Between Past and Future

Author: Hannah Arendt,Jerome Kohn

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101662654

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 2957


From the author of Eichmann in Jerusalem and The Origins of Totalitarianism, “a book to think with through the political impasses and cultural confusions of our day” (Harper’s Magazine) Hannah Arendt’s insightful observations of the modern world, based on a profound knowledge of the past, constitute an impassioned contribution to political philosophy. In Between Past and Future Arendt describes the perplexing crises modern society faces as a result of the loss of meaning of the traditional key words of politics: justice, reason, responsibility, virtue, and glory. Through a series of eight exercises, she shows how we can redistill the vital essence of these concepts and use them to regain a frame of reference for the future. To participate in these exercises is to associate, in action, with one of the most original and fruitful minds of the twentieth century.

Political Theory and the Enlarged Mentality

Author: Stephen Acreman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317212398

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 9068


In this book, Stephen Acreman follows the development and reception of a hitherto under-analyzed concept central to modern and postmodern political theory: the Kantian ein erweiterte Denkungsart, or enlarged mentality. While the enlarged mentality plays a major role in a number of key texts underpinning contemporary democratic theory, including works by Arendt, Gadamer, Habermas, and Lyotard, this is the first in-depth study of the concept encompassing and bringing together its full range of expressions. A number of attempts to place the enlarged mentality at the service of particular ideals–the politics of empathy, of consensus, of agonistic contest, or of moral righteousness–are challenged and redirected. In its exploration of the enlarged mentality, the book asks what it means to assume a properly political stance, and, in giving as the answer ‘facing reality together’, it uncovers a political theory attentive to the facts and events that concern us, and uniquely well suited to the ecological politics of our time.

Arendt, Augustine, and the New Beginning

The Action Theory and Moral Thought of Hannah Arendt in the Light of Her Dissertation on St. Augustine

Author: Stephan Kampowski

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802827241

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 364

View: 6113


A splendid piece of scholarship on a major twentieth-century thinker often overlooked. / This book presents an original scholarly analysis of the work of political theorist Hannah Arendt, focusing on an area hitherto ignored: the ways in which Augustine s thought forms the foundation of Arendt's work. Stephan Kampowski here offers readers a valuable overview of central aspects of Arendt s thought, addressing perennial existential and philosophical questions at the heart of every human being.

Machiavellis Revivus

Slashing a Sword on the Western Classical Tradition

Author: Nevio Cristante

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443831190

Category: Political Science

Page: 245

View: 1049


From an intensive academic study based primarily on Machiavelli’s works, critical arguments arise in this text that undermine not only the current-day political mind-set, framework, and practices, but also the views established academically, up to the point where the “body politic” formed by the Western classical tradition is dissipated and dispersed. Comprised in a contrary unconventional manner similar to Machiavelli, the basic essential factors of history, religion, power, and authority were formulated as the four main chapters in this work by Nevio Cristante. From it, one can readily see the flaws today in the false praise in nostalgic historical hubris, the forgetting of a brand of religion that is essential for healthy politics, the overlooking of coercive forces that reduce politics to power, and the loss of true authority. In this book, Cristante comprises Machiavelli as a virtuous, unprecedented, “extreme humanist,” in stark contrast to the common incessant interpretations of him being a “teacher of evil,” a “diabolical,” “soulless” political advisor. A subversive satirical interpretation of The Prince has been formed herein, extending from the generated knowledge of history and the history of Machiavelli’s own experience. From the vivacious and unraveling Italian Renaissance, a cogent force prompted Machiavelli to create his literary works in order to form an educational cure for the deteriorating human condition, of his time, and any time. There is in Machiavelli, a differing sense of newness from that which is commonly known today, which circumvents its worth in this distinct educative interpretation. Machiavelli goes back in time in order to produce lessons applicable to correct the shortages in his, and every, present-day. With a divergent view of the works of art and literature outlined in this analysis, Machiavelli’s education becomes revived today in creating a virtuous political, spiritual, and cultural dynamism as a battle-cry to repel the ignorance and great misfortunes in our human condition.

Arendt's Judgment

Freedom, Responsibility, Citizenship

Author: Jonathan Peter Schwartz

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812248147

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

View: 5996


In Arendt's Judgment, Jonathan Peter Schwartz explores the nature of human judgment, the subject of the planned third volume of Hannah Arendt's The Life of the Mind, which was left unwritten at the time of her death. Arguing that previous interpretations of Arendt failed to fully appreciate the central place of judgment in her thought, Schwartz contends that understanding Arendt's ideas requires not only interpreting her published work but also reconstructing her thinking from a broader range of sources, including her various essays, lecture course notes, unpublished material, and correspondence. When these sources are taken into account, it becomes clear that, for Arendt, political judgment was the answer to the question of how human freedom could be realized in the modern world. This new approach to understanding Arendt leads to what Schwartz argues are original insights Arendt can teach us about the nature of politics beyond sovereignty and the role of human agency in history. Above all, her novel understanding of the authentic nature and purpose of political philosophy is finally revealed. Schwartz claims that in her theory of political judgment Arendt presented a vision of political philosophy that is improved and deepened by the contributions of ordinary, active citizens. Along with challenging previous interpretations, Arendt's Judgment provides a roadmap to her published and unpublished work for scholars and students.

Politics as Radical Creation

Herbert Marcuse and Hannah Arendt on Political Performativity

Author: Christopher Holman

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667893

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 8231


Politics as Radical Creation examines the meaning of democratic practice through the critical social theory of the Frankfurt School. It provides an understanding of democratic politics as a potentially performative good-in-itself, undertaken not just to the extent that it seeks to achieve a certain extrinsic goal, but also in that it functions as a medium for the expression of creative human impulses. Christopher Holman develops this potential model through a critical examination of the political philosophies of Herbert Marcuse and Hannah Arendt. Holman argues that, while Arendt and Marcuse’s respective theorizations each ultimately restrict the potential scope of creative human expression, their juxtaposition – which has not been previously explored – results in a more comprehensive theory of democratic existence, one that is uniquely able to affirm the creative capacities of the human being. Yielding important theoretical results that will interest scholars of each theorist and of theories of democracy more generally, Politics as Radical Creation provides a valuable means for rethinking the nature of contemporary democratic practice.

Cátedra Unesco y Cátedra Infancia. Derechos humanos y políticas públicas

Author: Bethania Assy,Castor M.M. Bartolomé,Juana Carrizosa,Maria C. de Cicco,João R. Dornelles,Marcela Gutiérrez,Cielo Mariño, Carlos I. Molina,Ana L. Moncayo,Astrid Núñez,Néstor Osuna,Nubia Ramírez,Wilfredo Robayo,María E. Rodríguez,Valeria Silva

Publisher: U. Externado de Colombia

ISBN: 9587720784

Category: Political Science

Page: 379

View: 2856


En esta publicación el lector encontrará los resultados de los últimos trabajos que, desde distintas disciplinas y ópticas, llevaron a cabo los investigadores de las Cátedras Unesco e Infancia de la Universidad Externado de Colombia. Dichas cátedras son espacios de discusión crítica acerca de las garantías efectivas de los derechos fundamentales mediante la superación de las violencias y el ejercicio de la democracia. La primera parte del libro contiene reflexiones acerca del derecho como fuerza transformadora de la realidad; los nexos entre las violencias pasadas y presentes en Latinoamérica; la conexión entre historia, política y subjetividad frente a los sujetos de las injusticias; la justicia reconstructiva y los derechos de las víctimas; la reivindicación de la memoria ineludible de muchos pueblos de Colombia; la Ley de Víctimas y Restitución de Tierras con relación al derecho a la memoria, al contrato de transacción y a la salud mental; y, por último, las actitudes favorables en la escuela desde una concepción de una pedagogía de los derechos humanos. La segunda parte del texto está compuesta por tres artículos: el primero aporta elementos para el diseño y la implementación de políticas y estrategias educativas a partir del análisis crítico de las propuestas de formación para la paz, la convivencia y la ciudadanía; el segundo analiza el principio de excepcionalidad de la privación de la libertad en el sistema de responsabilidad penal para adolescentes, tanto en la definición normativa como en las prácticas jurídicas generadas; y el tercero responde a dos concretos interrogantes acerca del sentido del artículo 44 de la Constitución Política, desde la jurisprudencia sentada por la Corte Constitucional colombiana

Michael Oakeshott and the Conversation of Modern Political Thought

Author: Luke Philip Plotica

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438455364

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 2398


A fresh reading of Oakeshott’s contributions to the ongoing conversation of modern political thought. One of the seminal voices of twentieth-century political thought, Michael Oakeshott’s work has often fallen prey to the ideological labels applied to it by his interpreters and commentators. In this book, Luke Philip Plotica argues that we stand to learn more by embracing Oakeshott’s own understanding of his work as contributions to an ever-evolving conversation of humanity. Building from Oakeshott’s concept of conversation as an engagement among a plurality of voices “without symposiarch or arbiter” to dictate its course, Plotica explores several fundamental and recurring themes of Oakeshott’s philosophical and political writings: individual agency, tradition, the state, and democracy. When viewed as interventions into an ongoing conversation of modern political thought, Oakeshott’s work transcends the limits of familiar ideological labels, and his thought opens into deeper engagement with some of the most significant thinkers of the twentieth century, including Ludwig Wittgenstein, Charles Taylor, Michel Foucault, and Hannah Arendt. Attending to these often unexpected or unrecognized affinities casts fresh light on some of Oakeshott’s most familiar ideas and their systematic relations, and facilitates a better understanding of the breadth and depth of his political thought.

Amor Mundi

Explorations in the Faith and Thought of Hannah Arendt

Author: J.W. Bernauer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940093565X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 222

View: 623


The title of our collection is owed to Hannah Arendt herself. Writing to Karl Jaspers on August 6, 1955, she spoke of how she had only just begun to really love the world and expressed her desire to testify to that love in the title of what came to be published as The Human Condition: "Out of gratitude, I want to call my book about political theories Arnor Mundi. "t In retrospect, it was fitting that amor mundi, love of the world, never became the title of only one of Arendt's studies, for it is the theme which permeates all of her thought. The purpose of this volume's a- ticles is to pay a critical tribute to this theme by exploring its meaning, the cultural and intellectual sources from which it derives, as well as its resources for conte- porary thought and action. We are privileged to include as part of the collection two previously unpu- lished lectures by Arendt as well as a rarely noticed essay which she wrote in 1964. Taken together, they engrave the central features of her vision of amor mundi. Arendt presented "Labor, Work, Action" on November 10, 1964, at a conference "Christianity and Economic Man:Moral Decisions in an Affluent Society," which 2 was held at the Divinity School of the University of Chicago.

Christian Moral Theology in the Emerging Technoculture

From Posthuman Back to Human

Author: Professor Brent Waters

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754666913

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 2951


Machines and gadgets not only weave the fabric of daily life, but more importantly embody philosophical and religious values which shape the contemporary moral vision-a vision that is often at odds with Christian convictions. This book critically examines those values, and offers a framework for how Christian moral theology should be formed and lived-out within the emerging technoculture. Addressing contemporary ethical and religious issues, this book will be of particular interest to students and scholars exploring the ideas of Heidegger, Nietzsche, Grant, Arendt, and Borgmann.