Biochemistry of Copper

Author: Maria C. Linder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475794320

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 1488

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Copper has long been known as essential to living systems, in part through its fundamental role in electron transport and respiration. Over the years into the present, its involvement in an ever increasing number of processes in all kinds of organisms has become apparent, and new and exciting vistas of its roles in such areas as the central nervous system, and in humoral functions, are appearing on the horizon. Although the biochemistry of this element has not been studied nearly as much as that of many others, a for midable amount of work has been carried out. It has thus been a challenge to produce a summary of what has been found that provides both breadth and depth. My goal has been to try to be as comprehensive as possible, within some limitations. I have tried to provide basic information and basic data that should continue to be useful for a long time. The goal has also been to interpret where we currently stand in our knowledge of the structure, function, regulation, and metabolism of Cu-dependent processes and sub stances, especially proteins. Thus, I have tried to make this a source book for historic as well as current information on all aspects of copper bio chemistry, and a summary of our current knowledge of copper-dependent proteins and processes. Most of the research on copper has been carried out on vertebrates, especially mammals. This has played a role in the organization of the book.
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Biochemistry of the Essential Ultratrace Elements

Author: Earl Frieden

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468447750

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 6335

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The remarkable development of molecular biology has had its counterpart in an impressive growth of a segment of biology that might be described as atomic biology. The past several decades have witnessed an explosive growth in our knowledge of the many elements that are essential for life and maintenance of plants and animals. These essential elements include the bulk elements (hydro gen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur), the macrominerals (sodium, potas sium, calcium, magnesium, chloride, and phosphorus), and the trace elements. This last group includes the ultra trace elements and iron, zinc, and copper. Only the ultratrace elements are featured in this book. Iron has attracted so much research that two volumes are devoted to this metal-The Biochemistry of Non-Heme Iron by A. Bezkoravainy, Plenum Press, 1980, and The Biochemistry of Heme Iron (in preparation). Copper and zinc are also represented by a separate volume in this series. The present volume begins with a discussion of essentiality as applied to the elements and a survey of the entire spectrum of possible required elements.
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Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals

Author: Jiro Jerry Kaneko,John W. Harvey,Michael L. Bruss

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080568829

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 928

View: 9019

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The 6th edition of a well-known and much used standard text in the field. This book covers all aspects of the biochemical abnormalities caused by various diseases and how they relate to the biochemical changes in the blood, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, joint fluids, other body fluids and in cells. The purpose is to provide the fundamental bases for understanding the biochemical changes that occur in disease processes and in turn to provide the rationale for applying this understanding to the diagnosis of the disease process. A substantial appendix is provided so that the user can quickly identify the reference ranges for a large number of animal species. * An appendix is provided in the book so that the user can quickly identify the reference ranges for a large number of animal species * Explains what biochemical changes occur in disease processes and provides the rationale for applying this understanding to the diagnosis of the disease process
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Nutritional Biochemistry

Author: Tom Brody

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121348366

Category: Medical

Page: 1006

View: 4114

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Nutritional Biochemistry takes a scientific approach to nutrition. It covers not just "whats"--nutritional requirements--but why they are required for human health, by describing their function at the cellular and molecular level. Each case study either leads to a subsequent discovery or enables an understanding of the physiological mechanisms of action of various nutrition-related processes. The text is "picture-oriented" and the commentary is directed towards explaining graphs, figures, and tables. Nutritional Biochemistry includes a discussion of relevant aspects of physiology, food chemistry, toxicology, pediatrics, and public health. Experimental techniques for nutritional science are emphasized, and primary data is included to help give students a feel for the nutrition literature. This "real-world" approach provides students with a realistic view of the basis for much of our understanding of nutritional biochemistry. * Integrates biochemistry and nutrition in a case-oriented method * Emphasizes a hands-on approach to learning - case histories and clinical and research data illustrate all major points * Places emphasis on metabolism - metabolic pathways, enzymology, nutrient requirements (including RDA values) * Reveals the benefits of the Mediterranean diet, the biochemistry of exercise, the cell signaling pathways, how nutrition can influence the development of cancer, and the anthropometry and genetics of obesity.
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Trace Elements in Man and Animals 10

Author: A.M. Roussel,A.E. Favier,R.A. Anderson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306474662

Category: Science

Page: 1172

View: 9844

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This volume, containing the proceedings of the tenth of the highly successful TEMA meetings, presents recent progress in the research on the functional role and metabolism of trace elements, and new developments in the understanding of molecular and cellular biology.
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Inorganic Biochemistry

Author: H. A. O. Hill

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0851865658

Category: Medical

Page: 412

View: 1005

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Reflecting the growing volume of published work in this field, researchers will find this book an invaluable source of information on current methods and applications.
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Principles of Medical Biochemistry E-Book

Author: Gerhard Meisenberg,William H. Simmons

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 032308107X

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 9351

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Principles of Medical Biochemistry condenses the information you need into a comprehensive, focused, clinically-oriented textbook. Drs. Gerhard Meisenberg and William H. Simmons covers the latest developments in the field, including genome research, the molecular basis of genetic diseases, techniques of DNA sequencing and molecular diagnosis, and more. An updated and expanded collection of figures and access to USMLE test questions, clinical case studies, more online at www.studentconsult.com make this the ideal resource for understanding all aspects of biochemistry needed in medicine. Access the complete contents online at www.studentconsult.com, with downloadable illustrations, 150 USMLE-style test questions, 20 clinical case studies, chapter summaries, and integration links to related subjects. Understand biochemistry, cell biology, and genetics together in context through an integrated approach. Get only the information you need for your course with comprehensive yet focused coverage of relevant topics. Review and reinforce your learning using the glossary of technical terms, highlighted in the text and with interactive features online. Tap into the most up-to-date coverage of new developments in genome research, the molecular basis of genetic diseases, techniques of DNA sequencing and molecular diagnosis, RNA interference as a mechanism both for regulation of gene expression and for anti-viral defense, and more. Gain a clear visual understanding through new and updated figures that provide current and relevant guidance. Make the link between basic science and clinical medicine with new Clinical Example boxes in nearly every chapter.
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Textbook of Medical Biochemistry

Author: Dinesh Puri

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 8131238059

Category: Medical

Page: 734

View: 5318

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The third edition of the book is thoroughly updated and presented in a new two-colour format. The book presents a detailed and authoritative exposition of the basic principles and applications of biochemistry. It focuses primarily on clarity of the fundamental concepts and explains them according to the need of undergraduate medical students. The organization of content in this book is such that it provides the reader with a logical sequence of events that aids learning. More emphasis in this edition is to systemize presentation and make reading soothing and pleasurable by deleting redundant details, adding new text and figures, improvement of earlier figures, supplementing text with easy to comprehend flowcharts, without changing basic framework of the book. Each chapter ends with clinical cases and the related questions, which evokes yet another method of active learning rather than didactic methods of imparting knowledge. Key points have been highlighted and boxed at the end of each topic for quick revision of the core concepts. This book comes with a free companion website which contains self-assessment exercises, detailed case discussions related to the clinical cases given inside the book, glossary and various other features for enhanced learning.
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Living with the Stars

How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Author: Karel Schrijver,Iris Schrijver

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191040878

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5612

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Living with the Stars tells the fascinating story of what truly makes the human body. The body that is with us all our lives is always changing. We are quite literally not who we were years, weeks, or even days ago: our cells die and are replaced by new ones at an astonishing pace. The entire body continually rebuilds itself, time and again, using the food and water that flow through us as fuel and as construction material. What persists over time is not fixed but merely a pattern in flux. We rebuild using elements captured from our surroundings, and are thereby connected to animals and plants around us, and to the bacteria within us that help digest them, and to geological processes such as continental drift and volcanism here on Earth. We are also intimately linked to the Sun's nuclear furnace and to the solar wind, to collisions with asteroids and to the cycles of the birth of stars and their deaths in cataclysmic supernovae, and ultimately to the beginning of the universe. Our bodies are made of the burned out embers of stars that were released into the galaxy in massive explosions billions of years ago, mixed with atoms that formed only recently as ultrafast rays slammed into Earth's atmosphere. All of that is not just remote history but part of us now: our human body is inseparable from nature all around us and intertwined with the history of the universe.
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Scientific Foundations of Biochemistry in Clinical Practice

Author: David L. Williams,Vincent Marks

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483193624

Category: Medical

Page: 806

View: 9596

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Scientific Foundations of Biochemistry in Clinical Practice, Second Edition describes the pathological aspects of general metabolic disorders. This book is organized into 10 sections encompassing 45 chapters that discuss the nature of disorders involving disturbance in hydrogen ion concentration and blood gases, as well as the disorders of fluid and electrolyte balance. Some of the topics covered in the book are the chemical analysis of urine; neonatal screening for biochemical disorders; clinical biochemistry of alcohol, in intensive and postoperative care; psychiatric disorders of biochemical origin; abnormalities of the plasma proteins; assessment of gastrointestinal function; and calcium metabolism. Other chapters examine the nature, conditions, and diagnosis of bone disorders. A chapter emphasizes the functions of hypothalamus and pituitary. Another chapter looks into the biochemistry and toxicology of metals. The final chapters are devoted to the classification of connective tissue diseases and to the examination of clinical biochemistry of the central nervous system. The book can provide useful information to doctors, biochemists, students, and researchers.
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