Bioinspired Photonics

Bioinspired Photonics

Bioinspired Photonics: Optical Structures and Systems Inspired by Nature provides an interdisciplinary introduction to the captivating and diverse photonic systems

Author: Viktoria Greanya

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466504035

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 152

Harness the Wonders of the Natural World As our in-depth knowledge of biological systems increases, the number of devices and applications built from these principles is rapidly growing. Bioinspired Photonics: Optical Structures and Systems Inspired by Nature provides an interdisciplinary introduction to the captivating and diverse photonic systems
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces

M. Qin, M. Sun, R. Bai, Y. Mao, X. Qian, D. Sikka, Y. Zhao, H.J. Qi, Z. Suo, X. He,
Bioinspired hydrogel interferometer for ... Y. Cheng, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, Z. Xie, Z. Gu,
Photonic crystal microcapsules for label-free multiplex detection, Adv. Mater.

Author: Yongmei Zheng

Publisher: Materials Today

ISBN: 9780128148433

Category:

Page: 338

View: 737

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces reviews novel methods and technologies used to design surfaces and materials for smart material and device applications. The author discusses how materials wettability can be impacted by the fabrication of micro- and nanostructures, anisotropic structures, gradient structures, and heterogeneous patterned structures on the surfaces of materials. The design of these structures was inspired by nature, including lotus, cactus, beetle back and butterfly wings, spider silk, and shells. The author reviews the various wettability functions that can result from these designs, such as self-cleaning, directional adhesion, droplet driving, anti-adhesion, non-wetting, liquid repellent properties, liquid separation, liquid splitting, and more. This book presents a key reference on how to fabricate bioinspired structures on materials for desired functions of materials wettability. It also discusses challenges, opportunities and many potential applications, such as oil-water separation devices, water harvesting devices and photonic device applications. Introduces the fundamentals of both bioinspired materials design and the theory behind dynamic materials wettability Reviews the latest methods and technologies used to create functional surfaces and structured materials that impact and potentially control wettability Provides a snapshot of potential device applications, such as oil-water separation, water harvesting, fluid transport, photonic applications, and much more
Categories:

Knowledge Visualization and Visual Literacy in Science Education

Knowledge Visualization and Visual Literacy in Science Education

Examples of the photonic systems in nature include color-changing chameleons
and cephalopods (such as squids and octopuses). Bioinspired photonics
comprises the design, fabrication, and utilization of photonic materials that have
been ...

Author: Ursyn, Anna

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522504818

Category: Education

Page: 431

View: 125

Effective communication within learning environments is a pivotal aspect to students’ success. By enhancing abstract concepts with visual media, students can achieve a higher level of retention and better understand the presented information. Knowledge Visualization and Visual Literacy in Science Education is an authoritative reference source for the latest scholarly research on the implementation of visual images, aids, and graphics in classroom settings and focuses on how these methods stimulate critical thinking in students. Highlighting concepts relating to cognition, communication, and computing, this book is ideally designed for researchers, instructors, academicians, and students.
Categories: Education

Seeing Photons

Seeing Photons

In particular, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has
recently initiated a Bioinspired Photonics program, and the Air Force Office of
Scientific Research is funding a Multidisci- plinary University Research Initiative ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309153041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 194

View: 780

The Department of Defense recently highlighted intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities as a top priority for U.S. warfighters. Contributions provided by ISR assets in the operational theaters in Iraq and Afghanistan have been widely documented in press reporting. While the United States continues to increase investments in ISR capabilities, other nations not friendly to the United States will continue to seek countermeasures to U.S. capabilities. The Technology Warning Division of the Defense Intelligence Agency's (DIA) Defense Warning Office (DWO) has the critical responsibility, in collaborations with other components of the intelligence community (IC), for providing U.S. policymakers insight into technological developments that may impact future U.S. warfighting capabilities. To this end, the IC requested that the National Research Council (NRC) investigate and report on key visible and infrared detector technologies, with potential military utility, that are likely to be developed in the next 10-15 years. This study is the eighth in a series sponsored by the DWO and executed under the auspices of the NRC TIGER (Technology Insight-Gauge, Evaluate, and Review) Standing Committee.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Applied Nanophotonics

Applied Nanophotonics

Providing a wealth of information on materials and devices, and over 150 color figures, it is the 'go-to' guide for students in electrical engineering taking courses in nanophotonics.

Author: Sergey V. Gaponenko

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107145504

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 681

An accessible yet rigorous introduction to nanophotonics, covering basic principles, technology, and applications in lighting, lasers, and photovoltaics. Providing a wealth of information on materials and devices, and over 150 color figures, it is the 'go-to' guide for students in electrical engineering taking courses in nanophotonics.
Categories: Science

Bioengineered and Bioinspired Systems

Bioengineered and Bioinspired Systems

Porous silicon is an attractive material for use as a template also because its
porosity and average pore size can be easily tuned by adjusting the
electrochemical preparation conditions , thus allowing the construction of
photonic crystals 151 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015047883858

Category: Bioengineering

Page:

View: 886

Categories: Bioengineering

Bioinspiration

Bioinspiration

Revealed natural photonic structures are diverse, delicate, and multifunctional as
well. Natural photonic structures and their ingenious ways of light steering could
be a great source of inspiration, invaluable to our bio-inspired technologies.

Author: Xiang Yang Liu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461453727

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 619

Methods in bioinspiration and biomimicking have been around for a long time. However, due to current advances in modern physical, biological sciences, and technologies, our understanding of the methods have evolved to a new level. This is due not only to the identification of mysterious and fascinating phenomena but also to the understandings of the correlation between the structural factors and the performance based on the latest theoretical, modeling, and experimental technologies. Bioinspiration: From Nano to Micro Scale provides readers with a broad view of the frontiers of research in the area of bioinspiration from the nano to macroscopic scales, particularly in the areas of biomineralization, antifreeze protein, and antifreeze effect. It also covers such methods as the lotus effect and superhydrophobicity, structural colors in animal kingdom and beyond, as well as behavior in ion channels. A number of international experts in related fields have contributed to this book, which offers a comprehensive and synergistic look into challenging issues such as theoretical modeling, advanced surface probing, and fabrication. The book also provides a link to the engineering of novel advanced materials playing an important role in advancing technologies in various fields.
Categories: Science

Bioinspired Nanoarchitecture

Bioinspired Nanoarchitecture

... is expected to be a crucial component for the development of functional
nanoscale devices having applications in a number of diverse areas such as
molecular electronics , ' photonics , electrocatalysis , and chemical sensing /
biosensing .

Author: Sonny S. Mark

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924105406437

Category:

Page: 940

View: 421

Categories:

Fluorescence in Bio inspired Nanotechnology

Fluorescence in Bio inspired Nanotechnology

Photonics is a subject area dealing with the emission, transmission, modulation,
processing and sensing of light signals. A photonic device is an entity,
constructed with the purpose to facilitate any or all of the above processes. This
definition ...

Author: Jonas Hannestad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319010687

Category: Science

Page: 119

View: 845

In his thesis Fluorescence in Bio-inspired Nanotechnology, Jonas Hannestad describes the evolving field of DNA nanotechnology in a lucid and easily accessible way. A central theme in the thesis is how biological structures and mechanisms constitute a basis for the design of novel technologies. Hannestad discusses how self-assembled, nanometer-scale DNA constructs can be functionalized using fluorescent labeling. In particular, he highlights how applications are based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Another important contribution is the development of a lipid monolayer platform for the step-by-step assembly of DNA nanoconstructs. The work in the thesis is based on five peer-reviewed papers published in high-profile journals, all of which involve major contributions from the author.
Categories: Science

Mechanical Properties of Bioinspired and Biological Materials

Mechanical Properties of Bioinspired and Biological Materials

... ISBN : 1 - 55899 - 781 - 4 Volume 834 — Magneto - Optical Materials for
Photonics and Recording , K . Ando , W . Challener , R . Gambino , M . Levy ,
2005 , ISBN : 1 - 55899 - 782 - 2 Volume 835 — Solid - State Ionics — 2004 , P .
Knauth ...

Author: Materials Research Society. Meeting

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015061471135

Category: Biomechanics

Page: 342

View: 342

Categories: Biomechanics

Biological and Bioinspired Materials and Devices

Biological and Bioinspired Materials and Devices

The special interest afforded biological and bioinspired materials and devices
lies in the fact that many biological ... exceptional tissue engineering scaffolds ,
exclusive molecular imprinting matrices , and innovative photonic crystals are ...

Author: Materials Research Society. Meeting

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015061157072

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 289

The special interest afforded biological and bioinspired materials and devices lies in the fact that many biological materials, as diverse as bone and teeth and spider silk, have highly refined and sophisticated platforms of structure that are well organized at hierarchical levels spanning nanoscale to microscale measures. There is absolutely strict and precise control of materials synthesis exerted by these natural systems, and vigorous study and advancement in the fields of biomineralization, molecular biology, and DNA technology, for instance, have brought increasing understanding of such control in ever expanding fashion. This knowledge has been quickly transferred into the design and development of synthetic materials that mimic their biological counterparts. In this context, an explosion in research in the past few years has centered on the identification and synthesis of 1) unique ceramics or composites for biomaterials, magnetic and optical use, 2) self-assembled biopolymeric systems for biomaterials and biosensor application, and 3) colloidal and amphiphilic systems for relevance in biomedicine, nanotechnology, and biosensor fabrication. Therefore, new nanocrystalline composites, nanofibers, biosteel fibers, novel biosensors, distinctive drug-delivery systems, exceptional tissue engineering scaffolds, exclusive molecular imprinting matrices, and innovative photonic crystals are suddenly available. Given this backdrop, the papers in this volume involve biology, medicine, engineering, physics, chemistry, and materials science. Topics include biomineralization and the structure and mechanical, magnetic, and optical properties of biominerals; implant materials for dental, maxillofacial, orthopaedic, urological, and ophthalmic applications; tissue adhesives and cements; material degradation and implant failure; organic modification of surfaces and their biocompatibility; tissue engineering with cells and scaffolding to generate extracellular matrices for tissue regeneration; emerging technologies in tissue engineering, including application of stem cells and gene therapy; in situ and ex situ characterization techniques and imaging of biomaterials; pharmaceutical crystallization and materials for drug and gene delivery; supramolecular and biological self assembly; and structure and dynamics of organic/inorganic interfaces.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Bio Inspired Organic Inorganic Hybrid Electronic and Photonic Materials and Structures

Bio Inspired Organic Inorganic Hybrid Electronic and Photonic Materials and Structures

The goal of this research is to develop nano and meso-structured hybrid systems for the application in light harvesting, charge transfer and photocurrent generation with a high impact on the mission of the US Air Force.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:318682144

Category:

Page: 10

View: 468

The goal of this project was to use DNA and protein as templates to assemble nanoparticles and functional molecules for photonic and electronic applications such as plasmon-enhanced fluorescence and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) (Fig. 1). Towards this goal, we have utilized both genetic and materials engineering tools. We have followed the molecular biomimetic approach in the assembly of nanoparticles. We have developed protocols using involving biological attachment of nanoparticles and quantum dots onto engineered surface-binding polypeptides (GEPI), and have used directed assembly of nanoparticles and/or functional molecular units.
Categories:

Bioinspired Intelligent Nanostructured Interfacial Materials

Bioinspired Intelligent Nanostructured Interfacial Materials

By summarizing the research findings on the synthesis, properties, and
applications of photonic/electrical stimulative intelligent interfa- cial materials, we
were the first to propose the concept of “Binary cooperative complementary ...

Author: Lei Jiang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814280327

Category: Biomimetics

Page: 346

View: 960

Intelligent materials are emerging composite functional materials that have boomed since the 1990s. The intelligent material system, involving a multitude of structures and functions, combines studies that explore nature, mimic nature and surpass nature. It also provides novel ideas, new theories, and cutting-edge methodologies for the innovation of science and technology. Thus, mimicking the micro/nanostructures and functions found in nature will build a bridge between biology and technology, which may provide inspirations for solving today's technological problems. This book gives a complementary introduction about natural and artificial micro/nanoscale interfacial materials, devoting largely to the intelligent materials with special wettabilities. Inspired by nature, the authors proposed a concept of "binary cooperative complementary micro/nanoscale interfacial materials". Based on this design concept, the contact and coupling of heterogeneous materials will result in novel properties on the surface or interface of materials, which may create new functional materials and devices. This book combines popular science and professional knowledge, which will be suitable for not only researchers but also science lovers.
Categories: Biomimetics

Biologically Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information Technology

Biologically Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information Technology

Photonic Information Techniques Based on Compound-Eye Imaging Satoru Irie,
Rui Shogenji, Yusuke Ogura, and Jun Tanida Graduate School of Information
Science and Technology, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, 565-0871 ...

Author: Auke Jan Ijspeert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540312536

Category: Computers

Page: 388

View: 373

The refereed proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Biologically Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information Technology, BioADIT 2006. The contributions range from basic research in biology and in information technology, to more application-oriented developments in software and in hardware. The papers are organized in topical sections on robotics, networking, biological systems, self-organization, evolutionary computation, and modeling and imaging.
Categories: Computers

The Photophysics behind Photovoltaics and Photonics

The Photophysics behind Photovoltaics and Photonics

It contains knowledge that stays behind applications in photovoltaics,
optoelectronics, and photonics. While such ... For instance, in this book we
mention biomimetic and bioinspired approaches to light conversion. More comes
from the ...

Author: Guglielmo Lanzani

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527645145

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 928

From a leading researcher in optical spectroscopy and electronic properties of novel semiconductors comes this much-needed toolbox title to understand the concepts behind the spectroscopy of advanced organic materials and how they work. The book thus provides basic and practical knowledge on material photophysics for planning, carrying out and understanding experiments in spectroscopy. It contains a collection of simple practical rules for data analysis and interpretation, together with a list of experimental techniques, including the latest methods. Each topic is complemented by examples taken from forefront research on nanomaterials, photovoltaics and photonics, and each chapter includes a discussion, examples, topical boxes, tables and figures. The whole is rounded off by a bibliography for further reading, major references and appendixes containing theoretical derivation and numerical code. The result is a quick guide for the spectroscopist who needs to grasp the concept of the experiments.
Categories: Science

Bio inspired Flying Robots

Bio inspired Flying Robots

Navigation in an autonomous flying robot by using a biologically inspired visual
odometer . In Sensor Fusion and Decentralized Control in Robotic System III ,
Photonics East , Proceeding of SPIE , Vol . 4196 , pp . 86 - 97 , 2000 . K . D .
Jones ...

Author: Jean-Christophe Zufferey

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105131657673

Category: Autonomous robots

Page: 205

View: 326

This book demonstrates how bio-inspiration can lead to fully autonomous flying robots without relying on external aids. Most existing aerial robots fly in open skies, far from obstacles, and rely on external beacons, mainly GPS, to localise and navigate. However, these robots are not able to fly at low altitude or in confined environments, and yet this poses absolutely no difficulty to insects. Indeed, flying insects display efficient flight control capabilities in complex environments despite their limited weight and relatively tiny brain size. From sensor suite to control strategies, the lite.
Categories: Autonomous robots

Information Optics and Photonics

Information Optics and Photonics

This book will address the advances, applications, research results, and emerging areas of optics, photonics, computational approaches, nano-photonics, bio-photonics, with applications in information systems.

Author: Thierry Fournel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144197380X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 281

View: 795

This book will address the advances, applications, research results, and emerging areas of optics, photonics, computational approaches, nano-photonics, bio-photonics, with applications in information systems. The objectives are to bring together novel approaches, analysis, models, and technologies that enhance sensing, measurement, processing, interpretation, and visualization of information. The book will concentrate on new approaches to information systems, including integration of computational algorithms, bio-inspired models, photonics technologies, information security, bio-photonics, and nano-photonics. Applications include bio-photonics, digitally enhanced sensing and imaging systems, multi-dimensional optical imaging and image processing, bio-inspired imaging, 3D visualization, 3D displays, imaging on nano-scale, quantum optics, super resolution imaging, photonics for biological applications, microscopy, information optics, and holographic information systems.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing

Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing

Biologically - Inspired Object Selection Technique Based on Attractor Selection
Satoru Irie , Yusuke Ogura and Jun Tanida Laboratory of Information Physics ,
Department of Information and Physical Sciences , ! ! Graduate School of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015064360400

Category: Computer algorithms

Page:

View: 913

Categories: Computer algorithms

Photonics for Space Environments

Photonics for Space Environments

Biotechnology and Nanotechnology as applied to NASA needs . Advanced
research projects have been initiated in both of these fields for the development
of novel bio - inspired devices as well as nanomachined sensors . Progress
made in ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015048229432

Category: Photonics

Page:

View: 355

Categories: Photonics