanity's innate affinity for the natural world. In his landmark book Biophilia, he examined how our tendency to focus on life and lifelike processes might be a biologically based need, integral to our development as individuals and as a species. That idea has caught the imagination of diverse thinkers.The Biophilia Hypothesis brings together the views of some of the most creative scientists of our time, each attempting to amplify and refine the concept of biophilia. The variety of perspectives -- psychological, biological, cultural, symbolic, and aesthetic -- frame the theoretical issues by presenting empirical evidence that supports or refutes the hypothesis. Numerous examples illustrate the idea that biophilia and its converse, biophobia, have a genetic component: fear, and even full-blown phobias of snakes and spiders are quick to develop with very little negative reinforcement, while more threatening modern artifacts -- knives, guns, automobiles -- rarely elicit such a response people find trees that are climbable and have a broad, umbrella-like canopy more attractive than trees without these characteristics people would rather look at water, green vegetation, or flowers than built structures of glass and concrete The biophilia hypothesis, if substantiated, provides a powerful argument for the conservation of biological diversity. More important, it implies serious consequences for our well-being as society becomes further estranged from the natural world. Relentless environmental destruction could have a significant impact on our quality of life, not just materially but psychologically and even spiritually.

The Biophilia Effect

A Scientific and Spiritual Exploration of the Healing Bond Between Humans and Nature

Author: Clemens G. Arvay

Publisher: Sounds True

ISBN: 1683640438

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 4977


Did you know that spending time in a forest activates the vagus nerve, which is responsible for inducing calm and regeneration? Or that spending just one single day in a wooded area increases the number of natural killer cells in the blood by almost 40 percent on average? We’ve all had an intuitive sense of the healing power of nature. Clemens G. Arvay’s new book brings us the science to verify this power, sharing fascinating research along with teachings and tools for accessing the therapeutic properties of the forest and natural world. Already a bestseller in Germany, The Biophilia Effect is a book that transforms our understanding of our interconnection with nature—and shows us how to engage the natural world wherever we live for greater health, inspiration, rejuvenation, and spiritual sustenance.

Kinship to Mastery

Biophilia In Human Evolution And Development

Author: Stephen R. Kellert

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597268905

Category: Nature

Page: 272

View: 1286


Kinship to Mastery is a fascinating and accessible exploration of the notion of biophilia -- the idea that humans, having evolved with the rest of creation, possess a biologically based attraction to nature and exhibit an innate affinity for life and lifelike processes. Stephen R. Kellert sets forth the idea that people exhibit different expressions of biophilia in different contexts, and demonstrates how our quality of life in the largest sense is dependent upon the richness of our connections with nature. While the natural world provides us with material necessities -- food, clothing, medicine, clean air, pure water -- it just as importantly plays a key role in other aspects of our lives, including intellectual capacity, emotional bonding, aesthetic attraction, creativity, imagination, and even the recognition of a just and purposeful existence. As Kellert explains, each expression of biophilia shows how our physical, material, intellectual, emotional, and spiritual well-being is to a great extent dependent on our relationships with the natural world that surrounds us. Kinship to Mastery is a thought-provoking examination of a concept that, while not widely known, has a significant and direct effect on the lives of people everywhere. Because the full expression of biophilia is integral to our overall health, our ongoing destruction of the environment could have far more serious consequences than many people think. In a readable and compelling style, Kellert describes and explains the concept of biophilia, and demonstrates to a general audience the wide-ranging implications of environmental degradation. Kinship to Mastery continues the exploration of biophilia begun with Edward O. Wilson's landmark book Biophilia (Harvard University Press, 1984) and followed by The Biophilia Hypothesis (Island Press, 1993), co-edited by Wilson and Kellert, which brought together some of the most creative scientists of our time to explore Wilson's theory in depth.

Loving Nature

Towards an Ecology of Emotion

Author: Kay Milton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134525389

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5470


As the full effects of human activity on Earth's life-support systems are revealed by science, the question of whether we can change, fundamentally, our relationship with nature becomes increasingly urgent. Just as important as an understanding of our environment, is an understanding of ourselves, of the kinds of beings we are and why we act as we do. In Loving Nature Kay Milton considers why some people in Western societies grow up to be nature lovers, actively concerned about the welfare and future of plants, animals, ecosystems and nature in general, while others seem indifferent or intent on destroying these things. Drawing on findings and ideas from anthropology, psychology, cognitive science and philosophy, the author discusses how we come to understand nature as we do, and above all, how we develop emotional commitments to it. Anthropologists, in recent years, have tended to suggest that our understanding of the world is shaped solely by the culture in which we live. Controversially Kay Milton argues that it is shaped by direct experience in which emotion plays an essential role. The author argues that the conventional opposition between emotion and rationality in western culture is a myth. The effect of this myth has been to support a market economy which systematically destroys nature, and to exclude from public decision making the kinds of emotional attachments that support more environmentally sensitive ways of living. A better understanding of ourselves, as fundamentally emotional beings, could give such ways of living the respect they need.


Author: N.A

Publisher: Harry N. Abrams

ISBN: 9781419715617

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 4011


Christopher Marley's art expresses his passionate engagement with the beautiful forms of nature. Beginning with insects and moving on to aquatic life, reptiles, birds, plants, and minerals, Marley has used his skills as a designer, conservator, taxidermist, and environmentally responsible collector to make images and mosaics that produce strong, positive emotional responses in viewers. Marley has a brilliant eye for color and pattern in different natural objects, and he expertly captures the deep relationships among them. Biophilia (literally, "love of living things") is a must-have for nature lovers, designers, artists, craftspeople, and anyone looking for visual inspiration in the arts.

Bjork's Biophilia

Author: Nicola Dibben

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781623561741

Category: Music

Page: 160

View: 3591


On its release in 2011 Biophilia was acclaimed as the first "app album" and the birth of a new music format. It was greeted as the way forward for musicians and developers, at a time when the traditional album format was under threat. Biophilia is an album for mobile digital devices, conceived and creatively directed by Björk, one the world's most innovative musicians, and executed by a team including interactive artists, developers, and designers. Here, Nicola Dibben draws on her experience as a member of the creative team working on the app suite to provide an insider's perspective on the creative process and product. The entire project's conception and realisation are traced, drawing on dozens of original interviews and participant observation. Dibben explores questions including: the new potential for interactivity and multi-sensory experience of music; the implications of Biophilia's visualisation of music for audio-visual aesthetics and music education; immersive versus 'distributed' modes of listening; and the creation of a curated artistic vision that counters the fragmentation and lack of multimedia experience associated with music consumption via MP3 download. The result is a brilliant exploration of a cutting-edge musical work and offers a unique perspective on the creative processes and ambitions of one of pop music's most compelling figures.

Children and Nature

Psychological, Sociocultural, and Evolutionary Investigations

Author: Peter H. Kahn Jr.,Stephen R. Kellert

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262250122

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 9783


For much of human evolution, the natural world was one of the most important contexts of children's maturation. Indeed, the experience of nature was, and still may be, a critical component of human physical, emotional, intellectual, and even moral development. Yet scientific knowledge of the significance of nature during the different stages of childhood is sparse. This book provides scientific investigations and thought-provoking essays on children and nature. Children and Nature incorporates research from cognitive science, developmental psychology, ecology, education, environmental studies, evolutionary psychology, political science, primatology, psychiatry, and social psychology. The authors examine the evolutionary significance of nature during childhood; the formation of children's conceptions, values, and sympathies toward the natural world; how contact with nature affects children's physical and mental development; and the educational and political consequences of the weakened childhood experience of nature in modern society.

The Poetics of Biophilia

Natural Object Relations in the Work of D.H. Lawrence, Theodore Roethke, and Sylvia Plath

Author: Christopher Jon Sindt

Publisher: N.A



Page: 710

View: 2200